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Mali

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Mali

  1. 1. Mali Land of Gold & Griots A griot of today gold earrings mudcloth
  2. 2. Prepared by Carol Almarez Elementary Instructional Technology Alleghany County Public Schools 2005
  3. 3. Sundiata: The Lion King <ul><li>Prince of the Mandinka people, who were conquered by cruel Susu </li></ul><ul><li>In 1230, he conquered the Susu people </li></ul><ul><li>Under Sundiata, Mali prospered </li></ul><ul><li>Died in 1255 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Mansa Musa <ul><li>Several kings ruled after Sundiata’s death </li></ul><ul><li>Mansa Musa was grandson of Sundiata’s half brother </li></ul><ul><li>He became the greatest king of Mali in 1312 </li></ul><ul><li>Under Mansa Musa, Mali became a great trading center </li></ul>MiniFact : Mansa means Emperor or King
  5. 5. The Hajj <ul><li>Mansa Musa was a devout Muslim </li></ul><ul><li>Muslims must make a journey to Mecca called a ‘hajj’ </li></ul><ul><li>Mansa Musa crossed Africa to reach Mecca </li></ul><ul><li>He took a huge caravan with him in 1324 </li></ul><ul><li>After that, everyone knew about </li></ul><ul><li>the wealth of Mali </li></ul>
  6. 6. A Muslim church is called a Mosque This is the mosque at Djenne in Mali. It’s built of mud! Click for a movie
  7. 8. What did Mali trade? <ul><li>Gold </li></ul><ul><li>The dotted </li></ul><ul><li>lines are trade </li></ul><ul><li>routes from </li></ul><ul><li>Mali to other </li></ul><ul><li>parts of </li></ul><ul><li>Africa </li></ul>
  8. 9. What else did they trade? <ul><li>Salt </li></ul><ul><li>Copper </li></ul><ul><li>Ivory </li></ul><ul><li>Cloth </li></ul><ul><li>Kola Nuts </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>Shells </li></ul>Camels, the ships of the desert, traveled in caravans bringing to Mali: MiniFact : This was before Columbus even sailed to the New World!
  9. 10. Why was Salt Important? <ul><li>Mali often traded its gold for salt </li></ul><ul><li>Salt was sometimes more valuable than gold! </li></ul><ul><li>People’s bodies need salt to live </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the desert heat, salt is lost through perspiration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Salt was used to preserve food </li></ul><ul><li>Salt was brought in large slabs (coins) </li></ul>MiniFact : The picture behind these words is also a slab of SALT! The man is holding a slab of salt mined recently near Timbuktu
  10. 11. Timbuktu <ul><li>A very important city in Mali </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Center of learning for Muslims </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Universities and schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Largest trading center in Mali </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On the Niger River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trade </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Washing </li></ul></ul></ul>Timbuktu 19 th century traders in Timbuktu
  11. 12. The Griots <ul><li>Storytellers were called Griots or djeli </li></ul><ul><li>They were important people in Mali </li></ul><ul><li>They told the land’s history </li></ul><ul><li>Most of what we know about ancient Mali came from the storytellers </li></ul><ul><li>They were advisors to the kings </li></ul>This is a 19 th century griot of Mali with his instrument
  12. 13. Mali Today
  13. 14. A Mali Scavenger Hunt <ul><li>In a scavenger hunt, you go from place to place and gather clues </li></ul><ul><li>In this hunt, we will go from one place to another on the Internet and gather information! </li></ul>

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