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Nobel prize in physics 2019

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Nobel Prize 2019
Physics
KISHAN J PRAJAPATI
PHYSICS DEPARTMENT
M. G. SCIENCE INSTITUTE
AHMEDABAD

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Noble Prize
Awarded for : Outstanding contributions for humanity in chemistry,
literature, peace, physics, and physiology ...

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Nobel Prize
Physics
The Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded byThe Royal Swedish Academy
of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
• Ph...

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Nobel prize in physics 2019

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The Nobel Prize of 2019 in Physics was shared by James Peeble, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz. The honor was given to increase our understanding of the place of the earth's place in the cosmos.

The Nobel Prize of 2019 in Physics was shared by James Peeble, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz. The honor was given to increase our understanding of the place of the earth's place in the cosmos.

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Nobel prize in physics 2019

  1. 1. Nobel Prize 2019 Physics KISHAN J PRAJAPATI PHYSICS DEPARTMENT M. G. SCIENCE INSTITUTE AHMEDABAD
  2. 2. Noble Prize Awarded for : Outstanding contributions for humanity in chemistry, literature, peace, physics, and physiology or medicine Country : Sweden ( all prizes except the Peace Prize ) Norway ( Peace Prize only ) Presented by : Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute (Physiology or Medicine) Norwegian Nobel Committee (Peace) Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (Chemistry, Economic Sciences, Physics) Swedish Academy (Literature) First awarded : 1901; 119 year ago
  3. 3. Nobel Prize Physics The Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded byThe Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden. • Physics prizes: 113 • Physics laureates: 213 • Awarded women: 3 • Youngest laureate: 25 (age) • Oldest laureate: 96 (age)
  4. 4. Physics laureates 2019 Physics laureates James Peebles Michel Mayor Didier Queloz
  5. 5. James Peebles • Born : 25 April, 1935 • Birthplace : Winnipeg, Canada • Education : University of Manitoba(BS) Princeton University(MS, PhD) • Fields : Theoretical Physics Physical Cosmology • Affiliation at the time of the award: Princeton University, USA • Prize motivation: "for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology." • Prize share: 1/2
  6. 6. James Peebles • 1958 : Started Ph.D. (Princeton University) • 1965 : Assistant Professor • 1972 : Full Professor • 1984 : Albert Einstein Professor • 2000 : Professor Emeritus • Contribution : Cosmic inflation Understanding Dark Energy.
  7. 7. CMB Big Bang Temperature decreases Universe became transparent for light.
  8. 8. 1978 : Nobel Prize • Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson won Nobel Prize of 1978. • Working at Bell Lab accidently detected radiation(1965).
  9. 9. James Prediction • The first peak shows that the universe is geometrically flat, i.e. two parallel lines will never meet. • The second peak shows that ordinary matter is just 5% of the matter and energy in the universe. • The third peak shows that 26% of the universe consists of dark matter.
  10. 10. Michel Mayor • Born : 12 January, 1942 • Birthplace : Lausanne, Switzerland • Education : University of Lausanne(MS) University of Geneva(PhD) • Fields : Astrophysics • Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Geneva, Switzerland • Prize motivation: "for the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star." • Prize share: 1/4
  11. 11. Michel Mayor • 1971 : Completed Ph.D. • 1971 : Worked as Research associated • 1984 : Associate Professor • 1998 : Director of Observatory of Geneva • 2007 : Retired • Contribution : Exoplanets Double Star
  12. 12. Didier Queloz • Born : 23 February, 1966 • Birthplace : Switzerland • Education : University of Geneva(MS, DEA, PhD) • Fields : Astronomy • Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Geneva, Switzerland & University of Cambridge, UK • Prize motivation: "for the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar- type star." • Prize share: 1/4
  13. 13. Didier Queloz • 1995 : Completed Ph.D. • 1995 : Professor at University of Geneva • 2013 : Professor at Cambridge University • Contribution : Exoplanet
  14. 14. Previous Work • Gordon Walker at The University of British Columbia including Bruce Campbell. • Gerhard Herzberg advised to use HF. • Used CFHT • Geoffrey Marcy and Paul Butler used I2 in Echelle spectrograph.
  15. 15. Mayor and Queloz
  16. 16. 51 Pegasi b
  17. 17. After Work • 2006 : Corot • 2009 : Kepler • 2018 : TESS • October 2019 : 4118 (3063 + 699 ) exoplanet in Milky Way
  18. 18. Thank You Kishan J Prajapati Physics Department M. G. Science Institute Ahmedabad

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