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  1. 1. SPLENDOUR and SIMPLICITY of ORIENTAL GARDENS Pupil: A.Ivanchuk Form: 11“A”
  2. 2. WHAT IS A GARDEN? <ul><li>A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation, and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature. I was fascinated with the beauty of oriental gardens and made up my mind to write about oriental – Chinese and Japanese – gardens, their similarities and distinctions, their functions </li></ul>
  3. 3. PROJECT AIMS <ul><li>to systemize information about Chinese and Japanese gardens; </li></ul><ul><li>to note their similarities and distinctions; </li></ul><ul><li>to define their functions </li></ul>
  4. 4. A CHINESE GARDEN <ul><li>The Chinese Garden is a place for solitary or social contemplation of nature. To be considered authentic, a garden must be built and planned around seventeen essential elements </li></ul>
  5. 5. A CHINESE GARDEN <ul><li>Chinese gardens were created in the same way as a combination of landscape and paintings together with poems - this was the so-called &quot;poetic garden.&quot; Chinese gardens are a spiritual shelter for men, a place they could be far away from their real social lives, and from the disappointment of the political problems in China </li></ul>
  6. 6. A CHINESE GARDEN <ul><li>They used plants as symbols. Bamboo was used in every traditional Chinese garden. This is because bamboo represents a strong but resilient character. The lotus is used to symbolize purity. The chrysanthemum is use to symbolize splendor and “the courage to make sacrifices for a natural life” </li></ul>
  7. 7. A CHINESE GARDEN <ul><li>The architecture of a garden consists of pavilions for various purposes, walkways, and outer and inner walls. The walls will have moon-shaped doorways and small windows in the shapes of vases. Decoration consists of calligraphy carved into rocks or walls, and windows </li></ul>
  8. 8. A CHINESE GARDEN <ul><li>The varieties of sensory features increase a garden's appeal. Windows frame garden views. Trees and flowers provide aroma </li></ul>
  9. 9. JAPANESE GARDEN <ul><li>Japanese Gardens in a traditional Japanese style can be found at private homes, in neighborhood or city parks and at historical landmarks, such as old castles. Many of the Japanese gardens most famous in the West, and within Japan as well, are dry gardens or rock gardens (their main elements are rocks and sand) </li></ul>
  10. 10. JAPANESE GARDEN <ul><li>Typical Japanese gardens contain several of these elements, real or symbolic: </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>An island </li></ul><ul><li>A bridge to the island </li></ul><ul><li>A lantern, typically of stone </li></ul><ul><li>A teahouse or pavilion </li></ul>
  11. 11. JAPANESE GARDEN <ul><li>Japanese gardens might fall into one of these styles: </li></ul><ul><li>Pond gardens, for viewing from a boat; </li></ul><ul><li>Sitting gardens, for viewing from inside a building or on a veranda; </li></ul><ul><li>Tea gardens, for viewing from a path which leads to a tea ceremony hut; </li></ul><ul><li>Strolling gardens, for viewing from a path which circumnavigates the garden </li></ul>
  12. 12. JAPANESE GARDEN <ul><li>Also gardens use similar rocks for decoration. Some of these come from distant parts of Japan. In addition, bamboos and related plants, evergreens including Japanese black pine, and such deciduous trees as maples grow above a carpet of ferns and mosses </li></ul>
  13. 13. JAPANESE GARDEN <ul><li>A water source in a Japanese garden should appear to be part of the natural surroundings; this is why one will not find fountains in traditional gardens. Man-made streams are built with curves to create a natural appearance. Lanterns are often placed beside some of the most prominent water basins </li></ul>
  14. 14. SIMILARITIES AND DISTINCTIONS OF CHINESE AND JAPANESE GARDENS <ul><li>The first part of my research work is aimed at answering a question – which type of a garden is wider spread in the countries of our planet </li></ul>QUANTITY - 1 Singapore 1 - Ireland 5 - England 5 1 Australia 13 3 USA - 66 China 1 - Scotland 1 2 Canada 1 - Argentina 16 - Japan Japanese gardens Chinese gardens Country
  15. 15. SIMILARITIES AND DISTINCTIONS OF CHINESE AND JAPANESE GARDENS <ul><li>Having studied the table on the previous slide we can say that: </li></ul><ul><li>noteworthy Japanese gardens can be found in 8 countries while Chinese gardens only in 5; </li></ul><ul><li>not taking into consideration Antarctic, we can mention that these gardens can be seen on every continent except Africa, moreover Japanese gardens were created both in North and South America while Chinese gardens – only in North America; </li></ul><ul><li>in spite of the fact that Japanese gardens are wider spread on the geographical map of our planet, there are much more noteworthy Chinese gardens than Japanese ones ( 73 – 43) </li></ul>
  16. 16. SIMILARITIES AND DISTINCTIONS OF CHINESE AND JAPANESE GARDENS Comparative analysis of Chinese and Japanese gardens a few a lot flowers bridge, pavilions, lanterns walls, windows, pavilions constructions in the gardens stone, water, plants (mostly green) water, stone, plants (different colour, symbolic meaning) use in their constructions the observer the philosopher revive the spirit of rural simplicity tranquility and splendour creates the feeling of to allow individuals to escape from the stresses of daily life to provide a spiritual utopia created to 7 17 quantity of essential elements/features Japanese garden Chinese garden Items to analyze
  17. 17. SIMILARITIES AND DISTINCTIONS OF CHINESE AND JAPANESE GARDENS <ul><li>These gardens are extremely beautiful, but their function is a little bit different: a Chinese garden is supposed to create a feeling of tranquility and splendour, reviving the spirit of the philosopher, while a Japanese garden is thought to arouse the feeling of rural simplicity stimulating the spirit of the observer. People use common natural materials when making the gardens. They are water, stone, plants. Both gardens are decorated with pavilions. There are walls and windows in Chinese gardens while Japanese gardens have bridges and stone lanterns. Only a few types of flowers can be seen in Japanese gardens while there are a lot of them in Chinese gardens. Both types of gardens use a technique of “borrowed scenery” – when natural elements of landscape are exploited in garden construction </li></ul>
  18. 18. CONCLUSION <ul><li>Both types of gardens have a visual similarity and still they are different – due to the spirit they revive and the feeling they create. Here lies their major difference. Then, Japanese gardens use natural environment more than Chinese gardens; the latter have more signs of human creativity. </li></ul><ul><li>Generally speaking, I should say that this work was very useful to me, because I have gained some experience in the composition of such projects. I have never done such work before. Then, I’ve come across a lot of new words. I’m sure this project has also broadened my cultural outlook </li></ul>