Bab 2 penyaringan awal kesihatan dan klasifikasi risiko

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Bab 2 penyaringan awal kesihatan dan klasifikasi risiko

  1. 1. Department of Sport & Exercise Science BAB 2 PRINSIP DAN PRESKRIPSI EVALUASI KECERGASAN (DKK 3104)PENYARINGAN AWAL KESIHATAN DAN KLASIFIKASI RISIKO Khairul Azlan Taib BSc .(hons) UiTM
  2. 2.  Sebelum membuat penilaian terhadap kecergasan fizikal individu, klasifikasi status kesihatan dan gaya hidup individu tersebut mestilah dilakukan. Mesti mempunyai pengetahuan daripada penilaian kesihatan dan kecergasan fizikal individu untuk menjalankan percubaan kecergasan fizikal. Bab ini akan membincangkan komponen secara menyeluruh penilaian kesihatan, termasuklah faktor risiko profil koronari,soalan tentang sejarah perubatan, penilaian gaya hidup dan persetujuan pengetahuan.
  3. 3.  Tujuan penilaian kesihatan adalah untuk ketahui penyakit dan menilai klafikasi risiko penyakit seseorang individu. Untuk menilai status kesihatan individu, ketahui melalui questionnaires dan data dari ujian dan analisis klinikal. Untuk pra-test kesihatan individu untuk ujian senaman dan program penglibatan senaman, perlu: 1. memberikan Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR-Q) 2. senaraikan tanda dan simpton penyakit 3. analisis profil risiko koronari 4. kelaskan risiko penyakit seseorang individu yang akan buat penilaian.
  4. 4. Component Purpose QUESTIONNAIRES/SCREENING FORMSPAR-Q To determine client’s readiness for physical activitySigns and symptoms To identify individualsof disease and medical in need of medicalclearance referral and to obtain evidence of physician approval for exercise testing and participationCoronary risk factor To determine the numberanalysis of CHD risk factors for client
  5. 5. Disease risk To categorize clientsclassification as low, moderate or high riskMedical history To review client’s past and present personal and family health history, focusing on conditions requiring medical referral and clearanceLifestyle evaluation To obtain information about the client’s living habitsInformed consent To explain the purpose, risks, and benefits of physical fitness tests and to obtain your client’s consent for participation in these tests
  6. 6. CLINICAL TESTSPhysical examination To detect signs and symptoms of diseaseBlood chemistry profile To determine if client has normal values for selected blood values; values of blood choles- terol are used in the coronary risk factor analysisBlood pressure To determine if client’sassessment is hypertensive; these values are also used in the coronary risk factors analysis
  7. 7. 12-lead ECG To evaluate cardiac function and detect cardiac abnormalities that are contrain- dications to exerciseGraded exercise tests To assess functional aerobic capacity and to detect cardiac abnormalities due to exercise stressAdditional laboratory To provide a more in-depthtests (e.g., angiograms, assessment of client’sechocardiograms, health status, particularlypulmonary tests) those with known disease

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