History of Indian Railway First Indian Railway line was opened on 16th April 1853.
The first train consisting of onesteam engine and four coaches ,traversed a stretch of 21-milesbetween Mumbai(Bombay) andThane.Indian Railway has a gloriouspast of more than150 yearsserving the nation.
Features of Indian RailwayIndian Railway has a 3 tiermanagement system.No strike in last 30 years inspite of17 lakhs workers.It runs 12000 trains everyday.It is largest railway system in Worldunder one management system.
It carries 1.4 crore passengers and 16lakh tonnes of goods every day.
It is fuel efficient system.7000 stations & about 500computerized passenger reservationsystem.
Speed of TrainsShatabdi max 140kmph.Rajdhani max 130kmph.Others max 110kmph.
Railway Track orCombination of rails, fittedWay Permanent subgrade is on sleepersand resting on ballast andcalled the railway track or permanentway.
Requirements of anIdeal Permanent WayBoth rails should be at the same level.Curves should be properly designed.Proper super elevation should beprovided.
GaugeThe maximum distance between therunning faces of the two rails of apermanent way is called GAUGE.