Welcome to our second Training of Trainers Session!
Today we will discuss Principles of Non-Formal Adult Education
Review our guidelines. These will help us keep on schedule and assure our session runs smoothly.
Today’s topics.To begin, what are some characteristics of adult learners, instead of child learners?
Adults have full lives with many responsibilities. You want the information you share to relate to something important, to work, to family, to faith.Adults have been getting along fine without your information. They will compare what you say to the things they already think and do, and integrate some – but not all - of what you say to form new ideas and habits. The more often someone is exposed to an idea, the more likely the are to integrate it.Because adults are busy, your information needs to be something they can use right away. Explain why your presentation will be helpful, use activities to give practice, and guide action planning for later.
Because of their full lives, adults can also add to a presentation in ways that children can’t.
These steps are what we call the Learning Cycle. The presenter’s job is to take participants through each step of this cycle.
What might be an example of experience? Trying new food.We are sharing this information, because we want you to do something with it.
This is when you think about the main points of your new experience. You want to give people time to talk about what they’ve experienced. Sharing with others is one of the ways we filter down to what was most important to us.
So once we’ve had an experience, and figured out what was important about it, now we compare it to what we already do and think about. When we compare, we start thinking, “but what about…?”
After we compare new information to what we already do, next we have to decide how to incorporate that new information into our lives. So you want to give people a chance to test out these new ideas, try things in a training setting, and then make a plan to try things in real life.
So now we understand about how adults learn, here are some recommendations for how to encourage that process. You want to know about your topic, know why it’s important, and encourage participants as they think about your information. You want to have specific topics and purposes in mind – know why you’re presenting and keep hold of your SMART Goals. Give people time to think about and talk about what they’re learning, and make sure to have things that are challenging as well as things that are fun in your presentation.
If we’re going to motivate others, it’s important to know how we’re motivated ourselves. (What Motivates You? Worksheet) If motivation is something you’re interested in, I have a more in-depth questionnaire I’ll be happy to e-mail.
These tie back to our Learning Cycle.
So for an imaginative learner, you want to give them time to watch, to ask questions, and to discuss with others.
Analytical learners need time to think about and work with new information.
Common Sense learners want to try things for themselves.
Dynamic learners will want to ask questions, and make a decision.
(Learning Styles handout)
So now we will discuss some of the ways to do that.
Share new information and why it’s important; tell people what they can use it for; answer questions; imagine how to use it; discuss new ideas
Highlight the main points; give time for discussion and thinking; highlight the most important steps; talk about how main points relate to other things.
Common Sense learners need time to decide for themselves what they think about new information; be sure to explain well; give time for practice; think about what happens if the new information is used; and encourage note taking, because they will want to think about this alone.
Show how new information is useful and practical; think about the next step; give practice and highlight the main points; make sure you’re understood.
Think about how you will highlight your main points, give practice, or give time for discussing or thinking about your presentation.
Principles of non formal adult education
Training of TrainersHow to Create a Training Session Part 2: Principles of Non-Formal Adult Education
Training of Trainers Topics• Managing Your Session• Principles of Non-formal Adult Education• Preparing Your Presentation
GuidelinesWe will start on timeWe will end on time, or earlyWe will have one 15 minute break –please return promptly!
Principles of Non-Formal Adult Ed.• Characteristics of Adult Learning• Adult Learning Styles• Application – Bringing It All Together!
Characteristics of Adult LearningAdult Learners… Know what is important to them Compare new information to beliefs and experiences Want training to be immediately useful
Characteristics of Adult LearningAdults contribute by being: A source of knowledge Problem centered Active participants
Characteristics of Adult Learning Adult Learning is Problem Solving! Trainers provide: Concepts Principles Guidelines …to guide problem-solving
The Adult Learning Cycle Participants must… Experience Reflect on Make Generalizations about And… Decide how to Apply …new informationDavid A. Kolb, Experiential Learning: Experience as the Source of Learning and Development, 1983
The Adult Learning CycleExperience is when We are presented with new information Something stimulates our interestThis is the time for trainers to Clarify and structure tasks
The Adult Learning CycleReflection is when We identify and analyze key informationThis is the time for trainers to Encourage discussion and Call for a break
The Adult Learning CycleGeneralization is when We interpret what we’ve learned based on our beliefs and experiencesThis is the time for the trainer to Answer questions and Provide clarification
The Adult Learning CycleApplication is when We relate new information to our lives We decide what we will do nextThis is the time for trainers to Give practice Guide planning
Create a Learning EnvironmentA learning environment must: Be Motivating Be Goal-Oriented Have Frequent Breaks Balance Work and Play
ActivityTake a moment to answer the question: • What motivates you?
Activity Thoughts to consider: What most interests you? What are you good at? What would you do for no pay?How do you contribute? At home? At work?
15 Minute Break!• Please return promptly in 15 minutes so we can continue on time…
Principles of Non-Formal Adult Education Adult Learning Styles
Adult Learning StylesPrimary learning styles include:• Imaginative• Analytical• Common-sense• DynamicBernice McCarthy, The 4MAT System: Teaching to Learning Styles with Right/Left Mode Techniques, 1987
Common Sense Learners Most comfortable with Generalization.Special skills include: exploring / problem solving experimenting seeing predicting recording making things work
Dynamic Learners Most comfortable with Application.Special skills include: integrating evaluating verifying explaining summarizing focusing
ActivityTake a moment to identify your learning style…Remember: There is no wrong way to learn We each have different strengths and experiences to contribute
Principles of Non-Formal Adult Education Bringing It All Together!
Bringing It All Together!A presentation should: recognize the needs of adult learners take participants through each step of the learning cycleAnd… engage each learning style
Bringing It All Together!To introduce Experience and engage Imaginative Learners: Present new information Stimulate interest Clarify tasks Allow time for questions Imagine outcomes Brainstorming
Bringing It All Together!To encourage Reflection and engage Analytic Learners: Identify Key Information Discussion Take a break Find patterns / Organize information Identify steps and priorities Compare and contrast
Bringing It All TogetherEncourage Generalization and engage Common Sense learners by: Allowing time for Interpretation Answering questions Clarification Experimenting Answering, what comes next? (Predicting) Recording
Bringing It All Together!To identify Application and engage Dynamic Learners: Relate information to real world Decide what to do next Give practice Guide planning Summarize and… Verify understanding
ActivityUsing your SMART Goals and Agenda, take a moment to develop an outline:• Incorporate the Adult Learning Cycle Experience > Reflection > Generalization > Application• Include different learning styles Imaginative / Analytical / Common Sense / Dynamic
Final ThoughtsWhat thoughts would you like to share?
Questions?What questions or concerns do you still have?
Thank you for your time! firstname.lastname@example.org Kiyomi Appleton Gaines NGO Development Volunteer Peace Corps Cameroon – 2011-2013