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Public libraries in the 4th Industrial Revolution

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Libraries from all over, should start preparing for this revolution, brought along by the rapid changes in technology and masses of data generated.

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Public libraries in the 4th Industrial Revolution

  1. 1. Public Libraries in the 4th Industrial Revolution 27 FEBRUARY 2019 INA SMITH
  2. 2. Agenda 4 Industrial Revolutions What is the 4th IR? 4th IR in Libraries 4th IR outside Libraries, to enter Libraries How should libraries prepare?
  3. 3. How many hours out of 24 are you connected to the Internet/technology e.g. mobile phone?
  4. 4. 1st Industrial Revolution 18th – 19th Centuries Europe & America Iron & textile industries, steam engine Picture of the "Puffing Billy" steam engine taken in the Science Museum in London.
  5. 5. 2nd Industrial Revolution 1870 – 1940, prior WW1 Steel, oil, electricity Electric power used for mass production Telephone, light bulb, phonograph, internal combustion engine Bell on the telephone in New York (calling Chicago) in 10 March 1876: “"Mr. Watson-- come here--I want to see you."
  6. 6. 3rd Industrial Revolution Digital Revolution Advancement of technology from analog electronic and mechanical devices to the digital technology today 1980 – Personal computer, Internet, and information and communications technology (ICT)
  7. 7. 4th Industrial Revolution (4IR) Coined by Klaus Schwab – German engineer and economist, best known as the founder and executive chairman of the World Economic Forum
  8. 8. What is the 4th IR? Builds on Digital Revolution New ways in which technology becomes embedded within societies and even the human body Technological revolution that is blurring the lines between the physical, digital and biological spheres Merging technology breakthroughs in a number of fields, including robotics, artificial intelligence, nanotechnology, quantum computing, biotechnology, the Internet of Things (IoT), 3D printing and autonomous vehicles.
  9. 9. Blurring in terms of …. Physical: intelligent robots, autonomous drones, driverless cars, 3d printing, smart sensors Digital: internet of things, services, data, people Biological: synthetic biology, individual genetic make-up, bio-printing ************** Technologies are fast changing, as well as the way we work, learn, live … And the way your USERS work, learn, live.
  10. 10. What is the 4th IR? High-tech bodies – difficult to distinguish between natural & artificial It doesn’t change what we are doing, but it changes us Access to ourselves, e.g. viewing brain activity in real time Less and less personal space, become isolated Towards a safe, healthy, just world for all Technology empowering people Make informed decisions to close the gap – also SDGs
  11. 11. Wearable Technology
  12. 12. Conveyor system transporting books from Bryant Park off-site storage area to New York Public Library (underground)
  13. 13. Makerspaces in Libraries A makerspace is "... a collaborative work space inside a school, library or separate public/private facility for making, learning, exploring and sharing, that uses high tech to no tech tools.” A hackerspace “as a community-operated workspace where people with common interests, often in computers, technology, science and digital art can meet, socialize and collaborate.”
  14. 14. Access to all of our equipment Startup Incubator Laser cutting Services Prototyping Services Event Management Services Disruptive Technology Training Services
  15. 15. Vincent & Nancy at Connecticut West Port Library – teaching robotics, coding, programming skills to kids
  16. 16. Artificial Intelligence
  17. 17. Autonomous Vehicles
  18. 18. Internet of Things
  19. 19. Face ID Recognition
  20. 20. 3D Printed Bionic Arm
  21. 21. Robots
  22. 22. Emoticons to adapt to users’ needs
  23. 23. Collecting Data & Using Intelligently Collect via social media tools, mobile phones, surveys, telescopes, microscopes, drones, cameras, and many more!
  24. 24. Technology driving innovation
  25. 25. “Africa’s technology scene is booming, with over 400 tech hubs that range from software engineering to mobile money to blockchain technology.” https://medium.com/world-of-opportunity/africas-tech-talent-finds-its-place- in-the-global-economy-fe634ed1af40 Africa’s tech talent finds its place in the global economy By Neha Sud
  26. 26. “The adoption of digitalisation by African countries could add $300 billion (R4 trillion) to the continent's economy by 2026.” https://www.siemens.co.za/pool/about_us/Di gitalization_Maturity_Report_2017.pdf
  27. 27. https://theconversation.com/how-digital-technology-can-help-reinvent- basic-education-in-africa-85937
  28. 28. https://theconversation.com/students-struggle-with-digital-skills- because-their-teachers-lack-confidence-56071
  29. 29. Libraries Promoting Digital Citizenship Speed at which digital technology develops All jobs require digital skills Flexible use of technology a basic skill Information overload Lack of skills to conduct sound research and distinguish between trusted and fake information on the web Libraries perfect to fulfil role of teaching and guiding users to become responsible digital citizens When learners leave school, they should be digital literate
  30. 30. Thank you! In the Cloud does MICT SETA accredited Digital Citizenship Training for Librarians and Teachers, preparing them for the 4th Industrial Revolution and changes to come. Visit https://inthecloud.org.za/ Email ina@inthecloud.org.za

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