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  1. 1. Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: Can China afford to continue its one-child policy?Author(s): Wang, FengLC SubjectHeading(s):China - Population policyFamily size - ChinaIssue Date: 2005Publisher: Honolulu: East-West CenterSeries/Reportno.:AsiaPacific issues ; no. 77Abstract:Twenty-five years after it was launched, Chinas "One Child" populationcontrol policy is credited with cutting population growth to an all time lowand contributing to two decades of spectacular economic development.But the costs associated with the policy are also apparent and are rising: agrowing proportion of elderly with inadequate government or familysupport, a disproportionately high number of male births attributable tosex selective abortion, increased female infant and child mortality rates,and the collapse of a credible government birth reporting system. Today,as China contemplates the future of the policy, many argue that a changethat allows couples to have two children will not lead to uncontrollablepopulation growth. Instead, it could help meet the fertility desires of mostChinese couples; avoid a worsening of the demographic and socialconsequences already evident; and relieve the Chinese government of theimmense financial and political costs of enforcing an unpopular policy.But changes will need to come soon if China is to avert even greaternegative consequences of the policy.Number ofPage(s):12URI: inCollections:AsiaPacific Issues