Measuring “Culture of Safety” Tawam’s Experience
Tawam Hospital’s Executive leadership realized the need to establish a “Culture of Safety” within the organization and implemented the Johns Hopkins Medicine “Comprehensive Unit based Safety Program” (CUSP). CUSP was introduced as a pilot project in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NNU) and Paediatric Oncology Unit (Peds Onc).
Prior to implementation the leadership decided to measure staff perception of safety using evidence based tool.
Tawam partnered with Pascal Metrics to implement the Safety Attitude Questionnaire survey. The SAQ was administered to all Tawam Hospital staff in three phases (2008, 2010 and 2011). In 2010 the pilot CUSP units were also resurveyed to determine the status of safety culture since its introduction in 2008.
An email from the CEO was sent to the participants encouraging them to participate in the SAQ survey.
Physicians, nurses, ward-clerks; respiratory therapist, physiotherapist, dieticians etc were included in the survey.
Those who spent at least 50% of their time in the identified units were only included to participate in the survey.
Survey was administered during departmental meetings to increase response rate.
Conducted separate sessions of physicians.
Staff dropped the completed surveys in an envelope.
82% of staff in the patient care areas of the whole hospital participated in the overall 3 phases of SAQ Survey.
The three CUSP pilot units were re-surveyed in 2010.
Anonymity, privacy and confidentiality were maintained from the beginning till the end.
The survey results were graded against percentage positive responses. Responses that were less than 60% mark were graded in the danger zone and anything above the 80% mark were graded in the goal zone. Teamwork climate and Safety climate scale scores are considered to be primary dependent variables, because they are important in preventing patient harm.
The overall hospital score on all the domain scores were in the danger zone, less than 60%. 20 clinical locations in 2010 and 7 clinical locations in 2011 had less than 60% scores in the primary dependent variables.
The SAQ results were disseminated department wise in the presence of a hospital Senior Executive. Every department did an action plan using the SAQ de-briefer tool. The hospital administrators to bring about the change played a facilitators role and helped the departments to come up with their actionable plans.
The hospital leadership in their pursuit to continuing the culture of safety journey, identified six more units for CUSP implementation based on the Phase 2 SAQ scores of 2010. Accordingly the Medical 1, Medical 2, Surgical 1, Surgical 2, Day Case and OBGYN Units were identified for the CUSP roll out. Senior Executive leaders were assigned to each of these new CUSP units to ensure leadership commi