Oracle11g on fedora14

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Oracle11g on fedora14

  1. 1. Step By Step InstallationInstalling Oracle 11g on fedora14    
  2. 2. Required Software Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2)  Installation On Fedora 14 (F14)   
  3. 3. IntroductionOracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) Installation OnFedora 14 (F14). This article describes the installationof Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) 64-bit onFedora 14 (F14) 64-bit. The article is based on a serverinstallation with a minimum of 2G swap and secureLinux disabled.   
  4. 4. The installation should also include the following package groups * Gnome Desktop Environment * Graphical Internet * Development Libraries * Development Tools * Server Configuration Tools * Administration Tools * Base * Fonts * Hardware Support * Input Methods * System Tools * X Windows System   
  5. 5. Additional stepsVariations on this installation may require additional steps for the Oracleinstallation to complete successfully. * Download Software * Unpack Files * Hosts File * Set Kernel Parameters * Setup * Installation * Post Installation   
  6. 6. Download SoftwareDownload the following software: * Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) SoftwareUnpack FilesUnzip the files. unzip linux.x64_11gR2_database_1of2.zip unzip linux.x64_11gR2_database_2of2.zipYou should now have a single directory called "database" containing installation files.   
  7. 7. Hosts fileThe "/etc/hosts" file must contain a fully qualified name for the server. <IP-address> <fully-qualified-machine-name> <machine-name>   
  8. 8. Set Kernel ParametersOracle recommend the following minimum parameter settings. fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576 fs.file-max = 6815744 kernel.shmall = 2097152 kernel.shmmax = 536870912 kernel.shmmni = 4096 kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128 net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500 net.core.rmem_default = 262144 net.core.rmem_max = 4194304 net.core.wmem_default = 262144 net.core.wmem_max = 1048586The current values can be tested using the following command: /sbin/sysctl -a | grep <param-name>   
  9. 9. Add or amend the following lines in the "/etc/sysctl.conf" file. fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576 fs.file-max = 6815744 kernel.shmall = 2097152 kernel.shmmax = 536870912 kernel.shmmni = 4096 # semaphores: semmsl, semmns, semopm, semmni kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128 net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500 net.core.rmem_default=262144 net.core.rmem_max=4194304 net.core.wmem_default=262144 net.core.wmem_max=1048586   
  10. 10. Add the following lines to the "/etc/security/limits.conf" file. oracle soft nproc 2047 oracle hard nproc 16384 oracle soft nofile 1024 oracle hard nofile 65536   
  11. 11. Add the following line to the "/etc/pam.d/login" fileAdd the following line to the "/etc/pam.d/login" file, ifit does not already exist. session required pam_limits.so   
  12. 12. Firewall Administration ● Start the Firewall administration dialog (System > Administration > Firewall). Click the "Disable" button followed by the apply button on the toolbar, then close the dialog. ● Disable secure linux by editing the /etc/selinux/config file, making sure the SELINUX flag is set as follows. SELINUX=disabled ● Alternatively, this alteration can be done using the GUI tool (Applications > System Settings > Security Level). Click on the SELinux tab and disable the feature. If SELinux is disabled after installation, the server will need a reboot for the change to take effect.   
  13. 13. SetupIf you have installed the suggested package groupsduring the installation, the majority of the necessarypackages will already be installed. The followingpackages are listed as required, including the 32-bitversion of some of the packages.   
  14. 14. Required packages 1 ● yum install binutils ● yum install compat-libstdc++-33 ● yum install compat-libstdc++-33.i686 ● yum install elfutils-libelf ● yum install elfutils-libelf-devel ● yum install gcc ● yum install gcc-c++ ● yum install glibc ● yum install glibc.i686 ● yum install glibc-common ● yum install glibc-devel   
  15. 15. Required packages 2 ● yum install glibc-devel.i686 ● yum install glibc-headers ● yum install ksh ● yum install libaio ● yum install libaio.i686 ● yum install libaio-devel ● yum install libaio-devel.i686 ● yum install libgcc ● yum install libgcc.i686 ● yum install libstdc++ ● yum install libstdc++.i686   
  16. 16. Required packages 3 ● yum install libstdc++-devel ● yum install make ● yum install numactl-devel ● yum install sysstat ● yum install unixODBC ● yum install unixODBC.i686 ● yum install unixODBC-devel ● yum install unixODBC-devel.i686   
  17. 17. Creating new groups and users groupadd oinstall groupadd dba groupadd oper groupadd asmadmin useradd -g oinstall -G dba,oper,asmadmin oracle passwd oracleNote. We are not going to use the "asmadmin" group, since this installation will not useASM.   
  18. 18. Creating the directoriesCreate the directories in which the Oracle software will be installed. mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1 chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01 chmod -R 775 /u01   
  19. 19. Editing xhost fileLogin as root and issue the following command. xhost +<machine-name>   
  20. 20. Editing .bash_profile fileLogin as the oracle user and add the following lines at the end of the .bash_profile file. # Oracle Settings TMP=/tmp; export TMP TMPDIR=$TMP; export TMPDIR ORACLE_HOSTNAME=fedora14.localdomain; export ORACLE_HOSTNAME ORACLE_UNQNAME=DB11G; export ORACLE_UNQNAME ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle; export ORACLE_BASE ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/11.2.0/db_1; export ORACLE_HOME ORACLE_SID=DB11G; export ORACLE_SID ORACLE_TERM=xterm; export ORACLE_TERM PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH; export PATH PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH; export PATH   
  21. 21. Cont. Editing .bash_profile fileLD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib; export LD_LIBRARY_PATHCLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib; exportCLASSPATHif [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then ulimit -p 16384 ulimit -n 65536 else ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536 fifi   
  22. 22. InstallationLog into the oracle user. If you are using X emulation then set the DISPLAYenvironmental variable. DISPLAY=<machine-name>:0.0; export DISPLAYStart the Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) by issuing the following command in thedatabase directory. ./runInstaller   
  23. 23. Post InstallationEdit the "/etc/redhat-release" file restoring the original release information. Fedora release 14 (Laughlin)Edit the "/etc/oratab" file setting the restart flag for each instance to Y. DB11G:/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1:Y The End.   

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