Presented by :
Kishore Chandrahas Vanam
• Future Scope
The “Nokia Morph” is a theoretical future device
based on NANOTECHNOLOGY that might enable
future communication devices.
Morph also demonstrates how future mobile devices
might be stretchable, flexible, transparent and self
Features of Morph
The concept of NOKIA MORPH has been introduced to
the global world at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in
New York City from February 24 to May 12 of 2008 as
part of the "Design and the Elastic Mind" exhibition.
The concept emerged through collaboration between
Nokia Research Center and Cambridge University
Nanoscience Center in the UK.
“The science, engineering and
technology related to the
understanding and control of
matter at the length scale of
approximately 1 to 100
allows control of physical
nanostructures and devices
with single molecule
ASSUME 10000 TRANSISTORS ON A HAIR…
Nanostructure of morph is similar to this.
NANOGRASS, NANOSENSORS, NANOFLOWERS, NANOSCALE MESH…etc
ARE THE NANOTECHNOLOGIES USED INSIDE NOKIA MORPH.
OBSERVE OUR LOCAL ENVIRONMENT THAT INCLUDES
ANALYZING POLLUTIONS ,TEMPERATURE etc.
NANOSENSORS CONSTRUCT A COMPLETE AWARNESS OF THE
USER CONTEXT –BOTH PERSONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL
ENABLING AN APPROPRIATE AND INTELLIGENT RESPONSE.
INORDER TO IMPROVE SENSOR AND SIGNAL PROCESING
CHARACTERISTICS NOKIA INTRODUCED NANOWIRE
LITHOGRAPHY (NWL) PROCESS THAT FABRICATES A LARGE
AREA AND SELF ALIGNED 3D ARCHITECTURES.
ECO SENSOR CONCEPT
NOKIA 3110 EVOLVE
CONSISTS OF TWO PARTS
1) A WEARABLE SENSOR
UNIT THAT CAN
WELL AS PERSONS
2) THE SECOND PART IS
A POWER EFFICENT
2. HAPTIC SURFACE
Touch sensitive and responsive [haptic] surface of NOKIA morph is provided
by large area sensing surfaces using piezoelectric nanowire arrays.
ZnO nanowires are used to produce the piezoelectric nanowire arrays.
Buttons on the device surface are real 3D forms.
A water droplet beads up on a lotus leaf due to the hydrophobic
Double roughening of a hydrophobic
surface, on the submicron and
nanometer scale, creates
3. SELF CLEANING
The surface of morph is superhydrophobic that makes it extremely
Nanostructured surface known as nanoflowers that naturally repel
water, dirt and even finger-prints is used here.
Enhanced energy density batteries (quicker recharge ).
Polymer CNT composites with controlled conduction, nanotube
enhanced supercapacitors and nano composite solar cells etc acts as
the power sources.
Nanoenhanced dielectrics as separator and high power capacitors.
Energy harvesting from RF
using wideband antennas and
using nano electro mechanical
Microwatt level energy
harvesting from waste energy
in the air.
4. ADVANCED POWER SOURCES
NANOGRASS is used for harvesting solar power.
NOKIA developed a full solid state flexible DYE
SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL (DSSC) using ZnO
Nanostructures which act as photovoltaics
For this purpose.
5. STRETCHABLE ELECTRONICS
Stretchable electronics structure to allow device
The nanoscale structure of the electronics
Nanoscale internal structures controls the
INSIDE ELECTRONICS AT STRETCHABLE MODE.
NanoWire Lithography (NWL) uses NanoWires (NWs)
as etch masks to transfer their one-dimensional
morphology to an underlying substrate.
The method relies on electrochemical deposition and
selective chemical etching.
CONSTRUCTION OF NANOWIRE LITHOGRAPHY
ZnO NANOWIRES ACT AS
FLEXIBLE TACTILE ARRAYS.
A nanoscale mesh of fibers similar to spider silk controls the stretching
when device is folded.
Fibril proteins are woven into a three dimensional mesh that
reinforces thin elastic structures.
STRENGTH OF SPIDER SILK
The whole electronic circuit inside NOKIA morph is entirely transparent.
Nanoscale electronics becomes invisible to the human eye.
6. TRANSPARENT ELECTRONICS
7. WEARABLE DEVICE
Can be used a watch or a band.
THE INITIAL MANUFACTURING COST IS VERY HIGH.
THE EXPECTED MARKET PRICE IS AROUND
CONVENTIONAL DSSCs PROVIDES UNSTABILITY
RELATED TO SOLVENT LEAKAGE AND
THE SHAPES COULD BE MADE MUCH MORE SIMPLER LIKE IN
MORPH IN OPEN MODE COULD ACT AS A KEYBOARD FOR
According to the developers, using nanotechnology can
lead to low cost manufacturing solutions as well as
adjustable, empowering devices, bringing us new,
These mobile devices will be flexible, stretchable and
shape changing, so that they can be easily integrated in
our everyday routines without special adjustments on our