World War I and World War II “The cartoons are object lessons in the actuality of alienation. Disney’s cartoon world is a world of impoverished experience, sadism and violence. That is to say, it our world. “ (Leslie,2001). In the period of World War I and World War II (1942 and 1945,), Walt Disney was involved for the creation of propaganda for the US military and government purposes. The government looked to Walt Disney more than any other studio chief as a builder of public morale providing instruction and training to the sailors and soldiers for Propaganda purposes. Disney was asked to create animation for a series of pictures produced by Colonel Frank Capra for the US Army for persuading to influence more people to get involved in case to succeed their purpose.
90% of Disney employees "This was accomplished through the use of animated graphics by means of expediting the intelligent mobilization of servicemen and civilians for the cause of the war. “ This is a quotation that should have in mind : More or less 90% of Disney employees were devoted for the production of training and propaganda films for the government purposes. The target that Walt Disney company had was to support every American soldier to keep fighting against Hitler by projecting propaganda threw their films and make the nation fearless against their enemies. Most of Disney’s characters such as: Donald Duck and Mickey Mouse werent just for entertainment, Those characters were for propaganda purposes and for the education of the Americans about the enemies they had.
Fuehrer’s Face The animators were hired to make hidden symbols for military units and equipment. The Fuehrer’s Face was a short time movie which Donald Duck was the main character and won an Oscar in 1942 for best short film.” (Leslie, 2001). It was released on January 1, 1943 from the director Jack Kinney as an anti-Nazi propaganda movie for the American war effort.
Lyrics“When der Fuehrer says, "We is t der master race, "We HEIL! (honk!) HEIL! (honk!) right in der Fuehrers face!Not to love der Fuehrer is a great disgrace, So we HEIL! (honk!) HEIL! (honk!) right in der Fuehrers face! When Herr Goebbels says, "We own der world und space, "We HEIL! (honk!) HEIL! (honk!) right in Herr Goebbels face!When Herr Goering says, "Theyll never bomb dis place ,"We HEIL! [honk!] HEIL! (honk!) right in Herr Goerings face!”
Donald Duck’s nightmare The previews Lyrics are from the song that was dropped into the scene when, Donald Duck’s nightmare finds himself part of the German Nazi force. The band plays a song of Mein Kampf in front of him for a moment of reading, then he goes into his house, carrying the bass drum, and escorts him to a factory which he is forced to work, he was forced to work 48- hour shifts, getting a couple of seconds vacation (with a backdrop background of the Alp mountains) by having a salute to the Hitlers portrait every time it goes by. He shouts loud out of cry "Heil Hitler!" As he put’s up his right arm in the Nazi salute by wearing a swastika armband like everybody else in Hitlers "Nazi Land."
Donald Duck suddenly wakes Donald Duck is hiding some supplements because there is nothing to eat and and he is hiding to have secretly a breakfast by the moment that he wakes up from his bed because is very strictly in such Nazi Policy. Imagine that the rooster outside his house greets the day with a hearty crow of "Heil Hitler” trying to make you obey in the Nazi Forces. When Donald Duck suddenly wakes up because it was only a dream because he discovers that it was just a nightmare , he is actually lying in his bed wearing his pajamas. His Slogan that follows was : "Oh boy, am I glad to be a citizen of the United States of America!”. Then the movie ends with a tomato splash in Hitler’s face!.
The target of Military This was one of the propaganda examples that Walt Disneys studios released. Disney’s characters like Donald, Mickey Mouse and Pluto became standard figures in the American war machine against all the America’s enemies. In December 1941,members of the United States Government were involved by paying Disney for creating Propaganda. The target of Military was to transform the studios material (cartoon films) into a defensive mechanism that would be used to help protect their nation against their enemy.
Mickey Mouse on the HomeFront. The United States Secretary Henry Morgenthau Jr, Secretary share a profit of the money for industrializing Germany once it had been conquered. In those years cartoon films were not only for the children. Most of American population were going to the movies every week and they were huge fans of Disney’s characters. During the war period ( World war I and II )Disney had the greatest success of their time. Walt Disney during that time they released comic books from the Disney’s favorite characters such as Mickey in the comic book "Mickey Mouse on the Home Front.
Nazi Forces All of Disneys characters had now been mobilized, fought the Axis powers (Nazi Forces) in Disneys "Volunteer Army." for propaganda purposes to encourage the American soldiers and the rest from the United State citizens for keep fighting. Comic books and short Films were the powerful weapon for confidence. Their aim was to make the enemy look funny and ridiculous by parallel giving the pleasure to the audiences to laugh for a while, by forgetting their daily routine and exclude their fear Walt Disney gave America courage.
In the 1942-43 Disney In 1943 The “Education for Death” appeared in movie theaters. Disney provided some political aspects and also education for Americans at home and for soldiers who were on the front too. The general feeling of this movie was more serious, and it didnt include characters like Donald Duck or Mickey Mouse. However the impressive images that they use to describe how children in Nazi Germany were raised how to hate and also participate in the war effort and how little blonde Hans purpose in life was to die on the front line. In the 1942 Disney was even involved in the Military purposes.
“Whos the leader of the club Walt Disneys artists designed even emblems for American troop units for tanks, bombers and ships. Many soldiers and airmen decorated their tanks and fighters themselves with Mickey’s, Donald’s and Pluto’s by making with this way Disney’s character’s as their country emblems. These symbols became American way of life, Democracy and Freedom, of everything that was at stake. A clear example of that was "Mickey Mouse” in Stanley’s Kubrick’s movie “Full metal jacket” in the end of the movie when the Marines move out while they walk they all sing the Mickey Mouse song. “Whos the leader of the club thats made for you and me? Mickey Mouse!!”. Disney’s figures became an Americas idols and Symbols.
Americas idols and Symbols. “Education for Death: The Making of the Nazi” is an animated short film produced by Walt Disney and released on January 15, 1943, by the director Clyde Geronimi and basically animated by Ward Kimball.
First scene of the film Basically is a story about a German boy named Hans, who was raised in Nazi Germany, and his only purpose of birth is to be a German soldier and to fight and die for his country. At the first scene of the film is when a German couple goes to Nazi supreme judge to approve the name for their son because it has to be approved first whom they want to name him Hans into the service of Adolf Hitler. On the Court’s wall there was a “verboten” name list which meant that you could not give a name to your child which was on the list.
Education for Death Finally the name was approved because luckily it was not appeared on that list. The judge gives them a copy of the “Mein Kampf “ for their service to Hitler. In Education for Death (1943),In the following scene it’s a parody of Sleeping Beauty, Sleeping beauty is a fat blonde girl who holds a pint of bear which is symbolize Germany . She is been trapped from the bad which is Democracy, and the Knight (Hitler) comes to rescue her.
Hitler’s services The next scene cameraman follows Hans who sick in his bed. His mother prays for him, knowing it’s a matter of time before the Nazi authorities come and take him away from her because he had to go back in Hitler’s services, in the mean time a Nazi officer bangs heavily the door and tell his mother that he has to take Hans away, his mother refuse and tries to explain to him that he is sick and needs care.
The teacher asks the class The officer insists and tell hers that the orders he has are to heal her son quickly and have him ready to leave, implying if Hans does not get well. At the end Hans eventually recovers he is ready to go back to school. At the school the teacher draws a cartoon on the blackboard of a rabbit being eaten by a fox, The teacher asks the class what was the meaning of that drawing and Hans without hesitating he says : “ Poor Rabbit”. Teacher is over reacting about his answer and orders Hans to sit in the corner as a way of punishment, forcing him to be away from his rest of his classmates.
The education... for death The teacher still insist and he is seeking for the right answer. Hans Classmate stands up and says: “The World belongs to the strong”. Exactly the teacher says ”weakness has no place in a soldier" and "the strong shall rule the weak". In the end, Hans and the rest of the soldiers march off to war only to fade into rows of graves. Thus Hanss education is complete. "The education... for death."
Conclusion From these cartoons Disney manage with these way to influence of public opinions successfully. The whole idea is that there are things that are not so innocent at it looks like. Imagine that the cartoon movies can be a serious issue because the viewers besides adults were kids. The adult let’s say can not be easily influenced as a kid. “From those pictures that you made, have you any opinion as to whether or not the films can be used effectively to disseminate propaganda? Disney said yes. And he observed that a Gallup poll had found that people had been influenced by the Treasury film to pay their taxes early.“(Leslie,2001). Controlling people’s thoughts through images is a very powerful weapon. There is a big danger when this weapon is used for a bad purpose. You can use a knife to slice up your dinner, but with the same knife you can stab someone