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Tabloid Diplomasi Edisi Januari 2017 (english )


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Tabloid Diplomasi Edisi Januari 2017 (english )

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Tabloid Diplomasi Edisi Januari 2017 (english )

  1. 1. 15 january 2017Issue 101 Email: january 2017 Issue 101 DiplomasiDiplomasi TABLOID Ministry of Foreign Affairs Republic of Indonesia THE IMPORTANCE OF DEMOCRACY FOR STATE LIFE AND RELATION AMONG NATIONS @diplik_kemlu RI President :
  2. 2. january 2017Issue 101 Diplomasitable of contents TABLOID Media Komunikasi dan Interaksi Can Integration of Law be done in ASEAN? A country’s economic, political, social, and technological competi- tiveness is always an interesting discussion. The competitiveness of a country is considered as a source of a country’s resilience in fac- ing all barriers in building national civilization. It is a civilization that can only be built through superior economic, political, and cultural strength. With high competitiveness, the economy can maintain its economic growth and begin to build a regular state life and then the development of civilization begins. The development of civilization cannot be done without economic power. And economic power can- not be enforced without competitiveness. Thus, competitiveness be- comes very important in addition to the continuation of the economy as well as the continuation of a nation’s civilization. History shows that states with high civilization have always been sup- ported by great economic power. In a legal framework, how does the MEA work on the legal system of ASEAN member countries that have different backgrounds? There is common law, civil law, socialist law systems, or even a hybrid legal system circulating in ten ASEAN coun- tries. It is possible that ASEAN is creating a harmonization of laws, such as the EU that initiates integration in several lines including law and economics. The integration of laws in ASEAN becomes very important in raising international issues. For instance, Singapore and Malaysia have cen- tral issues on climate change and employment, while Indonesia has a big issue on drugs and corruption, as Thailand focuses on the issue of terrorism. The advantage of integrating the legal system is that ASE- AN countries can create a common memorandum of understanding on important issues including investment and free trade. Herlambang Prawiro, student of the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences Sebelas Maret University Reader’s Letter Headline 4 IN THE MIDDLE OF WORLD UNCERTAINTY, INDONESIA’S DIPLOMACY CONTINUES TO WORK 7 THE IMPORTANCE OF DEMOCRACY FOR STATE LIFE AND RELATION AMONG NATIONS focus 9 BDF BECOMES A MAJOR WORLD DEMOCRACY FORUM 10 INDONESIA CARVES FACTS ISLAM, DEMOCRACY AND PLURALISM CAN CO-EXIST IN HARMONY 11 Indonesia Mampu Menyampaikan Pesan Demokrasi Dan Pluralisme Dengan Tepat 12 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RELIGION AND RELIGIOUS HARMONY IN INDONESIA SHOULD BE MADE AS A MODEL 13 Indonesia harus menjadi pelopor kemajuan demokrasi di negara-negara Islam 14 CONVIVIAL LIVING WITH DIFFERENCES Highlights 15 WAMENLU FACHIR: STRENGTHENING THE ROLES OF MEDIA AND CIVIL SOCIETY IN ADVANCING DEMOCRACY 16 CONFLICTS BETWEEN RELIGION, ETHNIC GROUPS, AND SOCIAL CLASSES HAPPEN AND ARE CORRELATED 17 DEMOCRACY AND TOLERANCE RESPOND TO THE CHALLENGE OF PLURALISM 18 BALI BINA INSANI ISLAMIC BOARDING SCHOOL TEACHES THE MEANING OF CLOSENESS AND TOLERANCE 19 INDONESIA IS A GOOD EXAMPLE IN IMPLEMENTING DIVERSITY AND HARMONY 20 A CLOSE LOOK AT THE ACHIEVEMENT OF THE DIRECTORATE GENERAL FOR INFORMATION AND PUBLIC DIPLOMACY review 21 BOOK REVIEW: GEM FROM HEAVEN lens 23 OIC COUNTRIES APPRECIATE RI GOVERNMENT REGARDING RAKHINE STATE ISSUE 24 RI FOREIGN MINISTER GIVES HUMANITARIAN AID TO RAKHINE STATE
  3. 3. 15 january 2017Issue 101 Dear Diplomacy Tabloid Readers, in its inaugural edition of 2017, we are present- ing three main topics: the implementa- tion of the Bali Democracy Forum (BDF) IX, the Annual Press Statement of the Indonesian Minister of Foreign Affairs, and the Indonesian humanitarian aid to Myanmar. The 2016 BDF IX event was very special because it was attended by 101 delegates consisting of 95 State delegates and 6 International Organization delegates, where as many as 26 delegates were from the Ministerial and Deputy Ministerial Levels as well as 75 delegates from the Ambassador Level. This is the highest achievement since BDF’s implementa- tion in 2008. BDF IX was also attended by world lead- ers such as 1997-2006 United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan, 2008- 2012 ASEAN Secretary-General Surin Pitsuwan, and 2015 Nobel Peace Prize winner Ouided Bouchamaoui. In addi- tion, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and President of the 71st UN General Assembly Peter Thomson also delivered messages through a video message. This further confirms the BDF’s position as a dialogue forum on constructive demo- cratic development in the Asia Pacific region. BDF IX is also special as this is the first time that President Joko Widodo partici- pated and officially opened this activity since he became Indonesia’s President in 2014. BDF IX’s another distinction is the BDF IX delegations’ field visit to Bali Bina In- sani Islamic Boarding School inTabanan, where they were received tremendous greetings from the local community. The visit was filled with dialogue that was welcomed by BDF IX delegates, in- cluding the Ambassadors of Namibia, Turkey, Australia, and Saudi Arabia. Then a survey of the boarding school was done and ended with the signing of the inscription of the BDF IX delegations’ visit by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Retno Marsudi. In the 2017Annual Press Statement of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Repub- lic of Indonesia, which was attended by alltheAmbassadorsof friendlycountries and also the press, the Minister of For- eign Affairs, Retno Marsudi stated that the threat to the stability and security of the world in 2017 did not diminish. Con- flicts are still occurring in different parts of the world, which have always resulted in global humanitarian tragedy. For that reason, hard work must still be done and international cooperation should also be improved so that world stability, peace, and prosperity can be better. Today, the world is increasingly shaded by uncertainty, but amid this uncertain- ty, Indonesian diplomacy will continue to work and continue to strive for na- tional interests and contribute to world stability and peace. To complete this edition, in addition to these main topics, we also present some other interesting topics such as the Indo- nesian humanitarian aid to the Rakhine community of Myanmar. Diplomacy tabloid’s editor and staff wish a Happy New Year for 2017. We hope that the year 2017 will be a better year, not only for Indonesia, but also for the world. Happy reading and hope it brings value. Greetings Diplomacy. Editor’s note Person In Charge Ambassador Niniek K. Naryatie (Acting Director General for Information and Public Diplomacy) Al Busyra Basnur (Director Public Diplomacy) Aziz Nurwahyudi (Secretary of the Directorate General of Infromation and Public Diplomacy) Editor Arif Suyoko Contributors Agus Heryana Bambang Prihartadi Tangkuman Alexander Agus Badrul Jamal Etty Rachmawati Pinkan O Tulung Cherly Natalia Palijama Purnowidodo Meylia Wulandari Khariri Cahyono Graphic Design and Photography Alfons M. Sroyer Arya Daru Pangayunan Ibnu Sulhan Tsabit Latief Secretariat Mahendra Hesty M. Lonmasa Darmia Dimu Orchida Sekarratri Agus Usmawan Kistono Dewa Putu Sastrawan Iskandar Syahputra Address Direcorate Public Diplomacy, Ministery of Foreign Affairs Jl. Taman Pejambon No.6, Jakarta Pusat Telp. 021- 68663162,3863708, Fax : 021- 29095331, 385 8035 Email : pubhlished by Direcorate Public Diplomacy, Ministery of Foreign Affairs
  4. 4. january 2017Issue 101headline4 Diplomasi TABLOID Media Komunikasi dan Interaksi Annual Press Statement Minister of Foreign Affairs (PPTM) 2017 The role of Indonesia in the re- gion and globally continued to increase in 2016. The year 2016 has just ended. Threats to the stability and se- curity of the world have not di- minished. Conflicts still occur in different parts of the world-- conflicts that always result in hu- manitarian tragedy. Not counting the huge num- ber of people who perished due to the conflicts in Syria, Yemen, Iraq, Afghanistan, Sudan, Mali and Central African Republic. Not counting the number of people who forcibly left their countries because of the con- flicts and the influx of refugees continues to go on. Not counting the number of people who lost their future due to the conflicts. These conflicts also create psychological trauma, including chil- dren. Children are the future hope of the world. Aside from conflicts, the threat of terrorism is still ongoing. More than 150 terrorist attacks occurred in different parts of the world in 2016. The Thamrin bombing on January 13, 2016 and the attack in Ber- lin on December 19, 2016 show the threat of terrorism, and militant extremism / radicalism has actually increased. The year 2017 even started with terrorist attacks in Istanbul last January 1. The Indonesian government condemned the incident and offered condolences to the victims and their families. The tendency of the politics of populism and pragmatism to emerge also influenced the year 2016. The world economy is still not recovering. As per World Bank cor- rections, for three consecutive years, the global economy grew lower than previous predictions. We should be grateful that the Indonesian economy is still growing at 5%. Indonesia’s Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs stated that Indonesia’s economic growth is a quality growth, which is indi- cated by the decline in inequal- ity, poverty and unemployment. Back to the world situation, commodity prices are still low and provide a challenge for de- veloping countries which are commodity producers. In short, the world is increas- ingly colored by uncertainties - uncertainties that have become more obvious. In the midst of these uncer- tainties, Indonesian diplomacy continues to work - continues to strive for national interests and contributes to stability and world peace. At the latter part of 2016, In- donesia was working intensively to help solve the Rakhine State issue. Indonesia expressed concern for humanitarian and security developments, particularly re- lated to the Muslim minority in Rakhine State. Indonesia empha- sizes the importance of inclusive development, respect for human rights and protection of all com- munities; while at the same time offering advice and assistance on resolving this issue, and offering cooperation not only immedi- ate, but also for the medium and long-term. Various communications and meetings have been conducted by Indonesia, including with the State Counselor of Myanmar, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi; Chair- IN THE MIDDLE OF WORLD UNCERTAINTY, INDONESIA’S DIPLOMACY CONTINUES TO WORK
  5. 5. 15 january 2017Issue 101 headline 5Diplomasi TABLOID Media Komunikasi dan Interaksi man of the Rakhine Advisory Commission, Kofi Annan; For- eign Minister and PM of Ban- gladesh; as well as various stake- holders both in Jakarta, Yangon and Dhaka. As part of the shuttle diplo- macy effort, the Foreign Minis- ter also made a direct visit to the Kutupalong refugee camp in Cox Baza, on the Bangladesh-Myan- mar border. Indonesia’s concern was also realized through the delivery of 10 humanitarian aid containers to Rakhine State on December 29, 2016. Diplomacy for humanity has been continuously undertaken. All steps of Indonesian diplo- macy are carried out construc- tively, without any noise. We believe that “Actions Speak Louder Than Words”. Four other Indonesians have also been freed from Somalia, af- ter four and a half years of hos- tage taking. There are still four of our brothers who still have to be re- leased in the Southern Philip- pines. The government will never remain silent until they safely re- turn to their respective families. We will do whatever we can to release them. In the Syrian conflict, Indo- nesia is one of the few countries that continue to carry out diplo- matic missions, both through the Indonesian Embassy in Damas- cus as well as in consular offices in Aleppo and Lattakia for shel- tering Indonesian citizens. In fact, in 2016, Indonesian diplomats were able to penetrate the city of Raqqah, Syria to save citizens. In addition, the Government also successfully handled: the completion of 11,065 cases of In- donesian citizens abroad; freeing 71citizensfromthedeathpenalty; complete and provide protection to 399 victims of TPPO; facilitat- ing the return of 41,569 Indone- sian citizens; returning funds worth more than Rp 92 billion to Indonesian citizens through diyat payments, salary insurance and other compensation; and handling 512 sailors who faced problems abroad. The ability of immediate re- sponse in providing protection to Indonesian citizens abroad is tested throughout 2016. However, with good cooperation between the Ministry and Foreign Affairs it can be handled well. Hundreds of Indonesians trappedinvariousairports inTur- key during the July 15, 2016 coup d’état were provided immediate assistance. 190 students in Turkey whose studies were threatened after a coup were assisted. Four students in Turkey who were ar- rested due to the political crisis in Turkey were released. 283 pil- grims / prospective Indonesian pilgrims using fake Philippine passports were deported and re- leased from lawsuits because of their status as victims. 34 Indone- sians who were victims of a ship that sunk carrying Indonesian Migrant Workers (BMI) in the waters of Johor, Malaysia were saved and repatriated to the area of ​​origin. As the dynamics and mobility of Indonesian Citizens increase, the use of information technol- ogy in servicing and protecting Indonesian citizens became a necessity. A number of breakthroughs have been made, such as the full integration of WNI data- bases abroad (e-protection) with BNP2TKI database. Further inte- gration with the Population and Civil Registration database of the Ministry of Home Affairs is now being prepared. Proactively, 8 Indonesian Representatives have applied services and protection based on technology and mobile ap- plication, namely in KBRI Den Haag, Seoul, Bangkok, Brussels, Singapore, Consulate General of Jeddah, Hong Kong, and in the Consulate General of Tawau. A number of other RI Representa- tives will follow this year. Today, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs has launched the beta ver- sion of the Safe Travel applica- tion. With this application, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs can identify the actual distribution, location and identity of Indone- sian citizens abroad and provide a quick response in emergency situations. The trend of Citizens becom- ing victims of human trafficking abroad is increasing. Respond- ing to this matter, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs has taken several steps,suchasthesigningof aMoU on the Handling of Indonesian Citizens of TPPO Victims abroad with 6 Ministries / Institutions; the signing of a bilateral MoU on TPPO control with the United Arab Emirates, and exploring a MoU similar with all Gulf Coop- eration Countries (GCC). The efforts to protect migrant workers also continue, among others, in ASEAN. Indonesia succeeded in convincing other ASEAN countries to agree on the Vientiane Declaration on the Transition from Informal Em- ployment to Formal Employment to Decent Work Promotions. Strengthening Economic Di- plomacy also continues to be en- couraged. Economic diplomacy support is evident for the 14 Economic Policy Packages issued by the Government. The Ministry of For- eign Affairs is part of the Working Group I handling the Campaign and Dissemination of Economic Policy at the Task Force of the Ac- celeration and Effectiveness of the Implementation of Economic Policy (PEPKE). Atotalof 149bilateralandmul- tilateral agreements on economic issues were agreed throughout 2016. RI diplomats actively raised the participation of other coun- tries in the Indonesia Trade Expo 2016 where 125 countries partici- pated and recorded transactions amounting to USD 974.76 million. In addition, 31 trade contracts were signed with a value of USD 200 million. The Working Group on Eco- nomic Diplomacy and RI Repre- sentatives facilitated more than 35,000 Indonesian business play- ers to make contacts, handle que- ries, and match-making with po- tential transactions of nearly USD 30 billion. Some other notes in the eco- nomic field are: PT INKA success- fully exported 150 railway carriag- es valued at USD 72.3 million, and furtherdiscussionsof exportaddi- tions are being discussed; Exports of CN 235 aircraft produced by PT Dirgantara Indonesia to Senegal and Thailand; Construction of an Indonesianinstantnoodlefactory in Serbia worth 11 million euros to meet the European market. 2016 also recorded intensifica- tion of CEPA negotiations: Indo- nesia-EU CEPA Scoping paper has beencompletedandagreementof negotiation commenced in 2017;
  6. 6. january 2017Issue 101 Diplomasi TABLOID Media Komunikasi dan Interaksi headline6 Conducted Indonesia-Australia CEPA negotiations 4 times; RCEP negotiations 6 times; Indonesia- EFTA CEPA negotiations 2 times; and ASEAN-Hong Kong FTA ne- gotiations 4 times. One thing to be grateful for in 2016 is that the EU has certi- fied the Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade-Voluntary Partnership Agreement (FLEGT- VPA) for Indonesian wood prod- ucts. Indonesia is the first country to obtain such certification and will facilitate the export of Indo- nesian wood products to other regions. Recognition was also achieved with the permission of three In- donesian airlines to return to the European Union. Garuda Airlines also flies directly to two new des- tinations, namely Heathrow in London and in Mumbai. Indonesia’s role in the re- gion and internationally increased in 2016. Indonesia opens diplo- matic relations with 3 countries, Chad, Central African Republic and Equatorial Guinea. Indone- sia now has diplomatic relations with 190 of the 193 UN member states. Indonesia actively con- tributes through various meet- ings. The President recorded 55 bilateral and international meetings; the Vice President 13 meetings; the Minister of Foreign Affairs 302 meetings; and the Deputy Minister of Foreign Af- fairs 35 meetings. Indonesia’s diplomacy is always directed to create world peace and stability. Indonesia’s diplomacy continues to work on delivering peace messages to Iran and Saudi Arabia. At the initia- tive of Indonesia, the establish- ment of a contact group on peace and reconciliation at the OIC has been approved. Indonesia is one of the largest contributors to world peace. Indonesia has sent 2,731 personnel to 9 UN missions. Through various forums in the UN, OIC, ASEAN, G20, Mikta and the BDF, Indonesia has always voiced the impor- tance of promoting cooperation and dialogue and minimizing confrontation and politicization; combating terrorism through law enforcement balanced by cul- tural and religious approaches; promoting Islam “that brings mercy and prosperity” as well as respect for diversity; encouraging women’s role in decision-making mechanisms, as well as fair co- herence of policies and global economic order. Especially for Mikta, at the initiative of Indonesia, inter- faith dialogue has been conduct- ed in Yogyakarta in October 2016. Along with Norway, Colombia, Ethiopia, Ghana, Jor- dan and Mexico, Indonesia has submitted a UN Reform input to the new UN Secretary General, António Guterres, in the form of UN 70: a new agenda for the next Secretary-General. Specifically on Palestine, we have two choices, whether to be passive or active - do noth- ing or do something. Indonesia chooses to do something. Indonesia will not back down in helping the Palestinian struggle for independence. Indonesia hosted an ex- traordinary summit on Palestine, Al Quds al Sharif, in Jakarta in March 2016. The summit resulted ina‘JakartaDeclaration’thatsup- ported Palestinian independence with breakthroughs and concrete action. Indonesia will raise as muchsupportaspossibleinorder to achieve a “two state solution”. However, we realize that there is a steep path ahead of us. For that reason, Indone- sia supports the initiative of the French international conference of ideas. Indonesia has attended the meeting in Paris in June 2016 and will be present at the January meeting also in Paris. As a diplomatic break- through, Indonesia has opened an honorary consulate in Ramal- lah and plans to open an ‘ Indo- nesian House’ in Palestine. Furthermore, amid the world’s concern over the refugee crisis, Indonesia is progressing with concrete initiatives. ThroughtheBaliprocess, Indonesia mobilizes the approval of the country of origin, transit and destination for consultation mechanisms in response to irreg- ular migratory emergency situa- tions in the region. (Edited from the speech of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia on pptm 2017)
  7. 7. 15 january 2017Issue 101Diplomasi TABLOID Media Komunikasi dan Interaksi headline 7 It is an honor for me to be at the 9th Bali Democracy Forum Opening ceremony. This year’s Bali Democracy Forum event is very special be- causeitisattendedbyworldlead- ers, Nobel Peace winner, Foreign Ministers from 95 countries and 6 international organizations. In recent years, I get hold of the grips and worries of the countries of the world each time I attend international meetings. I see that this view cannot be detached from the current world situation, old conflicts and new conflicts continue in some countries, including the Palestinian people’s struggle for independence which still has no expected results, the rapid de- velopment of radicalism and ex- tremism in various corners of the world, the decline in tolerance and willingness to accept dif- ferences in many of the world’s societies, and the growing act of xenophobia. I can understand if this situa- tion creates a sense of worry and anxiety, more so as it is coupled with a world economic condition that is filled with uncertainties. There exist political, economic, and social domestic challenges in almost all countries. Under these circumstances, we need a sense of optimism. An optimism that can result from us speaking to each other, an opti- mism that can develop from us exchanging thoughts and experi- ences, an optimism that I hope can grow from the presence of all of us in this Bali Democracy Forum. Therefore, I highly value this year’s Bali Democracy Forum’s theme of “Religion, Democracy, and Tolerance as it is relevant to the current situation of the re- gion and of the world. Because we have high confi- dence that religion is Allah’s gift to the universe, or that brings mercy and prosperity. Because we are optimistic that democracy brings people’s will and good- ness to mankind. Because we are aware that tolerance is necessary because we are all different. For centuries, religion has played an important role for hu- man, social, economic and po- litical life, both at the national, regional and global levels. No less important is the cul- ture of mutual respect and toler- ance that has become a thread, which unites different world so- cieties since we existed on earth. And I am convinced that all of us in this room agree on the importance of a democratic state life in relations between coun- tries of the world. So our task here is to ensure how democracy works well to support stability and peace, and to bring prosperity to the people. For that purpose, the Govern- ment needs to actively promote synergy between democracy, religion, and tolerance. This ef- fort should be reflected in all na- tional policies. Therefore, a top- down approach in the form of an active role of government is key, both through good governance and the supremacy of law, which is just as important with the ef- forts in strengthening democracy from the grassroots. We in Indonesia are in luck. Indonesia has a very long history of pluralism. Indonesia is home to pluralism. There are more than 1,300 ethnic groups inhabit- ing Indonesia. Indonesia is a country with the largest Muslim population in the world. About 85% of over 252 million Indonesians are Mus- lims. Islam reached Indonesia sometime in the 7th century. In- donesia’s history tells us that the teaching of Islam was propagat- ed in a peaceful way. The value of peace is what continues to be held by Indonesian Muslims. Aside from Islam, Indonesia is home to Christians, Catholics, Hindus, Buddhists and Confu- cians. The value ​​of peace is also held firmly by all adherents in Indo- nesia. You can just imagine how an Islamic boarding school can ex- ists safely and comfortably in a predominantly Hindu commu- nity without the value of high tolerance. All this drives a natural synergy between religion, tolerance and democracy in Indonesia. Historically, the people of In- donesia persistently strive for de- mocracy, because with democra- cy, everyone has the same rights and obligations, checks and bal- ances will work, and every single voice matters. THE IMPORTANCE OF DEMOCRACY FOR STATE LIFE AND RELATION AMONG NATIONS President Joko Widodo
  8. 8. january 2017Issue 101 Diplomasi TABLOID Media Komunikasi dan Interaksi FOcUS8 The Indonesian people believe that Indonesia will become bet- ter through democracy. Democracy is also a process, which means we continue to learn from the democratic pro- cesses we live in, and we need to learn from the experiences of other countries in democracy. Therefore, Indonesia is highly committed in making the Bali Democracy Forum as a conve- nient forum for every country to share experiences in democracy, challenges in democracy, and de- velop cooperation to help each other democratically. This forum is not a “finger point- ing exercise” forum. Precisely, this forum should be used to strengthen each other. Through the Institute for Peace and Democracy (IPD), Indonesia is ready to develop concrete co- operation in the field of democ- racy and peace. In closing, I would like to con- vey my congratulations on your dialogue on democracy and tol- erance. I am sure there will al- ways be new things which can be gained from every dialogue. Thank you. (Speech of the President of the Republic of Indonesia at the Opening of Bali Democracy Fo- rum IX, at Bali International Conference Center, Nusa Dua, Bali, December 7, 2016) BDF IX Invites Participants to See Real Practices and Engage All Stakeholders “We deliberately took this program to show in the field, at the community level, that there is togetherness and tolerance. How it is possible for an Islamic boarding school to stand and exists comfortably without any dis- turbance in the midst of a Hindu society. This is an example of how the difference can be used as a capital to build human quality with integrity, “said the Foreign Minister. Other implemented series of the BDF IX is the international seminar organized under the theme “Islam and Democracy, the Chal- lenge of Pluralism and Security”. It involves religious figures, NGOs, and media from vari- ous countries. (Related news on page 15). The high participation of high-ranking of- ficials in the implementation of BDF IX has confirmed the position of BDF as a dialogue forum on constructive democratic develop- ment in the Asia Pacific region. The international recognition of the exis- tence of BDF is evident from the presence of world figures such as 1997-2006 UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, 2008-2012 ASEAN Secre- tary General Surin Pitsuwan, and 2015 Nobel Peace prize winner Ouided Bouchamaoui. In addition, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and President of the 71st UN General Assem- bly Peter Thomson also delivered their mes- sages through a video message. BDF IX also became special because this is the first time that President Joko Widodo attended and officially opened this activity since being President of Indonesia in 2014. Another exceptional feature of the BDF IX event is the site visit or visit of the BDF IX delegates to Bali Bina Insani Islamic boarding school in Tabanan. This activity is intended to show a form of tolerance in Indonesia, where a boarding school can run its activities well in a village where almost all of the population is Hindu. This is the first time that such a site visit activity was done in a BDF event since 2008.
  9. 9. 15 january 2017Issue 101Diplomasi TABLOID Media Komunikasi dan Interaksi FOcUS 9 The Bali Democracy Forum (BDF) IX at Bali International Conference Center (BICC), Nusa Dua, Bali on December 8-9, 2016, was attended by 101 delegates consisting of 46 delegates from participating countries, 49 del- egates from observing countries, and 6 delegates of observers from international organizations. The delegation of partici- pating countries consisted of 10 ministerial delegates, 11 delegates at the deputy minister level, and 25 ambassadorial level delegates. The observer country delegates consisted of 2 ministerial level delegates, 1 deputy ministerial delegate, and 46 ambassadorial level delegates. While the delega- tion of observers from interna- tional organizations consisted of 1 ministerial delegate, 1 deputy ministerial level delegate, and 4 ambassadorial level delegates. Countries that sent minis- terial level delegations are: Af- ghanistan, Fiji, Maldives, Nepal, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Singapore, and Timor Leste. Countries that sent deputy ministerial delegations were: Ar- menia, Bangladesh, Brunei Dar- ussalam, China, Iran, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Thailand, and Turkmenistan. While other countries, name- ly: Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Cambodia, Georgia, India, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Ku- wait, Myanmar, New Zealand, Oman, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Solomon Island, Srilanka , Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, and Viet- nam sent ambassadorial level delegates. Libya and Suriname are the two observer countries that sent a ministerial level delegation, while Zimbabwe sent a deputy minister level observer delegate. In the meantime, 46 other observers sent ambassadorial level delegates. These countries are: Algeria, Argen- tina, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia, Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Czech, Denmark, Equador, Ethiopia, France, Finland, Ger- many, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Lebanon , Luxem- bourg, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherland, Nigeria, Norway, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Senegal, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, UK, USA, and Venezuela . International organizations participating in the implementation of BDF IX 2016 and present as ob- servers were: MSG (Melanesian spearhead group), IDEA (institute for democracy and electoral as- sistance), European Union, community of democ- racies, ICRC (international committee of the Red Cross) and UN. Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) sent a min- isterial level delegate, while IDEA sent a deputy ministerial level delegate. Meanwhile, four other in- ternational organizations each sent an ambassado- rial level delegation. So overall, the 2016 BDF IX event was attended by 101 delegates led by 13 ministers, 13 vice ministers and 75 ambassadors. Ministerspresentwere:FaizMohammadOsmani (foreign minister of Afghanistan), Seremaia Cavui- lati (foreign minister of Fiji), Dr. Mohamed Asim (foreign minister Maldives), Dr. Prakash Sharan Ma- hat (Nepalese foreign minister), Dr. Riad al Maliki, Rimbink Pato (foreign minister of PNG), Ernesto C. Abella (presidential spokesperson of the Philip- pines), Sultan bin Saad al Muraikh (foreign minis- ter of Qatar), Amrin Amin (parliamentary secretary of Singapore), Hernani Coelho (foreign minister of Timor Leste ), Mohamed Attaher Siyala (Libyan for- eign minister), Niermala Badrising (foreign minister Suriname), and Amena Yauvoli (director general for Asia, Pacific and Africa MSG). [] BDF BECOMES A MAJOR WORLD DEMOCRACY FORUM Countries that sent ministerial level delegations are: Afghanistan, Fiji, Maldives, Nepal, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Singa- pore, and Timor Leste.
  10. 10. january 2017Issue 101 Diplomasi TABLOID Media Komunikasi dan Interaksi10 FOcUS INDONESIA CARVES FACTs ISLAM, DEMOCRACY AND PLURALISM CAN co-EXIST IN HARMONY This is for the 9th year in a row that Indonesia is proud to host the Bali Democracy Forum. I hope that next year, we will be able to welcome the partici- pation of more countries and discuss the challenges faced by other regions. Through this forum, we can learn about democracy and oth- erissuesrelatedtoit,notthrough finger-pointing or patronizing, but by sharing our experiences. As host, Indonesia strongly believes that ongoing discussions and lesson-learned sharing are paramount to advancing every progress of our own democracy. Such an exchange of views has become more important as chal- lenges of democracy arise. In some democratic countries that are becoming more multieth- nic, multi-religious and multi-valued, horizontal tension is a constant reality. To face these challenges, we must further strengthen our com- mitment to the values of toler- ance, pluralism and moderation and make it an integral part of our community. Democracy in Indonesia is in full swing. And it is practiced in the course of our community life. Indonesia is a witness to the fact that Islam, democracy and pluralism can coexist harmoni- ously. However, this is not some- thing to be taken for granted. We have to keep working to nurture and make it strong. Therefore, the Bali Democ- racy Forum is an important plat- form for us to carry out. We are reporting that the 9th Bali Democracy Forum is attend- ed by delegates from 95 countries and 6 international organiza- tions. We are also honored by the presence of Mr. Kofi Annan, UN Secretary General for the period 1997-2006, Madame Ouided Bou- chamaoui, 2015 Nobel Peace prize winner, and ASEAN Secretary General for 2008-2012, HE Surin Pitsuwan, at this meeting. In this two-day meeting, we will discuss Promoting De- mocracy and Religious Harmony in Responding to the Challenges of Pluralism. We also have the opportunity to share best prac- tices and important lessons in fostering religious harmony and in combating violent extremism through democratic responses.[] Foreign Minister Retno
  11. 11. 15 january 2017Issue 101 11FOcUSDiplomasi TABLOID Media Komunikasi dan Interaksi Diplomasi TABLOID Media Komunikasi dan Interaksi I believe that religion, pluralism, and de- mocracy are not contradictory. On the con- trary, I believe that religion, pluralism, and democracy can mutually reinforce the foun- dations of a healthy, stable, and prosperous society. From dawn, and in the four corners of the world, religion and belief have given human- ity ethnic code, spiritual guidance and com- fort. In particular, religion has been a driving force for personal and social progress. Even in secular countries, religious norms have in- spired many of their laws and customs. But we cannot deny that religion is also often instrumentalized to exclude, persecute and even kill “others,” whether external en- emies or close neighbors. In our diverse society, the only way to avoid conflicts and to ensure that people be- lieve, no matter what their faith, can exercise freely is to ensure that religion affirms the principle of pluralism. The Global Center for Pluralism – which was founded by Aga Khan and the Canadian government, where I am a Member of the Council - defines pluralism as a concept that not only respects diversity, but is an actual value and celebrates diversity as it recognizes its benefits to society. In his study of the history of the decline and fall of dominant kingdoms, Yale Univer- sity professor, Amy Chua, reveals that the most successful kingdoms in world history, ranging from Ancient Persia and Rome to the Tang Empire in China, are based on pragmat- ic pluralism. Pluralism allows them to successfully in- tegrate various nations into their systems, and then draws different types of talent and knowledge to defend and expand their em- pire because they all have shares in it. Their fall, he argues, stems from their em- brace of intolerant and exclusive attitudes. Democracy is the most suitable system for securing and maintaining pluralism in to- day’s world. True democracy perpetuates the rights and freedoms of all individuals in law and institutions, regardless of race, gender, or re- ligion, and provides votes to all. I cannot think of a better country to deliv- er this message other than Indonesia, which has a national motto “Bhinneka Tunggal Ika” or Unity in Diversity. This great country consists of about 300 ethnic groups and more than 700 languages, and many religions, scattered throughout the vast archipelago, which is a joyful existence that pluralism can work. Speaking here in Bali, which has a unique heritage and tradition and makes Bali one of the most valuable destinations in the world, also highlights the benefits of diversity that can be brought to the country. However, there are currently many parts INDONESIA ABLE TO CONVEY THE RIGHT MESSAGE OF DEMOCRACY AND PLURALISM Kofi Annan, Former Secretary-General of the United Nations
  12. 12. january 2017Issue 101Focus12 Diplomasi TABLOID Media Komunikasi dan Interaksi of theworldthataremutuallyreinforcingand beneficial to diversity that are under threat. Globalization, in addition to integrating the world economy, society, and people more thanever,andcreatingunprecedentedwealth around the world, also resulted in a backlash as the benefits gained were not evenly dis- tributed and the gap between rich and poor continued to widen. The losers of globalization - driven by populist politicians - retreat to primal identi- ty, some real, some imagination as a bulwark of uncertainty and fear. World over, groups or movements seek to resist the bonds that bind us all between religions, nationalities, races, and class divi- sions. Populist and xenophobic movements, which condemn migrants and other minori- ties in the name of protecting their own iden- tity, often on the basis of some idea of ​​ethnic purity and or religion. Even more brutal, religious extremists deny humanity not only to people of differ- ent religions but also to people of their own religion who does not share their beliefs. Diversity is increasingly portrayed as a threat that undermines our society, rather than as an asset that can benefit all of us. Unfortunately, well-placed democratic institutions that resist these forces are also challenged. Trust in these institutions declines, and not just in new democracies. Party member- ship, voter participation, and trust in politi- cians decline in old and well-established de- mocracies. There is a sense that democracy is empty and that the running institutions and pro- cesses are not functioning properly, or in the interest of the community from whom power comes from. In many countries, we see democratically elected leaders becoming increasingly au- thoritarian and striving for unlimited power. If citizens do not believe that they can change their leaders through the ballot boxes - the mechanisms adopted for peaceful and democratic leadership rotation - they will look for other ways, even with the risk of de- stabilizing their country. This trend undermines our belief in one another and towards our institutions. That is why my Foundation emphasizes the legiti- macy of democracy through elections with integrity. Elections with integrity are not only free and fair but also ensure legitimacy for win- ners and security for the losers. As I often say, the problem is not belief but faith. Religion can be used for good, but it can also be abused. We must emphasize the basic values ​​com- mon to all religions: compassion, solidarity, and a sense of respect for the human person. At the same time, we need to distance our- selves from stereotypes, generalizations and prejudices; and care not to let crimes be com- mitted by individuals , or small groups; or not to dictate our views on all people, entire re- gions, or all religions. We must also avoid the pitfalls imposed by extremists who restrict human beings to only one identity. We all have many identities that enrich us as individuals. We may be different but we can share the common love of our family or our national heritage, and our faith. We must accept that what we have together far exceeded what separates us, and we need not hate “others” to love who we are. And we must strive to revitalize democ- racy itself because maintaining diversity in a peaceful and productive way is possible only in a democratic system of government. To quote Winston Churchill, democracy is the worst form of government ever created, except for all others. But we do not just ac- cept democracy just like that. Recent elec- tions in a number of countries have shown us that democracy is a fragile flower. However, elections have obliged mainstream leaders to recognize that material benefits from globalization have not been evenly dis- tributed and many have been abandoned or fallen through the safety net. They also show why polling is problematic. Many of the most populist fanatic critics do not vote, and then look shocked and anxious when they win. But democracy is not just about elections, but more than that, democracy is first and foremost about laws and institutions that guarantee the rights of its citizens, respect and even protect, freedom of religion. Plural societies, however, often prove diffi- cult to manage because of their diversity. As Indonesia knows, the government’s suc- cess in such a plural society requires inclusive leadership, in order to build and maintain trust amongst communities over time. We must also recognize the no one-size-fits- all approach to this task. The way forward is difficult but future de- mands are increasingly challenging. It re- quires leadership from all regions of the world, and all parts of society. Politics is too important if left to politicians alone, religious leaders, business leaders, civil society organizations, and ordinary citizens must demonstrate their commitment to the moral of their faith and the values ​​of demo- cratic pluralism. No one is born as a good democrat and no one is born as a good citizen. It is an Indone- sian, Alwi Shihab, who notes that democracy is our habit that needs to be nurtured. Mutual respect and tolerance should be nur- tured and passed on to each generation. We must learn from each other, make our traditions and cultures different as sources of harmony and strength, not disagreements and weaknesses. Only by learning from each other can we build a global community based on the ulti- mate truth, where every religion teaches us: respect and love to all mankind, for we are all children of God.
  13. 13. 15 january 2017Issue 101 focus 13Diplomasi TABLOID Media Komunikasi dan Interaksi Ouided Bouchamaoui Nobel Peace Prize Winner Iwillstartbyconveyingwarm- ly to the organizers of the Bali Democracy Forum who had invited me to this event. As a 2015 Nobel Peace Laureate from Tunisia, I would like to use this opportunity to convey respect to the host country, Indonesia, the world’s largest archipelago formed as a republic and demo- cratic, for its major role on cru- cial themes such as democracy, religion, and pluralism. As an admirer of this extraor- dinary Asian culture, Indonesia should be proud of the concept of religious harmony, the cen- tral concept enshrined in the Indonesian constitution and widely respected by the four ma- jor religions of Indonesia: Islam, Christianity, Hinduism and Bud- dhism. Indonesia has been able to consolidate interreligious rela- tions and religious harmony in an exemplary way. By doing so, Indonesia has provided an ex- ample worthy of being followed by many countries, including my own country. Speaking on the experi- ence of Tunisian democracy, my country has adopted a new constitution, the Constitution of 2014, which replaced the 1959 Constitution. In terms of religion, and af- ter a long debate within the Assembly of People’s Representatives (ARP), it was decided not to change the first article of the Constitution of 1959 which states that “Tuni- sia is a free, independent, and sovereign state, Is- lam as its religion, Arabic as its language, and Republic as its form.” This short sentence of con- sensus speaks of religious com- plexity when confronted with political reality. Indeed, the term used in the ever-relevant phrase contained in the Tunisian Con- stitution proves the intelligence of legislators who respect the mandate of democracy. Tunisia has a very long history thathaslastedforthreethousand years. Tunisia is a small country with 11 million inhabitants. Tuni- sia has been a democratic labora- tory in the Arab world since the Jasmine Revolution six years ago. In 1956, Tunisia proclaimed its independence. Bourguiba, Tuni- sia’s first president has enacted a number of new legal rules for women and families, which was enacted for the first time in a Muslim country. The rule of law is also a reference to Tunisia’s new constitution of 2014. As I mentioned earlier, diver- sity and pluralism are the basic features of Tunisian character and society. These two main fea- tures are written in the Tunisian Constitution, and are the basic foundation of Tunisian history. Synagogues and churches stand side by side with mosques in Tu- nisia. Minorities, both Jews and Christians, perform their wor- ship activities in total freedom. In fact, Tunisia always pro- tects plurality, for instance, by encouraging Tunisian Jews to celebrate the pilgrimage to Ghi- ba, the 33rd day of the Jewish Passover. The pilgrimage is at the heartof thetraditionof thiscom- munity. The Ghriba Synagogue on the island of Djerba is known as one of the most ancient syna- gogues in North Africa. Some of the reasons for the “Tunisian exception” are also causedbyTunisia’smulti-cultural history as well as the geographi- cal position of Tunisia. Tunisia is one of the most diverse coun- tries in the world because mi- grants from Africa, Arabia, Tur- key, Europe (Italy, Spain, France, and others) can find their place in Tunisia and integrate well. It makes a beautiful mixture and has formed an open and colored Tunisia. Thus,Iwanttomakeaseman- ticshiftinexplainingtheconcept of “cultural harmony”. In Tunisia, we have a historical obligation to honor those who share the same history with us, regardless of reli- gion, belief, or faith. The important thing to em- phasize in this case is how we can As a country with the larg- est Muslim population, In- donesia has a big role in en- couraging the development of democracy in Islamic coun- tries in the world. Although the Middle East consists of Islamic countries, the devel- opment of democracy is not as good as Indonesia. Therefore, Indonesia should be a pioneer of democratic progress in the Islamic countries. The world sees it as a representation of the largest Islamic state in the world. Indonesia should encour- age democratic development of Muslim countries especial- ly in the Middle East. There is still much to do, such as the best exchange of democratic experiences in various Islamic countries. Show the world that Islam is suitable for democ- racy. Indonesia should not lec- ture other large countries, but rather approach in a diplo- matic way.[] INDONESIA SHOULD BE A FORERUNNER FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF DEMOCRACY IN ISLAMIC COUNTRIES Azyumardi Azra Jakarta State Islamic University Professor RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RELIGION AND RELIGIOUS HARMONY IN INDONESIA SHOULD BE MADE AS A MODEL Dok.Termpo
  14. 14. january 2017Issue 101Focus14 Diplomasi TABLOID Media Komunikasi dan Interaksi promote and build a model soci- ety that is not only conditioned to “cultural harmony”, which is one step with “religious harmo- ny” practiced in Indonesia, but also by building a pillar of har- mony that is no less important to me, namely “social harmony”. In Tunisia, we are faced with a crucial question regarding “so- cial harmony”. We are called to recognize that every Tunisian society, male and female, aspires to live in dignity in a society that recognizes its social and eco- nomic rights. Today, the most difficult challenge for us is basically eco- nomic. We need to eradicate in- justice, poverty, unemployment, inequality, social exclusion, and intolerance. There is no doubt that forming the ideals of “har- mony” as universally perceived in your culture and mine is a daunting task. It is recognized that these two ideals conceptually go hand in hand to achieve the same goal of peace and prosperity for all. It should be understood that religious harmony includes ele- ments of social harmony, such as solidarity, sharing, caring for others, honesty, mutual respect in difference, and protection for the weak. However, there is no denying that there will be no harmony of democracy without harmony of religion, harmony of culture, and social harmony. Accepting diversity with all its richness emphasizes the im- portance of creating ideal con- ditions for “total harmony”, both religious, cultural and social: the most important thing is to re- spect differences with others, to diversity, to respect their differ- ences, to respect the beliefs of others, while moving to achieve the welfare of the whole society. The optimal condition for a better life in democracy should be based on approaches that in- volve better regulation of natu- ral and human resources, and promote a just and prosperous society, regardless of political, religious or cultural tendencies. Rest assured that this short message is not intended to un- derminethecomplexityandrich- ness contained in the concept of harmony; both harmony on an individual scale, intercommuni- ty, or harmony on a wider scale of harmony with nature, which is a central concept so close to Asian culture that today has become a universal dimension. I want to end by stressing that in any event, what can unite us is much greater than what can di- vide us. Let us be constantly on alert so that our collective source of inspiration does not fade in ensuring prosperity or preserv- ing peace, security, tolerance, and respect for others. [] In early December 2016, Indonesia again hosted the 9th Bali Democracy Forum (BDF) with the theme “Reli- gion, pluralism and Democracy” joined by ministers and ambassadors from 95 coun- tries. This activity is also filled with Dialogue involving civil society and media. An impor- tant message from BDF IX is that all major world religions including Islam have values ​​that are in line with pluralism and democracy. BDF IX asserts that 60% of Muslim societies are people who ac- cept democracy. In the BDF forum, countries just practicing democ- racy and Muslim communities from around the world can dialogue and share experiences from various aspects to strengthen laws and legislation. The role of Indonesia as a country hosting the BDF is very signifi- cant. Indonesia as the third largest democracy and also the largest Muslim country in the world has shown the way. Despite many chal- lenges, support for extremists in the archipelago is very small. Although support for extremists is considered very small, it does not mean that Indonesia has no challenges in repressing terrorist movements. There are some lessons that we can learn from Indonesia’s experi- ence. These concepts have inspired the leaders of the nation to build an open political culture - a political culture that does not encourage the fusion of diverse cultures into a dominant identity, but unifies eth- nic differences and cultural identities to be melted in the Indonesian framework. Second, the role of civil society, such as NU and Muhammadiyah, each estimated to have 70 million members that has very significant roles for Indonesian Muslims from time to time.The two mass organi- zations are not only preparing for spiritual activities in the mosque or preparing educational institutions, but also develop women empow- erment programs and promote national brotherhood. The combination of programs based on spiritual and social activi- ties has provided relevance and capability not only to the communi- ties served but also very useful in synergizing with the government. If Indonesia is active and successful, it will be able to assists many countries in facing the challenge of terrorism. And if it fails, Indo- nesia will face the threat of terrorist groups entering from abroad and spreading into the archipelago. This is the greatest alertness that should be anticipated by the third largest democratic country. (Published in The Jakarta Post, January 27, 2017 titled Living with Differences) Living with Differences Moazzam Malik The British Ambassador in Jakarta Dok.Bangkapost
  15. 15. 15 january 2017Issue 101 highlight 15Diplomasi TABLOID Media Komunikasi dan Interaksi Deputy foreign minister FACHIR: STRENGTHENING THE ROLES OF MEDIA AND CIVIL SOCIETY IN ADVANCING DEMOCRACY MODERATION, TOLERANCE AND DIALOGUE is a VALUE IN THE LIFE OF DEMOCRACY IN INDO- NESIA. VARIOUS EVENTS LIKE INCREASING EXTREMISM, RADICALISM, XENOPHOBIA, AND EXPRESSED RESPECTIVE FREEDOMS CAN THREATEN THE LIFE OF DEMOC- RACY. THEREFORE, THE ROLE OF MEDIA AND THE PEOPLE IN advancing DEMOC- RACY IS VERY IMPORTANT AND MUST BE STRONGLY STRENGTHENed. This was said by the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Dr. A.M Fachir, when opening the International Seminar on “December 6, 2016 on “ Islam, Democracy, the Challenges of Pluralism and Security. The seminar was organized by the Insti- tute for Peace and Democracy (IPD), Press Council and the RI Ministry of Foreign Af- fairs. Deputy Minister Fachir further asserted that the peaceful action on 2 December in Jakarta became a reflection that Indonesia, through its spirit of tolerance and modera- tion, is able to maintain diversity in a demo- cratic life. All levels ranging from civil society, the media, to the government need to con- tinue to hold this value and work together in strengthening the development of democracy in the country and also address the threat of extremism and the spread of hate speech. In the meantime, Dr. Nur Hassan Wira- juda, IPD patron, in his speech stated that Indonesia is an example that Islam, democ- racy and modernity can go hand in hand. The Arab spring events and the global migration caused by the conflict in the Middle East over the past few years, which led to conflict and inter-faith clashes among religions, are ex- amples that pluralism and democracy are still and will be a challenge to other countries in the world. The opening ceremony was followed by an interactive discussion until December 7, 2016. Almost 100 participants from media, re- ligious leaders, academics, diplomatic corps and NGOs from Indonesia,Timor-Leste, Laos, Vietnam, Austria, use, and Solomon Islands attended this event. This international seminar is a pre-event of the 9th Bail Democracy Forum held on 8 - 9 December 2016 with the theme “religion, democracy and pluralism” at the Bail Interna- tional Convention Center (BICC), Nusa Dua, Bali. The results of the seminar were reported to the 9th BDF as a form of attention as well as input in strengthening the promotion of democracy in the Asia pacific region. []
  16. 16. january 2017Issue 10116 Diplomasi TABLOID Media Komunikasi dan Interaksi highlight CONFLICTS BETWEEN RELIGION, ETHNIC GROUPS, AND SOCIAL CLASSES HAPPEN AND ARE CORRELATED Anumber of Ministers and Ambassadors from various countries attending the Bali Democracy Forum IX, during the two-day General Debate session, presented their respective countries’ views, ideas and experiences on issues related to the theme of this year’s forum, “Religion, Democracy and Pluralism “. Palestinian Foreign Minister Riad Maliki views that an increasing religious identity in every corner of the world today is not caused by spiritual awareness but are caused by fear of another identity. He cited the growing Islamophobia in Europe and the growing number of peo- ple expressing objections to the refugee recruitment in negative and disadvantageous ways. On the other hand, continued Riad Maliki, some teenagers and de- spairing youth in the Middle East respond to false promises sold by extremists, a comfortable life after death. In hopeless and future con- ditions of life, extremist ideas sound very attractive and trigger hateful thoughts toward others. According to Riad Maliki, most people in the Middle East are or- dinary people who aim to live worthily and still need to make further efforts on human rights and gender, but intolerance and xenophobia will further aggravate the situation. For that, the government is required to work more on education in order to develop understanding between everyone in the world. He quoted Helen Keller, a writer and lecturer in America who said, “The highest educational outcome is tolerance”. Further, Riad Maliki insists that world governments should work more to open dialogue channels between each other and strictly en- force the rule of law that will contribute reducing Islamophobia in Europe and extremism in the Middle East, and thus, global security and religious harmony can be created. Meanwhile, the Executive Vice President of the Institute of Chi- nese Society, Lu Shumin, highlighted the current trend of peace, de- velopment and mutual cooperation to promote stability and develop- ment into the choice of state policy and people’s aspirations. At the same time, Lu Shumin said, the state also faces increasing problems and challenges in economic and social development with increasingly diverse national interests and social structure, rising an- ti-globalization, anti-establishment, anti-elite and anti-immigration voices and interfaith, ethnic and social class conflicts. China has several achievements and experiences in promoting de- velopment and maintaining social harmony and stability, where suc- cess is achieved because China adheres to a path that is in line with national conditions. After repeated mistakes and trials, and learning from the experiences of other countries, China finally chose and built a socialist system with Chinese characteristics. China focuses on development as a priority because development is the key to solving all of China’s problems. By focusing on develop- ment, deepening reform and opening up, China has created a miracle of high and long economic growth since the end of World War II. Meanwhile, Italian Foreign Minister Benedetto Della Vedova stat- ed that the Bali Democracy Forum (BDF) has truly become one of the most relevant opportunities for dialogue on important issues related to democracy in the Asia-Pacific region. This year’s BDF theme is highly relevant and timely and Indonesia can be a source of inspiration in tolerance and harmonious coexis- tence between different religions and cultures, as well as becoming a frontline state in combating extremism and radicalization, Benedetto said. “Intolerance, religious and sectarian violence, and discrimination have sparked conflict in various regions of the world. And we believe that the education of democratic and pluralistic values ​​is the best tool to fight extremist waves, “concluded Benedetto. [] Lu Shumin, Vice President of the Chinese People’s Institute of Foreign Affairs Riad Maliki, Palestinian Foreign Minister Benedetto Della Vedova, The Italian State Secretary for Foreign Affairs
  17. 17. 15 january 2017Issue 101 17Diplomasi TABLOID Media Komunikasi dan Interaksi highlight DEMOCRACY AND TOLERANCE RESPOND TO THE CHALLENGE OF PLURALISM S elain menggelar sesi Debat Umum, Bali Democracy Forum IX juga menggelar dua sesi Diskusi Pa- nel. Diskusi Panel I dengan tema “Promoting Democracy and Re- ligious Harmony in Responding to the Challenges of Pluralism” dengan fokus pada sejumlah hal yang terjadi di Eropa. Salah satu topik yang dibahas adalah tentang mobilisasi pe- ngungsi Muslim dari negara- negara Timur Tengah ke Eropa. “Diskusiinimembantumem- bukapikiranbanyaknegara,khu- susnya di Eropa tentang problem mereka. Bukan tidak mungkin apa yang didiskusikan disini bisa dibawa ke Konferensi Perda- maian Timur Tengah di Paris (21 Desember 2016)” kata Ketua Dis- kusi Panel I, Dr. Hassan Wirajuda (Menlu RI pada 2001-2009). “Bayangkan Eropa dengan negara-negara tua, yang berusia lebih dari 300 tahun, tapi dengan tren globalisasi kemudian terjadi migrasi dalam jumlah besar. Tahun lalu terdapat 1,2 juta pengungsi dari Timur Tengah dan Afrika Utara yang masuk ke Eropa, dan sejumlah negara di benua itu pun mendirikan tembok untuk menghalangi masuknya imigran” terang Dr. Hassan Wirajuda. Terkait hal itu, Dr. Hassan Wi- rajuda mengingatkan bahwa ma- sih ada sekitar 70 juta pengungsi yang masih bergerak ke seluruh dunia, dan bahwa tembok-tem- bok yang dibangun di Eropa itu tidak akan efektif. Lebih lanjut Dr. Hassan Wirajuda mengatakan bahwa hal tersebut terjadi karena masih ada tugas untuk menyelesaikan konflik di berbagai belahan dunia,yangmerupakanpenyebab orang-orangharusmeninggalkan tempat tinggalnya. “Kedua, kita masih harus ber- upaya untuk mengurangi kesen- jangan antara kemakmuran di negara maju dan kemiskinan di negara berkembang, dan ini bu- kanlah hal yang mudah” terang Dr. Hassan Wirajuda. Menurutnya Indonesia bisa belajar dari apa yang dihadapi oleh Eropa sebagai bangsa tua, yang konsep bangsanya sendiri sudah mulai terancam, baik dari luar maupun dari dalam. Sebagai bangsa yang berusia 308 tahun, Inggris harus meng- hadapi tuntutan Irlandia Utara yang mendesak memisahkan diri. Sementara itu, Spanyol yang telah berdiri selama 305 tahun juga mengalami masalah serupa dengan Catalunya yang mende- sak untuk merdeka. “Sebagai bangsa yang relatif muda, Indonesia masih men- ghadapi tuntutan separatis. Mes- ki sebagian besar sudah terse- lesaikan, tapi juga membangun bagaimana kohesi kita sebagai bangsa yang majemuk menjadi satu tantangan” tutur Dr. Hassan Wirajuda. Diskusi Panel I menghadir- kan tiga pembicara, yaitu; Dr. Siti Ruhaini Dzuhayatin, Komisioner pada IndependentPermanentHu- man Rights Commission (IPHRC) OKI dengan sub-tema “Promo- ting Democracy and Religious Harmony in Plural Society”; Oui- ded Bouchamaoui, pemenang Nobel Perdamaian 2015 dan ang- gota Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet, dengan sub-tema “Re- building Society and Promoting Religious Harmony: Democratic Responses”; dan Charles Powell, Direktur Elcano Royal Institute, Spanyol, dengan sub-tema “Ma- naging the Change of Social Con- tours in Europe”. Selanjutnya, Diskusi Panel II yang dipimpin oleh Dr. Dino Pat- ti Djalal (Wakil Menlu RI pada 2014), mengangkat tema “Fos- tering Religious Harmony and Countering Violent Extremism and Discrimination through De- mocratic Responses”. Panel ini juga menghadirkan tiga pembicara, yaitu; Ketua In- stitute for Peace and Democracy Foundation, Letjen. Agus Widjoyo, dengan sub-tema “Fostering Mo- deration and Public Civility: the Rolesof theState”;DutaBesarIng- gris Dr. Moazzam Malik, dengan sub-tema “Countering Violent Extremism: Building Rule of Law and Engaging Religious Commu- nities”; dan Dr. Surin Pitsuwan, Sekretaris Jenderal ASEAN pada 2008-2012, dengan sub-tema “Building Regional Cooperation to Foster Religious Harmony”. Dr. Dino Patti Djalal me- ngungkapkan bahwa para pem- bicara pada sesi ini merasa kha- watir melihat multikulturisme, pluralisme, demokrasi dan tole- ransi yang semakin terdesak da- lam situasi dunia saat ini. Lebih lanjut Dr. Dino Patti Djalal memaparkan bahwa para peserta diskusi panel juga me- rasa khawatir melihat semakin tingginya rasa xenophobia (ke- takutan terhadap orang asing). “Ada perasaan bahwa demo- krasi tengah berada dalam kon- disi defensif di berbagai wilayah, dimana demokrasi menghadapi banyak hambatan. Kita tidak bisa takit for granted demokrasi, pluralisme dan toleransi. Kita harus benar-benar menegakkan prinsip-prinsip yang penting” kata Dr. Dino Patti Djalal. Selain itu, dalam Diskusi Pa- nel II ini juga dibahas mengenai kaitan Islam dengan demokrasi dan pluralisme. Terkait hal ini, Dr. Dino Patti Djalal mengata- kan bahwa saat ini Islam tengah menghadapi tantangan persepsi di dunia barat yang terlihat dari semakin maraknya Islamofobia. Diskusi panel menyimpulkan ba- hwa umat Islam harus berbenah diri untuk menyelesaikan hal-hal seperti ketidakadilan, keterbela- kangan, kemiskinan yang terjadi di dunia Islam dan juga dalam berkomunikasi dengan komuni- tas non Muslim.
  18. 18. january 2017Issue 10118 highlight Diplomasi TABLOID Media Komunikasi dan Interaksi The Bali Bina Insane Islamic Boarding School is located in Meliling Village, Kerambitan district, Tabanan Regency. This boarding school is somewhat different than other boarding schools because it is in a village environment where all the inhabitants are Hindus. Related to this, the founder of the Bali Bina Insane Islamic Boarding School, Drs. H. Ketut Imaduddin Djamal, SH. MM. states that this is not a deliberate thing. “I do not know why I chose this location. No thoughts whatsoever. Incidentally, there is a land that is sold and then I bought it and built this boarding school here. Just like that, there are no other thoughts “. H. Ketut Imaduddin Djamal believes that God has shown a way for him to further in- crease inter-religiousness. He seems to be ap- pointed to teach the meaning of tolerance to the boarding school students, where the edu- cation of tolerance is not only delivered ver- bally in the classroom, but practiced through direct interaction. The students are in direct contact with the Hindu community and experience the value of tolerance, interact with the different religious communities and learn to perceive the mean- ing of mutual understanding and mutual re- spect without showing much difference. In fact, H. Ketut Imaduddin Djamal did not stop by only “teaching” tolerance through interaction with the surrounding community, but also opened up to Hindu teachers and em- ployees. Currently, there are 16 Hindu teach- ers who teach at The Bali Bina Insane Islamic Boarding School. Even in Madrasah Aliyah, the number of Hindu teachers is the same as the number of teachers who are Muslims, which are 10 teachers respectively. The teachers came voluntarily and ex- pressed their desire to teach at The Bali Bina Insane Islamic Boarding School. What make teachers proud is that they do not only teach economics, history, mathematics, biology and the likes but they also teach Balinese dances to the students, not only in class but also outside the classroom, including extracurricular activ- ities . Thus, students’ passion towards Balinese arts and culture increased. Drawing the students closer to the environ- ment, interacting positively with the Hindu community within the boarding school is part of how to educate students to accept Balinese culture, as part of their lives while staying and living in Bali. The village of Pegayaman, Buleleng, Bali, which is the birthplace of H. Ketut Imadud- din Djamal, is a village that is often regarded as a “monument” to the peaceful adoption of Balinese culture by the Muslim community. It seems that the beauty that was born from the cultural adoption in the village has been firmly planted in H. Ketut Imaduddin Djamal and became an inspiration when establishing the Bali Bina Insane Islamic Boarding School. “I want to create this boarding school into a tolerant boarding school, where students and all founders really implement tolerance in ev- eryday life,” said H. Ketut Imaduddin Djamal. The desire is then manifested and goes just like water flowing with the spirit of ‘lakum dinukum waliyadin’ (for you is your religion, and for me is my religion), because at that time there is no boarding school in Indonesia that can be used as a reference or a model for a tol- erant boarding school. “We just walk away, try to be as good as possible, get along as closely as possible with the Hindu community in our neighborhood by sticking to the Islamic guidance that requires to live in coexistence and brotherhood”, ex- plained H. Ketut Imaduddin Djamal.[] BALI BINA INSANI ISLAMIC BOARDING SCHOOL TEACHES THE MEANING OF CLOSENESS AND TOLERANCE
  19. 19. 15 january 2017Issue 101Diplomasi TABLOID Media Komunikasi dan Interaksi 19highlight It is a great honor for me to be present representing the Government of the Repub- lic of Namibia at this important event with an equally important topic. The theme of the 9th Bali Democracy Forum: “Religion, Democracy and Pluralism” is very appropriate. The fact that it exists and runs in Indonesia and Southeast Asia also makes this theme very significant. Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world and has the largest Muslim population in the world. Almost half of Southeast Asia’s 650 mil- lion people are in Indonesia. Therefore, Indonesia can play a very important role in providing education to other nations about how to coexist peacefully and harmoniously between various religions and cultures. Recent trends in migration, identity politics and global se- curity are all challenges not only faced in the Asia-Pacific region but also in all other regions of the world. In Africa, we have so many people risking their lives to cross the oceans, especially to Europe, which happens to be close enough geographically. Conflicts in other countries have also led refugees and asy- lum seekers and immigrants from these countries to come to Southeast Asia and try to find a better place to live. This means the government should address the problem of assimilating these migrants in the local community, and this can lead to conflict. The frustra- tions experienced by migrant communities can cause dissatis- faction and can expose them to easy recruitment by extremist groups and even terrorists. Indonesia is a good example of harmony in diversity and peaceful coexistence. This is not surprising, since Indonesia was the birthplace of the Non- Aligned Movement at the 1955 Bandung Conference. In fact, a number of participants gathered in this forum today also partici- pated in the 60th Anniversary of the Bandung Conference in 2015, in a very historic place. The spirit of partnership and Asia-Africa relations indeed arose during the conference. Namibia has a good and re- liable role on the international stage in working with other countries to ensure protection of international peace and security as stated in the UN Charter. Therefore, we will contribute in our own way in terms of multi- lateral cooperation, both within sub-regional, regional and inter- national frameworks to ensure tolerance and peaceful coexis- tence, and unity in diversity.[] INDONESIA IS A GOOD EXAMPLE IN IMPLEMENTING DIVERSITY AND HARMONY Anne Namakau Mutelo, Ambassador of The Republik of Namibia Dok.Kompasiana Indonesia can play a very important role in providing education to other nations about how to coexist peacefully and harmoniously between vari- ous religions and cultures. “ “
  20. 20. january 2017Issue 10120 lens Diplomasi TABLOID Media Komunikasi dan Interaksi not farming? Eventually, they chose to help and continue their parents’ farming undertakings. Therefore, it is evident that the impact of this program can be domestic and international, and they are very grateful to us be- cause of this program. Ithinkweshouldalsodevelop how the youths in a region would not have to go out of their areas to work.We must develop the job creating potential that exists in an area. In relation to this, I have asked friends in DG IDP and the Technical Cooperation section, as soft power diplomacy imple- menters, to load their activities in instagram or twitter so their activities can easily be dissemi- nated to the public. Another training program that many other countries are asking is entrepreneurship. They see that Indonesia has a highly developed entrepreneurship and economy, and it is all part of In- donesia’s soft power diplomacy. We can then make all of these as instruments and value-added. We will not only provide capac- ity training, but also benefit from the training we provide, both po- litically and economically. Therefore, there is now a ‘one gate policy’ which is in the Min- istry of Foreign Affairs. So, if we are going to provide capacity training, it is the Ministry of For- eign Affairs that decides. In this case, the Foreign Ministry will see whether a country deserves the training. This year, Indonesia is con- centrating on obtaining sup- port in its candidacy of UNDEF Non-Permanent Members for 2019-2020 where election will be held in 2018. For two years, Indo- nesia must pursue such support, So far, there are quite a lot of achievements that the Directorate General of In- formation and Public Diplomacy (DG IDP) has accomplished. Among them is the implementa- tion of the Indonesian Art and Culture Scholarship program (BSBI). Through this program, more and more people, especial- ly young people in various coun- tries around the world are able to recognize Indonesia better and deeper. Requests for becoming a par- ticipant in this BSBI program continue to increase from year to year. The program, which was initially devoted to countries in the Pacific region and ASEAN countries, has grown as demand for this program has come from all regions of the world. The BSBI program has been instrumental in promoting In- donesia’s rich art and culture to various countries in the world. On the other hand, the BSBI pro- gram has enhanced passion of Indonesian art and culture, not only from program participants from all over the world, but also from Indonesia’s youth. The next noticeable success- ful program is the Bali Democra- cy Forum (BDF) as the program makes people aware that democ- ratization brings people to good governance, which is also linked to corruption eradication efforts. Another achievement of the DG IDP is in the implementa- tion of Technical Cooperation and Capacity building programs, where we have provided our own capacity building trainings to other countries that do not have the capacity. Ultimately, the capacity is not only in technical form (giv- ing capacity training) but also opens the potential for coopera- tion between the Directorate of Technical Cooperation with the Directorate of Public Diplomacy as well as other Ministries / Insti- tutions. What is interesting is when we brought some farmers from Gambia to study farming in Gar- ut. The young people in Garut, who initially want to work in the city and are reluctant to become farmers, finally chose to become farmers. They were amazed that there are non-Muslims, speaking Arabic and French, who learned to farm in their villages. They then realized that even people from abroad learn to farm from their parents, then why are they A CLOSE LOOK AT THE ACHIEVEMENT OF THE DIRECTORATE GENERAL FOR INFORMATION AND PUBLIC DIPLOMACY Esti Andayani, Director General for Information & public DiplomacyAmid the busy schedule of Ambassador Esti Andayani, who will soon end her term as Director General of Information & Public Diplomacy (DG IDP), she is preparing for her new as- signment as Indonesian Ambassador to Italy. Diplomacy tab- loid conducted an interview with one of Indonesia’s diplomatic heroine regarding the achievements of the Director General of IDP. We are summarizing the result of this interview in the form of an open writing.
  21. 21. 15 january 2017Issue 101 21Diplomasi TABLOID Media Komunikasi dan Interaksi LENS among others, through soft di- plomacy by carrying out techni- cal cooperation. Inthisconnection,wewillsee countries which do not support Indonesia. Then, we should also see what is needed by a country. We also need to consider the pos- sibility of not being supported by a country despite providing it with training. Hence, the duty of the Direc- tor General of the IDP, together with the team, is to make sure which requests we can meet and what their main interests are. We should not provide all of their needs because our ability to pro- vide capacity is also limited. Now, there is an effort for pooling resources and decision is withintheMinistryof ForeignAf- fairs. Bappenas and the Ministry of Finance have also agreed. This certainly also allows Indonesia to be easily recognized in the world, and we also can value how much we have given. Prior to this, it is difficult for us to know how much budget each K / L has incurred in provid- ing assistance to other countries. But if the one gate policy is essen- tially functioning, it will definite- ly make it easier for us to know how big the numbers are. Thisisourachievementasthe South-South Cooperation coor- dination was previously held by Bappenas, but it has been trans- ferred to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs since January this year. However, Bappenas remains a part of us because budget plan- ning remains with Bappenas. Next is the Digital Diplomacy program that is currently in prog- ress. Actually, the framework was just created this year. Now, we do notonlyhaveawebsiteportalbut also twitter, facebook and insta- gram, including in PWNI / BHI, where people can communicate, comment, and we also reply. In addition, we also have an ASEAN Community blogger that was formed to help us in socializ- ing the ASEAN Community and ASEAN Economic Community. Evidently, it was very effective. We also have a team work- ing on video blogs, such as video activities of the Foreign Minister in Rakhine State, Myanmar. The video turned out to be widely ac- cessible to the public. Then this team, with certain applications, also monitored how much posi- tive, neutral or negative news were related to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, or to the govern- ment on a daily basis. So, it is easy for us to neutralize or coun- ter negative things. Currently, we are also building cooperation with Comcent to be even faster in countering negative or hoax news. Iconsideralltheseasachieve- ments of the DG IDP. Probably, it is not considered successful be- cause only a handful knows that they were done by the DG IDP. For ASEAN, we have a very good procedure where we never interfere in the internal affairs of ASEAN countries. We only give advice, and in such advice, ca- pacity building is also provided step by step and BDF is one way that can make Myanmar more open. We go into Myanmar in a very courteous way. As the larg- est Muslim populated country, we not only provide assistance to Muslims but also to Buddhists. For us, harmony is important and we do not raise hostility, so we go to Rakhine State not only with Islamic organizations but also Buddhist and Christian or- ganizations. This is what makes Indonesia more trustworthy, and this needs to be known by the in- ternational community. Today, with Economic Diplo- macy, we also have Expert Staff for Economic Diplomacy as well as Expert Staff for Social and Cul- tural Affairs and for Empower- ing Indonesians Abroad. We see that whatever capacity building we provide to different countries the outcome is finally economic cooperation, which is mutually beneficial. To handle the diaspora, now we also have the Sub-Directorate of Indonesian Community Em- powerment abroad. This diaspo- racancontributetodevelopment in Indonesia. Currently, we are seeking to provide ease through one year multiple visas and ease in get- ting Temporary Residency Per- mit for the Indonesian diaspora. Therefore, we should be able to make a diaspora map and decide what policy is most appropriate and necessary. The final policy required is to provide a Diaspora Card in the hope of providing convenience to the Indonesian diaspora upon returning to Indo- nesia.[] Duta Besar Esti Andayani, Dirjen IDP bersama Wamenlu A.M Fachir, Dr. Hasan Wirajuda, seluruh pimpinan dan staf IDP dan Kemlu Pendukung BDF IX.
  22. 22. january 2017Issue 101 Diplomasi TABLOID Media Komunikasi dan Interaksi22 review book review : gem of heaven Harmonization of life is an inevitable need in the midst of a multiethnic and multicultural Indonesian society. In this condition, it is necessary to continue to uphold the nation’s local wisdom values that teach about dialogue, tolerance and em- pathy. History proves that since ancient times, the archipelago has a strategic position be- cause it became the meeting point of the world’s great civilization, where the legacy of noble values is formed from the acculturation of Hindu-Buddhist and Islamic cultures, and this can be found in the form of religious so- cial practices in Indonesia. As a multiethnic and multicultural coun- try, Indonesians perceive difference as a beauty and an inherent part of life that needs to be nurtured, where Bhinneka Tunggal Ika and Pancasila are the actualization of values​​ for the need to maintain harmony in a multi- cultural nation. With this foundation, the Indonesian people proactively continue and develop a culture of dialogue, tolerance and mutual understanding between religious adherents and civilizations. This is seen as desirable to remove suspicion and misunderstandings between religions and cultures, and promote harmony and cooperation in the midst of dif- ferences and diversity. The book “Gem of Heaven: Portrait of Re- ligious Life in Indonesia” provides compre- hensive, accurate and objective information and images of the relations and tolerance between the religions existing in Indonesia: Islam, Catholicism, Protestantism, Hinduism, Buddhism and Confucianism. This book is not merely conceptually pro- posing the conditions of religious life and the dynamics of relations between religions because it also discusses how the praxis of interaction and communication of different religions in some parts of Indonesia in it. This book is very useful, not only for re- ligious and social issue researchers, but also as a reference and guidance for community groups in various places, including policy- makers at various social levels in order to build a harmonious and tolerant existence among religious followers. Academically, this book contributes to the treasure of scientific literature in various scientific disciplines, such as theology, com- parative religion, history, and sociology of re- ligions in Indonesia. Generally, this book discusses the concept of relations and tolerance in the teachings of major religions in Indonesia. Its discussion refers to scripture or the interpretation of the main characters. It also discusses the pattern of relationships, praxis tolerance of each be- liever in everyday life, and not leaving behind the state’s position in facilitating the creation of good relations and harmonious inter-faith in various forms and levels. In addition to comparing the concept of relation and tolerance in every religious teachingwiththepraxisof tolerancebetween different religions, this book also presents the factors supporting the creation of harmoni- ous relations and tolerance in religious life in Indonesia. Among them are progressive government policies on the recognition and protection of the existence of religions. This book uses a framework approach which considers that conflicts between ad- herents of religion are not only caused by internal factors of religion but also non-re- ligious factors, such as economic slackness, access to employment, struggle for position and political status or position in govern- ment. Thus, theoretically, it can be asserted that religion is not a triggering factor of con- flict, because in principle all religions carry a mission of peace. This book consists of two parts. The First Part consists of five Chapters and contains theoretical discussions on the meaning of religion and its elements. In the first section, it reviews the history of the introduction of major religions into Indonesia, the factors supporting the establishment of religious tolerance, harmonious relations between re- ligions and relations between religions and countries, including the challenge of toler- ance and the strategy of strengthening reli- gious harmony. Part Two discusses the model of harmony and harmonious relations of the religious praxis level in some parts of Indonesia. A number of provinces or cities in Indonesia are selected to show the dynamics and har- mony of relations between religious commu- nities in various forms. These areas include Jakarta, Semarang, Pontianak, Singkawang, Bali and Bangka Belitung. Part Two also looks at the relation of re- ligions with the state, from prehistoric times, Hindu-Buddhist,Islamictimes,colonialtimes, to the time of independence. The 218-page book, which brings the im- portant message of harmony and tolerance among religious people, is the fruit of cooper- ation between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia and the Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta State Islamic University (UIN). This book can be a source of inspira- tion among the followers of religion in Indo- nesia and abroad who still cannot develop a congruent relationship pattern, which is har- monious and peaceful.[]
  23. 23. 15 january 2017Issue 101Diplomasi TABLOID Media Komunikasi dan Interaksi 23LENS Representatives of OIC countries in New York expressed their appre- ciation for the constructive steps and inclusive approach of the Government of Indo- nesia towards the problem- solving efforts in Rakhine State, Myanmar. It includes several recent occasions, including OIC’s last meeting in New York on December 29, 2016. The Indonesian Foreign Minister’s meeting and shuttle diplomacy initiative with various parties included holding a live meeting with Aung San Suu Kyi (ASSK), as well as Indonesia’s bilateral visit to Bangladesh intended to help build trust and strengthen constructive engagement with the Government of Myanmar. The Minister of Foreign Af- fairs is also said to play a key role in the implementation of the ASEAN Foreign Ministers Retreat by discussing it with ASSK on December 19, 2016 in Yangon. Furthermore, appreciation was also given to Indonesia’s humanitarian aid to Rakhine State, especially to the Mus- lim minority group, includ- ing the last humanitarian aid released by the President on 29 December 2016 in the form of dispatching 10 containers of humanitarian aid for the Rohingyas, as well as previous various Indonesian aids like the construction of a number of hospitals and schools. Representatives of OIC Countries welcomed the Gov- ernment of Indonesia’s offer as it serves as a bridging role for OIC’s constructive communica- tion with the Government of Myanmar. OIC COUNTRIES APPRECIATE RI GOVERNMENT REGARDING RAKHINE STATE ISSUE THE INITIATIVE MEETING AND SHUTTLE DIPLOMACY DONE by ri’s foreign minister WITH VARIOUS PARTIES, INCLUDING a DIRECT MEETING WITH AUNG SAN SUU KYI (ASSK) AND IN- DONESIA’s BILATERAL VISIT TO BANGLADESH AIMed TO HELP BUILD CONFIDENCE AND STRENGTHEN CONSTRUCTIVE EN- GAGEMENT WITH MYANMAR’s GOVERNMENT.
  24. 24. january 2017Issue 101 ISSUE 101, januari 2017 Direktorat Diplomasi Publik Jalan Taman Pejambon 6 Jakarta 10110 Phone : 021-3813480 Fax : 021-3858035Diplomasi TABLOID Diplomasi Email : 771978 9173869 ISSN 1978-9173 Foreign Minister Retno Lestari Priansari Marsudi Marsudi made a visit to Myanmar to provide assistance to unrest victims in the Sitte region of Rakhine State. The Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia is the first ASEAN Foreign Minister to be granted access by Myanmar’s government to visit the Rakhine State inland after the riots of Oc- tober 12, 2016. Foreign Minister Retno said the aid was to help Rakhine’s post-conflict society. Foreign Minister Retno presented the as- sistance to Rakhine State Chief Minister, U Nyi Pu. “Alhamdulil- lah, the handover of aid went smoothly and we thank the Government of Myanmar who has welcomed this activity,” said Retno at Rakhine State, Saturday (21/1). In addition to providing assistance, Retno also asked the Government of Myanmar to grant access to the inland areas of Rakhine. “We also ask the Myanmar government to open access to the interior,” said Retno. Retno thanked the Government of Myanmar for approving and opening access to provide assistance to the Rakh- ine people. Indonesia’s assistance to Rakhine did not just happen this time. Previously, Indonesia also helped Myanmar in the form of school construction. Indonesian humanitarian aid to Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine State, Myanmar, continues to be channeled. Indonesia built two public schools worthy of use and equipment. “Everything was inaugurated by Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi in time,” said the Ambassador of the Republic of Indonesia to the Republic of Myanmar, Ito Sumardi Dju- nisanyoto, in Jakarta, as quoted by, December 20, 2016. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, through the Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia (KBRI) in Yangon, facilitates assistance right on target and does not overlap. Permission is fully acquired by KBRI Yangon. The Government of Indonesia’s inclusive approach based on humanitarian aspects is accept- able to Myanmar’s government and society. “The Government of Myan- mar greatly appreciates the atti- tude of the Indonesian Govern- ment and the Indonesian people which do not see the problems in Rakhine--particularly those involving ethnic Rohingyas--- emotionally but more on the ba- sis of accurate data in the field. The Indonesian school building in Myanmar has been ongo- ing since 2013. The Indonesian government has disbursed USD 1 million to construct three Pri- mary School units in Rakhine. Education is for all ethnicity. In addition to Rakhine State, In- donesia also plays an active role in assisting Myanmar’s progress in several sectors. “Bilaterally, Indonesia continues to encour- age and cooperate in promoting democratization and promoting the principles of human rights and decentralization. [] RI FOREIGN MINISTER : GIVES HUMANITARIAN AID TO RAKHINE STATE Indonesian Foreign Minister Retno Lestari Priansari Marsudi officially handed humanitarian aid to Myanmar Government in Rakhine. (12/10/2017)