Japanese I Adjective Conjugations

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Japanese I Adjective Conjugations

  1. 1. Japanese i-adjective conjugations<br />Informal<br />
  2. 2. First things first !<br />Know that there are two types of adjectives, and two types of speech in Japanese (formal speech/informal speech)<br />1. i-adjectives <br />2. na-adjectives <br />I will cover (informal) i-adjectives in this lesson<br />
  3. 3. The rules for conjugating i-adjectives(Present affirmative (informal)<br />This one is easy because you do absolutely nothing to change the adjective!<br />Ex: ureshii stays ureshii<br />Ex sentence: watashiwaureshii.<br /> (I am happy.) <br />
  4. 4. Rules for conjugating i-adjectives (Present Negative(informal)<br />1. Drop the final ( i) from the adj.<br />2. Add kunai<br />Ex: ureshii  drop the final i<br />ureshikunai add kunai<br />Ex sentence: watashiwaureshikunai.<br /> ( I am not happy. ) <br />
  5. 5. Rules for conjugating i-adjectives(Past affirmative (informal)<br />1. Drop the final ( i ) from the adj.<br />2. Addkatta<br />Ex: ureshiidrop the final i<br />ureshikatta add katta<br />Ex sentence:  watashiwaureshikatta.<br /> ( I was happy. )<br />
  6. 6. Rules for conjugating i-adjectives(Past Negative (informal)<br />1. Drop the final ( i) <br />2. Add kunakatta<br />Ex: ureshii ureshikunakatta<br />Ex sentence: watashiwaureshikunakatta.<br /> ( I was not happy.) <br />
  7. 7. BRACE YOURSELF!<br />Here come examples of common<br />i-adjectives for you to practice with.<br />They are written in all the 4 tenses we’ve<br />covered.<br />1. Present Affirmative /2. Present Negative<br />3.Past Affirmative / 4. Past Negative<br />
  8. 8. Takai= expensive<br />Takai= is expensive<br />Takakunai=not expensive <br />Takakatta=was expensive<br />Takakunakatta= was not expensive<br />
  9. 9. Yasui=cheap<br />Yasui= is cheap <br />Yasukunai= is not cheap <br />Yasukatta= was cheap <br />Yasukunakatta= was not cheap <br />
  10. 10. Ureshii=happy<br />Ureshii= is happy <br />Ureshikunai= is not happy <br />Ureshikatta = was happy <br />Ureshikunakatta= was not happy <br />
  11. 11. Oishii = delicious(good tasting)<br />Oishii = is delicious<br />Oishikunai= is not delicious <br />Oishikatta = was delicious<br />Oishikunakatta = was not delicious <br />
  12. 12. Mazui= bad tasting <br />Mazui = is bad tasting<br />Mazukunai = is not bad tasting<br />Mazukatta = was bad tasting<br />Mazukunakatta = was not bad tasting<br />
  13. 13. Kanashii= sad<br />Kanashii = is sad<br />Kanashikunai= is not sad <br />Kanashikatta= was sad<br />Kanashikunakatta= was not sad<br />
  14. 14. Atsui= hot <br />Atsui = is hot<br />Atsukunai = is not hot <br />Atsukatta= was hot<br />Atsukunakatta= was not hot<br />
  15. 15. Samui= cold <br />Samui= is cold <br />Samukunai= is not cold <br />Samukatta= was cold<br />Samukunakatta= was not cold <br />
  16. 16. Chiisai= small<br />Chiisai= is small<br />Chiisakunai= is not small <br />Chiisakatta= was small <br />Chiisakunakatta= was not small <br />
  17. 17. Ookii = big<br />Ookii = is big<br />Ookikunai = is not big<br />Ookikatta= was big<br />Ookikunakatta = was not big<br />
  18. 18. Akarui = bright<br />Akarui= is bright <br />Akarukunai = is not bright <br />Akarukatta = was bright <br />Akarukunakatta= was not bright <br />
  19. 19. Kurai = dark <br />Kurai = is dark<br />Kurakunai = is not dark <br />Kurakatta= was dark <br />Kurakunakatta = was not bright <br />
  20. 20. Isogashii= busy<br />Isogashii = is busy <br />Isogashikunai = is not busy <br />Isogashikatta = was busy <br />Isogashikunakatta = was not busy <br />
  21. 21. Tanoshii = fun/pleasant<br />Tanoshii = is fun <br />Tanoshikunai = is not fun <br />Tanoshikatta = was fun <br />Tanoshikunakatta = was not fun <br />
  22. 22. Hayai = fast <br />Hayai = is fast <br />Hayakunai = is not fast <br />Hayakatta = was fast <br />Hayakunakatta = was not fast <br />
  23. 23. Osoi = slow<br />Osoi = is slow<br />Osokunai = is not slow<br />Osokatta = was slow<br />Osokunakatta= was not slow <br />
  24. 24. ii= good<br />ii= is good<br />Yokunai= is not good<br />Yokatta = was good<br />Yokunakatta = was not good <br />
  25. 25. Warui= bad<br />Warui = is bad<br />Warukunai = is not bad<br />Warukatta = was bad<br />Warukunakatta = was not bad<br />
  26. 26. Atarashii= new <br />Atarashii = is new <br />Atarashikunai = is not new <br />Atarashikatta= was new <br />Atarashikunakatta = was not new<br />
  27. 27. Furui= old <br />Furui = is old<br />Furukunai = is not old <br />Furukatta = was old <br />Furukunakatta= was not old <br />
  28. 28. Yasashii = easy<br />Yasashii= is easy <br />Yasashikunai= is not easy <br />Yasashikatta = was easy <br />Yasashikunakatta = was not easy<br />
  29. 29. Muzukashii= difficult<br />Muzukashii= is difficult<br />Muzukashikunai = is not difficult<br />Muzukashikatta= was difficult<br />Muzukashikunakatta = was not difficult<br />
  30. 30. Omoshiroi = interesting<br />Omoshiroi = is interesting<br />Omoshirokunai= is not interesting<br />Omoshirokatta= was interesting<br />Omoshirokunakatta = was not interesting<br />
  31. 31. tsumaranai= boring<br />Tsumaranai = is boring<br />Tsumaranakunai= is not boring<br />Tsumaranakatta= was boring<br />Tsumaranakunakatta= was not boring<br />
  32. 32. Tooi= far/distant<br />Tooi= is far<br />Tookunai= is not far <br />Tookatta = was far<br />Tookunakatta = was not far <br />
  33. 33. Chikai= close<br />Chikai= is close <br />Chikakunai = is not close<br />Chikakatta = was close<br />Chikakunakatta= was not close <br />
  34. 34. Itai= painful<br />Itai= is painful<br />Itakunai= is not painful<br />Itakatta = was painful<br />Itakunakatta = was not painful<br />
  35. 35. Amai=sweet<br />Amai= is sweet<br />Amakunai = is not sweet <br />Amakatta= was sweet <br />Amakunakatta= was not sweet <br />
  36. 36. Suppai= sour<br />Suppai= is sour <br />Suppakunai= is not sour <br />Suppakatta = was sour<br />Suppakunakatta = was not sour <br />
  37. 37. Omoi = heavy <br />Omoi = is heavy<br />Omokunai= is not heavy <br />Omokatta = was heavy<br />Omokunakatta = was not heavy <br />
  38. 38. Karui = light (for weight)<br />Karui= is light <br />Karukunai = is not light <br />Karukatta = was light <br />Karukunakatta = was not light <br />
  39. 39. Semai = narrow<br />Semai = is narrow<br />Semakunai= is not narrow<br />Semakatta = was narrow<br />Semakunakatta = was not narrow <br />
  40. 40. hiroi= wide<br />Hiroi = is wide<br />Hirokunai = is not wide<br />Hirokatta = was wide <br />Hirokunakatta = was not wide <br />
  41. 41. <ul><li>Translate the following words in ( informal )japanese with their </li></ul>proper conjugations. Ex: Is happy = ureshii<br />Is far = <br />Is cold =<br />Is big =<br />Is hot =<br />Is fun = <br />Is busy =<br />Is bright = <br />Is cheap = <br />Is delicious =<br />is good =<br />
  42. 42. <ul><li>Translate the following words in ( informal )japanese with their</li></ul>proper conjugations. Ex: Is not happy = ureshikunai<br />Is not cold =<br />Is not far =<br />Is not busy =<br />Is not big =<br />Is not hot =<br />Is not expensive=<br />Is not good = *note, negative tense of yoi(good) must be used here, ii(good) can only be used in the present affirmative tense.<br />Is not small =<br />Is not new =<br />Is not delicious =<br />
  43. 43. Ex: Was far = tookatta<br />Was happy =<br />Was big =<br />Was delicious =<br />Was good =<br />Was bad=<br />Was busy =<br />Was wide =<br />Was fun =<br />Was cheap=<br />Was sweet =<br />
  44. 44. Ex: Was not expensive = takakunakatta<br />Was not far =<br />Was not small = <br />Was not heavy =<br />Was not dark = <br />Was not happy =<br />Was not near =<br />Was not busy =<br />Was not delicious =<br />Was not fun =<br />Was not cheap =<br />

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