P china to keep one child policy

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P china to keep one child policy

  1. 1. China to keep one-child policyBEIJING, China (CNN) -- China will maintain its one-child policy for at least anotherdecade, the countrys family planning minister said in an interview published Monday.The policy, begun in the 1970s, prohibits most couples from bearing more than onechild.Nearly 200 million Chinese will enter child-bearing age in the next 10 years, MinisterZhang Weiqing told the China Daily newspaper. He said abandoning the policy duringthis period would cause "serious problems and add extra pressure on social andeconomic development.""After the new birth peak ends, we may adjust the policy if there is a need," he said.*Chinas population, which now stands at about 1.3 billion, is growing at the rateof 0.6 percent and is expected to peak around 1.6 billion by 2050, according to theU.S. State Department.*Chinas Communist Party first implemented the one-child rule three decades ago amidfears that the country would not be able to feed a skyrocketing population. The policyhas prevented about 400 million births, the China Daily said.Families living in cities are barred from having more than one child -- unless neitherparents have siblings. In rural areas, the law allows for a second child under certaincircumstances. And the guidelines are also looser for ethnic minorities with smallpopulation.Enforcement varies but usually takes the form of fines to discourage extra births.While the policy has helped curb population growth, it has also led to forcedsterilizations in some parts of the country, the State Department said. Because of atraditional preference for male heirs, many Chinese have aborted female fetuses,according to human rights groups.Even within the country, there have been growing calls in recent years for the law to beoverhauled, the China Daily said. Some Chinese worry that the law has led to a genderimbalance. They also worry about Chinas aging population. Those 60 years of age andolder are expected to make up more than 200 million in the next seven years, accordingto government figures.Zhang said the problems should not be blamed solely on the one-child rule and "it willbe simplistic" to look for a single approach in addressing them.http://edition.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/asiapcf/03/10/china.onechild/

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