When was the last time thatyou debated?Every one has debated, and almosteveryone has debated more recentlythan they think. Debating is all aroundus. we debate about almost everything.Debating is everywhere, and everyonecan do it.
The goal of a debate is to convinceyour audience that your side of the topic is true
1. Refer back to the tag of your argumentThis step is where you indicate to thejudge what argument you want toextend. Make a specific reference. Thiscould include a piece of evidence.
2. Explain your argumentIn this stage you comprehensivelyexplain your argument. This step maytake one sentence or several, dependingon the time pressure in the speech.
3. Characterize your opponent’sresponse to your argument. Your description should be fair. Do not be critical of the other side‟s argument. Don‟t call it “stupid” or “silly”. You will lose credibility with the judge if you do that.
4. Resolve the issueAt this stage you explain why you areright and they are wrong. It could besomething as simple as pointing outthat your evidence is more recent orqualified.
5. Impact the importance ofwinning the argument The final step involves providing an impact assessment. You want to get maximum credit for winning the particular clash battle so tell the judge what it is exactly that you win if they do resolve the issue in your favor.
Debate Competition Chairperson 1 Affirmative 1 Opposite team team 2 Speaking 2 Area 3 3 Audience Adjudicator
Guide SheetsA chairperson‟s sheet. This is a suggested guide tothe duties of a chairperson. Itincludes an example of each duty. A chairpersoncan simply fill in the gaps if he or she wishes.A timekeeper‟s guide. This sets out the basicduties of a timekeeper. It includes atemplate to record each speaker‟s time, if desired.
Adjudicators use threecategories to consider debates:Þ Manner describes the way that a particular speech is presented: „how you say it‟. For example, how interesting, sincere or humorous is the speakerÞ Matter describes the arguments that you present, both in their general strengthand in the way that you support and explain them. Like manner, the averageÞ Method describes the structure of your speech. It can often become a „mixed bag‟ category involving all those parts of your speech that don‟t seem to fit into either manner or matter.
The First Speaker The first affirmative The first negative A formal introduction A brief introduction The definition, and any Rebuttal other definitional The negative team‟s clarifications case approach The affirmative team‟s The split case approach An outline of argument The split The arguments An outline of argument A summary of The arguments arguments A summary of A conclusion. arguments A conclusion.
The Second SpeakerSpecifically, the second affirmative andsecond negative have the following duties:· A brief introduction· Rebuttal· A brief link to the team‟s case approach· An outline of argument· The arguments· A summary of arguments· A conclusion.
The Third SpeakerThe third speakers must spend most oftheir speeches rebutting. They must alsosummarise. The structure of a thirdspeaker‟s speech will be covered in moredetail later.
SignpostingIn debating, a „signpost‟ is essentially alabel that tells your audience, adjudicatorand opposition. an indication of where youare in your speech. A signpost does not needto be complicated, but it does need to beclear.
RebuttalsRebuttals is the part of debate that attempts to disarm the opponents arguments.Sometimes the rebuttal section should come before the arguments supporting your position and sometimes after.
conclusionThe aim of a debate, as with the aim of anygame, is to win. There is no better way toimprove your debating, and to have fun doing so,than to enter every debate determined to dowhatever possible – within the rules and thespirit of the contest – to win.