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  1. 1. Reconstruction Rebuilding the South
  2. 2. What kinds of problems did Virginia face following the Civil War?
  3. 3. Virginia faced social, political, and economic problems following the Civil War.
  4. 4. What was the impact of the Civil War on the politics and government of Virginia? Politics: the methods involved in managing a government Abraham Lincoln, United States President during the Civil War Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America
  5. 5. What was the political impact of the Civil War on Virginia? Political: having to do with government Andrew Johnson, President of the United States during Reconstruction
  6. 6. When the Civil War was over, Virginia had no functioning government. <ul><li>Virginia had belonged to the Confederacy (Confederate States of America), which no longer existed. </li></ul>President Lincoln reviews Union Artillery troops, Washington,D.C., May, 1865.
  7. 7. <ul><li>The state government had to be redesigned to make African Americans equal citizens. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Virginia had to adopt a new constitution which banned slavery and gave African American men the right to vote. </li></ul>
  9. 9. What was the impact of the Civil War on the economy of Virginia? impact: the effect of one thing on another economy: how a country manages its resources Sheet music by James Bland, an African American composer
  10. 10. Virginia faced many economic problems after the Civil War. Economic: producing, developing, managing wealth and resources Sharecropper child working in a cotton field
  11. 11. Life for Virginians was difficult during Reconstruction. Sharecropper’s cabin Sharecroppers picking cotton
  12. 12. The economy of Virginia had collapsed. <ul><li>Plantations could no longer raise cotton, tobacco, and other products, because owners could not afford to pay former slaves. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Plantation owners had invested all their money in the Southern Armies. There was no way to get their money back. Their country was no more. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Many Southern men had been killed or injured in the Civil War. Even if they were well and young,they could not work on hundreds of acres of land to raise a cash crop without many workers. </li></ul>Civil War hospital
  15. 15. <ul><li>Slaves did not own any land and could not raise their own crops or feed their families. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Newly freed slaves had little food, clothing, shelter, and no way to make a living. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Confederate money had no value. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Railroads, bridges, and crops had been destroyed during the war .
  19. 19. Most people in Virginia and the South were poor. Times were hard for everybody.
  20. 20. Virginia had to rebuild the state after the Civil War.
  21. 21. How did Virginians start to rebuild the state after the Civil War?
  22. 22. The problems of newly freed slaves were addressed (given attention) by the Freedman’s Bureau.
  23. 23. The United States Congress created the Freedman’s Bureau to help newly freed slaves.
  24. 24. The Freedman’s Bureau provided (gave) the newly freed slaves help in several ways. Beaufort, SC
  25. 25. Slaves were given food and medical care.
  26. 26. A new economic system developed, called sharecropping.
  27. 27. Why did sharecropping develop? Sharecropping developed because plantation owners lacked money to pay workers, and former slaves needed land and work.