The emergence of new research methods that exploit advanced computational resources, data collections and scientific instruments, in other words e-Science, promises to revolutionise the scientific discovery process. Science will experience major changes in the way it is performed. Researchers will be facing unprecedented levels of complexity in tackling scientific challenges with a global societal impact. Bringing together knowledge from different fields of science will be essential. In this period of transformation, European researchers, educators and students will have a key role in further developing the potential of e-Science to make Europe a leading global player.
Global Virtual Research Communities, anticipating the advent of research 2.0 paradigms, have opened new perspectives for cross-border multi-disciplinary collaboration. A cultural change is taking place in the way scientific knowledge is produced and disseminated, leading to the emergence of Global Virtual Research Communities. Europe is already contributing to the innovation of the scientific process by enabling scientific communities to use e-Infrastructures to address research challenges of global relevance.
Main issues worrying the communities are: managing very large volumes of information, validating and ensuring quality, enriching databases with high-quality annotation and metadata, discoverability and re-use, making information useful to a wider number of users (incl. of other scientific domains) The landscape of data repositories in Europe is rather heterogeneous but there is a solid basis to develop a coherent strategy to overcome the fragmentation and enable research communities to better manage, use, share and preserve data. European funded projects in the domain of Scientific Data infrastructures share a common vision that any form of scientific content resource should be easily accessible through user friendly e-Infrastructures services. European-funded projects in the field of scientific data infrastructures (e.g DRIVER, the ESFRI PP projects CESSDA, DARIAH, etc) share a common vision which is: any form of scientific content resource (scientific reports, research articles, experimental or observational data, rich media, etc.) should be easily accessible European research and innovation policies aim at strengthening the scientific and technological basis to attain industrial competitiveness and prosperity through user-friendly e-Infrastructure services.
European and National e-Infrastructures need to address the emerging challenge of data centric science. To achieve this, Europe needs to deploy a coherent and managed eco-system of repositories of scientific information. Europe needs to define consistent policies to enhance access to scientific information (e.g. in line with the indications of ESFRI position paper on scientific data, the Communication on scientific information in the digital age: access, dissemination and preservation and the Open Access pilot in FP7 launched in 2008 launched in 2008). Member States and scientific communities are invited to step up investment in scientific data infrastructures and promote the sharing of best practices. The Commission will reinforce the catalytic investment under FP7 in scientific data infrastructure, to support accessibility and preservation policies.
E Infrastructure for OA
••• Open Access: towards a European e-Infrastructure (*) Presentation at the ‘Knowledge Exchange Workshop’, Brussels, 22 June 2009 “ The views expressed in this presentation are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Commission” Kostas Glinos, Head of Unit European Commission - DG INFSO GÉANT and e-Infrastructures
<ul><li>Global scientific challenges with high societal impact </li></ul><ul><li>Born digital material… virtual-labs, information flood </li></ul><ul><li>Big distances, big numbers, big files, big processing </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-disciplinarity, spread of skills and competences </li></ul>••• Science and ICT e-Infrastructures changing Science, Science changing e-infrastructures
••• e-Infrastructures supporting Global Virtual research Communities Economies of Scale Efficiency Gains Workspace Scientific Data Computing/ Simulation Network Laboratory Workspace Scientific Data Computing/ Simulation Network Laboratory Workspace Scientific Data Computing/ Simulation Network Laboratory Workspace Scientific Data Computing and Simulation Network Workspace Laboratory Workspace Laboratory Scientific Data Computing/ Simulation Network Scientific Data Computing/ Simulation Network Laboratory Virtual Community
<ul><li>To facilitate a rapid transition to e-Science , the European Commission and Member States have made significant investments in e-Infrastructures… </li></ul>••• What can we do for Science… Linking the ideas at the speed of the light: G É ANT Accessing knowledge: scientific data Innovating the scientific process: global virtual research communities Sharing the best computational resources: E-Science grid and high performance computing Experimenting in silico : Simulation and visualisation
••• Coverage of the SDI projects <ul><li>The e-Infrastructure domain of Scientific Data Infrastructures has currently 15 projects running (worth 40 MEuro) </li></ul>network infrastructure, GÉANT biology distributed computing/software infrastructure astro Geo Earth Climate scientific data infrastructure
••• Information Management of Repositories Management of Access Processing, Computation Physical infrastructure Repository services Collections: data, work-flows, publications, learning materials, etc. Deposit, application software, annotation, visualisation, search, etc Repository management, curation, physical security, etc Authentication, authorisation, logical security, federation, portals etc Platform software, Distributed computing, Grids, etc Networks, computing, HPC, physical storage, etc Authenticity Quality Longevity Ease of use Availability Reliability Trusted Open Well managed Standardised Stable Flexible Transparent Responsive Informed Available Scaleable Reliable e-Infrastructure of repositories e-Infrastructure for repositories Adapted from e-SciDR study A data-centric view of e-Infrastructures Layers of e-Infrastructure and some of their desired characteristics
••• Adapted from e-SciDR study The OA Pilot <ul><li>To experiment with e-Infrastructure in support of European policy </li></ul><ul><li>Call concluded and negotiations with consortia started </li></ul><ul><li>Conditions for success: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>engaging researchers from all communities and initiatives at member state and world level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>leveraging synergies of existing initiatives at Member State and Institutional levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>tackling the preservation issues addressing the longer term perspective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>going beyond research results and address the data dimension </li></ul></ul>Open Access Pilot Information Management Repositories Management of Access Processing, Computation Physical infrastructure Repository services
••• Conclusion <ul><li>Data-intensive science is there to stay; it is a dynamically evolving and global enterprise </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic approaches and policies across all SDI layers needed </li></ul><ul><li>The OA-Pilot is an important initiative for implementing the OA policy through a European e-Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>It should also contribute to develop an ecosystem of digital repositories, federating and adding value to national and discipline-based repositories </li></ul>We need to exploit the growing sensor/effector layer to make the world itself a real-time database. (from the creativity machine, V. Vinge)