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SAN JUAN, Kimberly L.
LOPEZ, Jezreel G.
BSED 3G
ADJECTIVES
is a word thatis used to modify a or a
is a word that DESCRIBES OR
MAKES clear the meaning of a
noun or pronoun.
To modify a word means
to describe the word or to
make its meaning more
definite.
It modifies noun or pronoun
by telling what kind, which one,
how many, or how much.
WHAT KIND?
gentle dog
Irish town
scary movie
purple shoes
WHICH ONE OR
ONES?
sixth grade
these books
other people
any movie
HOW MANY? or HOW
MUCH?
tickets
full pitcher
most players
no work
POSITIONS OF
ADJECTIVES
Usually appear before the
nouns or pronouns that they
modify.
Angry passengers have complained
about the dark windows on
the new buses.
Example:
ADJECTIVES
Sometimes for variety, a writer will
put adjectives in other positions.
Compare the two
examples.
Swift and
powerful, the
bikeroutdistanced
his rivals.
The biker, swift
and powerful,
outdistanced his
rivals.
DEGREESOF COMPARISONS OF
ADJECTIVES
DEGREESOF COMPARISONS OF
ADJECTIVES
Adjectives can describe bycomparing
people, places, or things.
Three theaters are small.
Rio is smaller thanthe Republic.
Grand is the smallestof all.
When twothings are
compared, -er is added
to many adjectives
Whenmore than two thingsare
compared, -est is added to
many adjectives.
WAYS IN WHICH ADJECTIVES CHANGE
THEIR SPELLING
When an adjective ends in e, drop
the e.
strange stranger strangest
Whenone-syllable adjective
ends in a short vowel sound
and consonant, double the
last letter.
slim slimmer
thinnest
slimmest
thinnerthin
When an adjective ends in a
consonant andy, change the y
to i.
Tiny TiniestTinier
Happy HappiestHappier
Adjectives of two or more
syllables usually use the words
more or most to compare.
Examples:
Kim’s invention is
imaginative.
Examples:
Aaron’s invention is the most
imaginative of all.
Some adjectives that
compare havespecial
forms
Notice how the adjective good
changesin theses sentences.
Aliceknows somegood
riddles.
One Two More Than Two
A good joke A better joke The best joke
Many riddles More riddles The most riddles
A bad pun A worse pun The worst pun
Much laughter More laughter The most laughter
Less fun A little fun The least fun
PROPER ORDER OF ADJECTIVES
When anounis
described by
several
adjectives, the
following order applies.
A.Ordinal Numbers (first,
second,third) comebefore
cardinal numbers (one,two,
three).
Examples:
The first four
hundred
delegates
arrived early.
The family
spent their last
two holidays in
Boracay.
Adjectivesthat show color,
propernoun usedas adjective,
material, and purpose
followthis order.
Examples:Size Color Proper
Noun
Material Purpose Noun
Slim
Tall
Little
Red
Brown
Spanish
Asian
African
Woolen Graduation
Basketball
Ski
Dress
Players
Boots
Examples:
The fastfood restaurantserves thin
yellow American potatofries.
Examples:
His long blue skirt gotwet when the
rainpoured.
Examples:
He likes to use big clear plastic
bottlefor his water.

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Adjectives