Knowledge Unlatched:
Enabling Open Access for
Scholarly Books
This Presentation

• Open Access Challenges for Books
• What is Knowledge Unlatched?
• KU’s Goals
• How does it work?
• Pi...
Context: A Troubled Market
•

Sales of academic monographs have declined by 90% over
20 years

•
•
•
•
•

Prices have incr...
Why Are Books In trouble?
•
•
•
•
•

A very small market (libraries)

•

Journals have become (much) more expensive

Libra...
Open Access for Books?
•

Digital technology is providing opportunities to widen
access and increase impact

•
•

Research...
But…
•

The cost of publishing a 70,000 – 100,000 word monograph
higher than the cost of publishing a 5,000 – 10,000 word
...
KnowledgeUnlatched
What is Knowledge Unlatched?

• Not-for-profit
• Libraries from around the world collaborate to share
the costs of making ...
Partners

Founding Libraries

Jisc Collections
LYRASIS

Queensland University of
Technology

Max Planck Society

The Unive...
Knowledge Unlatched Goals

• A sustainable route to OA for Humanities and Social
Science (HSS) books (long-form publicatio...
How Does it Work?

• Knowledge Unlatched is helping libraries from
around the world to coordinate their
monograph purchase...
What it Looks Like

• Publishers offer forthcoming books to libraries via
Knowledge Unlatched

• Libraries pledge a capped...
What is a Title Fee?

• The Title Fee represents the basic cost of
publishing a book  

• Payment of the Title Fee allows ...
Title Fee Examples
The Pilot Collection
•
•
•
•

Proof of concept for Knowledge Unlatched

•

Maximum cost per library: $1680. This is an ave...
An Opportunity to Help Shape
Knowledge Unlatched
•

Libraries that help unlatch the Pilot Collection gain
governance right...
Pilot Collection Publishers
Avoiding ‘Double Dipping’

• The amount a library pays will be adjusted to reflect
additional format purchases made by eac...
Your invoice will be adjusted to reflect the purchases of titles included in the Knowledge Unlatched Pilot
Collection via ...
Benefits for Participating
Libraries
•

The ability to ensure that other format purchases contribute
to making the Pilot C...
Pilot Timeline
KU Collection Pledging Period

October 2013 – 31 January 2014

Decision on Unlatching

Early February 2014
...
Next Steps: 2014
•
•
•

Review results

•
•

Continue recruiting more libraries to lower costs further

•

Help foster div...
Making Knowledge Unlatched
Sustainable
Set-up and Pilot
Grants and library partnerships cover set-up and running costs
Fro...
Who Benefits?
•
•
•
•
•
•

Readers
Libraries
Authors
Independent Researchers
Publishers
Everyone else too
Sign Up for the Pilot Collection!
http://www.knowledgeunlatched.org/
info@knowledgeunlatched.org
Twitter: @Kunlatched #KUP...
Knowledge Unlatched Pilot Webinar
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Knowledge Unlatched Pilot Webinar

17,811 views

Published on

An outline of the Knowledge Unlatched Pilot Collection

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
17,811
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
14,711
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Thanks very much Celeste and hello everyone.
  • I am going to begin this presentation by providing some context to the Knowledge Unlatched project. As I will explain, the challenges associated with achieving open access for books are not identical to those facing journals. Libraries have an especially important role to play in this market and creative approaches to supporting Open Access are needed.
     
    I will then go on to outline the goals of the Knowledge Unlatched project and take you through the way that the model works
     
    Finally, I will introduce the 2013 Pilot collection, which we are now inviting libraries to sign up for, and provide you with some information about what will happen in the next phases of Knowledge Unlatched.
  •  As I’m sure many of you are aware, the area of scholarly communication that Knowledge Unlatched is tackling has been in trouble for some time.
     
    Although Humanities and Social Science (HSS) monographs remain important for academic communities all over the world, sales of this kind of book have been in decline. Some estimates suggest that sales have fallen by as much as 90% over the past 20 years.
     
    Monograph publishers have found themselves caught in a negative cycle: Declining sales have resulted in higher prices, as the costs of publishing a book are spread across a smaller number of copies. This, in turn, is limiting the market for specialist scholarly books even further.
     
    No one is winning.
     
    Monograph publishing is marginally profitable at best and, in many cases, must be subsidized.
     
    Libraries are struggling to afford books.
     
    Authors are finding it harder to get published.
     
  • There are many reasons for the challenges facing specialist scholarly books, and we don’t have time to go into all of them now.
     
    One important factor has been the role of libraries as the key market for monographs.
     
    The role of libraries as the main purchasers of monographs has left monographs vulnerable to contractions in library budgets.
     
    Library book budgets have not kept pace with growth in the number of authors publishing new books. And sharp increases in the costs of maintaining journal subscriptions have put libraries under pressure: Leaving even less money to support books.
  • There are many reasons for the challenges facing specialist scholarly books, and we don’t have time to go into all of them now.
     
    One important factor has been the role of libraries as the key market for monographs.
     
    The role of libraries as the main purchasers of monographs has left monographs vulnerable to contractions in library budgets.
     
    Library book budgets have not kept pace with growth in the number of authors publishing new books. And sharp increases in the costs of maintaining journal subscriptions have put libraries under pressure: Leaving even less money to support books.
     
    Slide 5: An OA Model For Books?
    The open access challenge has arrived at a moment when the systems that support specialist scholarly books are already under pressure.
     
    Digital technologies are presenting scholarly communities with opportunities to widen access to content and increase the impact of their work.
     
    Research funders are increasingly requiring open access and many authors would like open access options for their books.
     
    But the budgets that support books are already under strain and there is little bandwidth for experimentation that might lead to innovation.
     
    Furthermore, the models being developed to support open access for journal articles are unlikely to work for book-length publications.
     
    The costs of publishing a 70,000 — 100,000-word book are simply much higher than they are for a 2,000 — 5,000 word journal article.
     
    The high costs of publishing mean that ‘gold’ routes to open access are not a practical option for most authors.
     
    If the value of monographs is to be amplified rather than lost in a digital world creative approaches to supporting their publication are needed.
     
    We need to find ways to use limited budgets more effectively so that the key outputs of the Humanities and Social Sciences do not remain locked behind paywalls in a world where journal literature is moving towards open access.
  • This is why Knowledge Unlatched has been created.
  • Knowledge Unlatched is a not for profit initiative helping libraries to share the costs of making books Open Access.
     
    We are focused specifically on front-list titles for now. That is, we are dealing with forthcoming books.
     
    And by Open Access we mean available to any one in the world to read or download for free, on a Creative Commons Non-Commercial license, immediately upon publication.
  • KU has an office in London, but we are very much an international project.
     
    Our partners include Jisc Collections in the UK and the Max Planck Society in Germany. In the United States we have worked closely with the New York Public Library to develop and refine the model, and we are working with LYRASIS to sign up libraries.
     
    We have also received key early support from the Big Innovation Center, the British Library Trust, the Open Society Foundation and three founding Australian libraries.
  • Knowledge Unlatched is very much about creating a sustainable route to Open Access for book length Humanities and Social Science publications.
     
    We are working to do this by helping libraries to spread the costs of Open Access across many institutions, globally.
     
    All of us working on Knowledge Unlatched are motivated by a desire to ensure that Humanities and Social Science long-form publications are as accessible as open access journal articles.
     
    And we think that efficient coordination can ensure that library spending on books supports the widest possible access to scholarship. By working together,
    Libraries can maximize the positive impact of their book budgets.
  • So – how does the Knowledge Unlatched model work?
     
    The basic idea is that Knowledge Unlatched is helping libraries from around the world to coordinate their monograph purchases.
     
    Our reason for doing this is so that libraries can offer publishers a Title Fee for books that a community of libraries would like to include in their collections.
     
    I’ll explain the Title Fee in more detail in a moment.
  • From a library perspective, this is what the process looks like:
     
    Publishers offer forthcoming books to libraries via Knowledge Unlatched. Libraries take a look at the books on offer and decide whether they are appropriate for their collections and the communities they serve.
     
    If they are, Libraries pledge a capped amount to ‘unlatch’ the books
     
    If enough libraries pledge, the libraries share the payment of a Title Fee for each book.
     
    Publishers make a PDF version of titles available on an open access license via OAPEN upon publication
     
    Knowledge Unlatched ensures preservation. The books will be made discoverable via the usual channels and MARC records will be provided to libraries.
     
  • The Title Fee represents the basic cost of publishing a book, including a margin for publisher overheads.
     
    Payment of the Title Fee allows a publisher to feel confident that they will not make a loss on a book, even if it is made available on an Open Access license.
     
    Publishers are willing to make books available on an Open Access license and to work with Knowledge Unlatched to ensure that double dipping does not occur if they know that their core publishing costs will be covered by the Title Fee, if their book is selected for unlatching.
  • There are advantages for both sides in this approach to supporting open access monographs. You can see here that the Title Fee paid by a community of libraries is a fixed amount. As the number of libraries around the world taking part in the program increases, the cost to each library of securing access decreases.
  • Knowledge Unlatched has now launched its first Pilot Collection of 28 new titles from 13 publishers.
     
    The collection is focused on Literature; History; Politics; Media & Communication.
     
    We are now seeking support from at least 200 libraries from around the world so that the collection can become open access.
     
    We are inviting libraries to pledge a capped maximum of $1,680 towards the collection. This works out to an average of $60 per title.
     
    However, if more than 200 libraries sign up for the collection, the cost for each library will be less.
  • We hope that the books included in the Pilot Collection will appeal to libraries on their own merits.
     
    However, the Knowledge Unlatched Pilot is also an important step in engaging libraries in the project and creating a framework that will help them to shape its future.
     
    Libraries that help unlatch the Pilot Collection will become members of Knowledge Unlatched. As members they will gain governance rights that will provide them with a voice in shaping future collections, as well as in helping to steer Knowledge Unlatched towards a successful future.
     
    Knowledge Unlatched will establish a Library Steering Committee and a Collections committee in early 2014.
     
    We also plan to build on work that we have already carried out on bringing together libraries and publishers interested in the challenge of open access for books by establishing a joint Library/Publisher forum.
  • This is a full list of the publishers that have included titles in the Pilot Collection. We are already signing up publishers for our next rounds. In fact, we have a waiting list. A full list of the publishers that have indicated they would like to offer titles in future rounds is available on the Knowledge Unlatched website – and is being updated continuously.
  • These are the cover images that publishers have supplied us with to date. We are still waiting on design departments to finalise a couple of images for forthcoming titles – but this slide should give you a general sense of the collection.
  • When putting the pilot together, we have been conscious of the fact that Libraries are already buying physical books and e-book collections.
     
    Knowledge Unlatched has always aimed to develop a fair system that avoids double dipping.
     
    We have come up with a simple approach to ensuring that libraries that order – or plan to order – titles included in the Pilot Collection through another channel aren’t being asked to pay twice for these books.
     
    If a library orders a print or any eBook format of any title in the Pilot Collection via any channel within a set timeframe they will not be charged an unlatching fee for that title.
     
    Instead, the amount they are invoiced by Knowledge Unlatched will be adjusted down.
     
    Publishers have agreed to purchases made by Libraries participating in the KU Pilot as a contribution towards unlatching the collection.
     
    We think that this is a very good deal for libraries.
     
    It means that libraries that may already plan to purchase the books included in the pilot collection have an opportunity to ensure that their spending is recognised as a contribution towards open access.
     
    By extension, if a library orders all of the titles in the Pilot Collection through other channels they may not need to pay anything via Knowledge Unlatched. But all of their purchases would count towards making the collection Open Access, as long as they indicated their other purchases to us through our pledging site.
     
    However, we also recognise that this approach will need to be adjusted to ensure that scaling is practical for both libraries and publishers. So, although we think that this is a great starting point, we will refine this aspect of the model once the pilot is complete.
  • When a library signs up for the pilot collection, they will have an opportunity to indicate their additional format purchases to us.
     
    This page, which displays once you have signed in to the pledging site, asks the library to indicate which titles they have ordered, or intend to order via a vendor, aggregator or platform of their choice by the 31 March 2014. 
     
    This page can be filled out at any time up to the end of the pledging period. You can come back to this page as many times as you like to update information.
     
    If you are not buying any other formats of the books in the collection, or you would prefer to simply skip this step altogether and pay the full unlatching fee for all of the titles in the collection, you can also indicate that on this screen.
     
    Slide 16a: Additional Format Screen Bubbles
     
    For each title you can tell us whether you plan to acquire it in print or e-book version, using a very simple drop-down box.
     
    You can also let us know how you expect to purchase the title: As part of an e-book collection, an approval plan, or whether you have made a firm order of an electronic or print version.
     
    We recognise that this approach will need to be adjusted to ensure that scaling is practical for both libraries and publishers in future rounds. So, although we think that this is a great starting point, we will refine this aspect of the model once the pilot is complete.
  •  
    Libraries that help unlatch the Pilot Collection will enjoy a number of benefits:
     
    The ability to ensure that other format purchases contribute to making the Pilot Collection open access.  
     
    High-quality MARC records. We are working with partners to ensure that KU is able to add value to the metadata attached to KU titles as they flow through our system.
     
    Participating libraries will have access to usage data relating to the open access version of KU titles. We are working to ensure COUNTER compliance – and we are confident that this is something that we will be able to provide in the future.
     
    From 2014 Knowledge Unlatched will introduce a small membership fee – of no more than $500. Libraries that help unlatch the Pilot Collection will receive a 2-year membership fee waiver, until January 2016.
     
    Member libraries will have the right to nominate and vote for members of a Library Steering Committee and a Collections Committee. Elections for the collections committee will take place in early 2014. In the first instance, the Library Steering Committee will be drawn from libraries that have supported KU in its start-up phases. Elections for the Steering Committee will take place in January 2016.
  • The KU pledging period will remain open until the end of January 2014.
    The results of the pledging process will be announced in early February.
    If we are successful in signing up at least 200 libraries, each library will receive an invoice in mid-February that reflects the final number of libraries taking part, as well as any additional purchases they may have indicated to us. LYRASIS will handle the invoicing process for North American libraries, as well as the liaison and administrative work associated with that process.
    The books in the collection will become open access immediately upon publication.
    And publishers will be paid the Title Fee once libraries have paid their invoices.
  • And from 2014, this project becomes all about developing the role of library governance in Knowledge Unlatched and scaling up. We already have a waiting list of publishers interested in offering books to libraries through KU in 2014 – and we are aiming to provide libraries with more titles, more selection options (including single titles and single subject packages) from next year.
     
    The cost savings to libraries associated with this model will increase as the number of libraries taking part in the initiative grows, and as the volume of titles flowing through the system expands.
     
    So, to ensure that the cost per library goes down, we will continue encouraging libraries to take part in the program and work to offer them high quality books that are relevant to the communities they serve.
     
    Knowledge Unlatched South is a project that will explore how KU might work with publishers in developing country markets.
     
    We are also eager to explore opportunities for Knowledge Unlatched to encourage diversity in monograph publishing. We will be working with the Library Steering Committee, the collections committee and the Library/Publisher forum to identify the best approach to this challenge.
  • As I mentioned, a key goal of Knowledge Unlatched is developing a model that is sustainable in the long term. In order to do this we will ultimately need to ensure that we are not dependent on grants to cover KU’s core running costs.
     
    So from 2014 Knowledge Unlatched will apply a 5% surcharge to Title Fees, to cover the consortium’s operation. We believe that this percentage figure can be brought down as the volume of titles increases. We will work with the Library Steering Committee to review the 5% surcharge as the project develops.
  • We think that creative approaches to coordinating demand for Open Access monographs will benefit stakeholders across the system. We hope that you will consider taking part in the Pilot Collection and look forward to hearing you comments and questions.
  • Thank You!
  • Knowledge Unlatched Pilot Webinar

    1. 1. Knowledge Unlatched: Enabling Open Access for Scholarly Books
    2. 2. This Presentation • Open Access Challenges for Books • What is Knowledge Unlatched? • KU’s Goals • How does it work? • Pilot Collection and Next Steps
    3. 3. Context: A Troubled Market • Sales of academic monographs have declined by 90% over 20 years • • • • • Prices have increased beyond inflation Publishers are struggling to cover their costs Libraries struggling to afford books Academics are struggling to get published Readers have limited access to the books they want
    4. 4. Why Are Books In trouble? • • • • • A very small market (libraries) • Journals have become (much) more expensive Library budgets under pressure The number of monograph titles has increased Print runs for each title have decreased Publishers must spread the costs of publishing each title over a smaller number of copies
    5. 5. Open Access for Books? • Digital technology is providing opportunities to widen access and increase impact • • Research funders are beginning to require Open Access Many authors would like Open Access options
    6. 6. But… • The cost of publishing a 70,000 – 100,000 word monograph higher than the cost of publishing a 5,000 – 10,000 word journal article • • • HSS research budgets are small Some authors aren’t attached to a research budget at all Author-side payment approaches being taken up by journals won’t work
    7. 7. KnowledgeUnlatched
    8. 8. What is Knowledge Unlatched? • Not-for-profit • Libraries from around the world collaborate to share the costs of making books open access • CC-BY-NC or CC-BY-NC-ND license • Front-list titles (new books) • Immediate upon publication (no embargo)
    9. 9. Partners Founding Libraries Jisc Collections LYRASIS Queensland University of Technology Max Planck Society The University of Melbourne New York Public Library The University of Western Australia OAPEN Key Supporters Big Innovation Center British Library Trust Open Society Foundation
    10. 10. Knowledge Unlatched Goals • A sustainable route to OA for Humanities and Social Science (HSS) books (long-form publications) • Spread costs of OA across many institutions globally • Ensuring that HSS long-form publications are as accessible as OA science journals • Help libraries to maximize the positive impact of spending on books
    11. 11. How Does it Work? • Knowledge Unlatched is helping libraries from around the world to coordinate their monograph purchases • Libraries can choose jointly offer a Title Fee payment to publishers • In return, publishers make titles selected by the community available on Open Access
    12. 12. What it Looks Like • Publishers offer forthcoming books to libraries via Knowledge Unlatched • Libraries pledge a capped amount to ‘unlatch’ the books • If enough libraries pledge, the libraries share the payment of a Title Fee for each book • Publishers make a PDF version of titles available on an OA license via OAPEN upon publication • Books are preserved and discoverable. MARC records available for all titles
    13. 13. What is a Title Fee? • The Title Fee represents the basic cost of publishing a book   • Payment of the Title Fee allows publishers to feel confident that they will break even on each title • Because the Title Fee is a fixed amount as the number of libraries pledging increases, the cost per library decreases
    14. 14. Title Fee Examples
    15. 15. The Pilot Collection • • • • Proof of concept for Knowledge Unlatched • Maximum cost per library: $1680. This is an average of $60 per title • If more libraries pledge, the cost for each library will be less 28 new books from 13 publishers Literature; History; Politics; Media & Communications At least 200 libraries from around the world need to sign up so that the collection can be made OA
    16. 16. An Opportunity to Help Shape Knowledge Unlatched • Libraries that help unlatch the Pilot Collection gain governance rights • They will be able to help shape the future of Knowledge Unlatched through: • • A Library Steering Committee and a Collection Committee KU also plans to establish a joint Library/Publisher forum in early 2014
    17. 17. Pilot Collection Publishers
    18. 18. Avoiding ‘Double Dipping’ • The amount a library pays will be adjusted to reflect additional format purchases made by each library • If a library orders (or intends to order) a print or eBook format of any title in the Pilot Collection via any channel they will not be charged an unlatching fee for that title • If a library orders all of the titles in the Pilot Collection through other channels there may be no amount due • This approach will be refined in future rounds
    19. 19. Your invoice will be adjusted to reflect the purchases of titles included in the Knowledge Unlatched Pilot Collection via other routes. You can always revisit this page later, before the end of the pledging period, to update the information on other formats. Please make sure you click one of the three buttons below so that we can capture your information to record your planned purchases. Hover your mouse over each button to see more information. I’ll do this later I’ll do this later I’ve completed this page I’ve completed this page For each Title you For each Title buying any other I’m not you I’m not buying any other can tell us if you can tell us if you formats formats are buying Ebook are buying Ebook or Print versions or Print versions Title Fighting for a Living Publisher Amsterdam University Press Primary / Secondary Subject Areas History / Military History On Global Citizenship Bloomsbury Academic Politics / Political Theory China's iGeneration Bloomsbury Academic Then tell us how you Then tell us how you expect to purchasing expect to purchasing these – these – •Ebook collection Ebook collection Media & Comms•/ Cinematography ••ApprovalPlan Approval Plan ••FirmOrder (E or P) Firm Order (E or P) Purchasing Route None None None None None None
    20. 20. Benefits for Participating Libraries • The ability to ensure that other format purchases contribute to making the Pilot Collection open access.   • • High-quality MARC records • • 2 year membership fee waiver Usage data: We are working to ensure COUNTER compliance The right to nominate and vote for members of a Library Steering Committee and a Collections Committee
    21. 21. Pilot Timeline KU Collection Pledging Period October 2013 – 31 January 2014 Decision on Unlatching Early February 2014 If decision is yes, calculate final unlatching fee for libraries Early February 2014 Advise libraries and publishers of pledging result Mid February 2014 Invoices issued to libraries Mid February 2014 Titles become available via OAPEN Immediate upon publication Publishers paid by KU After books have been unlatched and libraries have paid
    22. 22. Next Steps: 2014 • • • Review results • • Continue recruiting more libraries to lower costs further • Help foster diversity in the monograph landscape Develop library role in governance Repeat the cycle again with more books, more publishers (signing up now!) single subject packages and individual title options KU South: an exploration of ways in which KU might work with publishers in developing country markets
    23. 23. Making Knowledge Unlatched Sustainable Set-up and Pilot Grants and library partnerships cover set-up and running costs From 2014 Increase the number of publishers and books KU will take up to 5% of Title Fees to cover costs, reducing as volume goes up
    24. 24. Who Benefits? • • • • • • Readers Libraries Authors Independent Researchers Publishers Everyone else too
    25. 25. Sign Up for the Pilot Collection! http://www.knowledgeunlatched.org/ info@knowledgeunlatched.org Twitter: @Kunlatched #KUPilot

    ×