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ORNAMENTS
IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S
URBAN ARCHITECTURE
of 19th
– 21st
CENTURIES
The Album of typical examples
by O.N.Priemetz & ...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES:
The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational mat...
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ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov. – Almaty, 2016. – 114 p.

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Terms and definitions
THE INTRODUCTION
Part 1. HISTORICAL AND ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE OF THE KAZAKHSTAN
AS A PREREQUISITE FOR THE SPREAD OF ORNAMENTAL COMPOSITIONS
IN THE URBAN ARCHITECTURE OF THE XX CENTURY
1.1 Historiographical aspects of the Kazakh architectural ornament Evolution
1.2 An Ornament in the Medieval and the XIX century Architecture as a source of motifs and themes for the Urban architecture of the XX century the ornamentation
1.3 The Yurt ornamentation, an ornament for clothes, utensils and household items as a source of motifs and themes for the Urban architecture of the XX century ornamentation
Part 2. AN ORNAMENT IN THE LATE XIX – THE FIRST HALF OF THE XX CENTURIES
URBAN ARCHITECTURE
2.1 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1880’s-1920’s
2.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1930’s-1940’s
2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s
Part 3. AN ORNAMENT IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XX – EARLY XXI CENTURIES
URBAN ARCHITECTURE
3.1 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1960’s
3.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1970’s-1980’s
3.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1990’s-2010’s
CONCLUSIONS
The Main Reading

Published in: Education
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ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov. – Almaty, 2016. – 114 p.

  1. 1. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES The Album of typical examples by O.N.Priemetz & K.I.Samoilov, Almaty,2016
  2. 2. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 2 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** This Album is the result of joint work of authors on the study of the architectural ornaments Evolution. MAJOR SOURCES are published results of Scientific works: - THE ARCHITECTURAL ORNAMENT EVOLUTION IN THE KAZAKHSTAN ARCHITECTURE OF THE XX – BEGINNING OF THE XXI CENTURIES (for example, Almaty), 2014 by Oksana N.PRIEMETZ (the Scientific instructor – Dr. Konstantin I.Samoilov); - THE KAZAKHSTAN ARCHITECTURE OF THE XX CENTURY (the Forming evolution), 2004 by Konstantin I.SAMOILOV (the Scientific consultant – Dr. Alexandr V.Riabushin) Authors expresses their gratitude to Internet resources – https://www.google.com ; https://www.wikipedia.org – which to provide the ability to collect an information. The Album consists of 792 illustrations in different combinations, including 731 photographs taken by authors. This Album generated for information purposes of the Educational course "The Modern architecture". The front cover: the Telecenter, Timiryazev Str., Almaty (1981, arch. A.Korzhempo, V.Panin, N.Ezau).
  3. 3. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 3 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** THE CONTENT Terms and definitions THE INTRODUCTION Part 1. HISTORICAL AND ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE OF THE KAZAKHSTAN AS A PREREQUISITE FOR THE SPREAD OF ORNAMENTAL COMPOSITIONS IN THE URBAN ARCHITECTURE OF THE XX CENTURY 1.1 Historiographical aspects of the Kazakh architectural ornament Evolution 1.2 An Ornament in the Medieval and the XIX century Architecture as a source of motifs and themes for the Urban architecture of the XX century the ornamentation 1.3 The Yurt ornamentation, an ornament for clothes, utensils and household items as a source of motifs and themes for the Urban architecture of the XX century ornamentation Part 2. AN ORNAMENT IN THE LATE XIX – THE FIRST HALF OF THE XX CENTURIES URBAN ARCHITECTURE 2.1 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1880’s-1920’s 2.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1930’s-1940’s 2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s Part 3. AN ORNAMENT IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XX – EARLY XXI CENTURIES URBAN ARCHITECTURE 3.1 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1960’s 3.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1970’s-1980’s 3.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1990’s-2010’s CONCLUSIONS The Main Reading
  4. 4. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 4 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** TERMS AND DEFINITIONS AN ARCHITECTURAL ORNAMENT – the Part of architectural decoration, which is a pattern made for parts and/or individual elements of buildings and structures; It has a different implementation, size details, motives, extent and the role in the overall composite solutions of the built. A VEGETABLE ORNAMENT – a Motif of the pattern consisting of individual and/or articulated stylized forms of stems, leaves, flowers, fruits. A ZOOMORPHIC ORNAMENT – a Motif of the pattern consisting of individual and/or articulated stylized forms of real or imaginary animals, birds, reptiles and insects.
  5. 5. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 5 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** Terms and Definitions AN ASTRAL ORNAMENT – a Motif of the pattern consisting of individual and/or articulated lunar and solar symbols. AN ANTHROPOMORPHIC ORNAMENT – a Motif of the pattern consisting of individual and/or articulated stylized human figures. AN EPIGRAPHIC ORNAMENT – a Motif of the pattern consisting of individual and/or stylized articulated phrases, words, abbreviations or individual letters.
  6. 6. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 6 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** Terms and Definitions A GEOMETRIC ORNAMENT – a Motif of the pattern consisting of individual and/or articulated abstract forms as line segments, individual or closed polygons, and wavy lines, as well as regular and irregular polygons, circles, ovals and ellipses (If these forms not classified as vegetable-, animal-, astral-, anthropomorphic-, epigraphic motifs). A GERALDIC ORNAMENT – a Motif of the pattern consisting of emblems and symbols (national, civil, religious, corporate or private). A SAMENESS OF “THE PATTERN” AND “THE BACKGROUND” – a Property of an ornamental composition, in which combined icons have same configurations and dimensions.
  7. 7. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 7 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** Terms and Definitions A COLOR SOLUTION – an Ornamental composition with multi colors of patterns. A RELIEF SOLUTION – an Ornamental composition with different depths of patterns. A COLOR-RELIEF SOLUTION – an Ornamental composition with multi colors and different depths of patterns.
  8. 8. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 8 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** Terms and Definitions A LATTICE SOLUTION – an Ornamental composition with a pattern formed by the lattice. A PLANAR SOLUTION – an Ornamental composition, made in two or three parallel planes, forming a low relief. A SPATIAL SOLUTION – an Ornamental composition performed in more than one plane or complex surfaces, forming a deep relief or a sculpture.
  9. 9. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 9 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** THE INTRODUCTION Ornamental compositions in color, as relief and lattice or combined rendition are the widespread feature of the contemporary Kazakhstan’s architecture. They are made of different materials in forms of cornices and belts, columns and pilasters, trims and framings, panels and inserts. Despite to the blurred of thematic borders and a variety of interpretations of the patterns, the main theme presented in the majority of cases, it clearly readable anthropomorphic, zoomorphic, vegetable, epigraphic, heraldic, astral and abstract geometric shapes. Of particular importance is the interpretation of different motives, which, depending on the intentions of the customer helps classify as separate items, and the total composition solution built with Traditional Sub-regional, Regional or Trans-regional concepts of the formation. In different periods of evolution of the Kazakhstan’s architecture of the late XIX - early XXI centuries the use of ornamental compositions are different: - to mass of use in general, and to the saturation of individual facades of buildings and structures; - according to their proximity to the prototype configuration of patterns (sources: architecture of previous periods, forms of decorative and applied arts). THE USE OF ORNAMENTAL COMPOSITIONS IN KAZAKHSTAN’S ARCHITECTURE OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY WAS LARGELY DUE TO BOTH THE SPONTANEOUS DESIRE OF BUILDING PROJECTS AUTHORS AND SOMETIMES WORN WITH PRESCRIPTIVE RECOMMENDATIONS TO FOCUS OF NATIONAL AND REGIONAL IMAGERY OF THE ARCHITECTURE.
  10. 10. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 10 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** Part 1. HISTORICAL AND ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE OF THE KAZAKHSTAN AS A PREREQUISITE FOR THE SPREAD OF ORNAMENTAL COMPOSITIONS IN THE URBAN ARCHITECTURE OF THE XX CENTURY 1.1 Historiographical aspects of the Kazakh architectural ornament Evolution 1.2 An Ornament in the Medieval and the XIX century Architecture as a source of motifs and themes for the Urban architecture of the XX century ornamentation 1.3 The Yurt ornamentation, and ornament for clothes, utensils and household items as a source of motifs and themes for the Urban architecture of the XX century ornamentation
  11. 11. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 11 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 1.1 Historiographical aspects of the Kazakh architectural ornament Evolution STUDIES OF THE FIRST HALF OF THE XX CENTURY: R.Karutts "Among Kyrgyz and Turkmen of the Mangyshlak", 1911. S.Dudin “The Kyrgyz ornament", 1925. E.Shneyder "The Kazakh ornamentation", 1927. E.Klodt, V.Chepelev "The Kazakh folk ornament", 1939. B.Denike "Architectural Ornament of the Central Asia", 1939. M.Mendikulov "The Architecture of the Alma-Ata city ", 1950. T.Basenov "The Kazakhstan’s Ornament in the Architecture", 1957. A. Margulan, T.Basenov, M.Mendikulov "The Architecture of the Kazakhstan", 1959. and other …
  12. 12. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 12 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 1.1 Historiographical aspects of the Kazakh architectural ornament Evolution STUDIES OF THE SECOND HALF OF THE XX CENTURY: A. Margulan "The Kazakh yurt and its decoration", 1964. N.Orazbaeva "People's arts and crafts of Kazakhs", 1970. M.Mukanov "Kazakh domestic crafts", 1979. T.Dzhanysbekov "The Features memorial architecture of the Ustyurt and the Mangyshlak in the XVIII - early XX centuries", 1981. U.Dzhanibekov "The Kazakh Culture Crafts", 1982. L.Tul’basieva "The Interior of a dwelling yurt as an artistic composite system: (Kazakh folk dwelling nomadic period)", 1984. K.Ibraeva "Ornament of Kazakh’s memorials (based on Mangishlak cemeteries)", 1985. H.Argynbaev "Kazakh arts and crafts", 1987. B.Tuyakbaeva "The Epigraphic decor of the Ahmed Yasevi Khanaka", 1987. K.Ibraeva "A Kazakh ornament", 1994. S.Adzhigaliev "The Genesis of traditional burial and religious architecture in the Western Kazakhstan: (Based on a study of small forms)", 1994. T.Zhanysbekuly "An Ornament in stone", 1999. B.Glaudinov "The History of the Kazakhstan Architecture", 1999. and other …
  13. 13. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 13 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 1.1 Historiographical aspects of the Kazakh architectural ornament Evolution STUDIES OF THE BEGINNING OF THE XXI CENTURY: I.Tasmagambetov "Kulyptas", 2002. A.Kazhgali-uly "The Organon of the ornament", 2003. K.Samoilov "The Kazakhstan Architecture of the XX century (The Development of architectural and artistic forms)", 2004. A.Shevtsova "Kazakh folk ornament as an ethnographic source: on materials XIX - early XX centuries", 2004. Umirbekova A. “KAZAKH ORNAMENTS / The Encyclopedia”, 2005. D.Mergaliev "A Folklore as a source of artistic national style of Kazakhstan in art at the turn of XX - XXI century", 2009. A.Dayrabaeva "The Traditional ornamental art Kazakh of the Western Siberia steppe zone in the end of XIX-XX centuries", 2010. O.Priemetz “The Development of the architectural ornament in Kazakhstan architecture of the XX - beginning of XXI century (for example, Almaty), 2014. and other …
  14. 14. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 14 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 1.1 Historiographical aspects of the Kazakh architectural ornament Evolution Prior to the beginning of the twentieth century the original Kazakh ornament was poorly researched. This is largely determined by its limited use in the art composition of buildings and constructions of the urban architecture. Studies of the Kazakh ornament first started in the early 19th century, in the 20th century these researches greatly intensified. These studies formed an ever-expanding sphere of knowledge, which is actual for the beginning of the 21st century. Now continues active exploration of this perspective, deepening the level of study about historical patterns, analyzed numerous new examples. This sphere is made up of highly specialized studies (subject patterns, features of their application for products of various shapes and sizes, configurational and texture features which determined by the material of manufacture), and synthesis researches about the role of ornament for the Decorative art and the Architecture. The Specific group consists of studies devoted to shaping the space-semantic content and the artistic decoration of the yurt. A special place is occupied by studies devoted to the interpretation of the most common motifs from the sphere of arts and crafts in compositions of buildings and structures, as well as the actual manifestation of the original architectural ornament.
  15. 15. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 15 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 1.2 An Ornament in the Medieval and the XIX century Architecture as a source of motifs and themes for the Urban architecture of the XX century ornamentation 1 2 3 4 Figure 1.2-1. Examples of the ornament in the Medieval Kazakhstan architecture: 1 – the Karahan’s Mausoleum, Taraz (X c.); 2 – the Babaji Khatun’s Mausoleum, Aysha Bibi village, Zhambyl region (XI c.); 3, 4 – the Aisha Bibi’s Mausoleum, Aysha Bibi village, Zhambyl region (XI c.);
  16. 16. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 16 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 1.2 An Ornament in the Medieval and the XIX century Architecture as a source of motifs and themes for the Urban architecture of the XX century ornamentation 1 2 3 4 Figure 1.2-2. Examples of the ornament in the Medieval Kazakhstan architecture: 1 – the Zhoshi Khan’s Mausoleum, Karaganda region, (1228-1230); 2 – the Alasha Khan’s Mausoleum, Karaganda region, (XIII c.); 3 – the Kerdery Mausoleum, Kyzylorda region (the end of the ХIII c. – early of the ХIV c.); 4 – the Khoja Ahmed Yasavi Complex, Turkestan (1389 – 1399, build. Mavlyan Ubaidulla Sadr, Hodge Hussein al Shirazi, Shelms Abd-al-Wahab al-Shirazi).
  17. 17. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 17 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 1.2 An Ornament in the Medieval and the XIX century Architecture as a source of motifs and themes for the Urban architecture of the XX century ornamentation 1 2 3 4 Figure 1.2-3. Examples of ornament in the Kazakhstan XIX century architecture: 1 – the Apartment house duval (a fence), Turkestan (XIX c.); 2 – the Mayraliy Aythozhaev’s Mausoleum (the "Kara Zopa’s Tomb"), Zhanakurgan township, Kyzylorda region (XIX c.); 3 – the Zhuzden’s Mausoleum, Karaganda region (XIX c., build. S.Elamanov); 4 – the Tortkara Mausoleum, Karaganda region (XIX c.).
  18. 18. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 18 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 1.2 An Ornament in the Medieval and the XIX century Architecture as a source of motifs and themes for the Urban architecture of the XX century ornamentation 1 2 3 4 Figure 1.2-4. Examples of ornament in the Kazakhstan XIX century architecture: 1 – the Mausoleum, Becky necropolis, Atyrau region (XIX c.); 2 – the Zhuban’s Mausoleum, Saycen-ata necropolis, Atyrau region (1898, build. Nugman); 3 – the Norbergen Kalishev’s Mausoleum, Senek village, Atyrau region (XIX c., build. N.Izbasarov, D.Zhandauletov); 4 – the Walibay’s Mosque, Zharkent (1887-1892, build. Khon Pick, Kh.Pulat, R.Selim).
  19. 19. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 19 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 1.2 An Ornament in the Medieval and the XIX century Architecture as a source of motifs and themes for the Urban architecture of the XX century ornamentation 1 2 3 4 Figure 1.2-5. Examples of ornament in the Kazakhstan XIX century architecture: 1 – the "Double-minaret Mosque", Semipalatinsk (1862, arch. A.Baibolatov); 2 – the "Red" Arc de Triomphe, Uralsk (1891); 3 – the Yuzefovich’s House, Petropavlovsk (1895); 4 – the Zaitsev’s House, Pavlodar (1885, arch. P.Batov).
  20. 20. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 20 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 1.2 An Ornament in the Medieval and the XIX century Architecture as a source of motifs and themes for the Urban architecture of the XX century ornamentation 1 2 3 4 Figure 1.2-6. Examples of ornament in the Kazakhstan XIX century architecture: 1 – the Kulup-tas, Mangistau region (XIX c.); 2 – the Kulup-tas, Mangistau region (XIX c.); 3 – the Kulup-tas, Shopan-ata necropolis, Mangistau region (XIX c.); 4 – the Kulup-tas, Karagan necropolis, Mangistau region (XIX c.).
  21. 21. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 21 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 1.2 An Ornament in the Medieval and the XIX century Architecture as a source of motifs and themes for the Urban architecture of the XX century ornamentation Ornament in various forms appears in the Kazakhstan architecture since its emergence. Stylized images were found in caves of natural and artificial origin, on outer stone plates, on framed openings and roof support structures in buildings. In the development of fixed structures symbolic function of patterns are intertwined with the material- structural features of ornamented surfaces. The patterns made by the thread or cuts on finished surfaces continue to be actively used. Massively used a curly masonry of the ordinary bricks and combining multi-colored blocks, increasing the spatial rigidity of walls and ceilings. Appear fashion bricks and ornamented terracotta tiles that become part of the ornamental compositions. The striking phenomenon becomes memorial architecture of the Western Kazakhstan. Formed on the surface of the masonry carved, colored and combined ornaments form the original local phenomenon, which has had a significant impact on the evolution of architectural ornamentation throughout the Kazakhstan. In the 19th century, typical only for Kazakh ornament patterns begin to occur en masse in a wooden carving buildings of the Volga region and the Western Siberia. Curly patterned and shaped masonry, a molding, a forging, a carving on the ganch from the Siberia, the Central and the West Asia, as well as the motives of classical the European and the Arabic ornament, the Gothic Revival and the Art Nouveau ornament become a part of the ornamental decoration of the Kazakh architecture.
  22. 22. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 22 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 1.3 The Yurt ornamentation, an oornament for clothes, utensils and household items as a source of motifs and themes for the Urban architecture of the XX century ornamentation 1 2 3 4 Figure 1.3-1 Examples of the traditional Yurt ornamentation 1 – the Yurt; 2 – the Yurt in the assembly process; 3 – the Yurt Dome; 4 – the Yurt Paraphernalia.
  23. 23. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 23 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 1.3 The Yurt ornamentation, and ornament for clothes, utensils and household items as a source of motifs and themes for the Urban architecture of the XX century ornamentation 1 2 3 4 Figure 1.3-2. Examples of traditional Ornament for clothes, utensils and household items: 1 – the Numdah carpet; 2 – Leather containers; 3 – Utensil; 4 – Clothes.
  24. 24. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 24 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 1.3 The Yurt ornamentation, and ornament for clothes, utensils and household items as a source of motifs and themes for the Urban architecture of the XX century ornamentation Ornament decoration of yurt elements and an ornament in arts and crafts are widespread. For citizens they are a familiar part of the environment. These ornaments have thoroughly researched. This determines the mass use of character patterns. Ornamented objects and products: – Batts (yurt covers, floor and wall mats, home furnishings, utensils); – Woven products (tapes to attach the yurt, carpets, bags); – Pile carpets; – Woven mats; – Embroidered products (clothing, wall panels, household goods); – Leather goods (dishes, furniture, shoes, belts, harnesses, leather wall panels); – Jewelry products (for body, clothes and utensils, harness, weapon); – Wood products (furniture, dishes, part of the frame of the yurt); – Carvings of bone. The methods of making ornament: a carving, a painting, a stamping, an applique, an embroidery, a weaving, a notching, a punching, a forging.
  25. 25. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 25 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** Part 2. AN ORNAMENT IN THE LATE XIX – THE FIRST HALF OF THE XX CENTURIES URBAN ARCHITECTURE 2.1 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1880’s-1920’s 2.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1930’s-1940’s 2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s
  26. 26. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 26 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.1 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1880’s – 1920’s 1 2 3 4 Figure 2.1-1. Examples of complex ornamental solutions of 1880’s - 1920's: 1 - the Cathedral, Pushkin Str., Almaty (1907, arch. K.Borisoglebsky, S.Troparevsky, A.Zenkov); 2 – the "Ishaq Gabdulvalliev and Sons” Trading House, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty (1911, arch. A.Zenkov); 3 – the Golovizin’s House, Kurmangazy Str., Almaty (1905-1908); 4 - the Tatarinov’s House, Bogenbai Batyr Str., Almaty (1890, arch. P.Gurde).
  27. 27. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 27 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.1 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1880’s – 1920’s 1 Figure 2.1-2. Ornamented columns and pilasters: 1 – the Shakhvorostov’s House, Furmanov Str., Almaty.
  28. 28. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 28 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.1 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1880’s – 1920’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Figure 2.1-3. Ornamented cornices and belts: 1, 2 – the “Ishaq Gabdulvaliev and Sons" Trading House, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty; 3, 4 – the Shakhvorostov’s House, Furmanov Str., Almaty; 5 – the Seydallin Family’s House, Panfilov Str., Almaty; 6 - the Gabdulvaliev’s House, Tulebaev Str., Almaty; 7 – the Tatarinov’s House, Bogenbai Batyr Str., Almaty; 8 – the Golovizin’s House, Kurmangazy Str., Almaty; 9 – the Men's College, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 10 – the St. Nicholas Cathedral, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 11 – the Mansion, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 12 – the Officers' Assembly House, Zenkov Str., Almaty.
  29. 29. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 29 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.1 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1880’s – 1920’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Figure 2.1-4. Ornamented casings and frames: 1 – the Cathedral, Pushkin Str., Almaty; 2 – the Seydallin Family House, Panfilov Str., Almaty; 3 – the Mansion, Tole Bi Str., Almaty; 4 – the Mansion, Kazybek Bi Str., Almaty; 5 – the Mansion, Zhansugurov Str., Almaty; 6 – the Mansion, Aiteke Bi Str., Almaty; 7 – the Mansion, Baribaev Str., Almaty; 8 – the Mansion, Kazybek Bi Str., Almaty; 9, 10 – the Shakhvorostov’s House, Furmanov Str., Almaty; 11 – the Golovizin’s House, Kurmangazy Str., Almaty; 12 – the "Ishaq Gabdulvaliev and Sons" Trading House, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty; 13, 14 – the St. Nicholas Cathedral, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty.
  30. 30. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 30 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.1 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1880’s – 1920’s 1 2 3 Figure 2.1-5. Ornamented inserts and panels: 1, 2 – the Golovizin’s House, Kurmangazy Str., Almaty; 3 – the Seydallin Family House, Panfilov Str., Almaty.
  31. 31. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 31 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.1 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1880’s – 1920’s The features of cultural and historical processes in a multi-ethnic community of citizens in Kazakhstan cities of the early of XX century determine the formation of a stable interest to regional architectural and artistic forms. A special place here begins to belong to the Kazakh ornament, as the most recognizable symbol of preservation of historical and cultural continuity in the forming of architecture. However, the most widely used ornamental solutions were forming in "the Central Asian style". The main field of ornament dissemination are carved wooden patterns (in rare cases - a light-gage metal) parts of cornices and belts, casings and frames. In a few cases applied stucco or overhead wooden ornaments, mainly focused on columns and pilasters, frames and panels. In most cases, planar carvings reflect predominantly geometric, astral, and sometimes the vegetable and, in rare cases, zoomorphic subjects. Carvings have the form of stylized images. Stucco ornaments are mainly vegetative motives. These patterns have the sculpted plastic with realistic images. Start of mass application of regional ornamental compositions on the basis of a targeted search for "a National style" will be to the next period of the Urban architecture evolution.
  32. 32. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 32 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1930’s – 1940’s 1 2 3 4 Figure 2.2-1. Examples of complex ornamental solutions of 1930’s - 1940's: 1 – the "KazPivo" Corporation Building, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty (1935, arch. V.Tverdohlebov); 2 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty (1946); 3 – the Children Library, Tole bi Str., Almaty (1948); 4 – the Theatre of Opera and Ballet named after Abay, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty (1933-1941, arch. N.Kruglov, N.Prostakov, V.Bychkov, P.Polivanov, art. V.Kroshin H.Tsivchinsky, consultant A.Shusev).
  33. 33. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 33 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1930’s – 1940’s 1 2 3 4 Figure 2.2-2. Examples of complex ornamental solutions of 1930’s - 1940's: 1 – the Dwelling House, Seifullin Av., Almaty (1940); 2 – the Dwelling House, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty (1949); 3 – the Dwelling House, Gogol Str., Almaty (1947); 4 – the Administrative Building, Kazybek bi Str., Almaty (1949).
  34. 34. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 34 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1930’s – 1940’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 2.2-3. Ornamented with columns and pilasters: 1, 2, 3 – the Theatre of Opera and Ballet named after Abay, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 4 – the Dwelling House, Kunaev Str., Almaty; 5 – the "KazPivo" Corporation Building, Kunaev Str., Almaty; 6, 7 – the Dwelling House, Manas Str., Almaty; 8 – the Dwelling House, Gogol Str., Almaty; 9 – the School, Mametova Str., Almaty; 10 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 11 – the Dwelling House, Manas Str., Almaty; 12 – the Dwelling House, Zhandosov Str., Almaty; 13 – the Administrative Building, Baytursynov Str., Almaty; 14 – the Administrative Building, Kazybek bi Str., Almaty; 15 – the Dwelling House, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 16 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty.
  35. 35. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 35 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1930’s – 1940’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Figure 2.2-4. Ornamented with columns and pilasters: 1, 2 – the Dwelling House, Amangeldy Str., Almaty; 3, 4 – the Administrative Building, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 5 – the Children Library, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 6 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 7 – the Weaving Factory, Furmanov Str., Almaty; 8 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 9 – the Dwelling House, Furmanov Str., Almaty; 10 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 11 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 12 – the Weaving Factory, Dosmuhamedov Str., Almaty; 13 – the Dwelling House, Dostyk Av., Almaty; 14 – the Administrative Building, Zheltoksan Str., Almaty
  36. 36. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 36 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1930’s – 1940’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Figure 2.2-5. Ornamented cornices and belts: 1 – the Dwelling House, Kunaev Str., Almaty; 2 – the Dwelling House, Maylin Str., Almaty; 3 – the Dwelling House, Baytursynov Str., Almaty; 4 – the Dwelling House, Amangeldy Str., Almaty; 5 – the Dwelling House, Satpayev Str., Almaty; 6, 7 – the Dwelling House, Bayzakov Str., Almaty; 8 – the Dwelling House, Satpayev Str., Almaty; 9 – the Dwelling House, Dostyk Av., Almaty; 10 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 11 – the Dwelling House, Baytursynov Str., Almaty.
  37. 37. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 37 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1930’s – 1940’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Figure 2.2-6. Ornamented cornices and belts: 1 – the Children Library, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 2, 3, 4 – the Theatre of Opera and Ballet named after Abay, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 5 – the School, Mametova Str., Almaty; 6 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 7 – the Administrative Building, Gogol Str., Almaty; 8 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 9 – the Dwelling House, Kazybek bi Str., Almaty; 10 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty.
  38. 38. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 38 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1930’s – 1940’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 2.2-7. Ornamented casings and frames: 1, 2 – the Children Library, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 3 – the Administrative Building, Kunaev Str., Almaty; 4 – the Educational Building, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 5, 6, 7 – the School, Mametova Str., Almaty; 8 – the Dwelling House, Dosmuhamedov Str., Almaty; 9 – the Dwelling House, Satpayev Str., Almaty; 10 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 11 – the Dwelling House, Bogenbai Batyr Str., Almaty; 12 – the Dwelling House, Manas Str., Almaty; 13 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 14, 15 – the Dwelling House, Dostyk Av., Almaty; 16 – the Dwelling House, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty.
  39. 39. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 39 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1930’s – 1940’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 2.2-8. Ornamented casings and frames: 1 – the Dwelling house, Dosmuhamedov Str., Almaty; 2 – the Dwelling House, Kazybek bi Str., Almaty; 3 – the Dwelling House, Bayzakov Str., Almaty; 4 – the Office Building, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty; 5, 6 – the Dwelling House, Amangeldy Str., Almaty; 7 – the Dwelling House, Zhambyl Str., Almaty; 8, 9, 10 – the Dwelling House, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 11 – the Dwelling House, Baytursynov Str., Almaty; 12, 13, 14 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 15 – the Dwelling House, Bayzakov Str., Almaty; 16 – the Dwelling House, Amangeldy Str., Almaty.
  40. 40. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 40 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1930’s – 1940’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 2.2-9. Ornamented casings and frames: 1, 2 – the Dwelling House, Baytursynov Str., Almaty; 3, 4 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 5, 6, 7, 8 – the Theatre of Opera and Ballet named after Abay, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 9 – the Dwelling House, Zhandosov Str., Almaty; 10 – the Dwelling House, Maulenov Str., Almaty; 11 – the Dwelling House, Baytursynov Str., Almaty; 12 – the Dwelling House, Kunaev Str., Almaty; 13 – the Dwelling House, Manas Str., Almaty; 14, 15 - the Administrative Building, Kazybek bi Str., Almaty; 16 – the Administrative Building, Zheltoksan Str., Almaty.
  41. 41. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 41 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1930’s – 1940’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Figure 2.2-10. Ornamented inserts and panels: 1 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 2 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 3 – the Dwelling House, Baytursynov Str., Almaty; 4 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 5, 6, 7 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 8 – the Dwelling House, Dostyk Av., Almaty; 9 – the Administrative Building, Zheltoksan Str., Almaty; 10 – the School, Mametova Str., Almaty; 11 – the Administrative Building, Karasai Batyr Str., Almaty; 12 – the Theatre of Opera and Ballet named after Abay, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 13 – the Dwelling House, Zhandosov Str., Almaty; 14 – the Dwelling House, Manas Str., Almaty.
  42. 42. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 42 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1930’s – 1940’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Figure 2.2-11. Ornamented inserts and panels: 1 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 2 – the Dwelling House, Kazybek bi Str., Almaty; 3 – the Dwelling House, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty; 4 – the Administrative Building, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 5 – the Dwelling House, Baytursynov Str., Almaty; 6 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 7 – the Dwelling House, Masanchi Str, Almaty; 8 – the Dwelling House, Zhambyl Str., Almaty; 9 – the Hostel, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 10 – the Children Library, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 11 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty.
  43. 43. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 43 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1930’s – 1940’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Figure 2.2-12. Ornamented inserts and panels: 1 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 2, 3, 4 – the Hostel, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 5 – the Theatre of Opera and Ballet named after Abay, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 6, 7 – the Dwelling House, Dosmuhamedov Str., Almaty; 8, 9, 10 – the Dwelling House, Baytursynov Str., Almaty.
  44. 44. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 44 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1930’s – 1940’s 1 2 3 4 Figure 2.2-13. Ornamented elements of landscaping and hardcape: 1 – the Pot, Zhandosov Str., Almaty; 2 – the Lamppost, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 3 – the Lamppost, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 4 – the Fountain, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty.
  45. 45. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 45 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1930’s – 1940’s Increasing the number of buildings under construction, increasing their number of floors – this determined the increase in the size of ornamental compositions. Enabled the study of national ornament in arts and crafts, decoration of the yurt and architectural monuments. Purposefully interpreted Kazakh patterns. Compositional and plastically foundation of these patterns application was the classical theme of a warrant. Originally ornamented elements used as a supplement to the classicist compositions of the Doric, the Ionic, the Corinthian and the Composite orders. Later designs include an ornament in the structure of the basic elements of orders. Then there are new, fancy ornamental capitals and cornices. Innovations of the period are waistband capitals crowning broad pilasters. In rare cases, ornamental elements include on base of columns and pilasters. Ornamental compositions are widely used in cornices and belts, casings and frames, boxes and panels. Mass distributions are ornamental cartouches as independent compositions, and as part of the medallions of various shapes and sizes. An ornament used in compositions of small architectural forms.
  46. 46. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 46 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s 1 2 3 4 Figure 2.3-1. Examples of integrated ornamental solutions of 1950’s: 1 – the Government Building, Astana Sq., Almaty (1957-1958, arch. B.Rubanenko, G.Simonov, P.Mamontov, G.Kalish); 2 – the “«KazPotrebSoyuz»” Office Building, Tole bi Str., Almaty (1954-1957, arch. B.Stesin, M.Bekker, G.Bobovich); 3 – the Dwelling House, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty (1950, arch. G.Bobovich); 4 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty (1953, architect. M.Il’enko).
  47. 47. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 47 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s 1 2 3 4 Figure 2.3-2. Examples of integrated ornamental solutions of 1950’s: 1 – the Veterinary Institute, Abai Av., Almaty (1950, arch. M.Mendikulov); 2 – the Building of Political Education, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty (1955-1959, arch. A.Leppik, G.Simonov); 3 – the Lock portico, Gogol’ Str., Almaty (1955, arch. A.Kapanov); 4 – the Dwelling House, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty (1951-1954, arch. A.Leppik, N.Prostakov).
  48. 48. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 48 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s 1 2 3 4 Figure 2.3-3. Examples of integrated ornamental solutions of 1950’s: 1 – the Air terminal, Maylin Str., Almaty (1950, arch. G.Elkin, B.Zavarzin, T.Basenov); 2 – the Agricultural Institute, Abai Av., Almaty (1950-1951, arch. V.Biryukov); 3 – the Academy of Sciences, Shevchenko Str., Almaty (1948-1957, arch. A.Shusev, N.Prostakov); 4 – the Club of the “«KazPotrebSoyuz»”, Bogenbai Batyr Str., Almaty (1953, arch. T.Brener).
  49. 49. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 49 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s 1 2 3 4 Figure 2.3-4. Examples of integrated ornamental solutions of 1950’s: 1 – the Club of aviators, Maylin Str., Almaty (1957); 2 – the "Kazakhstan" Cinema, Seifullin Av., Almaty (1957); 3 – the Hospital, Abai Av., Almaty (1952, arch. M.Kudryavtsev); 4 – the Women's Pedagogical Institute, Gogol’ Str., Almaty (1952, arch. V.Biryukov, M.Mendikulov, M.Kudryavtsev).
  50. 50. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 50 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 2.3-5. Ornamented columns and pilasters: 1 – the Government Building, Astana Sq., Almaty; 2 – the Hospital, Abai Av., Almaty; 3 – the Lock portico, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 4 – the Women's Pedagogical Institute, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 5, 6 – the School of Political Researches and Education, Abai Av., Almaty; 7, 8 – the Building of Political Education, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty; 9 – the Club of aviators, Maylin Str., Almaty; 10 – the Veterinary Institute, Abai Av., Almaty; 11 – the Agricultural Institute, Abai Av., Almaty; 12 – the “ Building of Arts”, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 13 – the Academy of Sciences, Shevchenko Str., Almaty; 14 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 15 – the Dwelling House, Panfilov Str., Almaty; 16 – the Dwelling House, Nauryzbay Batyr Str., Almaty.
  51. 51. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 51 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 2.3-6. Ornamented columns and pilasters: 1, 2 – the “«KazPotrebSoyuz»” Office Building, Panfilov Str., Almaty; 3 – the Dwelling House, Bogenbai Batyr Str., Almaty; 4 – the Office Building, Nauryzbai Batyr Str., Almaty; 5, 6 – the “Building of Arts”, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 7 – the Laboratory, Bogenbai Batyr Str., Almaty; 8 – the "Kazakhstan" Cinema, Seifullin Av., Almaty; 9, 10 – the Office Building, Bogenbai Batyr Str., Almaty; 11, 12 – the Dwelling House, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty; 13 – the Tailoring, Kunaev Str., Almaty; 14 – the Dwelling House, Furmanov Str., Almaty; 15 – the Air terminal, Maylin Str., Almaty; 16 – the Dwelling House, Zheltoksan Str., Almaty.
  52. 52. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 52 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Figure 2.3-7. Ornamented columns and pilasters: 1 – the Government Building, Astana Sq., Almaty; 2 – the Academy of Sciences, Shevchenko Str., Almaty; 3 – the Hydrometeocenter, Abai Av., Almaty; 4 – the Dwelling House, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty; 5 – the Building of Trade Unions, Zheltoksan Str., Almaty; 6 – the Dwelling House, Panfilov Str., Almaty; 7 – the Dwelling House, Zhambyl Str., Almaty; 8 – the “«KazPotrebSoyuz»” Club, Bogenbai Batyr Str., Almaty; 9, 10 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 11, 12 – the Dwelling House, Bayseitova Str., Almaty; 13, 14, 15 – the Laboratory, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty.
  53. 53. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 53 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 2.3-8. Ornamented columns and pilasters: 1 – the School of Political Researches and Education, Abai Av., Almaty; 2, 3, 4 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 5 – the Veterinary Institute, Abai Av., Almaty; 6 - the Women's Pedagogical Institute, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 7 – the “Building of Arts”, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 8 – the Dwelling House, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty; 9, 10 – the Dwelling House, Aiteke bi Str., Almaty; 11, 12 – the Hydrometeocenter, Abai Av., Almaty; 13 – the Tailoring, Kunaev Str., Almaty; 14, 15, 16 – the Dwelling House, Gogol’ Str., Almaty.
  54. 54. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 54 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 2.3-9. Ornamented cornices and belt: 1, 2, 3, 4 – the Dwelling House, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty; 5 – the Government Building, Astana Sq., Almaty; 6 – the Lock portico, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 7 – the Building of Political Education, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty; 8 – the Veterinary Institute, Abai Av., Almaty; 9, 10 – the Women’s Pedagogical Institute, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 11 – the Dwelling House, Aiteke bi Str., Almaty; 12 – the Agricultural Institute, Abai Av., Almaty; 13 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 14, 15 – the “«KazPotrebSoyuz»” Office Building, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 16 - the School of Political Researches and Education, Abai Av., Almaty.
  55. 55. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 55 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Figure 2.3-10. Ornamented cornices and belt: 1 – the Dwelling House, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty; 2 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 3, 4 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 5 – the Dwelling House, Nauryzbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 6, 7 – the Dwelling House, Zhambyl Str., Almaty; 8 – the “«KazPotrebSoyuz»” Club, Bogenbai Batyr Str., Almaty; 9 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 10 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 11 – the Dwelling House, Zheltoksan Str., Almaty; 12 – the “Building of Arts”, Gogol’ Str., Almaty.
  56. 56. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 56 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Figure 2.3-11. Ornamented cornices and belt: 1, 2 – the Academy of Sciences, Shevchenko Str., Almaty; 3 – the Hospital, Masanchi Str., Almaty; 4 – the “«KazPotrebSoyuz»” Office Building, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 5, 6 – the Government Building, .Astana Sq., Almaty; 7 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 8 – the Tailoring, Kunaev Str., Almaty; 9 – the Dwelling House, Nauryzbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 10 – the Club of aviators, Maylin Str., Almaty; 11 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 12 – the Building of Writers Union, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty; 13 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty.
  57. 57. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 57 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Figure 2.3-12. Ornamented casings and frames: 1 – the Dwelling House, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty; 2 – the Dwelling House, Zhambyl Str., Almaty; 3 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 4 – the “«KazPotrebSoyuz»” Club, Bogenbai Batyr Str., Almaty; 5, 6 – the Dwelling House, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty; 7 – the “«KazPotrebSoyuz»” Office Building, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 8 – the “Building of Arts”, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 9, 10, 11 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 12 – the Dwelling House, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty; 13 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 14 – the Veterinary Institute, Abai Av., Almaty.
  58. 58. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 58 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Figure 2.3-13. Ornamented casings and frames: 1 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 2, 3 – the Dwelling House, Aiteke bi Str., Almaty; 4 – the Dwelling House, Panfilov Str., Almaty; 5, 6, 7, 8 – the Academy of Sciences, Shevchenko Str., Almaty; 9, 10 – the Agricultural Institute, Abai Av., Almaty; 11 – the Dwelling House, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty; 12 – the «KazPotrebSoyuz» Club, Bogenbai Batyr Str., Almaty; 13 – the Veterinary Institute, Abai Av., Almaty; 14 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty;.
  59. 59. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 59 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Figure 2.3-14. Ornamented casings and frames: 1, 2 – the Building of Political Education, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty; 3, 4 – the "Dynamo" stadium, Maulenov Str., Almaty; 5 – the Agricultural Institute, Abai Av., Almaty; 6 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 7 – the Dwelling House, Panfilov Str., Almaty; 8 – the Hospital, Abai Av., Almaty; 9 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 10 – the Dwelling House, Aiteke bi Str., Almaty; 11, 12 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 13 – the Dwelling House, Bayseitova Str., Almaty; 14 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty.
  60. 60. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 60 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Figure 2.3-15. Ornamented casings and frames: 1 – the Dwelling House, Bayseitova Str., Almaty; 2 – the Student dormitory, Kunaev Str., Almaty; 3 – the "Kazakhstan" Cinema, Seifullin Av., Almaty; 4 – the Air terminal, Maylin Str., Almaty; 5, 6, 7 – the Dwelling House, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty; 8 – the Dwelling House, Nauryzbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 9 – the Dwelling House, Aiteke bi Str., Almaty; 10 – the School of Political Research and Education, Dostyk Av., Almaty; 11, 12 – the Hospital, Abai Av., Almaty.
  61. 61. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 61 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 2.3-16. Ornamented inserts and panels: 1 – the Dwelling House, Zhambyl Str., Almaty; 2 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 3, 4 – the Academy of Sciences, Shevchenko Str., Almaty; 5, 6, 7 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 8 – the Hydrometeocenter, Abai Av., Almaty; 9 – the Dwelling House, Bayseitova Str., Almaty; 10 – the Dwelling House, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty; 11 – the Tailoring, Kunaev Str., Almaty; 12 – the Dwelling House, Nauryzbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 13 – the «KazPotrebSoyuz» Club, Bogenbai Batyr Str., Almaty; 14 – the Dwelling House, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty; 15 – the Air terminal, Maylin Str., Almaty; 16 – the Dwelling House, Gogol’ Str., Almaty.
  62. 62. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 62 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 2.3-17. Ornamented inserts and panels: 1, 2 – the Hospital, Abai Av., Almaty; 3 – the Building of Political Education, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty; 4 – the Club of aviators, Maylin Str., Almaty; 5 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 6 – the Air terminal, Maylin Str., Almaty; 7 – the “Building of Arts”, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 8 – the State Variety Store, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty; 9 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 10 – the Dwelling House, Zheltoksan Str., Almaty; 11 – the Lock portico, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 12 – the Tailoring, Kunaev Str., Almaty; 13 – the «KazPotrebSoyuz» Club, Bogenbai Batyr Str., Almaty; 14, 15 – the Dwelling House, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 16 – the Building of Political Education, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty.
  63. 63. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 63 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 2.3-18. Ornamented inserts and panels: 1 – the Dwelling House, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty; 2 – the Government Building, Astana Sq., Almaty; 3 - the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 4 – the Dwelling House, Furmanov Str., Almaty; 5 – the Air terminal, Maylin Str., Almaty; 6 – the Hospital, Abai Av., Almaty; 7 – the «KazPotrebSoyuz» Club, Bogenbai Batyr Str., Almaty; 8 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 9 – the Government Building, Astana Sq., Almaty; 10 – the Women’s Pedagogical Institute, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 11 – the Tailoring, Kunaev Str., Almaty; 12 – the Dwelling House, Tulebaev Str., Almaty; 13, 14 – the Academy of Sciences, Shevchenko Str., Almaty; 15 – the Club of aviators, Maylin Str., Almaty; 16 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty.
  64. 64. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 64 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Figure 2.3-19. Ornamented elements of landscaping and hardcape: 1, 2 – the Lamppost, Astana Sq., Almaty; 3 – the Fence, Furmanov Str., Almaty; 4 – the Lantern nightstand, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 5, 6 – the Fence, Dostyk Av., Almaty; 7 – the Fence, Nauryzbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 8, 9 – the Fountain, Kabanbay Batyr Str., Almaty; 10 – the Pot, Nauryzbay Batyr Str., Almaty.
  65. 65. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 65 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 2.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1950’s This period is the time of the most massive use of ornamental compositions in the urban architecture. In each group (columns and pilasters, cornices and belts, trims and framings, inserts and panels) include two or three types of ornamental compositions. All types of ornamented capitals and bases are massive use. Original transformation have volutes in the Ionic and the Corinthian order themes becomes a spiral curl forming volutes not from the bottom up and top down. The Innovation of the period are cube-shaped capitals with rounded or cut bottom corners. Ornamental solution of these capitals is a two-plane relief pattern that emphasizes the plane face of the cube. Special variety during the period is the cornice, in a multi-tiered structure which includes the ornamented arcature and transformed into a kind of ordinary stalactites and dentil belts. Frames acquired the developed form. They are topped semi-lancet gables with ornamented details. Massively is used for windows and doors framing of two U-shaped elements or external U-shaped member and the inner lancet arc. The space between them is filled small elements of ornament. In doing so, ornamented frame or dealt smoothly with complex profile. A large variety of different patterns on numerous medallions of various shapes and sizes. Ornamented hardscape become an integral part of the composition of the urban space.
  66. 66. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 66 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** Part 3. AN ORNAMENT IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XX – EARLY XXI CENTURIES URBAN ARCHITECTURE 3.1 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1960’s 3.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1970’s – 1980’s 3.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1990’s – 2010’s
  67. 67. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 67 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.1 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1960’s 1 2 3 4 Figure 3.1-1. Examples of integrated ornamental solutions of 1960s: 1 – the Dwelling House, Raiymbek Av., Almaty (1965); 2 – the Dwelling House, Beregovoy Str., Almaty (1966); 3 – the "Arman" Cinema, Dostyk Av., Almaty (1968, arch. A.Korzhempo, V.Panin, I.Slonov, art. V.Konstantinov, G.Zavizionny (1968); 4 – the Dwelling House, Furmanov Str., Almaty (1968).
  68. 68. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 68 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.1 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1960’s 1 Figure 3.1-2. Ornamented columns and pilasters: 1 – the Administration Building, Pushkin Str., Almaty.
  69. 69. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 69 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.1 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1960’s 1 2 3 Figure 3.1-3. Ornamented cornices and belts: 1 – the Dwelling House, Shevchenko Str., Almaty; 2 – the Dwelling House, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty; 3 – the Dwelling House, Gogol’ Str., Almaty.
  70. 70. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 70 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.1 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1960’s 1 Figure 3.1-4. Ornamented casings and frames: 1 – the Dwelling House, Abai Av., Almaty.
  71. 71. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 71 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.1 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1960’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 3.1-5. Ornamented inserts and panels: 1 – the Dwelling House, Raiymbek Av., Almaty; 2, 3 – the Dwelling House, Furmanov Str., Almaty; 4 – the Dwelling House, Zheltoksan Str., Almaty; 5 – the Dwelling House, Raiymbek Av., Almaty; 6 – the Dwelling House, Shalyapin Str., Almaty; 7, 8, 9, 10 – the Dwelling House, Nauryzbay batyr Str., Almaty; 11 – the Dwelling House, Shalyapina Str., Almaty; 12 – the Dwelling House, Beregovoy Str., Almaty; 13, 14, 15 – the "Arman" Cinema, Dostyk Av., Almaty; 16 – the Dwelling House, Altynsarin Av., Almaty.
  72. 72. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 72 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.1 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1960’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Figure 3.1-6. Ornamented inserts and panels: 1 – the Dwelling House, Abai Av., Almaty; 2 – the Dwelling House, Panfilov Str., Almaty; 3 – the Dwelling House, Manas Str., Almaty; 4 – the Dwelling House, Zheltoksan Str., Almaty; 5 – the Dwelling House, Al Farabi Av., Almaty; 6 – the Dwelling House, Mustafin Str., Almaty; 7 – the Dwelling House, Manas Str., Almaty; 8 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 9 – the Dwelling House, Al Farabi Av., Almaty; 10, 11 – the Archive Building, Dostyk Av., Almaty; 12 – the Dwelling House, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty; 13 – the Dwelling House, Al Farabi Av., Almaty; 14 – the Dwelling House, Gogol’ Str., Almaty.
  73. 73. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 73 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.1 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1960’s 1 2 Figure 3.1-7. Ornamented elements of landscaping and hardcape: 1, 2 – the Pergola, Bayseitova Str., Almaty.
  74. 74. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 74 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.1 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1960’s The specific development of ornamental compositions characterized by a sharp decrease in the number of columns and pilasters, cornices and belts, casings and frames relative to the period of the 1950's. In this case, the quantitative indicators in ornamented panels and inserts significantly increased not only in the variety of patterns, but also the frequency of their use. Significantly increases the size of the mass applied ornamental panels, which in most cases take up the entire height of the high-rise building. This dramatically increases the size of the module in most cases - a wall panel, which is a structural unit of the house facade. As a new trend became apparent the use of repeated blind or lattice modular compositions in-line arrangement of plates on fences balconies and loggias. In rare cases, the monotony of a number of uniform modules is interrupted is usually located in the middle of the balcony slab with a different pattern. As a new trend became apparent the use of repeated blind or lattice modular compositions in-line arrangement of plates on fences balconies and loggias. In rare cases, the monotony of a number of uniform modules is interrupted is usually located in the middle of the balcony slab with a different pattern. An interesting feature of the period was the almost complete absence of ornamental compositions in small architectural forms. In the only example among other motifs used anthropomorphic theme of patterns.
  75. 75. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 75 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1970’s – 1980’s 1 2 3 4 Figure 3.2-1. Examples of complex ornamental solutions of 1970’s – 1980's: 1 – the Air Terminal, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty (1975, arch. O.Shorin, M.Gorohov, A.Kotov); 2 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty (1981); 3 – the Supermarket, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty (1979, arch. M.Kabylbaev, Sh.Valikhanov, S.Rustembekov); 4 – the Dwelling House, Gogol’ Str., Almaty (1978, arch. A.Korzhempo).
  76. 76. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 76 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1970’s –1980’s 1 2 3 4 Figure 3.2-2. Examples of complex ornamental solutions of 1970’s – 1980's: 1 – the Dwelling House, Maulenov Str., Almaty (1983); 2 – the Dwelling House, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty (1978, arch. S.Kohanovich); 3 – the Palace of students, Timiryazev Str., Almaty (1982-1989); 4 – the Telecenter, Timiryazev Str., Almaty (1981, arch. A.Korzhempo, V.Panin, N.Ezau).
  77. 77. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 77 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1970’s – 1980’s 1 2 3 4 Figure 3.2-3. Examples of complex ornamental solutions of 1970’s – 1980's: 1 – the Dwelling House, Navoi Str., Almaty (1980); 2 – the "Baikonur" Cinema, Mustafin Str., Almaty (1981); 3 – the Dwelling House, Al Farabi Av., Almaty (1981); 4 – the University, Timiryazev Str., Almaty (1978, arch. V.Bondarenko, Y.Zimin).
  78. 78. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 78 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1970’s –1980’s 1 Figure 3.2-4. Ornamented columns and pilasters: 1 – the Administrative Building, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty (the reconstruction).
  79. 79. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 79 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1970’s – 1980’s 1 Figure 3.2-5. Ornamented cornices and belt: 1 – the Administration Building, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty (the reconstruction).
  80. 80. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 80 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1970’s – 1980’s 1 2 3 4 Figure 3.2-6. Ornamented architraves and frames: 1 – the Telecenter, Timiryazev Str., Almaty; 2, 3, 4 – the Dwelling House, Al Farabi Av., Almaty.
  81. 81. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 81 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1970’s – 1980’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 3.2-7. Ornamented inserts and panels: 1 – the Dwelling House, Kazybek bi Str., Almaty; 2 – the Dwelling House, Navoi Str., Almaty; 3 – the Dwelling House, Tulebaev Str., Almaty; 4 – the Dwelling House, Shalyapin Str., Almaty; 5, 6 – the Dwelling House, Bogenbai batyr Str., Almaty; 7 – the Dwelling House, Maulenov Str., Almaty; 8 – the Dwelling House, Shevchenko Str., Almaty; 9, 10 – the Dwelling House, Kazhi Mukan Str., Almaty; 11 – the Dwelling House, Nauryzbay batyr Str., Almaty; 12 – the Dwelling House, Dostyk Av., Almaty; 13 – the Dwelling House, Utegen batyr Str., Almaty; 14 – the Dwelling House, Nauryzbay batyr Str., Almaty; 15 – the Dwelling House, Mynbaev Str., Almaty; 16 – the Dwelling House, Aiteke bi Str., Almaty.
  82. 82. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 82 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1970’s – 1980’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 3.2-8. Ornamented inserts and panels: 1 – the "Kulager" Café, Zheltoksan Str., Almaty; 2 – the Administrative Building, Zheltoksan Str., Almaty; 3 – the Factory, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty; 4 – the Design Institute, Aiteke bi Str., Almaty; 5 – the Dwelling House, Pushkin Str., Almaty; 6 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay batyr Str., Almaty; 7 – the Office Building, Bogenbai batyr Str., Almaty; 8 – the Wedding Palace, Abai Av., Almaty; 9 – the Dwelling House, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 10 – the House of clothes models, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty; 11 – the Factory, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty; 12 – the Publishing Building, Abai Av., Almaty; 13 – the Air Terminal, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty; 14 – the Dwelling House, Zhibek Joly Av. , Almaty; 15 – the "Otrar" Hotel, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 16 – the Supermarket, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty.
  83. 83. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 83 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1970’s – 1980’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 3.2-9. Ornamented inserts and panels: 1 – the Dwelling House, Timiryazev Str., Almaty; 2 – the Dwelling House, Baytursynov Str., Almaty; 3 – the Dwelling House, Satpayev Str., Almaty; 4 – the Dwelling House, Navoi Str., Almaty; 5 – the Dwelling House, Satpayev Str., Almaty; 6 – the Dwelling House, Tulebaev Str., Almaty; 7 – the Dwelling House Furmanov Str., Almaty; 8 – the Dwelling House, Makataev Str., Almaty; 9 – the Dwelling House, Frunze Str., Almaty; 10 – the Dwelling House, Navoi Str., Almaty; 11 – the Dwelling House, Bogenbai batyr Str., Almaty; 12 – the Palace of students, Timiryazev Str., Almaty; 13 – the Dwelling House, Kunaev Str., Almaty; 14 – the Factory, Zenkova Str., Almaty; 15 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 16 – the Administrative Building, Auezov Str., Almaty
  84. 84. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 84 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1970’s – 1980’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 3.2-10. Ornamented inserts and panels: 1 – the Dwelling House, Shevchenko Str., Almaty; 2 – the Student Dormitory, Shevchenko Str., Almaty; 3 – the "Baikonur" Cinema, Mustafin Str., Almaty; 4 – the Computer Center, Furmanov Str., Almaty; 5, 6 – the Administrative Building, Furmanov Str., Almaty; 7, 8 – the Dwelling House, Maulenov Str., Almaty; 9 – the Dwelling House, Kaldayakov Str., Almaty; 10, 11 – the Dwelling House, Tole bi Str., Almaty; 12 – the Dwelling House, Satpayev Str., Almaty; 13 – the "Otrar" Hotel, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 14 - the “House of Cinema”, Kazybek bi Str., Almaty; 15 – the Dwelling House, Furmanov Str., Almaty; 16 – the Dwelling House, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty.
  85. 85. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 85 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1970’s – 1980’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 3.2-11. Ornamented inserts and panels: 1 – the Dwelling House, Mametova Str., Almaty; 2 – the Dwelling House, Zhambyl Str., Almaty; 3 – the Dwelling House, Dostyk Av., Almaty; 4 – the Dwelling House, Navoi Str., Almaty; 5 – the Dwelling House, Karasai batyr Str., Almaty; 6 – the Dwelling House, Navoi Str., Almaty; 7 – the Dwelling House, Navoi Str., Almaty; 8 – the Dwelling House, Manas Str., Almaty; 9 – the Dwelling House, Pushkin Str., Almaty; 10 – the Dwelling House, Kunaev Str., Almaty; 11 – the Dwelling House, Zhambyl Str., Almaty; 12 – the Dwelling House, Zhambyl Str., Almaty; 13 – the Dwelling House, Dostyk Av., Almaty; 14 – the Dwelling House, Dostyk Av., Almaty; 15 – the Dwelling House, Dostyk Av., Almaty; 16 – the Dwelling House, Navoi Str.,, Almaty.
  86. 86. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 86 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1970’s – 1980’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 3.2-12. Ornamented inserts and panels: 1 – the Dwelling House, Maulenov Str., Almaty; 2 – the Dwelling House, Chaykovsky Str., Almaty; 3 – the Dwelling House, Zheltoksan Str., Almaty; 4 – the Dwelling House, Furmanov Str., Almaty; 5 – the Dwelling House, Navoi StreetStr., Almaty; 6 – the Dwelling House, Zenkov Str., Almaty; 7 – the Dwelling House, Aiteke bi Str., Almaty; 8 – the Dwelling House, Kazybek bi Str., Almaty (the reconstruction); 9 – the Dwelling House, Abai Av., Almaty; 10 – the Student Dormitory, Seifullin Av., Almaty; 11 – the Dwelling House, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty; 12 – the Dwelling House, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 13 – the Dwelling House, Abai Av., Almaty; 14 – the Dwelling House, Mustafin Str., Almaty; 15 – the Dwelling House, Valikhanov Str., Almaty; 16 – the Dwelling House, Valikhanova Str.,, Almaty.
  87. 87. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 87 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1970’s – 1980’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 3.2-13. Ornamented inserts and panels: 1 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay batyr Str., Almaty; 2 – the Dwelling House, Abai Av., Almaty; 3 – the Dwelling House, Tulebaev Str., Almaty; 4 – the Dwelling House, Dostyk Av., Almaty; 5 – the Dwelling House, Zhibek Joly Av., Almaty; 6 – the Dwelling House, Kurmangazy Str., Almaty; 7 – the Dwelling House, Kurmangazy Str., Almaty; 8 – the Dwelling House, Zhambyl Str., Almaty; 9 – the Dwelling House, Chaykovsky Str., Almaty; 10 – the Dwelling House, Chaykovsky Str., Almaty; 11 – the Dwelling House, Navoi Str., Almaty; 12 – the Dwelling House, Manas Str., Almaty; 13 – the Dwelling House, Chaykovsky Str., Almaty; 14 – the Dwelling House, Panfilov Str., Almaty; 15 – the Dwelling House, Sain Av., Almaty; 16 – the Dwelling House, Navoi Str., Almaty.
  88. 88. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 88 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1970’s – 1980’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 3.2-14. Ornamented inserts and panels: 1 – the Dwelling House, Valikhanov Str., Almaty; 2 – the Dwelling House, Kunaev Str., Almaty; 3 – the Dwelling House, Panfilov Str., Almaty; 4 – the Dwelling House, Tulebaev Str., Almaty; 5 – the Dwelling House, Mustafin Str., Almaty; 6 – the Dwelling House, Mustafin Str., Almaty; 7 – the Dwelling House, Tulebaev Str., Almaty; 8 – the Dwelling House, Kunaev Str., Almaty; 9 – the Dwelling House, Panfilov Str., Almaty; 10 – the Dwelling House, Panfilov Str., Almaty; 11 – the Dwelling House, Panfilov Str., Almaty; 12 – the Dwelling House, Zhambyl Str., Almaty; 13 – the Dwelling House, Chaykovsky Str., Almaty; 14 – the Dwelling House, Kabanbay batyr Str., Almaty; 15 – the Student Dormitory, Pushkin Str., Almaty; 16 – the Dwelling House, Chaykovsky Str.,, Almaty.
  89. 89. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 89 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1970’s – 1980’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 3.2-15. Ornamented elements of landscaping and hardcape: 1 – the Fence, Zenkov Str., Almaty; 2 – the Fence, Zheltoksan Str., Almaty; 3 – the Fence, Aiteke bi Str., Almaty; 4 – the Fence, Bogenbai batyr Str., Almaty; 5 – the Fence, Dostyk Av., Almaty; 6 – the Fence, Zhubanov Str., Almaty; 7 – the Fence, Sain Av., Almaty; 8 – the Fence, Zheltoksan Str., Almaty; 9 – the Pot, Furmanov Str., Almaty; 10 – the Pot, Timiryazev Str., Almaty; 11 – the Pot, Zheltoksan Str., Almaty; 12 – the Pot, Panfilov Str., Almaty; 13 – the Pot, Baribaev Str., Almaty; 14 – the Pot, Zheltoksan Str., Almaty; 15 – the Lamppost, Kabanbay batyr Str., Almaty; 16 – the Lamppost, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty.
  90. 90. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 90 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.2 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1970’s – 1980’s Only a single example of building, which ornamented columns and pilasters, cornices and belts. In two cases revealed the use of ornamented frames and architraves. In two cases revealed the use of ornamented frames and architraves. Dominant elements of the period are ornamented inserts and panels in a high and low relief, stained lattices, mono-and polychromatic, single and differently-textured, as well as mixed solutions. Modular elements of patterns are small. They have patterns with one or two axes of symmetry. The modules are arranged end to end to form a larger pattern; closed; with a gap; staggered; in isolation from each other. Found examples, which generate a modular plate, ornament which is formed by two or four modular elements. There are variants of alternation of modules in blinded and latticed solutions, with the same or different pattern. Alternation is in most cases as an insert. In rare cases, the alternation goes through one. Patterns on the modules used in combination with a paneled frame, and without. At the same time framed framing is sometimes included in the structure of the main pattern. There is a large number of ornamented small architectural forms. In some of them (fences, pots) used modular elements, which used in buildings and structures.
  91. 91. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 91 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1990’s – 2010’s 1 2 3 4 Figure 3.3-1. Examples of complex ornamental solutions of 1990’s – 2010's: 1 – the Dwelling House, Rayymbek Av., Almaty (2007, the reconstruction); 2 – the Dwelling House, Gagarin Av., Almaty (2010); 3 – the Sports Palace named after Baulan Sholak, Abai Av., Almaty (2010, the reconstruction, «RL Development» Company); 4 – the "Zhety Kazyna" Restaurant, Makataev Str., Almaty (2002, arch. K.Samoilov, S.Usenko).
  92. 92. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 92 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1990’s – 2010’s 1 2 3 4 Figure 3.3-2. Examples of complex ornamental solutions of 1990’s – 2010's: 1 – the Dwelling House, Tulebaev Str., Almaty (2013); 2 – the "Shusha" Restaurant, Timiryazev Str., Almaty (2011); 3 – the Business Centre, Tulebaev Str., Almaty (2013); 4 – the Residential complex "Capital Centre", Abylay Khan Av., Almaty (2004, "Basis-A" Company).
  93. 93. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 93 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1990’s – 2010’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Figure 3.3-3. Ornamented columns and pilasters: 1, 2, 3 – the Office Building, Dostyk Av., Almaty (the reconstruction); 4 – the Club, Karasai batyr Str., Almaty; 5 – the Restaurant, Gogol’ Str., Almaty; 6 – the Office Building, Kunaev Str., Almaty; 7 – the Office Building, Masanchi Str., Almaty; 8 – the Dwelling House, Kurmangazy Str., Almaty; 9 – the Colonnade, Furmanov Str., Almaty; 10 – the Lock portico, Navoi Str., Almaty.
  94. 94. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 94 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1990’s – 2010’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 3.3-4. Ornamented architraves and frames: 1, 2 – the Dwelling House, Furmanov Str., Almaty (the reconstruction); 3, 4 – the Dwelling House, Furmanov Str., Almaty (the reconstruction); 5, 6 – the Dwelling House, Rayymbek Av., Almaty (the reconstruction); 7, 8 – the Office Building, Dostyk Av., Almaty (the reconstruction); 9 – the Hotel, Tole bi Str., Almaty (the reconstruction); 10 – the "Zheruyik" Restaurant, Seifullin Av., Almaty; 11 – the "Arabesque" Restaurant, Kabanbay batyr Str., Almaty; 12 – the Business Center, Chaykovsky Str., Almaty; 13 – the "Shaffran" Restaurant, Dostyk Av., Almaty; 14 – the "Kishlak" Restaurant, Seifullin Av., Almaty; 15 – the "Alasha" Restaurant, Ospanov Str., Almaty; 16 – the Central Mosque, Pushkin Str., Almaty.
  95. 95. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 95 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1990’s – 2010’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 3.3-5. Ornamented cornices and belt: 1, 2, 3 – the Dwelling House, Rayymbek Av., Almaty (the reconstruction); 4 – the Dwelling House, Furmanov Str., Almaty (the reconstruction); 5, 6, 7 – the Hall, Baytursynov Str., Almaty; 8 - the Dwelling House, Bogenbai batyr Str., Almaty; 9 – the Hall, Zheltoksan Str., Almaty; 10 – the Arcade, Kabanbay batyr Str., Almaty; 11 – the Dwelling House, Dostyk Av., Almaty; 12 – the Dwelling House, Kurmangazy Str., Almaty; 13 – the Palace of Sports named after Baluan Sholak, Abai Av., Almaty (the reconstruction); 14 – the Business Center, Abai Av., Almaty; 15, 16 – the Shopping center, Abai Av., Almaty.
  96. 96. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 96 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1990’s – 2010’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 3.3-6. Ornamented cornices and belt: 1, 2 – the "Zhety Kazyna" Restaurant, Makataev Str., Almaty; 3 – the "Shusha" Restaurant, Timiryazev Str., Almaty; 4 – the "Kishlak" Restaurant, Seifullin Av., Almaty; 5 – the Business Centre, Chaykovsky Str., Almaty; 6, 7 – the Trading House, Furmanov Str., Almaty; 8 – the Lock portico, Al Farabi Av., Almaty; 9 – the Hall, Kunaev Str., Almaty; 10 – the Restaurant, Kaldayakov Str., Almaty; 11 – the Dwelling House, Furmanov Str., Almaty; 12 – the "Alasha" Restaurant, Ospanov Str., Almaty; 13 - the Coffee, Abai Av., Almaty; 14 – the "Royal Tulip" Hotel, Dostyk Av., Almaty; 15, 16 – the Dwelling House, Tulebaev Str., Almaty.
  97. 97. ORNAMENTS IN THE KAZAKHSTAN’S URBAN ARCHITECTURE of 19th – 21st CENTURIES: The Album of typical examples / Educational materials by O.N.Priemetz and K.I.Samoilov 97 *********************************************************************************************************************************************************** 3.3 An Ornament in the Urban Architecture of 1990’s – 2010’s 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Figure 3.3-7 Ornamented panels and inserts: 1 – the Business Centre, Kunaev Str., Almaty; 2 – the Business Centre, Tulebaev Str., Almaty; 3, 4 – the Dwelling House, Abylay Khan Av., Almaty; 5 – the Central Mosque, Pushkin Str., Almaty; 6, 7 – the Dwelling House, Rayymbek Av., Almaty (the reconstruction); 8 – the Dwelling House, Furmanov Str., Almaty (the reconstruction); 9, 10 – the Dwelling House, Kurmangazy Str., Almaty; 11 – the Dwelling House, Chaykovsky Str., Almaty; 12 – the Hotel, Tole bi Str., Almaty (the reconstruction); 13 – the Palace of Sports named after Baluan Sholak, Abai Av., Almaty (the reconstruction); 14 – the Dwelling House, Gagarin Av., Almaty; 15 – the “Shusha” Resaurant, Timiryazev Str., Almaty; 16 – the Dwelling House, Furmanov Str., Almaty (the reconstruction).

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