Great Changes in Europe:  The Renaissance, The Protestant Reformation, and the Enlightenment
I. The Renaissance <ul><li>1. Definition: “Rebirth” </li></ul><ul><li>A. Renewal of studying the knowledge of the ancient ...
II. Protestant Reformation <ul><li>Corruption in the Church </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sale of Indulgences </li></ul></ul><ul><...
3.  Protestant Reform Sweeps through Europe <ul><li>New Christian religions spring up in further protest to the corruption...
4. The Catholic Church Begins the Counter-Reformation <ul><li>A.The Council of Trent meets to get rid of the corruptions o...
III. European Exploration <ul><li>1. Motivations: Gold, Glory, and God. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The Columbian Exchange: the e...
The “Columbian Exchange” <ul><li>MAIZE </li></ul><ul><li>LUMBER </li></ul><ul><li>Vanilla </li></ul><ul><li>Syphilis </li>...
<ul><li>3. The Triangular Trade: The trade between Europe, Africa, and the New World. </li></ul><ul><li>a. Consisted of Eu...
The Triangle Trade
The Middle Passage
Impact of European Expansion <ul><li>Native populations ravaged by disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Influx of gold, and especial...
IV. The Enlightenment <ul><li>Scientific Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Scientific Method </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
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Renaissance, reformation, early exploration, and enlightenment

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Renaissance, reformation, early exploration, and enlightenment

  1. 1. Great Changes in Europe: The Renaissance, The Protestant Reformation, and the Enlightenment
  2. 2. I. The Renaissance <ul><li>1. Definition: “Rebirth” </li></ul><ul><li>A. Renewal of studying the knowledge of the ancient world. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Started in Italy </li></ul><ul><li>A. Old Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>B. trade routes nexus </li></ul><ul><li>3. Art, science, and literature began to flourish. </li></ul><ul><li>A. Leonardo De Vinci </li></ul><ul><li>B. Nicollo Machiavelli </li></ul><ul><li>1) Gov’t without morality. </li></ul>
  3. 3. II. Protestant Reformation <ul><li>Corruption in the Church </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sale of Indulgences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abuse of Power </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Martin Luther Protests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Asks for reform. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Christian church is started </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support from German lords. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. 3. Protestant Reform Sweeps through Europe <ul><li>New Christian religions spring up in further protest to the corruption of the Catholic Church </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1) Calvinism, Anglicanism, Anabaptists. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>B. Local lords and kings choose to support these new movements depending on their relationships with the Catholic Church. </li></ul>
  5. 5. 4. The Catholic Church Begins the Counter-Reformation <ul><li>A.The Council of Trent meets to get rid of the corruptions of the Church. </li></ul><ul><li>B.The Inquisition is formed to fight heresy. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Some Catholic kings support this new reform movement. </li></ul>
  6. 6. III. European Exploration <ul><li>1. Motivations: Gold, Glory, and God. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The Columbian Exchange: the exchange of resources between the Old World and the New World. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The “Columbian Exchange” <ul><li>MAIZE </li></ul><ul><li>LUMBER </li></ul><ul><li>Vanilla </li></ul><ul><li>Syphilis </li></ul><ul><li>TOMATO </li></ul><ul><li>SILVER </li></ul><ul><li>Peanut </li></ul><ul><li>GOLD </li></ul><ul><li>POTATO </li></ul><ul><li>Cassava </li></ul><ul><li>Pineapple </li></ul><ul><li>Cocoa </li></ul><ul><li>Quinine </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>Pumpkin </li></ul><ul><li>Turkey </li></ul><ul><li>Sweet Potatoes </li></ul><ul><li>Peppers </li></ul><ul><li>Avocado </li></ul><ul><li>Squash </li></ul><ul><li>Whooping Cough </li></ul><ul><li>Diptheria </li></ul><ul><li>Malaria </li></ul><ul><li>Measles </li></ul><ul><li>Typhus </li></ul><ul><li>Flu </li></ul><ul><li>Smallpox </li></ul><ul><li>Pigs </li></ul><ul><li>Sheep </li></ul><ul><li>Cattle </li></ul><ul><li>HORSE </li></ul><ul><li>Wheat </li></ul><ul><li>Pear </li></ul><ul><li>Citrus Fruits </li></ul><ul><li>Oats </li></ul><ul><li>SUGAR CANE </li></ul><ul><li>Peach </li></ul><ul><li>Grape </li></ul><ul><li>Barley </li></ul><ul><li>Honeybee </li></ul><ul><li>Turnip </li></ul><ul><li>Onion </li></ul><ul><li>Rice </li></ul><ul><li>Banana </li></ul><ul><li>COFFEE BEAN </li></ul><ul><li>Olive </li></ul><ul><li>GUNS </li></ul><ul><li>Liquor </li></ul><ul><li>Trinkets </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>3. The Triangular Trade: The trade between Europe, Africa, and the New World. </li></ul><ul><li>a. Consisted of Europe’s finished products  Africa’s slaves  New World’s raw materials. </li></ul><ul><li>b. The Middle Passage: the Atlantic sea journey slaves were forced to take from Africa to the New World. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Triangle Trade
  10. 10. The Middle Passage
  11. 11. Impact of European Expansion <ul><li>Native populations ravaged by disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Influx of gold, and especially silver, into Europe created an inflationary economic climate. [ “Price Revolution” ] </li></ul><ul><li>New products introduced across the continents [“Columbian Exchange”]. </li></ul><ul><li>Deepened colonial rivalries. </li></ul>
  12. 12. IV. The Enlightenment <ul><li>Scientific Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Scientific Method </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The end of superstitious and religious explanations for things. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>View of the Universe. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Political Change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural Rights of Man </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democratic forms of government explored. </li></ul></ul>

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