In 1914, Professor Kelly, from Kansas, invented the multiple-choice test. As he stated, “This is a test of lower order thinking for the lower orders.” We still use this test - and it is the core feature of our NAPLAN and Standardised Assessment Tests (SATs) worldwide. A few years after his creation, Professor Kelly disowned the idea, concerned that it assessed only a minimal amount of what is taught. He was fired from his position as President of the University of Idaho. Testing worldwide is now a multi-billion dollar industry.
Years it took to reach a market audience of 50 million: Radio – 38 years Television – 13 years Internet – 4 years
40 Years of Education (Education so far)
A Celebration ofTechnology inEducation 1801 - 2012 Compiled by Komal Gandhi, 2012.
1801: Invention of the Blackboard James Pillans, headmaster of the Old High School of Edinburgh, Scotland, is widely credited for inventing the blackboard and colored chalk, which he used to teach geography. They became green in the
1910 – spirit duplicator machine David Gestetner created his machine in 1910 and they were widely used in schools until the late 1970s.
1914 – Multiple Choice Test InventedThe Kansas Silent Reading Test (1914-1915) is the earliest knownpublished multiple-choice test, developed by Frederick J. Kelly, a Kansasschool director. Kelly created the test to reduce "time and effort" in
1925 – the creation of television 1956 saw the introduction of mainstream broadcast television in Australia, with Bruce Gyngell‟s famous quote, “Good evening, and welcome to television”
1938/41 – the creation of the Biro In 1941 the Bíró brothers and a friend, Juan Jorge Meyne, filed a patent and formed Bíró Pens of Argentina. The new design was licensed by the British, who produced ball point pens for RAF aircrew, who found these pens worked
1950 – The Overhead Projector The first version of the overhead projector was created in 1940 but it was Roger Appledorn who in the early 1960s is credited with the device as we know it today in 1960. It was entrenched in classes in
1956 – first video tape recorder April 14 1956 Ampex demonstrated its first video tape recorder.
1960 Whiteboard invented Claridge Products was the first company to manufacture the porcelain whiteboard. It wasn‟t until mid-1990s the whiteboard started to be adopted on a larger scale in Australian schools
1962 – first Compact Cassette tape Philips creates the first Compact Cassette tape which, between the 1970s to 90s was one of two most common audio recording formats.
1971 – first floppy disc is available In 1986 the 1.44 format was introduced.
1977 – the introduction of VHS The VCR entered Australia via Beta in 1975, but it was the VHS technology that won out. By 1984, 26% of families had a VCR. By 1997 the VCR had spread to 87% of households.
1978 – first WalkmanThe prototype was built in 1978 by audio-division engineer NobutoshiKihara for Sony co-chairman Akio Morita, who wanted to be able tolisten to operas on his trans-Pacific business flights. It was launched
1982 – first CD playerOctober 1982 first CDP101 released in USA. On 2 March 1983 CD playersand discs were launched in the US and other markets – this was referred toas the Big Bang of the digital audio revolution.
1994 – first version of WoW launchedWith 10.2 million subscribers as of December 2011, WoW is theworld‟s largest Massively Multiple Online-Player Game (MMOPG).We have students waking up in the middle of the night to play the
1994 – first consumer-level digital cameraThe Apple QuickTake 100 was launched in 1994 and was the first toconnect to the home computer via a serial cable.
1995 – Windows 95 LaunchedIncluded Internet Explorer – a web browser
2003 – Skype was foundedSkype was purchased by Microsoft in 2011 for $8.5billion.
2004 – launch of FacebookMark Zuckerberg cofounded Facebook in 2004. Facebook allows anyusers who declare themselves to be at least 13 years old to becomeregistered users of the site. By September 22 2011, Facebook had
2005 – YouTube launched In 2006, YouTube was purchased by Google for $1.65 Billion
2010 – Kinect launchedAfter selling a total of 8 million units in its first 60 days, the Kinectholds the Guinness World Record of being the „fastest sellingconsumer electronics device‟.
2011 – Broadband Global StatsAverage advertised broadband download speed, by country, kbit/s, September 2011180 000160 000 Average advertised broadband download speed, kbit/s* Median140 000120 000100 000 80 000 60 000 40 000 20 000
2012 – Google Glasses to be launchedThere‟s something VERY big about to happen – and it‟s thisyear!
2014 – possible launch of new radio bandwidth systemMarch 1, 2012 Scientists demo radio wave"twisting" to increase bandwidth
Let‟s be aware – and considerate!• By age 21, boys in USA have spent 10 000 hours on computer games.• Computers will be on par with human intelligence by 2029.• The percentage of our waking time spent alone increased by• Our schools are forcing more academic content ontoAustralian 14% to three hours a day: younger yearsof Statistics Bureau• Girls are „presumed‟ to be better at literacy and so this „expectation‟ becomes self-fulfilling – especially in co-education classes.• In the early years a boy‟s maturity is commonly aligned to a year below girls‟ of the same age• Boys are more likely to be deemed „behaviour problems‟, and much more likely to be considered as having ADHD• Girls are more rehearsed in the appropriateness of answering questions, and so are more likely to be asked for answers• Boys in co-education classes are more acutely aware of not
Why do we educate? Pass on cultural and socialvalues, traditions, morali ty, religion and skills to the next generation. Or is it to get a good job?
Did You Know?If you are one in a million in China, there are 1300 people like you. Chinawill soon be the number one English speaking country in the world.The 25% of India‟s population with the highest IQs is greater than the totalpopulation of the USA. India has more honours kids than America haskids!The top ten in demand jobs in 2010 didn‟t exist in 2004 - we are preparingstudents for jobs that don‟t yet exist.Today‟s learner will have 10-14 jobs by the age of 38.1 out of 8 couples married in America in 2008 met online.Facebook has over 800 million registered users –if it were a country, it would be the 3RD largest in the world!There are 31 billion searches on Google every month.
Change is the only constantWe believe if we duck the pendulum it will miss and return – and miss and return. We can keep our common ground.
Some problems existIf we are seeking a traditional approach – fill thebrain approach – we are stifling progressbecause it is based on what we know, which is
Problems with the classroomWe box in learners and make them think school “learning” onlyhappens inside the box. We have subject silos and we miss seeingconnections.
Problems with the systemThe Age Cage (one day can be the difference) and the way we “bookend” learning – not seeing it as life-long.
We need balance.High-stake testing robs us of breadth.And disengages learners… and teachers!
We are not improving! Why?First world countries have not seen any increases in standardised testscores for literacy, numeracy and science since the mid 1960‟s.
Mental health – 1 in 5 One in four Australians aged 16–24 years had experienced some mental health disorder in the previous twelve months. In the estimates of disease burden for 2010, mental disorders account for about half of the burden in these young people.
Diabetes in Australia - rising 552 million people could have diabetes by 2030 •From:AP November 14, 2011 10:01PM THE International Diabetes Federation predicts that one in 10 adults could have diabetes by 2030, according to their latest statistics.