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# Wave thoery

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This presentation describes the Wave Theory which is based on the original work of R. N. Elliot.
It also attempts to explain the Wave principle and the various categories of Wave patterns.

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### Wave thoery

1. 2. HISTORY OF WAVE THEORY <ul><li>In 1938, a monograph entitled  The Wave Principle  was the first published reference to what has come to be known as the  Elliot Wave Principle,  it was based on the original work of  R.N ELLIOT. </li></ul>
2. 3. <ul><li>There are three important aspects of wave theory-  pattern, ratio and time - in that order of importance.  Pattern  refers to the wave patterns or formations that comprise the most important element of the theory.  Ratio  analysis is useful in determining retracement points and prices objectives by measuring the relationships between the different waves. Finally, time relationships can be used to confirm the wave patterns and ratios but they are considered less reliable. </li></ul>BASIC TENETS OF WAVE PRINCIPLE
3. 4. <ul><li>In its most basic form, the theory says that the stock market follows a repetitive rhythm of a five wave advance followed by a three wave decline. If you count the waves in the diagram below you will find that one complete cycle has eight waves five up and three down.  </li></ul>UNDERSTANDING THE PRINCIPLE From R.N. Elliott's essay, &quot;The Basis of the Wave Principle,&quot; October 1940. (Source: Wikipedia)
4. 5. In he advancing portion of the cycle waves 1,3,5 are rising waves and are called impulse waves while waves 2 and 4 move against the uptrend and are called corrective waves because they correct waves 1 and 3. After the five wave numbered advance has been completed, a three wave correction begins and the three corrective waves are identified by the letters a, b, c.
5. 6. <ul><li>There are many different categories of trend; Elliot in his work categorized nine different degrees of trend from grand super cycle spanning 200 years to subminuette degree covering only a few hours. The basic point to remember is that the basic eight wave cycle remains constant no matter what degree of trend is studied.  </li></ul><ul><li>Each wave subdivides into waves of one lesser degree that in turn, can also be subdivided into waves of even lesser degree. It also follows that each wave is itself part of the wave of the next higher degree. This relationship is demonstrated in the figure below. The largest two waves 1 and 2 can be subdivided into eight lesser waves that in turn can be subdivided into 34 even lesser waves and these 34 waves will divide them into 144 waves and so on. The thing to note here is that these numbers 1,2,3,5,8,13,21,34,55,89,144 are not just random numbers but Fibonacci number sequence.  </li></ul>CATEGORIES OF WAVE PATTERNS
6. 7. <ul><li>Whether a given wave subdivides into five waves or three waves is determined by the direction of the next larger wave, notice that waves 1, 3, 5 subdivides into 5 waves because the next larger wave of which they are part of is wave 1 which is an advancing wave.  </li></ul><ul><li>As wave 2 and 4 are moving against the trend, they subdivide into only three waves. One of the most important rules to remember is that a correction can never take place in five waves. In a bull market if a five way decline is seen, this means that it is probably only the first wave of the three wave (a-b-c) decline and there is more to come on the downside. In a bear market, a three wave advance should be followed by resumption of the downtrend. A five wave rally would warn of a more substantial move to the upside and might possibly even be the first wave of a new bull trend </li></ul>CATEGORIES OF WAVE PATTERNS
7. 8. <ul><li>A complete bull market cycle is made up of eight waves, five up and three down. </li></ul><ul><li>Correction always takes place in three waves either in (5-3-5) or (3-3-5) format. </li></ul><ul><li>Waves can be expanded into longer waves and subdivided into shorter waves. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes one of the impulse waves extends. The other two should then be equal in magnitude. </li></ul><ul><li>The Fibonacci sequence is the mathematical basis of the Elliot Wave Theory. </li></ul><ul><li>Bear markets should not fall below the bottom of the previous fourth wave which acts as a support. </li></ul><ul><li>Wave four should not overlap wave one. </li></ul><ul><li>Fibonacci ratios and retracements are used to determine price objectives. The most common retracements are 62%, 58% and 38%. </li></ul><ul><li>The theory was originally applied to stock market averages and does not work as well on individual stocks. </li></ul><ul><li>The theory works best in those commodity markets with the largest public following, such as gold. </li></ul>IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE
8. 9. Thank You! <ul><li>Questions? Feedback? </li></ul><ul><li>Click on any of these - </li></ul>Twitter Facebook Website Read More
9. 10. <ul><li>Registered office: Kotak Securities Limited, 1st Floor, Bakhtawar, 229, Nariman Point, Mumbai - 400021. SEBI Registration No: NSE INB/INF/INE 230808130, BSE INB 010808153/INF 011133230/INE 011207251, OTC INB 200808136, MCXSX INE 260808130. </li></ul><ul><li>Disclaimer: Investments in securities are subject to market risks, please read the SEBI prescribed Combined RDD prior to investing. </li></ul><ul><li>* Awarded Best Brokerage Firm in India by AsiaMoney in 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009 </li></ul>