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  1. 1. Ancient Egyptians 2500 Ancient Romans Medieval European Renaissance Italy 16 th century 19 th Century Victorian 20 th century USA
  2. 2. Ancient Egyptian Murals 2500BC What materials did they use to create their murals and why? Where they were normally created? The materials were used was gold and precious metals. Gold was used as it was one of the most important material that they used in their murals also they were the product of Nubian What was the process of creating a mural and who did it? Thee creation would have been done by the slaves. They engraved the design into the wall first and then added the colour and these colours were made from oil and other minerals that they found really useful when drawing their murals.
  3. 3. Group 3 - What was the reason/purpose for creating murals? The purpose for creating a mural was to keep a record of history to the future generation and proof that the ancient Egyptian excited. The Egyptians did drew all sorts of murals such as The types of murals found in Egyptian tombs depended on the position of the person within the culture. Murals found in the tombs of rulers or noblemen such as priests often contain pictures of important events that occurred during the person's life. Public murals usually intend to make a political or cultural statement through art. Often the intent is to instil pride in local people about their culture and heritage. The murals would tell the history about romantic stories, the kings, leaders, Egyptian people, so basically the murals would have story of how the Egyptians lived their lives and Group 4 - What sort of content did the murals normally have, why? Provide examples. Contained heretical events, Images of daily life and scenes of entertainment. Daily life and history of pharaohs and their families
  4. 4. Ancient Roman Murals 200BC What materials did they use to create their murals and why? Where they were normally created? The Romans used Mosaics in their murals and the materials they used were small pieces of colour red glass, square tiles, stone, and many other materials that they found useful to us in their mosaics Unlike during other times murals were created inside buildings rather then on external walls What was the process of creating a mural and who did it? the process of creating a mural was to design a piece of art and enlarged the art by drawing the outline onto a square tile that was hand made then they used a specific glue called mortar to finalize the artwork. This took a very long time because in those days they didn’t have the resources like we do now. Unfortunately we do not know the name of the artiest that created this fine looking piece of art How were Ancient Roman Murals different to other murals? The Roman ancient murals where different to other murals, the Romans created murals that were based on the how they lived their life and what sort of things they did. However other
  5. 5. murals are based on religion and history that have happened in the past. What was the reason/purpose for creating this mural? The reason Romans created murals was that they wanted to keep a record of history for the future generation, to show that they exited and how their daily life was like. Most of the Ancient Roman murals would have told stories of their God’s, their life style and other stories that happened in those days. What is the content of your mural, what does it show? The mural called ‘Scarifies To Diana’ is about a daily life of a village scarifying animals for their goddess who is called Diana. They do this for their goddess is because in return they want their goddess to do great favours for them. The Romans had many Gods so they believed that if they did great favours for their Gods then in return they Gods would do great favours for them How are the murals preserved? They are preserved in museums, walls that are built on top of them, buried underground. Most of them Roman murals are preserved in museums, so then tourists and other people are able to see how the roman murals looked like.
  6. 6. 20th Century USA <ul><li>During the 1930s and early 1940s, a flowering of mural painting in the economically depressed United States took place, resulting in thousands of murals decorating the nation's buildings. </li></ul><ul><li>Many artists, who had often been isolated from public society, sought at that time to become a significant part of it. </li></ul><ul><li>American muralists in this 20 th century copied the Renaissance process. </li></ul><ul><li>They made different drawings, including sketches of individual figures, drawings in both black and white and colour, as well as full-scale drawings made for transferring to the wall. </li></ul><ul><li>It was during the great depression that President Franklin Roosevelt's created a project for artists to get paid for their work. Otherwise known as the new deal programs, artists were participating in competitions to create murals in post offices and other government properties. They were paid to paint murals for lots of states in America. They painted murals for museums hospitals, high schools, housing projects, colleges, music halls, even ships and night clubs also other public places for people to see. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Medieval <ul><li>Denmark has the biggest amount of medieval wall paintings in Europe. In Danish they are called Kalkmalerier and that means Chalk paintings, also they are painted on a layer of limewash. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of them have been decorated with wall paintings. </li></ul><ul><li>The earliest known mural art is the paintings discovered in Chauvel Cave in France in 1994 </li></ul><ul><li>animals are depicted in yellow, red, black, and brown earth pigments. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Renaissance Italy <ul><li>The artists of the High Renaissance, which is loosely defined as the period from 1450 to 1550, built upon the foundation laid by their predecessors. </li></ul><ul><li>The best- known artists of the Italian Renaissance grew famous during the High Renaissance. </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy patrons continued to enthusiastically support theses artists as they travelled around Italy in search of commissions to create their masterpieces. </li></ul>