FOOD AND BEVERAGE ASSIGNMENTWHAT IS MINERAL WATER?ANS: Mineral water is water containing minerals or other dissolved substances that alter itstaste or give it therapeutic value, generally obtained from a naturally occurring mineral spring orsource. Dissolved substances in the water may include various salts and sulfur compounds. Examples: Lithia waterWHAT IS SPARKLING WATER?Sparkling water is a blanket term for water in which carbon dioxide gas has been dissolved. Thiscreates carbonation, or bubbles. Sparkling water may be plain, or may be flavored or havenutrients or salts added.Sparkling water has been around since the late-18th century. At that time, Joseph Priestley foundthat by suspending a bucket of water over beer vats, the water became impregnated with bubblesand was given a pleasing taste. He later came up with a method of dripping sulfuric acid on tochalk to make the carbon dioxide and put it into the water. Around the same time a Swisschemist came up with his own method for making sparkling water, trying to recreate the healingwaters of natural sparkling springs which could be distributed more cheaply.Modern sparkling water is substantially more carbonated than these past types, as it pressurizesthe carbon dioxide first, and then pushes it into the water, allowing much greater densities of thegas. Historically many homes had a seltzer bottle, which used a small canister of carbon dioxideto carbonize the water as it passed through and into the glass. These days seltzer bottles are rare,but sparkling water is mass produced throughout the world and is readily available in mostWestern nations.Examples:WHAT IS NATURAL WATER?Carbonated water is water which contains carbon dioxide gas. The gas creates small bubbles inthe water, leading to an effervescent texture which some people find quite enjoyable. Thisproduct is also sometimes known as bubbly water, sparkling water, seltzer water, or club soda,and it comes in a variety of styles. In the simplest form, sparkling water is essentially identical tostill water, except that it contains numerous bubbles, while other products may include additionalingredients which change the nutritional composition of the water.Most of the carbonated water on the market is produced artificially by forcing carbon dioxideinto the water at a bottling plant. It is also possible to purchase seltzer bottles and soda chargers,for people who want to make sparkling water at home with their own water sources. However,there are a few examples of naturally occurring carbonated water, some of which are bottled anddistributed, and these products have been consumed for centuries by people who believed thatthey conferred health benefits.Examples:
WHAT IS SPRING WATER?Spring water is water that is harvested from a natural spring. Unlike many forms of bottledwater that are filtered and treated to remove impurities, natural spring water is considered tocontain a beneficial level of minerals and is normally bottled directly at the source. In recentyears, spring water has become available in a number of different retail outlets.Part of the attraction of spring water is that it is often water that has moved to the surface fromsome type of underground water source. As such, the water is considered to be free ofcontaminants as well as unspoiled by the use of modern filtration techniques. Many proponentsof spring water note that the liquid has a naturally refreshing taste that cannot be replicated byother types of water.Many people assume that spring water and mineral water are the same. This is not the case.While both types of water are harvested from the hydrosphere, mineral water tends to contain ahigher level of elements that are known as Total Dissolved Solids or TDS. While some peopleconsider these additional minerals to be beneficial, others think of the extra minerals as being toomuch of a good thing. For persons who prefer water that contains trace amounts of mineralswithout altering the natural taste of water, spring water is a much more attractive option.Examples:WHAT IS CARBONATED WATER?Carbonated water (also known as club soda, soda water, sparkling water, seltzer, or fizzywater) is water into which carbon dioxide gas under pressure has been dissolved, a process thatcauses the water to become effervescent.Carbonated water is the defining ingredient of carbonated soft drinks. The process of dissolvingcarbon dioxide in water is called carbonation. Carbonated water is water whichcontains carbon dioxide gas.The gas creates small bubbles in the water, leading to an effervescent texture which some peoplefind quite enjoyable. This product is also sometimes known as bubbly water,sparkling water, seltzer water, or club soda, and it comes in a variety of styles. In the simplestform, sparkling water is essentially identical to still water, except that it contains numerousbubbles, while other products may include additional ingredients which change the nutritionalcomposition of the water.Most of the carbonated water on the market is produced artificially by forcing carbon dioxideinto the water at a bottling plant. It is also possible to purchase seltzer bottles and soda chargers,for people who want to make sparkling water at home with their own water sources. However,there are a few examples of naturally occurring carbonated water, some of which are bottled anddistributed, and these products have been consumed for centuries by people who believed thatthey conferred health benefits.Examples:
A cocktail is an alcoholic drink that mixes different combination of liquid a together to makethem more pleasantA cocktail is an alcoholic mixed drink that contains two or more ingredients — at least one ofthe ingredients must be a spirit. Cocktails were originally a mixture of spirits, sugar, water,and bitters. The word has come to mean almost any mixed drink that contains alcohol. Acocktail today usually contains one or more kinds of spirit and one or more mixers, suchas soda or fruit juice. Additional ingredients may be ice, sugar, honey, milk, cream, andvarious herbs. WHILEMocktails are mock cocktails, or those that do not contain any alcohol. Any drink recipe can bemodified by simply leaving the alcohol out, however these recipes are some of the more commonmocktails. These non-alcoholic drinks are great for serving the entire family and a nicealternative for party guests who prefer not to drink alcohol.Types of teaOolong tea is nothing more than the leaves of the camellia sinensis that have been processed acertain way Oolong teas are the most difficult of the four types of teas to process. The best wayto describe oolong tea is that they are somewhere in between green and black tea. This is becausethey are only partially oxidized during the processing.Oolong is a traditional Chinese tea (Camellia sinensis) produced through a unique processincluding withering under the strong sun and oxidation before curling and twisting. Most oolongteas, especially those of fine quality, involve unique tea plant cultivars that are exclusively usedfor particular varieties. The degree of fermentation can range from 8%to 85%, depending on thevariety and production style. This tea category is especially popular with tea connoisseurs ofsouth China and Chinese expatriates in Southeast Asia, as is the tea preparation process thatoriginated from this area: gongfu tea-making, or the gongfu tea infusion approachWhite tea is nothing more than the leaves of the camellia sinensis that have been processed acertain way. It is the least common of the four types of teas (white, green, oolong, and black).White teas are the least processed of any tea and therefore taste the most like fresh leaves or
grass. They also have the lowest amount of caffeine and most likely have the highestantioxidant propertiesWhite tea is a lightly oxidized tea grown and harvested almost exclusively in China, primarily inthe Fujian province.White tea comes from the delicate buds and younger leaves of the Chinese Camelliasinensis plant. These buds and leaves are allowed to wither in natural sunlight before they arelightly processed to prevent oxidation or further fermentation. This preserves the characteristicflavour of the white tea.Green tea is made solely with the leaves of Camellia sinensis that have undergoneminimal oxidation during processing. Green tea originates from China and has becomeassociated with many cultures in Asia from Japan and South Korea to the Middle East. Recently,it has become more widespread in the West, where black tea is traditionally consumed. Manyvarieties of green tea have been created in countries where they are grown. These varieties candiffer substantially due to variable growing conditions, horticulture, production processing, andharvesting timeBlack tea is a variety of tea that is more oxidized than the oolong, green, and white varieties. Allfour varieties are made from leaves of Camellia sinensis. Black tea is generally stronger inflavor and contains more caffeine than the less oxidized teas. Two principal varieties of thespecies are used, the small-leaved Chinese variety plant, also used for green and white teas, andthe large-leaved Assamese plant, which was traditionally only used for black tea, although inrecent years some green has been produced.