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Power point 11 to post


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Power point 11 to post

  1. 1. Konica LuthraMedical TerminologyEndocrine SystemPolyuriaand Hypercalcemia<br />
  2. 2. Polyuria<br />1. What is Polyuria?<br />Excessive or overly frequent urination. <br />Differ from the processes of frequent urination, urgency to urinate or urinate dribbling<br />can be accompanied by Polydipsia defined as increased thirst; the two conditions are often linked in a cycle as the body struggles to cope with an imbalance going on inside.<br />
  3. 3. Medical Care Indications<br />It indicates many serious medical conditions such as <br />Urinary Tract infections<br />Bladder conditions<br />Interstitial cystitis<br />METABOLIC CONDITIONS: <br />Type 1 Diabetes<br />Type 2 Diabetes<br />Diabetes Insipidus<br />
  4. 4. Some Causes of Polyuria<br />increase in fluid intake, especially water Diuretic<br />A diuretic is any drug that elevates the rate of urination and thus provides a means of forced diuresis. <br />Hypercalcaemia<br />Hyperthyroidism<br />Hypopituitarism<br />Pregnency<br />
  5. 5. Hypercalcemia<br />a condition in which the calcium level in your blood is above normal. <br />CAUSES: <br />The main cause of hypercalcemia is overactivity in one<br />or more of your parathyroid glands, which regulate<br />calcium. <br />Other causes of hypercalcemia include cancer, certain<br />other medical disorders, some medications, and<br />excessive use of calcium and vitamin D supplements.<br />
  6. 6. Symptoms<br />Severe hypercalcemia symptoms may include: <br />Nausea and vomiting<br />Loss of appetite<br />Excessive thirst<br />Frequent urination<br />Constipation<br />Abdominal pain<br />Muscle weakness<br />
  7. 7. Some interesting facts<br />older people are more likely to have pain and weakness in their muscles instead of severity of signs and symptoms<br />Post-menopausal women are most likely to develop hypercalcemia caused by overactive parathyroid glands<br />
  8. 8. Complications due to Hypercalcemia<br />Osteoporosis<br />Kidney stone<br />Kidney failure<br />Abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia)<br />Nervous system dysfunction<br />Thanks<br />Konica Luthra<br />