Ob lesson 2 personality


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this slide presentation should assist students in explaining the basic sources of personality determinants and identifying some personality traits that affect behaviour.

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Ob lesson 2 personality

  1. 1. Personality<br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />1<br />Individual Differences<br />Part 1<br />
  2. 2. Personality<br />Objectives:<br />Students should be able to<br />Explain the basic sources of personality.<br />Identify some personality traits that affect behaviour.<br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />2<br />
  3. 3. Personality<br />Learning objective 1<br />Explain the basic sources of personality determinants.<br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Personality<br />Personality concept<br />Behaviour involves a complex interaction of the person and the situation.<br />Personality represents personal characteristics that lead to a consistent pattern of behaviour.<br />Personality describes people commonalities and differences.<br />Personality is stable over time.<br />Definition : personality represents the overall profile or combination of stable psychological attributes that capture the unique nature of a person.<br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />4<br />
  5. 5. Personality<br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />5<br />Heredity<br />Environment<br /><ul><li>Culture
  6. 6. Family
  7. 7. Group membership
  8. 8. Life experience</li></ul>Heredity and environment are important determinants of personality.<br />
  9. 9. Personality<br />Heredity<br />A source of personality differences<br />Research shows strong genetics effects on human personality. Some research points to evidence of 50 to 55% of personality traits have been attributed to genetics.<br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />6<br />
  10. 10. Personality<br />Environment<br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />7<br /><ul><li> Environment is considered to be a source of personality differences.</li></li></ul><li>Personality<br /><ul><li>Four environmental components contributing are:</li></ul>9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />8<br />Family<br />Life experiences<br />Culture<br />Group membership<br />
  11. 11. Personality<br />Culture – the distinctive ways that people in different societies organize and live their lives.<br />Culture determine societal values and morns as well as the role people play.<br />Culture assist in determining broad patterns of behavioural similarities among people.<br />Cultures are not homogenous. People of the same cultural background do not always respond the same way.<br />Implication for managers:<br />Managers of a same cultural background as their subordinate should not assume that their subordinates are like themselves in context of societal values, personality, or other individual characteristics.<br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />9<br />
  12. 12. Personality<br />Family<br />Family is a primary means for socialization of an individual into a particular culture. The family influences personality formation.<br />Family related variable such as socio-economic status, family size, birth order, race, religion, geographic location, parent’s educational level, etc. influence personality development.<br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />10<br />
  13. 13. Personality<br />Group membership<br />A person’s personality is influence by his or her membership in a group. <br />Personality may result from the influence of membership in different groups, past and present.<br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />11<br />
  14. 14. Personality<br />Life experiences:<br />Specific events and experience can impact on one’s personality development.<br />A complex series of events and interactions with others people shape an adult’s self-esteem.<br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />12<br />
  15. 15. Personality<br />Learning Behaviour 2<br />Indentify some personality traits that affect behaviour.<br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />13<br />
  16. 16. Personality<br />Specific personality traits are basic components of personality<br />The Big-Five personality dimensions (factors) describe an individual’s personality in terms of:<br />Extroversion<br />Emotional stability<br />Agreeableness<br />Consciousness<br />Openness to experiences<br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />14<br />
  17. 17. Personality<br />Extroversion<br />High : talkative, active, sociable, assertive, gregarious<br />Low: reserved, quiet, introverted<br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />15<br />
  18. 18. Personality<br />Emotional stability<br />High : Calm, relaxed, secure<br />Low: worried, depressed, anxious, insecure, angry, embarrassed<br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />16<br />
  19. 19. Personality<br />Agreeableness<br />High : Cooperative, tolerant, good-natured, trusting, courteous, caring<br />Low: Rude, cold, unkind<br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />17<br />
  20. 20. Personality<br />Conscientiousness<br />High : Dependable, thorough, organized, responsible, planful, achievement oriented, hardworking<br />Low : Sloppy, careless, inefficient<br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />18<br />
  21. 21. Personality<br />Personality types<br />Psychologists also describe personality characteristics and dispositions as personality types.<br />Many personality types are for understanding and managing behaviour in organizations. The following describe some personality types:<br />Self-esteem<br />Locus of control<br />Machiavellian<br />Type A and B personalities<br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />19<br />
  22. 22. Personality<br />Self-esteem<br />Self evaluation in terms of one’s own behaviour, abilities, appearance, and worth.<br />People with self-esteem:<br /> likely to take more risk in job selection<br />Attracted to high-status occupations<br />Less easily influenced by other’s opinion in work setting<br />Set higher goals for themselves<br />Less susceptible to stress, conflict, ambiguity, poor supervision, poor working conditions. etc <br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />20<br />
  23. 23. Personality<br />Openness<br />High : Curious, intelligent, broadminded, creative, imaginative, cultured<br />Low : Simple, unimaginative, conventional<br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />21<br />
  24. 24. Personality<br />Locus of control<br />The extent to which people believe that they can control event affecting them.<br />It may be external or internal<br />External locus of control is the believe that one’s destiny is controlled by luck, fate, chance, or other people.<br />Internal locus of control is the believe that one’s life is primarily controlled by one’s behaviour and actions.<br />People with an internal locus of control have better control of the behaviour and tend to be more active politically and socially.<br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />22<br />
  25. 25. personality<br />Machiavellian personality type<br />A Machiavellian personality:<br />Holds cynical views of other people’s motives<br />Places little value on honesty<br />Approaches the world with manipulative intent<br />Maintains distance between themselves and others<br />is emotionally detached from other people in their lives<br />A person of this personality type can contribute to interpersonal conflicts, given his or her suspicious interpersonal orientation.<br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />23<br />Source: Champoux , 2006 p111<br />
  26. 26. Personality<br /><ul><li>Type A: </li></ul>Aggressive<br />Shows a sense of time urgency<br />Focuses excessively on achievement<br />Continuously creates new and more goals and engage in more activities <br />Do things quickly<br />Has a tendency to dominate others<br />Explodes in angry to trivial events<br />9/6/2011<br />Organizational behaviour Lesson 2<br />24<br />Type A and B personalities<br /><ul><li>Type B
  27. 27. has no sense of time urgency
  28. 28. Stops to review achievements
  29. 29. Has high self esteem
  30. 30. Not bother by common everyday events
  31. 31. Approaches the world more calmly than type A</li>