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The Prince


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The Prince

  1. 1. The Prince byNicolo Machiavelli PRESENTED BY: Khawaja Muhammad Zaheer M.Com.-I (A) IMPCC
  2. 2. The Prince (De Princi Putibus) Written in 1505 by Nicolo Machiavelli during European Renaissance. Identical book written by Chankya Kotlya named ARTH SHASTRA in 321 BC. Politics is an art and science and should not be confused with ethics and religion. History repeats itself so we can draw principals of governance by keeping that history in front of us.
  3. 3. The Objective Study Statecraft Politics Power Leadership Leader Ethics Personal Skills
  4. 4. Machiavellian Thought All States, all powers, that have held and hold rule over men have been and are either republics or principalities. One change always leaves the toothing for another. When states are acquired in a country differing in language, customs, or laws, there are difficulties, and good fortune and great energy are needed to hold them, and one of the greatest and most real helps would be that he who has acquired them should go and reside there.
  5. 5. Machiavellian Thought If one is on the spot disorders are seen as they spring up, and one can quickly remedy them. The wish to acquire is in truth very natural and common. He who is the cause of another becoming powerful is ruined. For consolidation of rule, every tactic is justifiable and the ruler has every right to do whatever he deems fit.
  6. 6. Machiavellian Thought Sources of evil can yield good results sometimes. A ruler should not take interest in spiritual and religious matters of his subjects. He needs not be religious but he should pretend to be religious. Roman Catholic Church’s excessive interference in the affairs of state was one of the reason in the downfall of Great Roman Empire.
  7. 7. Machiavellian Thought A strong military and militia is inevitable for a states survival. The people who get the rule by virtue of their abilities are the one who get this with many hardships but they lose it quite easily. Nothing more difficult work in this world than to make sure continuity of rule.
  8. 8. Machiavellian Thought A reformist ruler increases his friends and foes both. It is human instinct that it resists change. All the Prophets who were armed were successful. The prince should get success using power.
  9. 9. Machiavellian Thought Ruler should implement the restrictions and tyrannies as soon as he resumes the charge. Providing facilities and doing welfare should be gradual. A ruler who seeks goodness in each task will be a failure. He should be pragmatic. a ruler is not bound by traditional ethical norms.
  10. 10. Machiavellian Thought The ruler should not disclose his weaknesses which can be exploited by opportunists. The ruler should and must avoid people’s hatred. He should be such that people get scared by the very sight of him and at the same time do not hate him. A ruler needs not be faithful. A ruler should mix qualities of lion and fox in his personality.
  11. 11. Machiavellian Thought The ruler should conceal his real aims and intentions. He should not talk against religion, human dignity, dogmas and creeds and culture. The appearance should be complete.
  12. 12. Criticism His name is a synonym for cunning and duplicity. Machiavellianism, as a term, has been used to describe the principles of power politics, and the type of person who uses those principles in political or personal life is frequently described as a Machiavellian.