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Principles of non formal adult education


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Principles of non formal adult education

  1. 1. Training of TrainersHow to Create a Training Session Part 2: Principles of Non-Formal Adult Education
  2. 2. Training of Trainers Topics• Managing Your Session• Principles of Non-formal Adult Education• Preparing Your Presentation
  3. 3. GuidelinesWe will start on timeWe will end on time, or earlyWe will have one 15 minute break –please return promptly!
  4. 4. Principles of Non-Formal Adult Ed.• Characteristics of Adult Learning• Adult Learning Styles• Application – Bringing It All Together!
  5. 5. Characteristics of Adult LearningAdult Learners… Know what is important to them Compare new information to beliefs and experiences Want training to be immediately useful
  6. 6. Characteristics of Adult LearningAdults contribute by being: A source of knowledge Problem centered Active participants
  7. 7. Characteristics of Adult Learning Adult Learning is Problem Solving! Trainers provide: Concepts Principles Guidelines …to guide problem-solving
  8. 8. The Adult Learning Cycle Participants must…  Experience  Reflect on  Make Generalizations about And…  Decide how to Apply …new informationDavid A. Kolb, Experiential Learning: Experience as the Source of Learning and Development, 1983
  9. 9. The Adult Learning CycleExperience is when We are presented with new information Something stimulates our interestThis is the time for trainers to Clarify and structure tasks
  10. 10. The Adult Learning CycleReflection is when We identify and analyze key informationThis is the time for trainers to Encourage discussion and Call for a break
  11. 11. The Adult Learning CycleGeneralization is when We interpret what we’ve learned based on our beliefs and experiencesThis is the time for the trainer to Answer questions and Provide clarification
  12. 12. The Adult Learning CycleApplication is when We relate new information to our lives We decide what we will do nextThis is the time for trainers to Give practice Guide planning
  13. 13. Create a Learning EnvironmentA learning environment must: Be Motivating Be Goal-Oriented Have Frequent Breaks Balance Work and Play
  14. 14. ActivityTake a moment to answer the question: • What motivates you?
  15. 15. Activity Thoughts to consider: What most interests you? What are you good at? What would you do for no pay?How do you contribute? At home? At work?
  16. 16. 15 Minute Break!• Please return promptly in 15 minutes so we can continue on time…
  17. 17. Principles of Non-Formal Adult Education Adult Learning Styles
  18. 18. Adult Learning StylesPrimary learning styles include:• Imaginative• Analytical• Common-sense• DynamicBernice McCarthy, The 4MAT System: Teaching to Learning Styles with Right/Left Mode Techniques, 1987
  19. 19. Imaginative Learners Most comfortable with concrete Experience.Special skills include: observing questioning visualizing / imagining inferring / drawing conclusions brainstorming interacting
  20. 20. Analytical Learners Most comfortable with Reflective observationSpecial skills include: finding patterns  identifying parts organizing  prioritizing analyzing  comparing
  21. 21. Common Sense Learners Most comfortable with Generalization.Special skills include: exploring / problem solving experimenting seeing predicting recording making things work
  22. 22. Dynamic Learners Most comfortable with Application.Special skills include: integrating evaluating verifying explaining summarizing focusing
  23. 23. ActivityTake a moment to identify your learning style…Remember: There is no wrong way to learn We each have different strengths and experiences to contribute
  24. 24. Principles of Non-Formal Adult Education Bringing It All Together!
  25. 25. Bringing It All Together!A presentation should: recognize the needs of adult learners take participants through each step of the learning cycleAnd… engage each learning style
  26. 26. Bringing It All Together!To introduce Experience and engage Imaginative Learners: Present new information Stimulate interest Clarify tasks Allow time for questions Imagine outcomes Brainstorming
  27. 27. Bringing It All Together!To encourage Reflection and engage Analytic Learners: Identify Key Information Discussion Take a break Find patterns / Organize information Identify steps and priorities Compare and contrast
  28. 28. Bringing It All TogetherEncourage Generalization and engage Common Sense learners by: Allowing time for Interpretation Answering questions Clarification Experimenting Answering, what comes next? (Predicting) Recording
  29. 29. Bringing It All Together!To identify Application and engage Dynamic Learners: Relate information to real world Decide what to do next Give practice Guide planning Summarize and… Verify understanding
  30. 30. ActivityUsing your SMART Goals and Agenda, take a moment to develop an outline:• Incorporate the Adult Learning Cycle Experience > Reflection > Generalization > Application• Include different learning styles Imaginative / Analytical / Common Sense / Dynamic
  31. 31. Final ThoughtsWhat thoughts would you like to share?
  32. 32. Questions?What questions or concerns do you still have?
  33. 33. Thank you for your time! Kiyomi Appleton Gaines NGO Development Volunteer Peace Corps Cameroon – 2011-2013