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Head safety

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SHEQ FOUNDATION HEAD SAFETY PPE

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Head safety

  1. 1. HEAD SAFETY
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Head injuries causes include – Impact • Falling or flying objects • falling or walking into hard objects • injuries include neck sprains concussions and skull• injuries include neck sprains, concussions, and skull fractures – Electric Shock i d l i i• Live exposed electric wires • Injuries include electrical shocks and burns – Dripsp • Toxic liquids such as acids, caustics, and molten metals can irritate and burn the head/scalp Hard hats:Hard hats: – resist penetration – absorb the shock of a blowabsorb the shock of a blow – lessen injury
  3. 3. HEAD PROTECTION Wh i H d P t ti I t t?Why is Head Protection Important? • In and around your head are: – Your eyes, with which you see – Your ears, with which you hear – Your nose, with which you smell – Your mouth, with which you eat and speak – Your brain, with which you think • Injuries to the head are very serious. Forj y this reason, head protection and safety are very important .y p
  4. 4. TYPES Hard hats fall into two types and three classes T i l d• Types include: – Type 1 - full brim – Type 2 - no brim, peak extending forward Classes include: Cl A l i li it d lt– Class A - general service - limited voltage protection – Class B - utility service – high voltage protection – Class C - special service - no voltage protectionp g p
  5. 5. HARD HAT CLASSES • Class A. These helmets are for general service. Th id d i t t ti b t li it dThey provide good impact protection but limited voltage protection. They are used mainly in mining, b ildi t ti hi b ildi l b i dbuilding construction, shipbuilding, lumbering, and manufacturing. • Class B. Choose Class B helmets if your employees are engaged in electrical work. They protect against falling objects and high-voltage shock and burns. • Class C. Designed for comfort, these light-weightg , g g helmets offer limited protection. They protect workers from bumping against fixed objects but do not protectp g g j p against falling objects or electric shock.
  6. 6. PROTECTION • Suspension system inside acts as a shock• Suspension system inside acts as a shock absorber • Some hats serve as an insulator against electrical shocksg • Shields your scalp, face, neck, and shoulders against splashes spills and dripsshoulders against splashes, spills, and drips • Some can be modified so you can add face shields, goggles, hoods or hearing protection
  7. 7. MAINTENANCE • Best to wear ANSI approved hard hatpp • Hats consist of two components: shell and suspension • Components work together as a system and must beComponents work together as a system and must be inspected on a regular basis • Shells should be inspected for dents, cracks, gouges & anyp , , g g y damage from impact, penetration, abrasions, rough treatment or wear. • Degradation of thermoplastic material may be apparent when the shell becomes stiff, brittle, faded, dull in color or chalky in appearancechalky in appearance. • Replace at the first sign of any of these conditions
  8. 8. LIFE OF A HARD HAT • General guideline, replace every five years regardless of outward appearance • Exposure to high temperatures, sunlight or chemicals? Replace every two years • Inspect suspension as well as shell • Worksite review is critical to degradation of PPE
  9. 9. CONCLUSIONS HARD HATSHARD HATS • Protects from impacts from above. • Never modify the shell or suspension. • Avoid contact with electrical devices.Avoid contact with electrical devices. • Replace if struck by a falling object. Do not store in direct s nlight• Do not store in direct sunlight. • Do not sit on. • Do not paint. • Do not use solvents or cleaners.Do not use solvents or cleaners.

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