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Pls of organizational structure


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Pls of organizational structure

  1. 1. Principles of Organizational Structure
  2. 2. 1.The pl of the Objective: “Every org and every part of the org must be an expression of the purpose of the undertaking concerned, or it is meaningless and therefore redundant.” an org structure is sound when it facilitates the accomplishment of org.l objectives 2. The pl of Specialization or Division of work: “the activities of every member of any organized group shd be confined, as far as possible, to the performance of a single function.” 3. The pl of Coordination: the purpose of organising per se, as distinguished from the purpose of the under-taking, is to facilitate coordination: unity of effort. 4. Pl of Authority: in every organized group the supreme authority must rest somewhere. There shd be a clear line of authority to every individual in the group.
  3. 3. 5. Pl of Responsibility: the responsibility of the superior for the acts of the subordinate is absolute. 6. The pl of Definition: the content of each position, both the duties involved, the authority and esponsibility contemplated and the relationships with other positions shd be clearly defined in writing and published to all concerned. 7. Pl of Correspondence: in every position, the responsibility and the authority shd correspond.
  4. 4. 8. Pl of span of Control: No person shd supervise more than five, or at the most, six direct subordinates whose work interlocks. the span shd be narrow for complex work and wide for simple and routine work. 9. Pl of Balance: it is essential that the various units of an org shd be kept in balance. 10. Pl of Continuity: Re-Organization is a continuous process: in every undertaking specific provision shd be made for it.
  5. 5. 11. Chain of Command (Scalar Pl): there shd be a clear chain of command extending from top to the bottom of the org. every subordinate shd know who his superior is and who his subordinates are. 12. Functional definition: the duties, authority and responsibility of every position shd be clearly defined so as to avoid duplication of work. 13. Exception Pl: only exceptional matters which are beyond the authority of lower-level persons shd be referred to higher levels. Routine matters shd be dealt with by executives at lower levels. 14. Unity of Command: Each subordinate shd have only one superior whose command he has to obey. This is necessary to ensure discipline and to fix responsibility for results.