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History 97C-4: German Enlightenment (Fall 2006)
Mondays, 1:00-3:50 PM, Bunche 2173
Instructor: K. Pangburn (kpangbur@ucl...
Thomas P. Saine, The Problem of Being Modern, or the German Pursuit of
Enlightenment from Leibniz to the French Revoluti...
WEEK FOUR: Oct. 20 – Political Theory: Nationalism vs Cosmopolitanism?
Outram, Ch. 9
Encyclopedia article “Herder”
Schechter, Introduction and Lessing’s Nathan the Wise (1779)
Encyclopedia article “Mendelssohn”
Excerpt from Mendelssohn...
Excerpt from Winckelmann’s Reflections on the Imitation of Greek Painting and
Sculpture (1755) and History of the Art of...
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German Enlightenment Syllabus


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German Enlightenment Syllabus

  1. 1. 1 History 97C-4: German Enlightenment (Fall 2006) Mondays, 1:00-3:50 PM, Bunche 2173 Instructor: K. Pangburn ( Office Hours: Mondays, 4:00-6:00 PM or by appointment, Bunche 7246 This undergraduate seminar is an introduction to some of the major themes and thinkers associated with the German Enlightenment, or Aufklärung. The focus of the seminar will be the study of the writings of Leibniz, Kant, Herder, Lessing, Mendelssohn, Blumenbach, and Winckelmann. The class will begin with a brief introduction to the Enlightenment in general, so that students will have a sense of how the Aufklärung compared to the Enlightenment elsewhere in Europe. After this we will move into discussing individual authors and texts, organized into the following themes: moral philosophy, political theory, religion, anthropology, aesthetics, and history. The course will conclude with a consideration of recent German assessments of the Enlightenment. Readings: Dorinda Outram, The Enlightenment, second edition (Cambridge University Press, 2005). Allen W. Wood, ed. Basic Writings of Kant (Modern Library, 2001). Ronald Schechter, ed. Nathan the Wise (Bedford St. Martin’s Press, 2004). * There is also a course packet. All readings listed below are contained in the course packet unless otherwise indicated. Course Requirements: Participation/Attendance 10% Four 2-3 page response papers: 20% One 8-page research paper: 35% Final exam: 35% Students will be expected to write four papers of approximately two to three pages in length (double-spaced) in response to a question posed by the instructor with regard to the next week’s required readings. Papers will be collected at the beginning of seminar the following Monday. Students choose which weeks they wish to write these papers. Please note that late papers will not be accepted. Information regarding the 10-page paper will follow soon. WEEK ONE: Sept. 29 – Introduction to the Aufklärung Outram, Chs. 1-2 Encyclopedia articles “Germany” and “Aufklärung” Excerpt from Rudolf Vierhaus’s Germany in the Age of Absolutism (1988) Optional:
  2. 2. 2 Thomas P. Saine, The Problem of Being Modern, or the German Pursuit of Enlightenment from Leibniz to the French Revolution (Wayne State University Press, 1997) Roy Porter and Mikuláš Teich, eds. The Enlightenment in National Context (Cambridge University Press, 1981) Mary Fulbrook, A Concise History of Germany, updated edition (Cambridge University Press, 1990), pp. 85-95. John Gagliardo, Germany Under the Old Regime, 1600-1790 (Longman, 1991), pp. 217- 234; 375-395. Hajo Holborn, A History of Modern Germany, 1648-1840, vol. II (Alfred A. Knopf, 1967) Richard van Dülmen, The Society of the Enlightenment (St. Martin’s Press, 1992) WEEK TWO: Oct. 6 – Kant’s Moral Philosophy Encyclopedia article “Kant” Wood, Kant’s Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785) Optional: Manfred Kuehn, Kant: A Biography (Cambridge University Press, 2001) Ernst Cassirer, Kant’s Life and Thought, trans. James Haden (Yale University Press, 1981) Justus Hartnack, Immanuel Kant: An Explanation of His Theory of Knowledge and Moral Philosophy (Humanities Press, 1974) Andrew Bowie, Introduction to German Philosophy from Kant to Habermas (Polity Press, 2003), pp. 13-35 WEEK THREE: Oct. 13 – Political Theory: “Enlightened Absolutism” in Prussia Outram, Ch. 3 Wood, Kant’s essay “What is Enlightenment?” (1784) Encyclopedia article “Frederick the Great” T.C.W. Blanning’s article “Frederick the Great and Enlightened Absolutism” (1990) Frederick the Great’s Political Testament (1752) Optional: Leonard Krieger, The German Idea of Freedom (Beacon Press, 1957) and An Essay on the Theory of Enlightened Despotism (University of Chicago Press, 1975) and Kings and Philosophers, 1689-1789 (W.W. Norton, 1970) Geoffrey Brunn, The Enlightened Despots, 2nd ed. (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1967) Charles Ingrao, “The Problem of ‘Enlightened Absolutism’ and the German States” in The Journal of Modern History, vol. 58, suppl., Dec. 1986, pp. S161-S180; Giles MacDonogh, Frederick the Great (St. Martin’s Press, 2000) Gerhard Ritter, Frederick the Great, trans. by Peter Paret (University of California Press, 1968) John Christian Laursen, “The Subversive Kant: The Vocabulary of ‘Public’ and ‘Publicity’” and Rüdiger Bittner, “What Is Enlightenment?” in What is Enlightenment? ed. James Schmidt (University of California Press, 1996)
  3. 3. 3 WEEK FOUR: Oct. 20 – Political Theory: Nationalism vs Cosmopolitanism? Outram, Ch. 9 Encyclopedia article “Herder” Intro and excerpts from Herder’s Letters for the Advancement of Humanity (1793-1797) Wood, Kant’s Idea for a Universal History with a Cosmopolitan Intent (1784) Optional: Robert T. Clark, Herder: His Life and Thought (University of California Press, 1955) F.M. Barnard, Herder on Nationality, Humanity, and History (McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2003) Daniel Chirot, “Herder’s Multicultural Theory of Nationalism and its Consequences” in East European Politics and Societies, 1996 10(1), pp. 1-15 Frederick Beiser, “The Political Theory of Herder” in Enlightenment, Revolution, and Romanticism (Harvard University Press, 1992), pp. 189-221 Sankar Muthu, “Pluralism, Humanity, and Empire in Herder’s Political Thought” in Enlightenment Against Empire (Princeton University Press, 2003), pp. 210-258 Elisabeth Ellis, Kant’s Politics: Provisional Theory For An Uncertain World (Yale University Press, 2005) Mark F.N. Franke, Global Limits: Immanuel Kant, International Relations, and Critique of World Politics (State University of New York Press, 2001) Horst Dippel’s Germany and the American Revolution, 1770-1800, trans. by Bernhard A. Uhlendorf (University of North Carolina Press, 1977) WEEK FIVE: Oct. 27 – Religion: Toward a Reconciliation of Reason and Faith Outram, Ch. 8 Encyclopedia article “Lessing” Schechter, excerpt from Leibniz’s Theodicy (1710), pp. 153-164 Lessing’s On the Origin of Revealed Religion (1784) and The Education of the Human Race (1780) Optional: E.J. Aiton, Leibniz: A Biography (A. Hilger, 1985) C.D. Broad, Leibniz: An Introduction (Cambridge University Press, 1975) Elmar J. Kremer and Michael J. Latzer, eds., The Problem of Evil in Early Modern Philosophy (University of Toronto Press, 2001) Toshimasa Yasukata, Lessing’s Philosophy of Religion and the German Enlightenment (Oxford University Press, 2002) Henry E. Allison, Lessing and the Enlightenment (University of Michigan Press, 1966) F. Andrew Brown, Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (Twayne Publishers, 1971) Henry B. Garland, Lessing, the Founder of Modern German Literature (St. Martin’s Press, 1962) Paul Hazard, European Thought in the Eighteenth Century, from Montesquieu to Lessing (World Publishing Co., 1969), pp. 416-434. WEEK SIX: Nov. 3 – Judaism and Religious Toleration
  4. 4. 4 Schechter, Introduction and Lessing’s Nathan the Wise (1779) Encyclopedia article “Mendelssohn” Excerpt from Mendelssohn’s Jerusalem (1783) Optional: Dohm, On the Civic Improvement of the Jews (1781), in Schechter pp. 128-139 Jo-Jacqueline Eckhardt, Lessing’s Nathan the Wise and the Critics, 1779-1991 (Camden House, 1993) Peter R. Ersbamer, The Elusiveness of Tolerance: the "Jewish question" from Lessing to the Napoleonic Wars (University of North Carolina Press, 1997) Alexander Altmann, Moses Mendelssohn: A Biographical Study (University of Alabama Press, 1973) David Sorkin, Moses Mendelssohn and the Religious Enlightenment (University of California Press, 1996) and The Transformation of German Jewry, 1780-1840 (Wayne State University Press, 1999) Allen Arkush, Moses Mendelssohn and the Enlightenment (State University of New York Press, 1994) Walter Hermann, Moses Mendelssohn, Critic and Philosopher (Block Publishing Co., 1930) “Haskalah” entry in Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment, ed. Allen Charles Kors, vol. 2 (Oxford University Press, 2003) WEEK SEVEN: Nov. 10 – Anthropology: Race Outram, Chs. 4-5 Encyclopedia articles “Race” and “Blumenbach” Excerpts from Blumenbach’s On the Natural Varieties of Mankind (1775, 3rd ed. 1795) Excerpts from Herder’s Reflections on the Philosophy of the History of Mankind (1784-1791) Kant’s writings on race collected in Race and Enlightenment: A Reader (1997) Optional: Georg Forster, A Voyage Round the World (1777), 2 vols., ed. by Nicholas Thomas and Oliver Berghof (University of Hawaii Press, 2000) John Zammito, Kant, Herder and the Birth of Anthropology (University of Chicago Press, 2002) Nicholas Hudson, “‘Hottentots’ and the Evolution of European Racism” in Journal of European Studies 34(4), pp. 308-332 Londa Schiebinger, “The Anatomy of Difference: Race and Sex in Eighteenth-Century Science” in Eighteenth-Century Studies, Summer 1990, 23(4), pp. 387-405 Thomas E. Hill, Jr. and Bernard Boxill, “Kant and Race” in Race and Racism, ed. Boxill (Oxford University Press, 2001), pp. 448-471 Emmanuel Chukwudi Eze, “The Color of Reason” in Post Colonial African Philosophy: A Critical Reader, ed. Eze (Blackwell, 1997) WEEK EIGHT: Nov. 17 – Aesthetics: Neoclassicism and its Critics Encyclopedia articles “Neoclassicism” and “Winckelmann”
  5. 5. 5 Excerpt from Winckelmann’s Reflections on the Imitation of Greek Painting and Sculpture (1755) and History of the Art of Antiquity (1764) Encyclopedia article “Laocoon” Excerpt from Lessing’s Laocoon, or on the Limits of Painting and Poetry (1766) Optional: Wolfgang Leppman, Winckelmann (Knopf, 1970) Alex Potts, Flesh and the Ideal: Winckelmann and the Origins of Art History (Yale University Press, 1994) Simon Richter, Laocoon’s Body and the Aesthetics of Pain: Winckelmann, Lessing, Herder, Moritz, Goethe (Wayne State University Press, 1992) H.B. Nisbet, ed. German Aesthetic and Literary Criticism, vol. I: Winckelmann, Lessing, Hamann, Herder, Schiller, Goethe (Cambridge University Press, 1985) David Simpson, ed. The Origins of Modern Critical Thought: German Aesthetic and Literary Criticism from Lessing to Hegel (Cambridge University Press, 1988) Jane Kneller’s “Imaginative Freedom and the German Enlightenment” in Journal of the History of Ideas, 51(2), 1990, pp. 217-232 WEEK NINE: Nov. 24 – The Rise of Historicism Herder’s On the Change of Taste (1766) Excerpt from Isaiah Berlin’s Vico and Herder (1975) Herder’s Another Philosophy of History (1774) Optional: Donald R. Kelley, Fortunes of History: Historical Inquiry from Herder to Huizinga (Yale University Press, 2003) Peter Hanns Reill, The German Enlightenment and the Rise of Historicism (University of California Press, 1975) Georg G. Igger, The German Conception of History, revised edition (Wesleyan University Press, 1983) WEEK TEN: Dec. 1 – Recent German Critiques of the Enlightenment * papers due Encyclopedia article “Frankfurt School” Excerpt from Adorno and Horkheimer’s Dialectic of Enlightenment (1944) Optional: Carl L. Becker, The Heavenly City of the Eighteenth-Century Philosophers (Yale University Press, 1959) George E. McCarthy, Romancing Antiquity: German Critique of the Enlightenment from Weber to Habermas (Rowman and Littlefield, 1997) James Schmidt, ed. What is Enlightenment? Eighteenth-Century Answers and Twentieth- Century Questions (University of California Press, 1996), pp. 343-532 * Date, time, and location of final exam TBA*