Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.



Published on

Powerpoint 3rd Grade

Published in: Travel, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this


  1. 1. Mali Land of Gold & Griots A griot of today gold earrings mudcloth
  2. 2. Prepared by Carol Almarez Elementary Instructional Technology Alleghany County Public Schools 2005
  3. 3. Sundiata: The Lion King <ul><li>Prince of the Mandinka people, who were conquered by cruel Susu </li></ul><ul><li>In 1230, he conquered the Susu people </li></ul><ul><li>Under Sundiata, Mali prospered </li></ul><ul><li>Died in 1255 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Mansa Musa <ul><li>Several kings ruled after Sundiata’s death </li></ul><ul><li>Mansa Musa was grandson of Sundiata’s half brother </li></ul><ul><li>He became the greatest king of Mali in 1312 </li></ul><ul><li>Under Mansa Musa, Mali became a great trading center </li></ul>MiniFact : Mansa means Emperor or King
  5. 5. The Hajj <ul><li>Mansa Musa was a devout Muslim </li></ul><ul><li>Muslims must make a journey to Mecca called a ‘hajj’ </li></ul><ul><li>Mansa Musa crossed Africa to reach Mecca </li></ul><ul><li>He took a huge caravan with him in 1324 </li></ul><ul><li>After that, everyone knew about </li></ul><ul><li>the wealth of Mali </li></ul>
  6. 6. A Muslim church is called a Mosque This is the mosque at Djenne in Mali. It’s built of mud! Click for a movie
  7. 8. What did Mali trade? <ul><li>Gold </li></ul><ul><li>The dotted </li></ul><ul><li>lines are trade </li></ul><ul><li>routes from </li></ul><ul><li>Mali to other </li></ul><ul><li>parts of </li></ul><ul><li>Africa </li></ul>
  8. 9. What else did they trade? <ul><li>Salt </li></ul><ul><li>Copper </li></ul><ul><li>Ivory </li></ul><ul><li>Cloth </li></ul><ul><li>Kola Nuts </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>Shells </li></ul>Camels, the ships of the desert, traveled in caravans bringing to Mali: MiniFact : This was before Columbus even sailed to the New World!
  9. 10. Why was Salt Important? <ul><li>Mali often traded its gold for salt </li></ul><ul><li>Salt was sometimes more valuable than gold! </li></ul><ul><li>People’s bodies need salt to live </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the desert heat, salt is lost through perspiration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Salt was used to preserve food </li></ul><ul><li>Salt was brought in large slabs (coins) </li></ul>MiniFact : The picture behind these words is also a slab of SALT! The man is holding a slab of salt mined recently near Timbuktu
  10. 11. Timbuktu <ul><li>A very important city in Mali </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Center of learning for Muslims </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Universities and schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Largest trading center in Mali </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On the Niger River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trade </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Washing </li></ul></ul></ul>Timbuktu 19 th century traders in Timbuktu
  11. 12. The Griots <ul><li>Storytellers were called Griots or djeli </li></ul><ul><li>They were important people in Mali </li></ul><ul><li>They told the land’s history </li></ul><ul><li>Most of what we know about ancient Mali came from the storytellers </li></ul><ul><li>They were advisors to the kings </li></ul>This is a 19 th century griot of Mali with his instrument
  12. 13. Mali Today
  13. 14. A Mali Scavenger Hunt <ul><li>In a scavenger hunt, you go from place to place and gather clues </li></ul><ul><li>In this hunt, we will go from one place to another on the Internet and gather information! </li></ul>