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Independencia dos Estados Unidos

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tudo sobre a independencia dos E.U.A
by:KLEISON

Published in: Education
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Independencia dos Estados Unidos

  1. 1. A independência dos Estados Unidos
  2. 2. Características das Treze Colônias <ul><li>Colônia de exploração </li></ul><ul><li>latifúndios; </li></ul><ul><li>agro exportação; </li></ul><ul><li>mão-de-obra escrava; </li></ul><ul><li>gêneros </li></ul><ul><li>tropicais exóticos. </li></ul><ul><li>Colônia de povoamento </li></ul><ul><li>pequenas propriedades; </li></ul><ul><li>agricultura </li></ul><ul><li>de subsistência; </li></ul><ul><li>mão-de-obra livre (predominantemente); </li></ul><ul><li>gêneros similares aos europeus. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Desenvolvimento econômico <ul><li>As colônias do norte, sobretudo, por serem pouco interessantes economicamente, desenvolveram um importante mercado interno. Rapidamente, esse mercado expandiu-se para o exterior, em direção ao Caribe e à África ( comércio triangular ). </li></ul>
  4. 6. Guerra dos Sete Anos (1756-63) <ul><li>França e Inglaterra disputaram a posse do Canadá e de outros territórios coloniais (na África e na Índia). Desse confronto, participaram os colonos norte-americanos, ao lado dos ingleses. </li></ul><ul><li>Apesar de vitoriosa, a Inglaterra passou por sérias dificuldades financeiras, e resolveu cobrar alguns impostos aos colonos, iniciando uma revolta generalizada. </li></ul>
  5. 9. As “leis intoleráveis” <ul><li>Lei do Açúcar (1764): taxas sobre os derivados da cana-de-açúcar (açúcar, melaço, rum); </li></ul><ul><li>Lei do Selo (1765): taxa sobre todos os impressos (jornais, Bíblias, baralhos, documentos em geral); </li></ul><ul><li>Lei do Chá (1773): taxa sobre um produto importado (da Índia) e muito consumido. </li></ul>
  6. 11. As “leis intoleráveis” <ul><li>Após manifestações dos colonos (como a Boston Tea Party ), o governo da Inglaterra fechou o porto de Boston e ocupou militarmente a região, exigindo indenizações da colônia. </li></ul><ul><li>Diante dessas medidas, e das idéias iluministas que circulavam na região, os representantes das colônias reuniram-se na cidade de Filadélfia, em congressos “continentais”. </li></ul>
  7. 12. A declaração de independência <ul><li>Primeiro Congresso Continental da Filadélfia (1774): repúdio às “leis intoleráveis”; </li></ul><ul><li>Segundo Congresso Continental da Filadélfia (1776): assinatura da Declaração de Independência dos Estados Unidos da América , em 4 de julho, escrita por Thomas Jefferson. </li></ul>
  8. 13. Declaração da Independência
  9. 14. A declaração de independência <ul><li>“ Todos os homens foram criados iguais e são dotados de certos direitos inalienáveis, entre os quais estão a vida, a liberdade e a busca da felicidade.” </li></ul><ul><li>Declaração da Independência dos Estados Unidos </li></ul>
  10. 17. Guerra de independência <ul><li>A guerra entre EUA e Inglaterra ocorreu entre 1776 e 1781; </li></ul><ul><li>O comandante das tropas norte-americanas foi o fazendeiro George Washington; </li></ul><ul><li>Com o apoio militar da França e da Espanha, os norte-americanos conseguiram, finalmente, a sua independência. </li></ul>
  11. 19. Tratado de Versalhes (1783) <ul><li>Reconhecimento inglês da independência das Treze Colônias, que receberam também as terras entre os Grandes Lagos, os rios Ohio e Mississipi e os montes Apalaches; </li></ul><ul><li>Senegal (África), Santa Lúcia e Tobago (Caribe) voltaram ao comando francês; </li></ul><ul><li>Flórida (América) e Minorca (Europa) voltaram às mãos espanholas. </li></ul>
  12. 20. A primeira Constituição iluminista <ul><li>Em 1787, os representantes das colônias inglesas independentes aprovaram a Constituição norte-americana, válida até hoje. </li></ul><ul><li>Essa constituição defende: </li></ul><ul><li>- governo republicano; </li></ul><ul><li>- divisão do Estado em três poderes (Legislativo, Executivo e Judiciário); </li></ul><ul><li>- eleição dos governantes pelo povo. </li></ul>
  13. 21. Consequências <ul><li>O primeiro país a adotar as idéias iluministas, no entanto, não libertou os seus escravos e nem se importou com os povos indígenas da região. </li></ul><ul><li>Apesar disso, os EUA tornaram-se modelo de aplicação daquelas idéias, por serem considerados a primeira democracia moderna . </li></ul>
  14. 22. <ul><li>Créditos: </li></ul><ul><li>* ETEC Luiz Pires Barbosa </li></ul><ul><li>* II Ensino Médio A </li></ul><ul><li>* ProfºGeraldo </li></ul><ul><li>Alunos: </li></ul><ul><li>* Ângelo Osnil Bernardino </li></ul><ul><li>* Higor Henrique Rodrigues da Silveira </li></ul><ul><li>* Iagho Bassalobre de Moura </li></ul><ul><li>* Kleison André Rodrigues </li></ul><ul><li>* Rafael Souza Alves de Arruda </li></ul>
  15. 23. Fonte:

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