Civil Rights

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Civil Rights

  1. 1. Civil Rights Movement <ul><li>Benchmark F: 14
  2. 2. Changes in goals and tactics
  3. 3. Learning Target: </li><ul><li>Analyze the origins, major developments, controversies
  4. 4. and consequences of the
  5. 5. civil rights movement
  6. 6. Brown vs. Board of Education
  7. 7. Changes in goals and tactics of leaders
  8. 8. Movements to gain justice </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Segregation <ul><li>“The separation of black and white”
  10. 10. Jim Crow Laws </li><ul><li>Enforced segregation in the South
  11. 11. Plessy vs. Ferguson stated that “separate but equal was indeed equal and allowed by law.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The North was even segregated and had subtle forms of discriminating blacks
  12. 12. Blacks were significantly poorer and uneducated than whites
  13. 13. Blacks in the South were kept from voting, despite the 15 th amendment. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Amendments! <ul><li>13 th Amendment
  15. 15. 14 th Amendment
  16. 16. 15 th Amendment </li><ul><li>How were these violated by segregation and discrimination at the polls? </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Brown vs. Board of Education <ul><li>Significance: OVERTURNED PLESSY VS. FERGUSON </li><ul><li>Challenged “separate but equal”
  18. 18. Supreme Court decided that “separate but equal” is NOT equal </li></ul><li>Desegregated Schools
  19. 19. Not an easy process... </li><ul><li>Most southerners and southern schools refused to enforce integration
  20. 20. KKK revival and white anger
  21. 21. Little Rock Nine </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Fighting for Rights <ul><li>Rosa Parks
  23. 23. Montgomery Bus Boycott
  24. 24. Martin Luther King Jr.-rising as a leader
  25. 25. Non-violent protest </li><ul><li>What does that mean?
  26. 26. What other “leaders” have used this method? </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. The “Minister” <ul><li>Organized and assisted many rights groups
  28. 28. Southern Christian Leadership Conference </li><ul><li>Nonviolent resistance </li></ul><li>Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee </li><ul><li>Sit-ins </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Freedom Riders </li><ul><li>End segregation in public interstate travel
  29. 29. Northern based </li></ul><li>March on Washington </li><ul><li>I have a dream
  30. 30. Led to passage of CRA of 1964 </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Violence among Non-violence <ul><li>Freedom Summer </li><ul><li>A campaign to register African American voters
  32. 32. White northerners
  33. 33. Focus on Mississippi
  34. 34. Protesters faced violence </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Freedom March from Selma <ul><li>King led a march from Selma to Montgomery in order to register black voters
  36. 36. Turned into a protest when voters were beaten
  37. 37. “Bloody Sunday” </li></ul>
  38. 38. It's no longer non-violent... <ul><li>Black Power </li><ul><li>Argued that blacks should mobilize to gain power
  39. 39. Violence with violence </li></ul><li>Malcolm X </li><ul><li>Nation of Islam
  40. 40. Black separatism
  41. 41. Black Panther Party </li><ul><li>Seale and Newton </li></ul></ul></ul>
  42. 42. Other groups want rights too! <ul><li>United Farm Workers
  43. 43. American Indian Movement
  44. 44. National Organization for Women </li></ul>
  45. 45. Create a New Amendment! <ul><li>You have learned all types of new amendments and legislation passed during the Civil Rights Movement!
  46. 46. Now.....it is your turn to create a piece of legislation that will “change” America today! </li></ul><ul><li>What will it do?
  47. 47. How will it affect Americans?
  48. 48. Why do you believe we need this amendment?
  49. 49. What will be the long-terms effects? </li></ul>

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