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Archives of the City of Kingsport- Edited Version


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Archives of the City of Kingsport- Edited Version

  1. 1. Archives of the City of Kingsport <ul><li> </li></ul>
  2. 3. What is an Archives? <ul><li>Archives consist of &quot;documents or records relating to the activities, rights, claims, treatises, constitutions, etc., of a family, corporation, community, nation or historical figures </li></ul><ul><li>[and]...a place where public records or other historical documents are kept.&quot; (Random House Unabridged Dictionary). </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Of all our national assets, Archives are the most precious; they are the gift of one generation to another and the extent of our care of them marks the extent of our civilization. </li></ul><ul><li>Arthur G. Doughty </li></ul><ul><li>Dominion Archivist, 1904-1935 </li></ul>
  4. 5. What is an Archivist? <ul><li>An Archivist is responsible for appraising, arranging, describing, preserving and providing access to records of enduring value </li></ul><ul><li>An Archivist is also responsible for the oversight and management of an archival repository. </li></ul><ul><li>Archivists are collectors and keepers of history. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Kingsport Archives <ul><li>The Archives, located in the library’s lower level, houses papers and photographs of individuals, organizations, industry, business, and non-current City records pertaining to the history of the City of Kingsport for preservation and research purposes. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Mission of the Archives <ul><li>Identify records of enduring value </li></ul><ul><li>Protect and Preserve records </li></ul><ul><li>Access-Make available to patrons </li></ul>
  7. 8. Kingsport Archives Collection Policy <ul><li>The Archives of the City of Kingsport collects materials, published and unpublished, relevant to the history of the City of Kingsport . </li></ul>
  8. 9. What does the Kingsport Archives Collect? <ul><li>letters </li></ul><ul><li>memoirs </li></ul><ul><li>diaries/journals </li></ul><ul><li>scrapbooks/photo albums </li></ul><ul><li>professional papers </li></ul><ul><li>genealogical information </li></ul><ul><li>books </li></ul><ul><li>school yearbooks </li></ul><ul><li>speeches/lectures </li></ul><ul><li>business records </li></ul><ul><li>subject files </li></ul><ul><li>legal documents </li></ul><ul><li>minutes/reports </li></ul><ul><li>brochures and flyers </li></ul><ul><li>photographs </li></ul><ul><li>films/videos/audio tapes </li></ul>
  9. 10. Collection and Appraisal in Archives <ul><li>Identify items that have permanent (archival) value based on collection policy, mission statement, and overall appraisal </li></ul><ul><li>Appraisal Decisions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authenticity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Condition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Value </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uniqueness </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Values of Records in an Archives <ul><li>Operating/Administrative - records used for current work of the organization or institution, generally short-term records </li></ul><ul><li>Fiscal -financial records </li></ul><ul><li>Legal- records documenting legal rights of an individual or organization (an example is a patent or trademark file) or records required by statutes and regulations to be kept. </li></ul><ul><li>Archival </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evidential -records of “proof” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Informational -worth is in the people, things and events in the records in relation to importance to collection policy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Monetary -worth in the market place </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Kingsport Archives does not appraise items based on monetary value </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Evaluating Appropriateness and Value of Records for the Kingsport Archives <ul><li>Kingsport Related? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it fit any appraisal values therefore giving it archival value? </li></ul><ul><li>What condition is it in-can it be preserved and stored in the archives? </li></ul><ul><li>Will it be useful and accessible to researchers </li></ul>
  12. 13. Collections in the Archives <ul><li>Kingsport Community Manuscript Collections </li></ul><ul><li>The community collections come from people, organizations, businesses, and industries. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: KCMC 0049- </li></ul><ul><li>J. Fred Johnson Family Collection, 1893-mid 1990s. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Collections in the Archives <ul><li>Kingsport Municipal Manuscript Collections </li></ul><ul><li>These documents have been created by various departments within the Kingsport City Government. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: KMMC 37- Kingsport Fire Department Collection, c.1871-1989 and undated </li></ul>
  14. 15. Why donate your personal and family collections to the Kingsport Archives? <ul><li>Environmentally controlled environment </li></ul><ul><li>Safe, secure storage </li></ul><ul><li>Proper handling and use </li></ul><ul><li>Access to your records for future generations </li></ul><ul><li>Cared for in order to ensure that it is preserved as long as humanly possible </li></ul><ul><li>Your records are important to preserving the history of Kingsport; its places, people and cultural heritage </li></ul>
  15. 16. Preservation An Integral Part of any Archives Program <ul><li>Protect materials by minimizing any deterioration-chemical or physical- and damage </li></ul><ul><li>Extend life cycle of materials </li></ul><ul><li>Protect from loss of information </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation Methods/Treatment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rule of Reversibility : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No treatment should be undertaken that cannot later, if necessary, be undone without harming the item. Treatment should be incapable of altering its physical, chemical, aesthetic, or historical integrity. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 17. Temperature <ul><ul><li>Higher temps speed up chemical reactions so the colder the environment, the longer materials will last. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommended maximum temperature of 68 degrees. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Relative Humidity <ul><ul><li>high humidity ( above 65-70%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>encourages growth of mold and mildew </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>low humidity (below 30%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>causes materials to be dry and brittle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>recommended 45% relative humidity </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Other Factors in Storage Environment <ul><li>Air Quality: Atmospheric pollution can cause deterioration of archival materials </li></ul><ul><li>Light: Light speeds up the oxidation of paper and thus its chemical breakdown. Also has a bleaching effect-think of something left out in the sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Biological Agents: Fungi, Insects and Rodents </li></ul><ul><li>Good Housekeeping practices are very important! </li></ul>
  19. 20. Basic Preservation <ul><li>Remove staples, paperclips, rubber bands </li></ul><ul><li>Unfold papers </li></ul><ul><li>Put in acid-free folders </li></ul><ul><li>Re-box in acid-free boxes </li></ul><ul><li>Photocopy newspaper articles </li></ul><ul><li>Wear white, cotton gloves, especially when handling photos or negatives </li></ul><ul><li>Never use pen to identify photos </li></ul>
  20. 21. Access to Archives of the City of Kingsport *Patrons Welcome*
  21. 22. What can you do at the Archives? <ul><li>View Historic photos of Kingsport on display </li></ul><ul><li>Check out exhibit cases filled with items from the archives and Kingsport artifacts </li></ul><ul><li>Read Local history books </li></ul><ul><li>Research! </li></ul><ul><li>Learn about Kingsport history </li></ul>
  22. 23. Bringing the Archives to You! Take a Trip Down Memory Lane from Home <ul><li> </li></ul>
  23. 24. Online Image Gallery Over 2,000 images
  24. 25. Search by Category example: Buildings
  25. 26. Search by Keyword example: Dobyns-Bennett High School
  26. 27. Browse Newest Photos added to the Gallery
  27. 28. Click on thumbnails to view information about the image (date, photographer, location, ID number, etc.)
  28. 29. Print and digital copies of the images on the image gallery may be obtained by visiting the Archives
  29. 30. Search the Archives Collections <ul><li>Search the Archives holdings by keyword </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Looking for information on the Frank and Mack Show? </li></ul><ul><li>Type Frank and Mack into the search feature and see what collections have info on the Frank and Mack Show. </li></ul>
  30. 32. Finding Aids- information about the collection
  31. 33. Box and Folder List-Listing/Inventory of what is in the collection
  32. 34. See something online you want to investigate further? <ul><li>To view the items in a collection you must come to the archives </li></ul><ul><li>Materials from the archives do not circulate- they must be viewed in the archives reading room </li></ul><ul><li>Walk-ins and appointments are welcome </li></ul>
  33. 35. Archives of the City of Kingsport Blog “Bringing the Past to the Present” <ul><li>http:// </li></ul>
  34. 36. Great way to Post Upcoming Programs/Events
  35. 37. Link Current News with Historical Photos and Information <ul><li>Pet Dairy announced closing of local plant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blog post about closing included photos of the plant along with the history of the plant </li></ul></ul>
  36. 38. Highlight Past Events/Anniversaries
  37. 39. A blog is a great way to keep statistics <ul><li>Daily record of visits </li></ul><ul><li>Top pages/posts </li></ul><ul><li>Search engine terms </li></ul><ul><li>Manages subscribers to the site </li></ul><ul><li>Gives a good idea of what people are interested in and want to see from the Archives </li></ul>
  38. 40. The Archives is also on Facebook
  39. 41. Another way to Promote the Archives of the City of Kingsport!
  40. 42. <ul><li>Post links to new blog posts </li></ul><ul><li>Allows people to comment and submit fan photos </li></ul><ul><li>Great way to promote the Archives and encourage interaction with “fans” of the page </li></ul><ul><li>Share news and events </li></ul>
  41. 43. Think you know a lot about local history? C heck out the Kingsport Trivia Questions on Facebook
  42. 44. Want to get More Involved with the Archives? Join the Friends of the Archives <ul><li>Take an active role in helping to preserve Kingsport’s history </li></ul><ul><li>Help promote the archives </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteer in the archives </li></ul><ul><li>Help with fundraising projects </li></ul>
  43. 45. Archives of the City of Kingsport <ul><li>Monday: </li></ul><ul><li>2-5 </li></ul><ul><li>Tuesday: </li></ul><ul><li>9-12 & 2-5 </li></ul><ul><li>Wednesday: </li></ul><ul><li>9-12 & 2-5 </li></ul><ul><li>Thursday: </li></ul><ul><li> 9-12 & 2-5 </li></ul>Kingsport Public Library and Archives 400 Broad Street Kingsport, TN 37660
  44. 46. Contact the Archives <ul><li>Brianne Wright </li></ul><ul><li>City Archivist </li></ul><ul><li>423-224-2559 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  45. 47. <ul><li>My connection to the past, like any Historian's, is through the stuff that's left behind. It's not an imaginative connection, although imagination is part of it. It's about documents , it's about sources, it's about clues, it's about the leavings, the shards, the remnants of people who once live and don't live anymore. Without the documents, there's no history. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Laurel Thatcher Ulrich </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>