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Latin America City Model• Theory that the farther away from the  center of a city, the worse conditions get  economically,...
Multiple Nuclei Model• A model of the international structure of  cities in which social groups arranged  around a collect...
Gentrification• A process of converting an urban  neighborhood from a predominately low  income, renter occupied area to a...
Central Place Theory• Where the cetner of your market will be  where you should place your service – this  theory also inv...
Market Area• A geographic place in which one can  expect primary demand for a specific  product or service in one fixed lo...
CBD – Central Business District• The area of a city where retail and office  activities are distributed
Concentric Zone Model• Model of the internal structure of cities in  which social group are spatially arranged  in a serie...
New Urbanism• Is the revival of our lost art of a place  making and promotes the creation and  restoration of compact, wal...
Annexation• To incorporate a country or other territory  within the domain of a state --
Sector Model• A model of the internal structure of cities in  which social groups are arranged around  a series fo sectors...
Conurbation• A group of continuous networks of urban  communities.
Edge City• A large node of office and retail activities  on the edge of an urban area.
Density Gradient• The change in density in an urban area  from the center of the area to the outside.
Hinterland• An area that surrounds an urban center  that is dependent on the urban center for  goods and services.
Megalopolis• A very large city, sometimes a region  made up of several large cities and their  surrounding areas in suffic...
Entrepôt• A port where merchandise can be  imported and re-exported with paying  import duties; a mart or place where  mer...
Filtering• A process of change in the use of a  house, from single-family owner-  occupancy to abandonment.
Greenbelt• A ring of land maintained as parks,  agriculture, or open space that surrounds  a town or city and limits urban...
Urban Realms Model• Includes a central business district, central  city, new downtown, and suburban  downtown.• Each realm...
Zoning• Pertaining to the division of an area into  zones, as to restrict the number and types  of buildings and their uses.
Central Business District (CBD)• The area of a city where retail and office  activities are clustered.
Zone in Transition• Zone of mixed land uses that surrounds  the central business district. These zones  are often referred...
World City• Dominant city in terms of its role in the  global political economy. Not the world’s  biggest city in terms of...
Peripheral Model• A model of North American urban areas  consisting of an inner city surrounded by  large suburban residen...
Sprawl• The spreading outwards of a city, and its  suburbs to its outskirts to low density and  auto dependent development...
Public Housing Project• Housing that is built, operated, and owned  by a government and that is typically  provided at nom...
Concentric Zone Model• Model of the internal structure of cities in  which social groups are spatially arranged  in a seri...
Underclass• A segment of the population that occupies  the lowest possible position in a class  hierarchy, below the core ...
Redlining• A practice by banks and mortgage  companies of demarcating areas  considered to be high risk for housing  loans.
Primate City• The largest settlement in a country, if it  has more than twice as many people as  the second-ranking settle...
Central Place Theory• A theory that explains the distribution of  services, based on the fact that  settlements serve as c...
Urban Renewal• A program in which cities identify inner-city  neighborhoods acquire the properties from  private owners, r...
MSA• Metropolitan Statistical Area• In the U.S., a central city of at least 50,000  population, the county within which th...
Urban vocabulary
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Urban vocabulary

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AP Human Geography Chapter 12

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Urban vocabulary

  1. 1. Latin America City Model• Theory that the farther away from the center of a city, the worse conditions get economically, politically, and socially.
  2. 2. Multiple Nuclei Model• A model of the international structure of cities in which social groups arranged around a collection of nodes of activities.
  3. 3. Gentrification• A process of converting an urban neighborhood from a predominately low income, renter occupied area to a predominantly middle class, owner occupied area.
  4. 4. Central Place Theory• Where the cetner of your market will be where you should place your service – this theory also involves market area(service area), range(distance people will travel), and threshhold(how many you need to support the service) --
  5. 5. Market Area• A geographic place in which one can expect primary demand for a specific product or service in one fixed location
  6. 6. CBD – Central Business District• The area of a city where retail and office activities are distributed
  7. 7. Concentric Zone Model• Model of the internal structure of cities in which social group are spatially arranged in a series of rings
  8. 8. New Urbanism• Is the revival of our lost art of a place making and promotes the creation and restoration of compact, walkable, mixed- use cities, towns, and neighborhoods –• This is a throw back to the 50’s and 60’s
  9. 9. Annexation• To incorporate a country or other territory within the domain of a state --
  10. 10. Sector Model• A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a series fo sectors, or wedges, radiating out from the central business district
  11. 11. Conurbation• A group of continuous networks of urban communities.
  12. 12. Edge City• A large node of office and retail activities on the edge of an urban area.
  13. 13. Density Gradient• The change in density in an urban area from the center of the area to the outside.
  14. 14. Hinterland• An area that surrounds an urban center that is dependent on the urban center for goods and services.
  15. 15. Megalopolis• A very large city, sometimes a region made up of several large cities and their surrounding areas in sufficient proximity to be considered a single urban complex.
  16. 16. Entrepôt• A port where merchandise can be imported and re-exported with paying import duties; a mart or place where merchandise is deposited
  17. 17. Filtering• A process of change in the use of a house, from single-family owner- occupancy to abandonment.
  18. 18. Greenbelt• A ring of land maintained as parks, agriculture, or open space that surrounds a town or city and limits urban sprawl.
  19. 19. Urban Realms Model• Includes a central business district, central city, new downtown, and suburban downtown.• Each realm is a separate economic, social, and political entity that is linked together to form a larger metro framework.
  20. 20. Zoning• Pertaining to the division of an area into zones, as to restrict the number and types of buildings and their uses.
  21. 21. Central Business District (CBD)• The area of a city where retail and office activities are clustered.
  22. 22. Zone in Transition• Zone of mixed land uses that surrounds the central business district. These zones are often referred to as such because of the mixture of growth, change, and decline.
  23. 23. World City• Dominant city in terms of its role in the global political economy. Not the world’s biggest city in terms of population or industrial output, but rather centers of strategic control of the world economy.
  24. 24. Peripheral Model• A model of North American urban areas consisting of an inner city surrounded by large suburban residential and business areas tied together by a beltway or ring road.
  25. 25. Sprawl• The spreading outwards of a city, and its suburbs to its outskirts to low density and auto dependent development on rural land, high segregation of uses, and various design features that encourage car dependency.
  26. 26. Public Housing Project• Housing that is built, operated, and owned by a government and that is typically provided at nominal rent to the needy.
  27. 27. Concentric Zone Model• Model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatially arranged in a series of rings.
  28. 28. Underclass• A segment of the population that occupies the lowest possible position in a class hierarchy, below the core body of the working class.
  29. 29. Redlining• A practice by banks and mortgage companies of demarcating areas considered to be high risk for housing loans.
  30. 30. Primate City• The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
  31. 31. Central Place Theory• A theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and further apart than smaller settlements, and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel farther.
  32. 32. Urban Renewal• A program in which cities identify inner-city neighborhoods acquire the properties from private owners, relocate the residents and businesses, clear the site, build new roads and utilities, and turn the land over to private developers.
  33. 33. MSA• Metropolitan Statistical Area• In the U.S., a central city of at least 50,000 population, the county within which the city is located, and adjacent counties meeting one of several tests indicating a functional connection to the central city

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