40 Years of Education (Education so far)


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A celebration of Technology in Education

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  • In 1914, Professor Kelly, from Kansas, invented the multiple-choice test.  As he stated, “This is a test of lower order thinking for the lower orders.”  We still use this test - and it is the core feature of our NAPLAN and Standardised Assessment Tests (SATs) worldwide. A few years after his creation, Professor Kelly disowned the idea, concerned that it assessed only a minimal amount of what is taught.  He was fired from his position as President of the University of Idaho. Testing worldwide is now a multi-billion dollar industry.
  • Years it took to reach a market audience of 50 million: Radio – 38 years Television – 13 years Internet – 4 years
  • 40 Years of Education (Education so far)

    1. 1. A Celebration ofTechnology inEducation 1801 - 2012 Compiled by Komal Gandhi, 2012.
    2. 2. 1801: Invention of the Blackboard James Pillans, headmaster of the Old High School of Edinburgh, Scotland, is widely credited for inventing the blackboard and colored chalk, which he used to teach geography. They became green in the
    3. 3. Well highlighted in social commentary
    4. 4. 1884: Invention of Fountain PenThe first practical version of the fountain pen was produced in 1884 bythe American inventor L.E. Waterman.
    5. 5. Late 1800s – creation of lead pencil
    6. 6. 1910 – spirit duplicator machine David Gestetner created his machine in 1910 and they were widely used in schools until the late 1970s.
    7. 7. 1914 – Multiple Choice Test InventedThe Kansas Silent Reading Test (1914-1915) is the earliest knownpublished multiple-choice test, developed by Frederick J. Kelly, a Kansasschool director. Kelly created the test to reduce "time and effort" in
    8. 8. 1925 – the creation of television 1956 saw the introduction of mainstream broadcast television in Australia, with Bruce Gyngell‟s famous quote, “Good evening, and welcome to television”
    9. 9. 1938/41 – the creation of the Biro In 1941 the Bíró brothers and a friend, Juan Jorge Meyne, filed a patent and formed Bíró Pens of Argentina. The new design was licensed by the British, who produced ball point pens for RAF aircrew, who found these pens worked
    10. 10. 1950 – The Overhead Projector The first version of the overhead projector was created in 1940 but it was Roger Appledorn who in the early 1960s is credited with the device as we know it today in 1960. It was entrenched in classes in
    11. 11. 1956 – first video tape recorder April 14 1956 Ampex demonstrated its first video tape recorder.
    12. 12. 1958 – Liquid Paper Developed
    13. 13. 1960 Whiteboard invented Claridge Products was the first company to manufacture the porcelain whiteboard. It wasn‟t until mid-1990s the whiteboard started to be adopted on a larger scale in Australian schools
    14. 14. 1962 – first Compact Cassette tape Philips creates the first Compact Cassette tape which, between the 1970s to 90s was one of two most common audio recording formats.
    15. 15. 1971 – first floppy disc is available In 1986 the 1.44 format was introduced.
    16. 16. 1972 – first commercial calculator created
    17. 17. 1973 – first mobile phone call1973: The worlds first mobile phone call is made, byMotorolas Martin Cooper, on this prototype analogue
    18. 18. 1975 – colour television hits Australia
    19. 19. 1977 – the introduction of VHS The VCR entered Australia via Beta in 1975, but it was the VHS technology that won out. By 1984, 26% of families had a VCR. By 1997 the VCR had spread to 87% of households.
    20. 20. 1978 – first WalkmanThe prototype was built in 1978 by audio-division engineer NobutoshiKihara for Sony co-chairman Akio Morita, who wanted to be able tolisten to operas on his trans-Pacific business flights. It was launched
    21. 21. 1982 – first CD playerOctober 1982 first CDP101 released in USA. On 2 March 1983 CD playersand discs were launched in the US and other markets – this was referred toas the Big Bang of the digital audio revolution.
    22. 22. 1983 - Mobile phones development
    23. 23. 1984 – Apple Mac launched
    24. 24. 1985 – first production of CD ROMPhilips and Sony both developed the technology.
    25. 25. 1988 – Scantronics first marking system
    26. 26. 1992 – Windows 3.1 launched
    27. 27. 1993 – first commercial SMS system sold
    28. 28. 1994 – first version of WoW launchedWith 10.2 million subscribers as of December 2011, WoW is theworld‟s largest Massively Multiple Online-Player Game (MMOPG).We have students waking up in the middle of the night to play the
    29. 29. 1994 – first consumer-level digital cameraThe Apple QuickTake 100 was launched in 1994 and was the first toconnect to the home computer via a serial cable.
    30. 30. 1995 – Windows 95 LaunchedIncluded Internet Explorer – a web browser
    31. 31. 1996 – Google is launched
    32. 32. 1998– Interactive Whiteboards introduced Smartboard introduces its information management software and its Smart notebook 2.0 software.
    33. 33. 1999 – Wi-Fi Alliance Formed
    34. 34. 2000 – first USB flash drive
    35. 35. 2001 – the iPod is introduced
    36. 36. 2003 – Skype was foundedSkype was purchased by Microsoft in 2011 for $8.5billion.
    37. 37. 2004 – launch of FacebookMark Zuckerberg cofounded Facebook in 2004. Facebook allows anyusers who declare themselves to be at least 13 years old to becomeregistered users of the site. By September 22 2011, Facebook had
    38. 38. 2005 – YouTube launched In 2006, YouTube was purchased by Google for $1.65 Billion
    39. 39. 2007 – the first iPhone released
    40. 40. 1 000 000th word enters English Language on June 10, 2009
    41. 41. 2010 – the first iPad is introduced
    42. 42. 2010 – document cameras in classrooms
    43. 43. 2010 – Kinect launchedAfter selling a total of 8 million units in its first 60 days, the Kinectholds the Guinness World Record of being the „fastest sellingconsumer electronics device‟.
    44. 44. 2011 – Broadband Global StatsAverage advertised broadband download speed, by country, kbit/s, September 2011180 000160 000 Average advertised broadband download speed, kbit/s* Median140 000120 000100 000 80 000 60 000 40 000 20 000
    45. 45. 2012 – Google Glasses to be launchedThere‟s something VERY big about to happen – and it‟s thisyear!
    46. 46. 2014 – possible launch of new radio bandwidth systemMarch 1, 2012 Scientists demo radio wave"twisting" to increase bandwidth
    47. 47. Let‟s be aware – and considerate!• By age 21, boys in USA have spent 10 000 hours on computer games.• Computers will be on par with human intelligence by 2029.• The percentage of our waking time spent alone increased by• Our schools are forcing more academic content ontoAustralian 14% to three hours a day: younger yearsof Statistics Bureau• Girls are „presumed‟ to be better at literacy and so this „expectation‟ becomes self-fulfilling – especially in co-education classes.• In the early years a boy‟s maturity is commonly aligned to a year below girls‟ of the same age• Boys are more likely to be deemed „behaviour problems‟, and much more likely to be considered as having ADHD• Girls are more rehearsed in the appropriateness of answering questions, and so are more likely to be asked for answers• Boys in co-education classes are more acutely aware of not
    48. 48. Why do we educate? Pass on cultural and socialvalues, traditions, morali ty, religion and skills to the next generation. Or is it to get a good job?
    49. 49. What is our intention?For what are we aiming?
    50. 50. Did You Know?If you are one in a million in China, there are 1300 people like you. Chinawill soon be the number one English speaking country in the world.The 25% of India‟s population with the highest IQs is greater than the totalpopulation of the USA. India has more honours kids than America haskids!The top ten in demand jobs in 2010 didn‟t exist in 2004 - we are preparingstudents for jobs that don‟t yet exist.Today‟s learner will have 10-14 jobs by the age of 38.1 out of 8 couples married in America in 2008 met online.Facebook has over 800 million registered users –if it were a country, it would be the 3RD largest in the world!There are 31 billion searches on Google every month.
    51. 51. Change is the only constantWe believe if we duck the pendulum it will miss and return – and miss and return. We can keep our common ground.
    52. 52. Some problems existIf we are seeking a traditional approach – fill thebrain approach – we are stifling progressbecause it is based on what we know, which is
    53. 53. Problems with the classroomWe box in learners and make them think school “learning” onlyhappens inside the box. We have subject silos and we miss seeingconnections.
    54. 54. Problems with the systemThe Age Cage (one day can be the difference) and the way we “bookend” learning – not seeing it as life-long.
    55. 55. NAPLAN or NAPALM!? The Australian SATs
    56. 56. There is a difference – performer vs learner
    57. 57. We need balance.High-stake testing robs us of breadth.And disengages learners… and teachers!
    58. 58. We are not improving! Why?First world countries have not seen any increases in standardised testscores for literacy, numeracy and science since the mid 1960‟s.
    59. 59. Mental health – 1 in 5 One in four Australians aged 16–24 years had experienced some mental health disorder in the previous twelve months. In the estimates of disease burden for 2010, mental disorders account for about half of the burden in these young people.
    60. 60. Diabetes in Australia - rising 552 million people could have diabetes by 2030 •From:AP November 14, 2011 10:01PM THE International Diabetes Federation predicts that one in 10 adults could have diabetes by 2030, according to their latest statistics.
    61. 61. Overweight and growing
    62. 62. Eating fruit and vegetables
    63. 63. Our perception can lead us astray
    64. 64. Do we teach thinking? Dr Jamie McKenzie provides insight that on average adults remember only two teachers who taught them to think. Alphabet = Alpha Beta
    65. 65. Education Revolution?
    66. 66. There is a changingparadigm – much bigger than „Teaching‟
    67. 67. Flip Learning – Makes SenseYou set tutorials and concepts via tutorials to bestudied at home and then support greaterunderstanding via lessons and teacher/tutor/peer
    68. 68. Our world is different – and changing Years it took to reach a market audience of 50 million: Radio 38 years | Television 13 years | Internet 4 years
    69. 69. Is this it?
    70. 70. Social Learning – we connect
    71. 71. Birth and Location is no longer the compass of your future! The “box” is broken.
    72. 72. Thank you.