Ogt Geography[1]

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Ogt Geography[1]

  1. 1. OGT Geography <ul><ul><li>10 th Grade Social Studies </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Learning Targets You WILL be able to: A. Interpret data to make comparisons between and among countries and regions including birth rates, death rates, infant mortality, GDP, and education levels B. Explain how perceptions and characteristics of geographic regions in the U.S. have changed over time C. Analyze the geographic processes that contributed to changes in American society
  3. 3. Places and Regions in the U.S. <ul><li>5 main regions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Northeast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Midwest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>West </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Southwest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>South </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Northeast <ul><li>Industrialization </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanization </li></ul><ul><li>Canals and Railroads </li></ul><ul><li>Factories pop up along rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Steel production helped to spread railroads </li></ul>
  5. 5. Midwest <ul><li>Farmland </li></ul><ul><li>River valleys </li></ul><ul><li>Central and Great Plains </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial and Transportation center </li></ul><ul><li>Meatpacking </li></ul><ul><li>Steelmaking </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago </li></ul>
  6. 6. West <ul><li>Railroads developed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mostly Chinese Immigrants </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gold Mining </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation for water sources </li></ul>
  7. 7. Southwest <ul><li>Ranch lands </li></ul><ul><li>Cattle industry </li></ul><ul><li>River damming </li></ul><ul><li>Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Major cities-Los Angeles, Houston, Oklahoma City </li></ul>
  8. 8. South <ul><li>Very agricultural </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cotton and Tobacco </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jim Crow laws prevailed until Civil Rights </li></ul>
  9. 9. What affects People and Geography? <ul><ul><li>???????!!!!!! </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Factors <ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Social Changes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethnic groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>language </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Standards of living <ul><li>GDP -Gross Domestic Product </li></ul><ul><li>High GDP=longer life expectancies (how long people live) </li></ul><ul><li>Infant mortality rates (deaths per 1,000 live births) </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy rates - those above 15 who can read and write </li></ul><ul><li>Standard of living -economic level achieved by those living in a nation </li></ul>
  12. 12. Human Development Index <ul><li>Measure of the standard of living </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ranks nations in terms of overall quality of life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Top: Norway/Sweden </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bottom: Sierra Leone (civil war) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Shifts in Population <ul><li>Population pyramids show the relationship between population and GDP. </li></ul>

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