Harry potter


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Harry potter

  1. 1. When J.K. Rowling began writing the novel that would become Harry Potter and thePhilosophers Stone in the early 1990s, she didnt see fame in her own crystal ball. "Ithought Id written something that a handful of people might quite like," she said at apress conference near the end of her recent North American tour. "So this has beensomething of a shock."The "this" she speaks of is the sudden and almost overwhelming fame that hasaccompanied the unprecedented success of her Harry Potter series of books. The sortof fame western society generally reserves for rock stars and well known actors, notever -- until now -- for authors of books for children.Joanne Kathleen Rowling was born on July 31, 1966 in a town in England calledChipping Sodbury. At present, she lives in Edinburgh, Scotland with her daughterJessica, now age seven.The level of fame she has achieved is not of her creation and, on hearing her speak,not to her desire. She says that shes still learning to deal with it. "Id say for the firsttwo years of me being in the paper -- I didnt call myself famous. I didnt think ofmyself that way -- but for the first two years, I think I was in denial. I kept thinking itwould go away. It will go away."Denial, however, wasnt getting her anywhere, nor, she says now, was it veryproductive for her. "By the time of the third book, The Prisoner of Azkaban," whichcame out around the time that Harry Potter made the cover of Time magazine, "I hadto accept that it probably wasnt going to go away any time soon. And thats probablya healthier place to be. I mean, it will. At some point its going to go away. Thats thenature of the game. And I truly believe that I will be happy. And I will have fondmemories of the time that I was famous."Meanwhile, one of the positives of not being an onscreen celebrity is that shes notoften recognized in public when going about her everyday business, something thathas likely been helped by coloring the bright red hair that her readers first came toassociate with Harry Potters creator, a more subdued dark blonde."People ask if I can walk down the street unmolested. Really easily. In Edinburgh itsreally exceptional for people to come up to me. So either people in Edinburgh arereally cool and pretend not to notice or want to leave you alone, or they genuinelydont notice me. And I think probably that. So compared to an actress or a politician, Ireally get nothing. Its just that to me its a huge shock because I didnt expect to getanything at all."
  2. 2. The fame that Harry has brought Rowling has made the normal level of interactionbetween the author and her readers almost impossible. First theres the pressconference: very few authors have such pressing demands from the media that theyreeven required. Then there are the readings. A very popular author might draw severalhundred fans to a well-promoted reading or signing. Rowlings level of popularitymakes bookstore readings practically unthinkable. So unthinkable, in fact, that on theCanadian portion of her tour, Rowling did only three readings: one in Toronto andtwo in Vancouver and all in venues generally reserved for sporting events and rockconcerts. Rowling acknowledges that she was nervous before the first one and that herreading at Torontos Skydome, "terrified me. I was terrified. I had to walk up threesteps before I got on the stage. I felt like I was walking to the guillotine. Then when Iwas out there it was wonderful. Still scary, but wonderful."Though reading to 16,000 adoring youngsters while a larger-than-lifesize image ofyourself is projected behind you on a jumbo monitor is quite different than reading toa school group of 30 or even a few hundred, Rowling believes that "a reading still canbe a very intimate experience even if a lot of people are there. However, undeniably Icant have as much one-to-one contact."Demands on her schedule prohibit the former these days. "Its a battle for me. My postbag, as you can imagine, is full with thousands and thousands and thousands ofrequests to do readings in bookstores, to do signings in small bookstores and to visitschools individually and I used to do that and it was the most fun I had apart from thewriting. But if I did do it that way now Id never see my daughter, Id never writeanother book and probably wouldnt eat or sleep, so I have to cut my cloth. I can eithersay, I wont do readings anymore, which I would really miss. Or I can do big readingsand reach a lot of people at once. And thats the way Ive chosen to go. Next year Iprobably wont be doing any readings. I just want to be writing. So, in a way, theSkydome was just one big bang."Though the Harry Potter series of books continue to top lists wherever theyre madeand to outsell almost anything previously written, Rowling has disallowed any of thisto give itself texture in her writing. "I think Ive been lucky in that I planned the seriesso long ago that its almost set in stone: not much can affect it. Im still writing fromthe plan I had in 1995."Her original plan to write a set number of books in the Harry Potter series is the thingthat has kept her on course. "I want to finish these seven books and look back andthink that whatever happened -- however much this hurricane whirled around me -- Istayed true to what I wanted to write. This is my Holy Grail: that when I finish writingbook seven, I can say -- hand on heart -- I didnt change a thing. I wrote the story Imeant to write. If I lost readers along the way, so be it, but I still told my story. The
  3. 3. one I wanted. Without permitting it to sound too corny, thats what I owe to mycharacters. That we wont be deflected, either by adoration or by criticism."Though the seeds of Harry had been sown as early as 1990, Rowling didnt put all ofthe pieces together and start writing in earnest until the mid-1990s when she wasliving in Edinburgh, Scotland, raising her daughter, Jessica, alone. Not able to affordeven a used typewriter -- let alone a computer -- Rowling wrote the earliest draftsof Harry Potter and the Sorcerers Stone in longhand. "I knew I wanted to getpublished. And, in truth, writing novels is something you have to believe in to keepgoing. Its a fairly thankless job when no one is paying you to do it. And you dontreally know if its ever going to get into the bookshops so I really did believe in it. ButI was also very realistic. I knew the odds were not on my side because, an unknownauthor, you know? Its tough. Its tough the first time to get published, so I persevered.I loved writing it and I felt that I just had to try."The author has encouragement for others who would follow her path. "My feeling is,if you really want to do it, you will do it. You will find the time. And it might not bemuch time, but youll make it. Obviously if you have homework or other activities,youre not going to have huge amounts of time but if you really want to, youll do it."At the same time, she advises, dont expect it to be perfect the first time. "You have toresign yourself to wasting lots of trees before you write anything really good. Thatsjust how it is. Its like learning an instrument. Youve got to be prepared for hittingwrong notes occasionally, or quite a lot. Thats just part of the learning process. Andread a lot. Reading a lot really helps. Read anything you can get your hands on."About her own writing, Rowling says that, in some ways, she just writes what she seesin her mind. "I have a very visual imagination. I see a situation and then I try todescribe it as vividly as I can. And I do love writing dialog. Dialog comes to me asthough Im just overhearing a conversation."The author maintains that shes not really surprised by the fact that adults enjoy herbooks as much as children do. "When I write the books, I really do write them for me.Very often I get asked, Who do you have in mind when you write? Is it your daughteror is it the children youve met? No. Its for me. Just for me. Im very selfish: I justwrite for me. So the humor in the books is really what I find funny."Its perhaps not surprising that adults often ask Rowling for the secret formula of hersuccess. "Ive never analyzed it that way and I think it would be dangerous for me tostart analyzing it or thinking that way. I dont want it to stop being fun and -- numbertwo -- Im not sure I know," after all, she adds, "the correct people to ask are thereaders."
  4. 4. Harry was born "almost fully formed," says Rowling. "I didnt have to stop and thinkvery hard about my hero." Its for this reason, the author says, that the star quidditchplayer of Hogwarts "isnt a Harriet instead of Harry." She laughs when she adds that,"by the time I stopped to wonder, Why is it a boy? it really was too late. He was verydear to me as a boy and, of course, I had Hermione and I love Hermione. And theycouldnt do it without Hermione. Well, I feel shes a very strong character, but thenshes based on me."As a child, Rowling was, "short, squat, very thick National Health glasses -- freeglasses that were like bottle bottoms -- thats why Harry wears glasses. I was shy. Iwas a mixture of insecurities and very bossy. Very bossy to my sister but quite quietwith strangers. Very bookish. Terrible at school. That whole thing about Harry beingable to fly so well is probably total wish fulfillment." Rowling adds that she wouldhave loved to discover that she could do something physical really well. And she was,"never happier than when reading or writing." Rowling, "wanted to be a ballerina atone brief point, which is embarrassing in retrospect because I was virtually spherical."The film version of the first Harry Potter book recently went into production. Slatedfor release in 2001, its being directed by Chris Columbus who also workedonBicentennial Man, Stepmom and other films of the warmly funny persuasion.Rowling had initially balked at the possibility of a movie based on her books. It wasntuntil about two years after shed first been approached about a film version that shefinally said yes. "Because I really did want the books to be well established beforeanyone made a film version. But selfishly, I did want to live to see the film finishedbecause I just want to be able to watch quidditch," the soccer-like game played onmagical flying brooms at which Harry is quite adept.Though theyve only just started shooting, Rowling is excited about the film projectand, "my opinion has been asked about all sorts of things where I really didnt thinkId ever be consulted. Im grateful for that, obviously. But Im also very aware thatthats not anything to do with me, its really to do with the readers. I think they see meas standing in front of about a million children wanting to see it done my way. Sothats what gives me any power I have. I have script approval and as of the presentmoment the script looks great."Rowling is optimistic that the movie version will be true to her book. "I mean, ifeverything that was in the book were in the film -- we worked it out -- it would beover three hours long. Goodness only knows what will happen if they try to film[book] four." Because that book, Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, is over 600pages long.
  5. 5. The author says that, "when I met the scriptwriter for the first time, he was the personI was most antagonistic towards without having met him because, you know, he wasgoing to butcher my baby. And the first thing he said to me was, Do you know whomy favorite character is? and I really, really thought he was going to say Ron. I mean,I love Ron, but Rons very, very easy to love: everyone loves Ron. And I got tenseabout it. And he said, Hermione and -- predictably, I melted. I thought, If you getHermione we can work together."Throughout the nearly incredible rise to popularity of the Harry Potter books, Rowlinghas been asked if she was aware of being part of a crusade for reading and literacy.She denies it, but not without some pride. "I wrote the book for me. I never expectedit to do this. That its done it I think is wonderful. If I can honestly think that Ivecreated some readers then I feel I really wasnt taking up space on this earth and I feelvery, very, very proud. But I didnt set out to do that and my first loyalty, as I say, is tothe story as I wanted to write it." | October 2000http://januarymagazine.com/profiles/jkrowling.htmlJK Rowling Harry Potter Success Story: Do You Believe InYourself?If you desire success as JK Rowling, the creator of the Harry Potter book series, which has made her the richestwriter ever, one question I will ask you is, “Do you believe in yourself?”I have to ask you this question straight away because your success in achieving anything in life very much dependson it. Take a minute or two to think about what you want to do or have already started doing and look at yourself, doyou feel you can do it? Are you convinced you could succeed at it?Be honest to yourself now, if you think you are not intelligent, not smart, not skillful, not educated, not strong, or notgood enough; or that you do not have enough money, or connections, to enable you succeed on the project, pleasedon’t do it. It is better to go do something else because you will definitely fail in this.I’m sorry if I sounded hash, but the truth is, you can never achieve success in anything without first having a strongbelief you could do it. It is not possible, because the road to success is packed with challenges that must besurpassed to achieve it, and if you’re not sure you will succeed, you will easily give up against the very first difficultythat comes up.The way to success is like a journey from point A to B and in-between there are stages to contend with. Take forexample; you have this idea of creating a computer game. To get this game successfully into the market, it will needto pass through certain processes, such as, designing, production, marketing, and distribution.Success will not just come about because you desired to have a computer game, you will have to make it happen byworking out these processes.But each of these processes or stages in your way to success comes with its challenges. You could have spent tonsof hours, working day and night for several months only to end up with a design that appears to be dead from the
  6. 6. start; a product only a handful of people seems to be interested in. If you didn’t have a strong belief in yourself andyour product, you would immediately pack it up.Innumerable number of great dreams have prematurely ended at the foot of rejection, and million more people theworld over are everyday giving up on reaching success because the people they thought would believe in them andsupport them on their projects are not forth coming.Don’t expect everyone to believe in what you are doing, in fact, be prepared to be rejected. But don’t ever rejectyourself, your abilities and who you are!You are unique and special in your own way. Don’t try to be someone else, and don’t get intimidated by otherpeople’s successes or achievements. If you believe strongly in yourself, soon other people will begin to believe in youtoo, and you will also be celebrated.Today, the name JK Rowling is widely known in many parts of the world for creating the Harry Potter series, but itwasn’t so about a decade ago. In fact, in 1993 she was on welfare and tending a baby while she wrote her first novel,Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone.Without doubt, she believed strongly in her book, which she started in 1990, and completed five years later. But notmany people thought she could succeed as a children’s book writer. Twelve publishers rejected the book before asmall London publisher finally accepted to take it on.Even then, the editor of Bloomsbury (the publishing company), out of his doubt about the success of the book,advised Rowling to get a day job as it was unlikely she would make money from it.But Rowling’s belief in her work didn’t sway. The book was eventually published in 1997, with a print run of 1000, fivehundred of which distributed to libraries.Following the release of the book, a series of events started playing out to catapult a once massively rejected authorinto the world’s most successful and richest author today:A couple of months after her book was published, she got a grant of £8000 from the Scottish Arts Council for her toconcentrate on her writing. And the following year she got a deal of $105,000 from Scholastic Inc. to publish the bookin the US.Since then, Rowling and her Harry Potter Series novel have never looked back. They have leapt from one success toanother, beyond anyone’s imagination.Harry Potter and the Goblet, the fourth in the series broke sales records both in the US and the UK when it wasreleased in 2000, selling three million copies in the first 48hrs in the US, and over three hundred and seventythousand in the first day in the UK.The sixth novel, Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince equally shattered previous sales records for books the worldover when it hit nine million copies on the day it was released in 2005.Then came the seventh and last Harry Potter book, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows in 2007, breaking the lastone’s record to become the fastest selling book ever published in the world. The book sold a staggering elevenmillion copies both in the UK and the US in 24hrs of release, making JK Rowling the world’s first billionaire writer.JK Rowling couldn’t have reached this monumental success if she didn’t believe in herself. She moved on with herwork, disregarding whatever anyone thought about her book not good enough to succeed. She was even compelledby her editor to use her initials as the author of the book, instead of her full name because the editor feared youngmale readers who are her primary audience would not be inclined to read a book by a female writer.JK Rowling’s success story simply shows that there is nothing you cannot achieve if only you believe in yourself. Youmay be working on something that hasn’t been done before and people tell you it’s not possible. But it can bepossible if you believe it can!
  7. 7. "When you dream, you can do what you like."-Joanne Rowling interview to NewsweekAfter years of unfulfilling jobs and trying to meet ends as a single mother, J. K. Rowling, the author of Harry Potter,can live the life of her childhood dreams and engage herself in the occupation she loves most - writing. JoanneRowling lives in Scotland and regularly travels around the world. The success of her Harry Potter and tremendouspublic interest to her own life, was a shock to Joanne. However, to her, Harry Potter still remains a part of her privateworld."I can remember being a kid and being very powerless and having this whole underworld that to adults is alwaysgoing to be impenetrable. I think that I have very vivid memories of how it felt to be Harrys age."(J. K. Rowling , interview to Time magazine)At the end of 1999, two years after the publication of her Harry Potter, Joanne Rowling was officially a millionaires.Financially it was a remarkable five-years journey which started from cashing social benefits checks and ended withreceiving royalties.In 2008 Sunday Times Rich List ranked her as the twelfth richest woman in Britain. Forbes ranked Rowling as theforty-eight most powerful celebrity of 2007.The tremendous financial success does not cover the whole story of the writer Joanne Rowling. Her journey to thepublication of Harry Potter lasted much longer than 5 years. This journey was about learning to make mistakes andtake risks. Joanne admitted that she had been afraid of failure when she graduated from university. This was thereason that she never tried to publish the stories she had written before Harry Potter."I was afraid to risk poverty and disillusionment and devote myself wholeheartedly to the only ambition I had everhad, to be a writer."- Joanne RowlingIn the most difficult period of her life, J. K. Rowling realized that she had in fact nothing to lose at all. When shebecame a single parent without a job a with no money, she decided to take an action to find out her value as a writer.The rest of her story is well known.Tatiana Sidorova is the owner of the website http://www.famous-women-and-beauty.comArticle Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Tatiana_Sidorova
  8. 8. Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/2620843President Faust, members of the Harvard Corporation and the Board of Overseers,members of the faculty, proud parents, and, above all, graduates.The first thing I would like to say is ‘thank you.’ Not only has Harvard given me anextraordinary honour, but the weeks of fear and nausea I have endured at the thought ofgiving this commencement address have made me lose weight. A win-win situation!Now all I have to do is take deep breaths, squint at the red banners and convince myselfthat I am at the world’s largest Gryffindor reunion.Delivering a commencement address is a great responsibility; or so I thought until I castmy mind back to my own graduation. The commencement speaker that day was thedistinguished British philosopher Baroness Mary Warnock. Reflecting on her speech hashelped me enormously in writing this one, because it turns out that I can’t remember asingle word she said. This liberating discovery enables me to proceed without any fearthat I might inadvertently influence you to abandon promising careers in business, thelaw or politics for the giddy delights of becoming a gay wizard.You see? If all you remember in years to come is the ‘gay wizard’ joke, I’ve come outahead of Baroness Mary Warnock. Achievable goals: the first step to self improvement.Actually, I have wracked my mind and heart for what I ought to say to you today. I haveasked myself what I wish I had known at my own graduation, and what importantlessons I have learned in the 21 years that have expired between that day and this.I have come up with two answers. On this wonderful day when we are gathered togetherto celebrate your academic success, I have decided to talk to you about the benefits offailure. And as you stand on the threshold of what is sometimes called ‘real life’, I wantto extol the crucial importance of imagination.These may seem quixotic or paradoxical choices, but please bear with me.Looking back at the 21-year-old that I was at graduation, is a slightly uncomfortableexperience for the 42-year-old that she has become. Half my lifetime ago, I was striking
  9. 9. an uneasy balance between the ambition I had for myself, and what those closest to meexpected of me.I was convinced that the only thing I wanted to do, ever, was to write novels. However,my parents, both of whom came from impoverished backgrounds and neither of whomhad been to college, took the view that my overactive imagination was an amusingpersonal quirk that would never pay a mortgage, or secure a pension. I know that theirony strikes with the force of a cartoon anvil, now.So they hoped that I would take a vocational degree; I wanted to study EnglishLiterature. A compromise was reached that in retrospect satisfied nobody, and I went upto study Modern Languages. Hardly had my parents’ car rounded the corner at the endof the road than I ditched German and scuttled off down the Classics corridor.I cannot remember telling my parents that I was studying Classics; they might well havefound out for the first time on graduation day. Of all the subjects on this planet, I thinkthey would have been hard put to name one less useful than Greek mythology when itcame to securing the keys to an executive bathroom.I would like to make it clear, in parenthesis, that I do not blame my parents for theirpoint of view. There is an expiry date on blaming your parents for steering you in thewrong direction; the moment you are old enough to take the wheel, responsibility lieswith you. What is more, I cannot criticise my parents for hoping that I would neverexperience poverty. They had been poor themselves, and I have since been poor, and Iquite agree with them that it is not an ennobling experience. Poverty entails fear, andstress, and sometimes depression; it means a thousand petty humiliations andhardships. Climbing out of poverty by your own efforts, that is indeed something onwhich to pride yourself, but poverty itself is romanticised only by fools.What I feared most for myself at your age was not poverty, but failure.At your age, in spite of a distinct lack of motivation at university, where I had spent fartoo long in the coffee bar writing stories, and far too little time at lectures, I had a knackfor passing examinations, and that, for years, had been the measure of success in my lifeand that of my peers.
  10. 10. I am not dull enough to suppose that because you are young, gifted and well-educated,you have never known hardship or heartbreak. Talent and intelligence never yetinoculated anyone against the caprice of the Fates, and I do not for a moment supposethat everyone here has enjoyed an existence of unruffled privilege and contentment.However, the fact that you are graduating from Harvard suggests that you are not verywell-acquainted with failure. You might be driven by a fear of failure quite as much as adesire for success. Indeed, your conception of failure might not be too far from theaverage person’s idea of success, so high have you already flown.Ultimately, we all have to decide for ourselves what constitutes failure, but the world isquite eager to give you a set of criteria if you let it. So I think it fair to say that by anyconventional measure, a mere seven years after my graduation day, I had failed on anepic scale. An exceptionally short-lived marriage had imploded, and I was jobless, a loneparent, and as poor as it is possible to be in modern Britain, without being homeless.The fears that my parents had had for me, and that I had had for myself, had both cometo pass, and by every usual standard, I was the biggest failure I knew.Now, I am not going to stand here and tell you that failure is fun. That period of my lifewas a dark one, and I had no idea that there was going to be what the press has sincerepresented as a kind of fairy tale resolution. I had no idea then how far the tunnelextended, and for a long time, any light at the end of it was a hope rather than a reality.So why do I talk about the benefits of failure? Simply because failure meant a strippingaway of the inessential. I stopped pretending to myself that I was anything other thanwhat I was, and began to direct all my energy into finishing the only work that matteredto me. Had I really succeeded at anything else, I might never have found thedetermination to succeed in the one arena I believed I truly belonged. I was set free,because my greatest fear had been realised, and I was still alive, and I still had adaughter whom I adored, and I had an old typewriter and a big idea. And so rock bottombecame the solid foundation on which I rebuilt my life.You might never fail on the scale I did, but some failure in life is inevitable. It isimpossible to live without failing at something, unless you live so cautiously that youmight as well not have lived at all – in which case, you fail by default.
  11. 11. Failure gave me an inner security that I had never attained by passing examinations.Failure taught me things about myself that I could have learned no other way. Idiscovered that I had a strong will, and more discipline than I had suspected; I alsofound out that I had friends whose value was truly above the price of rubies.The knowledge that you have emerged wiser and stronger from setbacks means that youare, ever after, secure in your ability to survive. You will never truly know yourself, orthe strength of your relationships, until both have been tested by adversity. Suchknowledge is a true gift, for all that it is painfully won, and it has been worth more thanany qualification I ever earned.So given a Time Turner, I would tell my 21-year-old self that personal happiness lies inknowing that life is not a check-list of acquisition or achievement. Your qualifications,your CV, are not your life, though you will meet many people of my age and older whoconfuse the two. Life is difficult, and complicated, and beyond anyone’s total control,and the humility to know that will enable you to survive its vicissitudes.Now you might think that I chose my second theme, the importance of imagination,because of the part it played in rebuilding my life, but that is not wholly so. Though Ipersonally will defend the value of bedtime stories to my last gasp, I have learned tovalue imagination in a much broader sense. Imagination is not only the uniquely humancapacity to envision that which is not, and therefore the fount of all invention andinnovation. In its arguably most transformative and revelatory capacity, it is the powerthat enables us to empathise with humans whose experiences we have never shared.One of the greatest formative experiences of my life preceded Harry Potter, though itinformed much of what I subsequently wrote in those books. This revelation came in theform of one of my earliest day jobs. Though I was sloping off to write stories during mylunch hours, I paid the rent in my early 20s by working at the African researchdepartment at Amnesty International’s headquarters in London.There in my little office I read hastily scribbled letters smuggled out of totalitarianregimes by men and women who were risking imprisonment to inform the outsideworld of what was happening to them. I saw photographs of those who had disappearedwithout trace, sent to Amnesty by their desperate families and friends. I read thetestimony of torture victims and saw pictures of their injuries. I opened handwritten,eye-witness accounts of summary trials and executions, of kidnappings and rapes.
  12. 12. Many of my co-workers were ex-political prisoners, people who had been displaced fromtheir homes, or fled into exile, because they had the temerity to speak against theirgovernments. Visitors to our offices included those who had come to give information,or to try and find out what had happened to those they had left behind.I shall never forget the African torture victim, a young man no older than I was at thetime, who had become mentally ill after all he had endured in his homeland. Hetrembled uncontrollably as he spoke into a video camera about the brutality inflictedupon him. He was a foot taller than I was, and seemed as fragile as a child. I was giventhe job of escorting him back to the Underground Station afterwards, and this manwhose life had been shattered by cruelty took my hand with exquisite courtesy, andwished me future happiness.And as long as I live I shall remember walking along an empty corridor and suddenlyhearing, from behind a closed door, a scream of pain and horror such as I have neverheard since. The door opened, and the researcher poked out her head and told me to runand make a hot drink for the young man sitting with her. She had just had to give himthe news that in retaliation for his own outspokenness against his country’s regime, hismother had been seized and executed.Every day of my working week in my early 20s I was reminded how incredibly fortunateI was, to live in a country with a democratically elected government, where legalrepresentation and a public trial were the rights of everyone.Every day, I saw more evidence about the evils humankind will inflict on their fellowhumans, to gain or maintain power. I began to have nightmares, literal nightmares,about some of the things I saw, heard, and read.And yet I also learned more about human goodness at Amnesty International than I hadever known before.Amnesty mobilises thousands of people who have never been tortured or imprisoned fortheir beliefs to act on behalf of those who have. The power of human empathy, leadingto collective action, saves lives, and frees prisoners. Ordinary people, whose personalwell-being and security are assured, join together in huge numbers to save people theydo not know, and will never meet. My small participation in that process was one of themost humbling and inspiring experiences of my life.
  13. 13. Unlike any other creature on this planet, humans can learn and understand, withouthaving experienced. They can think themselves into other people’s places.Of course, this is a power, like my brand of fictional magic, that is morally neutral. Onemight use such an ability to manipulate, or control, just as much as to understand orsympathise.And many prefer not to exercise their imaginations at all. They choose to remaincomfortably within the bounds of their own experience, never troubling to wonder howit would feel to have been born other than they are. They can refuse to hear screams orto peer inside cages; they can close their minds and hearts to any suffering that does nottouch them personally; they can refuse to know.I might be tempted to envy people who can live that way, except that I do not think theyhave any fewer nightmares than I do. Choosing to live in narrow spaces leads to a formof mental agoraphobia, and that brings its own terrors. I think the wilfullyunimaginative see more monsters. They are often more afraid.What is more, those who choose not to empathise enable real monsters. For withoutever committing an act of outright evil ourselves, we collude with it, through our ownapathy.One of the many things I learned at the end of that Classics corridor down which Iventured at the age of 18, in search of something I could not then define, was this,written by the Greek author Plutarch: What we achieve inwardly will change outerreality.That is an astonishing statement and yet proven a thousand times every day of our lives.It expresses, in part, our inescapable connection with the outside world, the fact that wetouch other people’s lives simply by existing.But how much more are you, Harvard graduates of 2008, likely to touch other people’slives? Your intelligence, your capacity for hard work, the education you have earned andreceived, give you unique status, and unique responsibilities. Even your nationality setsyou apart. The great majority of you belong to the world’s only remaining superpower.The way you vote, the way you live, the way you protest, the pressure you bring to bear
  14. 14. on your government, has an impact way beyond your borders. That is your privilege,and your burden.If you choose to use your status and influence to raise your voice on behalf of those whohave no voice; if you choose to identify not only with the powerful, but with thepowerless; if you retain the ability to imagine yourself into the lives of those who do nothave your advantages, then it will not only be your proud families who celebrate yourexistence, but thousands and millions of people whose reality you have helped change.We do not need magic to change the world, we carry all the power we need insideourselves already: we have the power to imagine better.I am nearly finished. I have one last hope for you, which is something that I already hadat 21. The friends with whom I sat on graduation day have been my friends for life. Theyare my children’s godparents, the people to whom I’ve been able to turn in times oftrouble, people who have been kind enough not to sue me when I took their names forDeath Eaters. At our graduation we were bound by enormous affection, by our sharedexperience of a time that could never come again, and, of course, by the knowledge thatwe held certain photographic evidence that would be exceptionally valuable if any of usran for Prime Minister.So today, I wish you nothing better than similar friendships. And tomorrow, I hope thateven if you remember not a single word of mine, you remember those of Seneca, anotherof those old Romans I met when I fled down the Classics corridor, in retreat from careerladders, in search of ancient wisdom:As is a tale, so is life: not how long it is, but how good it is, is what matters.I wish you all very good lives. Thank you very much.http://harvardmagazine.com/2008/06/the-fringe-benefits-failure-the-importance-imaginationIf you are a geek doubting Enneagram Six—or for that matter Five, Nine, One, etc, you have in yourvideo collection your deluxe DVD or Blue-Ray combo pack of Harry Potter’s Six installment ofthe Half-Blood Prince and all the rest of the series. You are giddy as a 13-year-old Twilighter orcougar mom, as you pop that baby into your DVD player—not to watch the movie at first, but to go tothe behind the scene footage of how it was all done.Instead, you are intrigued by a documentary piece of J.K. Rowling speaking about the beginning ofher life, and her fears. (June 2007, the completion of Book Seven). Why and how Harry Potter was
  15. 15. formed and the lessons she‟s learn due to a troubled childhood; her fear of her father and loss of hermother—along with failure, passion for writing and the brink of homelessness. Ah, the PhobicEnneagram Six has been shaped.The Fear of Failure and Knowing OneselfOne of the things that struck me about Rowling was her true type shinning through, as her fear ofpublic speaking, (See video below). Her Six-like voice of stutters and half beliefs in why and how shebecame so famous. Doubters have a very hard time understanding that they can be special, havetrue talents or can be successful in life. Even to the point of fear ridden body aches and pains of notbelieving they are entitled to everything they have. In fact, most Doubters don‟t even believe they aresuccessful—though the million of fans screaming your name might give a clue to thatsuccess Rowling.You will see Rowling go back to childhood memories [on the DVD], trying to make peace with herselfand her past life—where she came from and how she got to be who she is now. Something that alltypes but especially the Six should review. Most Doubters need to reflect on the positives and allthey have accomplished—due to much self doubt, if they are to remain healthy—as Rowlingadmitted to her deep dark depression at the start of her career. Understanding the Enneagram,depression in the Fear Triads (Five, Six, Seven) is very common and as long as you recognize thesigns, you can learn to cope with what you need to move forward in your transformational work.What Does Success Mean to a Six?Most likely, not the America dream of most people living in the States. The Three type, the Self-starter has that role well laid—as success is everything to them. But Sixes has a different point-of-view. They could care less about money, power and fame—though, they do dream of living securelives and having a happy family. Rowling talked about this at length on the DVD, regarding what shefeared, and why she was looking for security—even in the land that is Harry Potter. Her husbandsaid it best, “She worries about everything, and only trusts one person.” Trusting mainly in herself—that all will go well. Worse case Scenarios are always in the back of the Sixes mind and hard toremove from thought.The Lessons of life of Harry PotterShe stated he had to have a happy ending, because “the lesson of right and wrong, good verse evilhad to be taught and earned”—one of the virtues of a Six is Courage struck home. You can see thisalso throughout Ron’s growth to manhood and Harry‟s 5w6 wing when fear plays a part includingfaith. (Not in religion, but in a belief that fairness has to win out).You will never know yourself or the strength of your relationships, until both have beentested by diversity. – J.K. RowlingThe Role of Failure on the Road to SuccessIn talking to a pass friend in London about the role of failure—theyd believed that success can onlycome when you fail at something. Quote being, The Paradox of Success is You Need Failure toAchieve It.‟ Rowling also has a similar perspective—failure pushing you into the mindset of success.Understanding this thought, giving of ones self or seeing your life thought another‟s person‟s eyesand on the true meaning of success. Understanding that to really achieve success, life has to giveyou a curve ball and you might feel pain, lose, and sometimes madness in the process of living outyour dream or what you see yourself as being—so you can realize what you have in the end, wasearned by sweat and tears—then you will have complete appreciation of success.
  16. 16. If you are an Enneagram Six, I encourage you to view this Video—most likely you will see yourselfin Rowling. Laugh, cry and rejoice, knowing that someone as famous, brilliant, and yes, unsure eventoday, that you have something in common—the role to achieve success is through failure.As we get in gear on the last two installments of Book Seven: Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows,let‟s rejoin the fact that this phobic fearful Six rose up out of the ashes like Dumbledore’s Phoenixand became something more for herself, and for all of us, and we are the richer for it.Up next typing Twins, George and FredContinue reading on Examiner.com J.K. Rowling: On Harry Potter, failure, fear, success and theEnneagram Six - National Enneagram | Examiner.com http://www.examiner.com/enneagram-in-national/j-k-rowling-on-harry-potter-failure-fear-success-and-the-enneagram-six#ixzz1YJxtkF8Ehttp://www.examiner.com/enneagram-in-national/j-k-rowling-on-harry-potter-failure-fear-success-and-the-enneagram-sixThe Start of a Reading Revolution: Harry Potter Comes To LifeIt was 1990. J.K. Rowling was working as a bilingual secretary for Amnesty International in London. Sheused her off time at work to write her own stories. Though she was not a published author as of yet, shelonged to be.When Rowling turned 26 years old, she decided she had had enough of her life as a secretary. She leftAmnesty International and moved to Portugal to teach English. Again, this was a far cry from her dreamjob, but the free time it gave her allowed Rowling to begin writing a new story, one that she believed washer best story yet.It was a story about a young boy who is sent off to wizard school. With each passing day she spent inPortugal, Rowling took more and more notes on her story, adding bits and pieces to her lead character,Harry Potter.After marrying, having a daughter, and getting divorced all in Portugal, Rowling decided it was time tomove back home. She returned to Edinburgh as a single mother and struggled to find work. Finally, shefound a job as a French teacher, but still Rowling could only focus on only one thing: she wanted to finishher latest story before her teaching job began.With her newborn in tow, Rowling spent most of her daughter’s nap times working relentlessly in coffeehouses trying to piece together her book. “I knew how difficult it would be just to get a book published,”she recalls. “I was a completely unknown writer.”Rowling had met her goal; she had finished her manuscript before beginning her new teaching job andsent it off to two different publishers. But her initial fears proved themselves warranted. Rowling’smanuscript was rejected by both publishing houses. She remained determined to see her story in print, socontinued to send her manuscript off to different publishers.In the end, a total of twelve publishers had rejected Rowling’s story. But number thirteen proved to be thelucky one. Within a few months, Rowling’s Harry Potter character had come to life between the pages of a
  17. 17. book in England. A few months after that, the American rights to the novel were bought for a hefty sum.With that, Rowling finally quit her teaching job and decided to focus full-time on writing.Today, the stories Rowling first wrote in coffee shops have become famous the world over as not onlybooks, but also movies, computer games, music, and more. She is the world’s first billion-dollar author,the highest earning novelist in history, and one of only five self-made female billionaires. As of 2007,Rowling’s first six books in the seven book series have sold over 325 million copies. The final book, HarryPotter and the Deathly Hollows, was the fastest-selling book of all time.It might have been a rocky road, but Rowling’s dream of supporting herself and her child by writing storiesdid indeed become a reality.http://www.evancarmichael.com/Famous-Entrepreneurs/1713/The-Start-of-a-Reading-Revolution-Harry-Potter-Comes-To-Life.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Potter_influences_and_analoguesHarry Potter„Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire‟, written by J.K. Rowling, is an excellent example of a modern novelthat uses medieval influences extensively. Many of the novel‟s characters are based on medieval ideasand superstitions. The settings in the book resemble old medieval towns as well as castles. The book isalso full of medieval imagery such as knights in armour, carriages etc. Whilst there is no time travelinvolved in the novel, the medieval period is used to such an effect that the reader is encouraged toignore the fact that the book is set in the present.People in the medieval era were quite superstitious. They believed in fictional characters such as witchesand wizards. „Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire‟ is a novel based on the existence of witches andwizards in secret communities. The medieval period is well known for the hierarchy of society. The societyconsisted of landlords and their servants. This medieval element was brought into the story in the form ofhouse elves.House elves are little creatures that work for the wizarding communities that have no rights and areunable to use any magic:“The tiny creature looked up and parted its fingers, revealing enormous brown eyes and a nose the exactsize and shape of a large tomato…it was…unmistakably a house-elf, as Harry‟s friend Dobby had been.Harry had set Dobby free from his old owners, the Malfoy family.” (p88)The novel also incorporates fictional animals that medieval people believed to be real.These include creatures such as dragons, trolls and three-headed dogs:“Dragons. Four fully grown, enormous, vicious-looking dragons were rearing on their hind legs inside anenclosure fenced with thick planks of wood, roaring and snorting- torrents of fire were shooting into thedark sky from their open, fanged mouths, fifty feet above the ground on their outstretched necks.” (p286)
  18. 18. People living in the medieval era created stories about creatures such as these and heroes that defeatedthem. In this way „Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire‟ uses medieval influences.The settings used in „Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire‟ are typical of those found in literature of themedieval period. The opening scene is set in a very typical present day suburban street. The followingscene is set at the „Hogwarts Castle‟. A castle is a very typical medieval image used in a lot of medievalliterature. Another common medieval image is that of hoards of people around a stadium watching a sportor a fight.This image is brought into the novel with the „Quidditch World Cup‟:“…the roar of sound that was now filling the packed stadium; his voice echoed over them, booming intoevery corner of the stands: „Ladies and gentlemen… welcome! Welcome to the final of the four hundredand twenty-second Quidditch World Cup!” (p93)An important setting in „Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire‟ is the last remaining pure wizading townnamed Hogsmeade. The students take trips there several times a year. A particularly famous landmark inthis town is a typically medieval pub name The Three Broomsticks:“The pub was as crowded as ever…he went up to the bar with Ron and Hermione and ordered threebutterbeers…” (p386)The settings are very typical of the medieval time and the contrast with the present day suburban street atthe beginning gives them a greater effect.There a many objects used and described in the novel that reinforce the medieval influence. These aremostly things used around the castle eg. Parchment and quills are used in classes instead of pens andpaper, the students travel to the castle in carriages and they use trunks instead of suitcases. Anothermedieval influence used in the novel is the use of robes as Hogwarts formal dress. Robes are oftenassociated with monks in a monastery which is a typical medieval image. The gradually built updescription of the castle and the ornaments that line the corridors gives a very medieval feel. There areimages of armory, massive portraits and secret passageways.„Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire‟ uses the medieval period to set the novel, while still in present time,completely away from civilisation. It does this by using typically medieval images in the characters, thesettings and various objects described in the novel. The medieval period is used very effectively andprovides a great contrast for the substance of the plot when compared with the very beginning and thevery end.http://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=36738http://www.literature-study-online.com/essays/