Driving safety


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Driving safety

  2. 2. WHY DRIVER TRAINING? • Driving is something we do daily.g g y • It’s the most dangerous thing we do! 40 000 people die each ear– 40,000 people die each year – 115 people who leave home today will never return
  3. 3. WHY ACCIDENTS OCCUR?WHY ACCIDENTS OCCUR? • Most frequent causes of accidents – Inattention to detail – Speeding DWI/DUI– DWI/DUI – Driving too fast for conditions – Failed to yieldFailed to yield • Other Factors: – Road conditions – Weather related & Physical conditions – Vehicle Maintenance Ti t d /• Tires treadwear/pressure • Brakes
  4. 4. ACCIDENT COSTS?ACCIDENT COSTS? • Physical Damage - Your VehiclePhysical Damage Your Vehicle • Property Damage - Destroyed Property • Medical Costs - Yours & Passengers • Liability Costs - Other Vehicle(s) physicalLiability Costs Other Vehicle(s) physical damage Oth ( ) i j i $$$$$$$• Other(s) injuries $$$$$$$
  5. 5. NO TO MOBILE PHONE There is one thing that you need to do when behind the wheel of a vehicle and that is drive safely If you're on the phone while drivingvehicle, and that is drive safely. If you re on the phone while driving, you're not expecting the unexpected, and you're certainly not driving defensively.g y
  6. 6. SEEING AND BEING SEEN • Keep the windshield and mirrors clean /clear • Use mirrorsUse mirrors • Constantly scan traffic to the front and sides • Look further ahead on the highway • Use mirrors before changing speed or position inUse mirrors before changing speed or position in traffic • Signal all turns and lane changes • Keep signal on until move is completedKeep signal on until move is completed • Keep lights on for safety
  7. 7. CITY DRIVING • Keep your eyes moving – continually scan • Check all mirrors • Watch the taillights • Bikes and pedestrians • Driveways, alleyways, parking lot entrances/exits • Overhead wires, delivery vans, and dumpsters • Make sure there’s enough space • When stopped in traffic, wait to proceed until the vehicle ahead has moved • Watch your speedy • Plan your route accordingly
  8. 8. SEARCH THE HORIZON Search to the horizon How do you do it? Look down the road as far GREEN ZONE as possible. What does it do for you? YELLOW ZONE Centers car in traffic lane, “Safe path on turns” “FIND A SAFE PATH RED ZONE “FIND A SAFE PATH WELL AHEAD
  9. 9. MAINTAIN SPACE AND VISBILITY How do you do it? Maintain a safe following di t 1 ddistance – 1 second per 3m or 10ft of vehicle length plus 2 seconds Thinkplus 2 seconds Think - Act time. What does it do for you? Gives you time and spaceGives you time and space to Recognize and Respond.. “STAY BACK AND SEESTAY BACK AND SEE IT ALL”
  10. 10. ALWAYS MOVE YOUR EYES How do you do it?How do you do it? Move eyes: in front: 2 seconds. CENTRAL Check rear mirrors: 5 - 8 sec What does it do forVISION What does it do for you? Keeps you alert, avoids intersection and rear end collisions. “SCAN DON’T“SCAN - DON’T STARE”
  11. 11. RECOGNIZE AND RESPOND How do you do it? Searching ahead and l i th i f tianalyzing the information. Take path of least potential.p What does it do for you? Space on all four sides, but always in front. “BE PREPARED. EXPECT THEEXPECT THE UNEXPECTED”
  12. 12. TAKE CONTROL – BE SEEN How do you do it?How do you do it? Communicate in traffic. What does it do for you? Avoids pedestrianAvoids pedestrian and intersection collisions. “USE YOUR HORN, LIGHTS d SIGNALS”and SIGNALS”
  13. 13. DRIVING IN BAD WEATHER • Weather changing without warning can cause fatal accidents for even experienced drivers so take extra care in these conditions. • Always listen to weather forecasts. • Clear your windows properly from ice and snow. • Use your lights. • Remember that you may not be able to see as clearly, so drive slower. • Take care as your brakes and tires don’t work as well on wet or icy roads. WHEN IT RAINS • In the wet, leave at least double the normal distance between you and the vehicle in front. • If the conditions are really bad, don't drive. • Slow down. Roads usually prove more slippery than they would seem. • Turn on your lights. Use the defroster or air conditioner to keep windowsy g p and mirrors clear. Avoid sudden moves, try to drive in the tracks of the car ahead, reduce your speed, allow for additional stopping distance. • Do not attempt to drive through flood waters. The water may be deeper than it looks. Two (2) feet of water will carry away most automobiles
  14. 14. BEFORE YOU DRIVE 1) Pre-Trip Inspection  Take a walk around your vehicle.  3) Your State Of Mind  Mental State BEFORE YOU DRIVE – Windows clean? – Lights/signals clean & working. – Tires properly inflated / tread wear. – Stress / Emotions / Attitudes – Drowsiness / Fatigue – Fluid leaks on the ground. – Plates current?? 2) Inside the Vehicle – Vision / Hearing – Alcohol – Adjust your seat and fasten seat belt – Check and adjust all Mirrors – Adust your Headrest – Assure doors fully closed and secured – Scan the gauges – Check windows/windshield  Adjust the vents, windows, heater & ai rconditioner  Make sure you’re emotionally ready to focus on driving