British English vs American English


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It shows the differences between American English and British English.

Published in: Education

British English vs American English

  1. 1. Moon-jung, Choi Jin-tae, Kim American English vs. British English
  2. 2. Contents Grammar Vocabulary Spelling Pronunciation 1 2 3 4
  3. 3. Vocabulary <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Transport/Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Politics </li></ul><ul><li>Levels of buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Dates </li></ul><ul><li>Weight </li></ul><ul><li>Greetings </li></ul><ul><li>Equivalent idioms </li></ul>
  4. 4. Education
  5. 5. Education <ul><li>University </li></ul><ul><li>BrE </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;She read biology at Cambridge.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;She studied biology at Cambridge.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;She did biology at Cambridge.&quot; (informal) </li></ul><ul><li>AmE </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;She majored in biology at Harvard.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;She studied biology at Harvard.“ </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;She concentrated in biology at Harvard.&quot; </li></ul>
  6. 6. Education <ul><li>General terms </li></ul><ul><li>BrE: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;I sat my Spanish exam yesterday.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;I plan to set a difficult exam for my students, but I don't have it ready yet.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>AmE: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;I took my exams at Yale.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;I spent the entire day yesterday writing the exam. I'm almost ready to give it to my students.&quot; </li></ul>
  7. 7. Transport/Transportation American English British English Transportation Transport Drunk driving Drink driving driving while intoxicated & driving under the influence of alcohol drunk in charge of a motor vehicle & driving with excess alcohol
  8. 8. Transport/Transportation
  9. 9. Politic Levels of buildings <ul><li>Politic </li></ul><ul><li>stand for election (BrE) </li></ul><ul><li>run for office(AmE) </li></ul><ul><li>Levels of Buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Ground Floor & First Floor (BrE) </li></ul><ul><li>First Floor & Second Floor (AmE) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Dates/ Weight <ul><li>Dates </li></ul><ul><li>Christmas Day 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>25/12/00 (BrE) Vs 12/25/00 (AmE) </li></ul><ul><li>06/04/05 </li></ul><ul><li>Weight </li></ul><ul><li>11 stone 4 (11 stones and 4 pounds–BrE) </li></ul><ul><li>158 pounds (AmE) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Greetings/ Equivalent idioms <ul><li>Greetings </li></ul><ul><li>Merry Christmas (AmE) </li></ul><ul><li>Happy Christmas (BrE) </li></ul><ul><li>Equivalent idioms </li></ul><ul><li>sweep under the carpet(BrE) </li></ul><ul><li>sweep under the rug(AmE) </li></ul><ul><li>see the wood for the trees(BrE) </li></ul><ul><li>see the forest for the trees(BrE) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Spelling <ul><li>Noah Webster </li></ul><ul><li>-our (BrE) -> -or(AmE) </li></ul><ul><li>colour -> color </li></ul><ul><li>labour -> labor </li></ul><ul><li>honour -> honor </li></ul><ul><li>-re (BrE) -> -er(AmE) </li></ul><ul><li>centre -> center </li></ul><ul><li>theatre -> theater </li></ul>
  13. 13. Spelling <ul><li>-ise (BrE) -> -ize(AmE) </li></ul><ul><li>realise -> realize </li></ul><ul><li>-ce (BrE) -> -se (AmE) </li></ul><ul><li>defence -> defense </li></ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Cheque -> check </li></ul><ul><li>Catalogue -> catalog </li></ul>
  14. 14. Grammar <ul><li>Nouns </li></ul><ul><li>British : collective nouns can take either singular or plural verb form. </li></ul><ul><li>American : collective nouns are usually singular in construction. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex1. a committee was appointed. (AmE, BrE) </li></ul><ul><li>the committee were unable to agree. (BrE) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex2. Spain are the champions. (BrE) </li></ul><ul><li>Spain is the champion. (AmE) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Grammar <ul><li>Verbs - Verb morphology </li></ul><ul><li>British </li></ul><ul><li>American </li></ul>Present Past Past participle saw sawed sawn get got got dream dreamt dreamt Present Past Past participle saw sawed sawed get got gotten dream dreamed dreamed
  16. 16. Grammar <ul><li>Verbs - Use of tenses </li></ul><ul><li>BrE uses the present perfect to talk about an event in the recent past and with the words already , just and yet. In American usage these meanings can be expressed with the present perfect or the simple past. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex1. BrE : Have you cleaned your teeth? </li></ul><ul><li>AmE : Did you clean your teeth? </li></ul><ul><li>Ex2. BrE : I've just got home. </li></ul><ul><li>AmE : I just got home. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Grammar <ul><li>Presence or absence of syntactic elements </li></ul><ul><li>1. AmE : go + bare infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>BrE : go and + bare infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. AmE : I'll go take a bath. </li></ul><ul><li>BrE : I'll go and have a bath. </li></ul><ul><li>2. AmE : come + bare infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>BrE : come and + bare infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. AmE : come see what I bought. </li></ul><ul><li>BrE : come and see what I've bought. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Grammar <ul><li>Prepositions </li></ul>American English British English Play on a team Play in a team On Churchill street In Churchill street I'll talk with/to him I'll talk to him Affiliate with Affiliate with/to Different from/than Different from/to
  19. 19. Grammar <ul><li>Miscellaneous grammatical differences </li></ul><ul><li>1. In names of American rivers the word river usually comes after the name whereas for British rivers it comes before. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Colorado River (AmE) </li></ul><ul><li>River Thames (BrE) </li></ul><ul><li>2. In BrE speech, titles may precede names but not descriptions of offices, both normally precede names in AmE. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. President Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, the Prime Minister (BrE) </li></ul><ul><li>President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill (AmE) </li></ul>
  20. 20. Grammar <ul><li>Miscellaneous grammatical differences </li></ul><ul><li>3. AmE freely adds the suffix -s to day , night , evening , weekend , Monday , etc. to form adverbs denoting repeated or customary action. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Singular attributives in one country may be plural in the other, and vice versa . </li></ul>American English British English Drug problem Drugs problem Sports section Sport section Math Maths
  21. 21. Pronunciation
  22. 22. Pronunciation <ul><li>Sound /r/ </li></ul><ul><li>British English (Received Pronunciation) </li></ul><ul><li>vowel+ /r/ : /r/ disappeared </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Bird, first, far, car </li></ul><ul><li>Sound /t/ </li></ul><ul><li>American English </li></ul><ul><li>/t/ + unstressed syllable : /t/ -> /d/ </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. butter -> budder </li></ul><ul><li>united -> unided </li></ul><ul><li>latter -> ladder </li></ul>
  23. 23. Pronunciation
  24. 24. Thank You!