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  1. 1. IOT Based Garbage Monitoring System Presented By Ranjan Kumar Gupta(1322261055) Vinay Kumar Mishra(1322231078) Swikriti Sinha(1322231072) Km Akanksha Dhar Dwivedi (1322231035) I.T.S Engineering College, Greater Noida Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering Under the guidance of Mr. Prabhakar Sharma Mr. Mayank Tyagi
  2. 2. Presentation Outline • Introduction • Problem in Society • Motive of Project • Block diagram • Methodology(Hardware/software) • Application • Conclusions
  3. 3. Introduction • This system is a very innovative system which will help to keep the cities clean. • A web page is built to show the status to the user monitoring it. The web page gives a graphical view of the garbage bins and highlights the garbage collected in color in order to show the level of garbage collected. • The LCD screen shows the status of the garbage level. • The system uses ultrasonic sensors placed over the bins to detect the garbage level and compare it with the garbage bins depth.
  4. 4. Main Problem OVER FLOWING OF BINS
  6. 6. Why we are choose IOT • It is the network of physical objects or "things" embedded with electronics, software, sensors, and network connectivity, which enables these objects to collect and exchange data. • Creating opportunities for more direct integration between the physical world and computer-based systems. • Data and connected services are the real value of IOT Platforms.
  7. 7. Block Diagram
  8. 8. Hardware/Software • Hardware Used AVR family microcontroller Wifi Modem LED LCD Display Adapter Ultrasonic sensors Resistors Capacitors Diodes
  9. 9. Major and Minor Component
  10. 10. Soldered Component
  11. 11. PCB with Major and Minor Components
  12. 12. PCB(Printed Circuit Board) • It connects electronic components using conductive tracks copper sheets laminated onto a non-conductive substrate. Types: 1. Single Sided PCBs-This single sided printed circuit board includes just one layer of base material or substrate. 2. Double Sided PCBs- This type of PCBs is much more familiar than single-sided boards. 3. Multilayer PCBs
  13. 13. Microcontroller • It is a smaller computer. • Has on-chip RAM, ROM, I/O ports. RAM ROM I/O Port Timer Serial COM Port Microcontroller CPU A single chip
  14. 14. Features of Atmega328 • High Performance, Low Power AVR 8-Bit Microcontroller • Advanced RISC Architecture • I/O Pins: 23 • Timers: Two 8-bit / One 16-bit • External Oscillator: up to 20MHz
  15. 15. Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) • Most common LCDs connected to the microcontrollers are 16x2 and 20x2 displays. • This means 16 characters per line by 2 lines and 20 characters per line by 2 lines, respectively. • The standard is referred to as HD44780U, which refers to the controller chip which receives data from an external source (and communicates directly with the LCD.
  16. 16. Ultrasonic Sensor •Ultrasonic sensors (also known as transceivers) work on a principle of a target by interpreting the echoes from radio or sound waves respectively. •Ultrasonic sensors generate high frequency sound waves and evaluate the echo which is received back by the sensor.
  17. 17. WI-FI Modem • The ESP8266 Wi-Fi Module is a self contained SOC with integrated TCP/IP protocol stack that can give any microcontroller access to your Wi-Fi network. • The ESP8266 is capable of either hosting an application or offloading all Wi-Fi networking functions from another application processor. • Each ESP8266 module comes pre-programmed with an AT command set firmware. The ESP8266 module is an extremely cost effective board.
  18. 18. Software Avr Studio MC Programming Language: Embedded C Arduino Software
  19. 19. Software Requirements •The Arduino project provides the Arduino integrated development environment (IDE), which is a cross-platform application written in the programming language Java. •It originated from the IDE for the languages Processing and Wiring. It is designed to introduce programming to artists and other newcomers unfamiliar with software development. • It includes a code editor with features such as syntax highlighting, brace matching, and automatic indentation, and provides simple one-click mechanism to compile and load programs to an Arduino board. A program written with the IDE for Arduino is called a "sketch".
  20. 20. Output
  21. 21. Web Page
  22. 22. System Output
  23. 23. Web Page and bin 1
  24. 24. Web Page and bin 2
  25. 25. Web Page and bin3
  26. 26. Web Page & bins
  27. 27. Web Page level
  28. 28. Applications • Empowered Swach Bharat Mission. • Support Digital India. • Real time based monitoring waste collection. • It makes our system transparent between Municipal corporation, Workers and Public.
  29. 29. Conclusions • The novel cloud-based system for waste collection in smart cities. • The developed system provides improved database for garbage collection time and quantity of garbage collection at each location. • By implementing this project we will avoid over flowing of garbage from the container in residential area which is previously either loaded manually or with the help of loaders in traditional trucks. • Development of applications for city administrations, municipal staff.
  30. 30. References 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Kanchan Mahajan, Prof.J.S.Chitode, “Waste Bin Monitoring System Using Integrated Technologies”, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology