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The Growth Of Industrialism

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The Growth Of Industrialism

  1. 1. The Growth of Industrialism 10 th Grade American History Gd10#1
  2. 2. Learning Targets: <ul><li>Explain the effects of industrialization in the U.S. in the 19 th century including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changes in work and the workplace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immigration and child labor and their impact on the labor force </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modernization of agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urbanization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The emergence of a middle class and its impact on leisure, art, music, literature and other aspects of culture </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Rise of Industrialism <ul><li>What do you see in this slide? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the workers doing? </li></ul><ul><li>How was this kind of work done before machines? </li></ul><ul><li>How might widespread use of machines have changed American society? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Industrialism <ul><li>~1877 the U.S. became industrialized </li></ul><ul><li>Change in production </li></ul><ul><li>Industry>Farm goods </li></ul><ul><li>New technological developments increased production </li></ul><ul><li>Abundant supply of natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>Improved transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanization </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Government policy-laissez-faire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>suffering? </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Invention and Innovation <ul><li>What do you see here? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do builders make them so high? </li></ul><ul><li>What technological advancements allowed for this construction? </li></ul><ul><li>Why were these buildings important in terms of urbanization? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Innovation <ul><li>Inventions of machines, techniques, and tools. </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander G. Bell </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Edison </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel B. Morse </li></ul><ul><li>Eli Whitney </li></ul><ul><li>John Deere </li></ul><ul><li>Cyrus McCormick </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Carnegie </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Bessemer </li></ul><ul><li>Elias Howe </li></ul>
  7. 7. Industrial Leaders <ul><li>What do you see here? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think these men do for a living? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you think industrial leaders helped industrialize the U.S.? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Industrial Giants <ul><li>John D. Rockefeller </li></ul><ul><li>Standard Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Carnegie </li></ul><ul><li>Carnegie Steel </li></ul><ul><li>Cornelius Vanderbilt </li></ul><ul><li>Railroads </li></ul><ul><li>J.P. Morgan </li></ul><ul><li>Banking Industry </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think such control of industries leads to? </li></ul><ul><li>What types of corruption do you think developed as a result of industrialization and urbanization? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Industrialists Defend Big Business <ul><li>Carnegie </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gospel of Wealth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ wealth was a sign of divine approval, but a millionaire should be a trustee for his poorer brethren, bringing to their service his superior wisdom, experience, and ability to administer, doing for them better than they would or could do for themselves.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Philanthropists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Donate money for public and private works </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Libraries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Music Halls </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Universities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Museums </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Impact of Industrialism <ul><li>What do you see here? </li></ul><ul><li>Where are these men working? </li></ul><ul><li>What hazards might they face? </li></ul><ul><li>How would you feel if you had to work long hours here? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Living and Working Conditions <ul><li>Most Americans faced hardship and suffering </li></ul><ul><li>Sewage problems, no heat, no water, no electricity </li></ul><ul><li>Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Tenement Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Horrible Working Conditions-Dangerous </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unhealthy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low pay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long hours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child labor </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Change and Discrimination <ul><li>What do you see here? </li></ul><ul><li>Describe what these workers are doing? </li></ul><ul><li>How old do they look? </li></ul><ul><li>Why would this be dangerous? </li></ul><ul><li>How many hours a day do you think they work? </li></ul>Double-click to add graphics
  13. 13. Women and Children <ul><li>Women paid less than men </li></ul><ul><li>Single and Immigrant women </li></ul><ul><li>Child Labor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty-stricken families </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>~15 hours a day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Injuries common </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In tobacco industries, “children had sores on lips, cheeks, and hands...breathing the poison with which the room is saturated...skin diseases...poisoning by nicotine.” </li></ul></ul>

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