SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Horse vision2018

A description of the vision capabilities of the horse

1 of 39
Download to read offline
National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
WHY HORSES SPOOK
IT’S ABOUT PERCEPTION
National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
THE REASONING
BEHIND THE EQUINE
FLIGHT INSTINCT
Understanding the Fundamentals
• Thought
• Learning
• Vision Process
National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
Lesson One
 States of mind regarding the learning process
 Equine priorities are a near constant
 Equine vision is dissimilar to human vision
 The thought process is not like humans
 Fight or flight, revisited
National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
It is generally agreed upon there are only three states
of mind (with minor variations) to a horse that
affect not only his ability to learn but his behavior as
well
1. Relaxed state
2. Alerted state
3. Survival state
EQUINE PRIORITIES ARE A
NEAR CONSTANT
#1: Am I safe?
#2: Do I need food?
#3: Where is the herd?
#4: Can I rest?
National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017

Recommended

AI Trends in Creative Operations 2024 by Artwork Flow.pdf
AI Trends in Creative Operations 2024 by Artwork Flow.pdfAI Trends in Creative Operations 2024 by Artwork Flow.pdf
AI Trends in Creative Operations 2024 by Artwork Flow.pdfmarketingartwork
 
PEPSICO Presentation to CAGNY Conference Feb 2024
PEPSICO Presentation to CAGNY Conference Feb 2024PEPSICO Presentation to CAGNY Conference Feb 2024
PEPSICO Presentation to CAGNY Conference Feb 2024Neil Kimberley
 
Content Methodology: A Best Practices Report (Webinar)
Content Methodology: A Best Practices Report (Webinar)Content Methodology: A Best Practices Report (Webinar)
Content Methodology: A Best Practices Report (Webinar)contently
 
How to Prepare For a Successful Job Search for 2024
How to Prepare For a Successful Job Search for 2024How to Prepare For a Successful Job Search for 2024
How to Prepare For a Successful Job Search for 2024Albert Qian
 
Social Media Marketing Trends 2024 // The Global Indie Insights
Social Media Marketing Trends 2024 // The Global Indie InsightsSocial Media Marketing Trends 2024 // The Global Indie Insights
Social Media Marketing Trends 2024 // The Global Indie InsightsKurio // The Social Media Age(ncy)
 
Trends In Paid Search: Navigating The Digital Landscape In 2024
Trends In Paid Search: Navigating The Digital Landscape In 2024Trends In Paid Search: Navigating The Digital Landscape In 2024
Trends In Paid Search: Navigating The Digital Landscape In 2024Search Engine Journal
 

More Related Content

Recently uploaded

Presentacion Mariana Arango- biología molecular
Presentacion Mariana Arango- biología molecularPresentacion Mariana Arango- biología molecular
Presentacion Mariana Arango- biología molecularmarianaarangop
 
Automatic Stainer & Screener technique.pptx
Automatic Stainer & Screener technique.pptxAutomatic Stainer & Screener technique.pptx
Automatic Stainer & Screener technique.pptxSagarBhakare1
 
Safety_and_Health_Programs_v-03-01-17.pptx
Safety_and_Health_Programs_v-03-01-17.pptxSafety_and_Health_Programs_v-03-01-17.pptx
Safety_and_Health_Programs_v-03-01-17.pptxmohamedsami2233
 
Microbial Fermentation(Strain Improvement)
Microbial  Fermentation(Strain Improvement)Microbial  Fermentation(Strain Improvement)
Microbial Fermentation(Strain Improvement)Rachana Choudhary
 
5FSHB- TANDOOR MURDER CASE (GROUP 1).pdf
5FSHB- TANDOOR MURDER CASE (GROUP 1).pdf5FSHB- TANDOOR MURDER CASE (GROUP 1).pdf
5FSHB- TANDOOR MURDER CASE (GROUP 1).pdfSubranjitaPriyadarsh
 
Volatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduates
Volatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduatesVolatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduates
Volatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduatesAhmed Metwaly
 
commercial production of cellulase enzyme and its uses
commercial production of cellulase enzyme and its usescommercial production of cellulase enzyme and its uses
commercial production of cellulase enzyme and its usesSilpa Selvaraj
 
dkNET Webinar: The Collaborative Microbial Metabolite Center – Democratizing ...
dkNET Webinar: The Collaborative Microbial Metabolite Center – Democratizing ...dkNET Webinar: The Collaborative Microbial Metabolite Center – Democratizing ...
dkNET Webinar: The Collaborative Microbial Metabolite Center – Democratizing ...dkNET
 
Anti-Obesity Activity of Anthocyanins and Corresponding Introduction in Dieta...
Anti-Obesity Activity of Anthocyanins and Corresponding Introduction in Dieta...Anti-Obesity Activity of Anthocyanins and Corresponding Introduction in Dieta...
Anti-Obesity Activity of Anthocyanins and Corresponding Introduction in Dieta...AmalDhivaharS
 
PSILOTUM : structure, morphology, anatomy, reproduction , life cycle etc.
PSILOTUM : structure, morphology, anatomy,  reproduction , life cycle etc.PSILOTUM : structure, morphology, anatomy,  reproduction , life cycle etc.
PSILOTUM : structure, morphology, anatomy, reproduction , life cycle etc.Silpa Selvaraj
 
LIGHT Community Medicine LIGHT IS A SOURCE OF ENERGY THERE ARE TWO TYPE OF S...
LIGHT  Community Medicine LIGHT IS A SOURCE OF ENERGY THERE ARE TWO TYPE OF S...LIGHT  Community Medicine LIGHT IS A SOURCE OF ENERGY THERE ARE TWO TYPE OF S...
LIGHT Community Medicine LIGHT IS A SOURCE OF ENERGY THERE ARE TWO TYPE OF S...Abhinav S
 
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...Advanced-Concepts-Team
 
electrophoresis: types, advantages, disadvantages and applications.
electrophoresis: types, advantages, disadvantages and applications.electrophoresis: types, advantages, disadvantages and applications.
electrophoresis: types, advantages, disadvantages and applications.Silpa Selvaraj
 
Differences between syrups and elixirs .pptx
Differences between  syrups and elixirs .pptxDifferences between  syrups and elixirs .pptx
Differences between syrups and elixirs .pptxushakiranmai4
 
Salesforce Starter Package Presentation.
Salesforce Starter Package Presentation.Salesforce Starter Package Presentation.
Salesforce Starter Package Presentation.Naresh Gupta
 
discussion on the endocrine system for science grade10.pptx
discussion on the endocrine system for science grade10.pptxdiscussion on the endocrine system for science grade10.pptx
discussion on the endocrine system for science grade10.pptxShePerezDelaCruz
 
Seminario biología molecular Lina Charris
Seminario biología molecular Lina CharrisSeminario biología molecular Lina Charris
Seminario biología molecular Lina CharrisLinaMarcelaCharrisRa
 
Hydro-Thermal Liquefaction Of Lignocellulosic biomass to produce Bio-Crude oil
Hydro-Thermal Liquefaction Of Lignocellulosic biomass to produce Bio-Crude oilHydro-Thermal Liquefaction Of Lignocellulosic biomass to produce Bio-Crude oil
Hydro-Thermal Liquefaction Of Lignocellulosic biomass to produce Bio-Crude oilZeeshan Nazir
 
Study of X - Ray Spectra and its types
Study  of X  - Ray Spectra and its typesStudy  of X  - Ray Spectra and its types
Study of X - Ray Spectra and its typestanishashukla147
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Presentacion Mariana Arango- biología molecular
Presentacion Mariana Arango- biología molecularPresentacion Mariana Arango- biología molecular
Presentacion Mariana Arango- biología molecular
 
Automatic Stainer & Screener technique.pptx
Automatic Stainer & Screener technique.pptxAutomatic Stainer & Screener technique.pptx
Automatic Stainer & Screener technique.pptx
 
Safety_and_Health_Programs_v-03-01-17.pptx
Safety_and_Health_Programs_v-03-01-17.pptxSafety_and_Health_Programs_v-03-01-17.pptx
Safety_and_Health_Programs_v-03-01-17.pptx
 
Microbial Fermentation(Strain Improvement)
Microbial  Fermentation(Strain Improvement)Microbial  Fermentation(Strain Improvement)
Microbial Fermentation(Strain Improvement)
 
5FSHB- TANDOOR MURDER CASE (GROUP 1).pdf
5FSHB- TANDOOR MURDER CASE (GROUP 1).pdf5FSHB- TANDOOR MURDER CASE (GROUP 1).pdf
5FSHB- TANDOOR MURDER CASE (GROUP 1).pdf
 
Volatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduates
Volatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduatesVolatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduates
Volatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduates
 
REGULATION OF METABOLISM IN PLANTS AND THE DIFFERENT MECHANISMS
REGULATION OF METABOLISM IN PLANTS  AND THE DIFFERENT MECHANISMSREGULATION OF METABOLISM IN PLANTS  AND THE DIFFERENT MECHANISMS
REGULATION OF METABOLISM IN PLANTS AND THE DIFFERENT MECHANISMS
 
commercial production of cellulase enzyme and its uses
commercial production of cellulase enzyme and its usescommercial production of cellulase enzyme and its uses
commercial production of cellulase enzyme and its uses
 
dkNET Webinar: The Collaborative Microbial Metabolite Center – Democratizing ...
dkNET Webinar: The Collaborative Microbial Metabolite Center – Democratizing ...dkNET Webinar: The Collaborative Microbial Metabolite Center – Democratizing ...
dkNET Webinar: The Collaborative Microbial Metabolite Center – Democratizing ...
 
Anti-Obesity Activity of Anthocyanins and Corresponding Introduction in Dieta...
Anti-Obesity Activity of Anthocyanins and Corresponding Introduction in Dieta...Anti-Obesity Activity of Anthocyanins and Corresponding Introduction in Dieta...
Anti-Obesity Activity of Anthocyanins and Corresponding Introduction in Dieta...
 
PSILOTUM : structure, morphology, anatomy, reproduction , life cycle etc.
PSILOTUM : structure, morphology, anatomy,  reproduction , life cycle etc.PSILOTUM : structure, morphology, anatomy,  reproduction , life cycle etc.
PSILOTUM : structure, morphology, anatomy, reproduction , life cycle etc.
 
LIGHT Community Medicine LIGHT IS A SOURCE OF ENERGY THERE ARE TWO TYPE OF S...
LIGHT  Community Medicine LIGHT IS A SOURCE OF ENERGY THERE ARE TWO TYPE OF S...LIGHT  Community Medicine LIGHT IS A SOURCE OF ENERGY THERE ARE TWO TYPE OF S...
LIGHT Community Medicine LIGHT IS A SOURCE OF ENERGY THERE ARE TWO TYPE OF S...
 
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...
 
electrophoresis: types, advantages, disadvantages and applications.
electrophoresis: types, advantages, disadvantages and applications.electrophoresis: types, advantages, disadvantages and applications.
electrophoresis: types, advantages, disadvantages and applications.
 
Differences between syrups and elixirs .pptx
Differences between  syrups and elixirs .pptxDifferences between  syrups and elixirs .pptx
Differences between syrups and elixirs .pptx
 
Salesforce Starter Package Presentation.
Salesforce Starter Package Presentation.Salesforce Starter Package Presentation.
Salesforce Starter Package Presentation.
 
discussion on the endocrine system for science grade10.pptx
discussion on the endocrine system for science grade10.pptxdiscussion on the endocrine system for science grade10.pptx
discussion on the endocrine system for science grade10.pptx
 
Seminario biología molecular Lina Charris
Seminario biología molecular Lina CharrisSeminario biología molecular Lina Charris
Seminario biología molecular Lina Charris
 
Hydro-Thermal Liquefaction Of Lignocellulosic biomass to produce Bio-Crude oil
Hydro-Thermal Liquefaction Of Lignocellulosic biomass to produce Bio-Crude oilHydro-Thermal Liquefaction Of Lignocellulosic biomass to produce Bio-Crude oil
Hydro-Thermal Liquefaction Of Lignocellulosic biomass to produce Bio-Crude oil
 
Study of X - Ray Spectra and its types
Study  of X  - Ray Spectra and its typesStudy  of X  - Ray Spectra and its types
Study of X - Ray Spectra and its types
 

Featured

5 Public speaking tips from TED - Visualized summary
5 Public speaking tips from TED - Visualized summary5 Public speaking tips from TED - Visualized summary
5 Public speaking tips from TED - Visualized summarySpeakerHub
 
ChatGPT and the Future of Work - Clark Boyd
ChatGPT and the Future of Work - Clark Boyd ChatGPT and the Future of Work - Clark Boyd
ChatGPT and the Future of Work - Clark Boyd Clark Boyd
 
Getting into the tech field. what next
Getting into the tech field. what next Getting into the tech field. what next
Getting into the tech field. what next Tessa Mero
 
Google's Just Not That Into You: Understanding Core Updates & Search Intent
Google's Just Not That Into You: Understanding Core Updates & Search IntentGoogle's Just Not That Into You: Understanding Core Updates & Search Intent
Google's Just Not That Into You: Understanding Core Updates & Search IntentLily Ray
 
Time Management & Productivity - Best Practices
Time Management & Productivity -  Best PracticesTime Management & Productivity -  Best Practices
Time Management & Productivity - Best PracticesVit Horky
 
The six step guide to practical project management
The six step guide to practical project managementThe six step guide to practical project management
The six step guide to practical project managementMindGenius
 
Beginners Guide to TikTok for Search - Rachel Pearson - We are Tilt __ Bright...
Beginners Guide to TikTok for Search - Rachel Pearson - We are Tilt __ Bright...Beginners Guide to TikTok for Search - Rachel Pearson - We are Tilt __ Bright...
Beginners Guide to TikTok for Search - Rachel Pearson - We are Tilt __ Bright...RachelPearson36
 
Unlocking the Power of ChatGPT and AI in Testing - A Real-World Look, present...
Unlocking the Power of ChatGPT and AI in Testing - A Real-World Look, present...Unlocking the Power of ChatGPT and AI in Testing - A Real-World Look, present...
Unlocking the Power of ChatGPT and AI in Testing - A Real-World Look, present...Applitools
 
12 Ways to Increase Your Influence at Work
12 Ways to Increase Your Influence at Work12 Ways to Increase Your Influence at Work
12 Ways to Increase Your Influence at WorkGetSmarter
 
Ride the Storm: Navigating Through Unstable Periods / Katerina Rudko (Belka G...
Ride the Storm: Navigating Through Unstable Periods / Katerina Rudko (Belka G...Ride the Storm: Navigating Through Unstable Periods / Katerina Rudko (Belka G...
Ride the Storm: Navigating Through Unstable Periods / Katerina Rudko (Belka G...DevGAMM Conference
 
Barbie - Brand Strategy Presentation
Barbie - Brand Strategy PresentationBarbie - Brand Strategy Presentation
Barbie - Brand Strategy PresentationErica Santiago
 
Good Stuff Happens in 1:1 Meetings: Why you need them and how to do them well
Good Stuff Happens in 1:1 Meetings: Why you need them and how to do them wellGood Stuff Happens in 1:1 Meetings: Why you need them and how to do them well
Good Stuff Happens in 1:1 Meetings: Why you need them and how to do them wellSaba Software
 
Introduction to C Programming Language
Introduction to C Programming LanguageIntroduction to C Programming Language
Introduction to C Programming LanguageSimplilearn
 
The Pixar Way: 37 Quotes on Developing and Maintaining a Creative Company (fr...
The Pixar Way: 37 Quotes on Developing and Maintaining a Creative Company (fr...The Pixar Way: 37 Quotes on Developing and Maintaining a Creative Company (fr...
The Pixar Way: 37 Quotes on Developing and Maintaining a Creative Company (fr...Palo Alto Software
 
9 Tips for a Work-free Vacation
9 Tips for a Work-free Vacation9 Tips for a Work-free Vacation
9 Tips for a Work-free VacationWeekdone.com
 
I Rock Therefore I Am. 20 Legendary Quotes from Prince
I Rock Therefore I Am. 20 Legendary Quotes from PrinceI Rock Therefore I Am. 20 Legendary Quotes from Prince
I Rock Therefore I Am. 20 Legendary Quotes from PrinceEmpowered Presentations
 

Featured (20)

5 Public speaking tips from TED - Visualized summary
5 Public speaking tips from TED - Visualized summary5 Public speaking tips from TED - Visualized summary
5 Public speaking tips from TED - Visualized summary
 
ChatGPT and the Future of Work - Clark Boyd
ChatGPT and the Future of Work - Clark Boyd ChatGPT and the Future of Work - Clark Boyd
ChatGPT and the Future of Work - Clark Boyd
 
Getting into the tech field. what next
Getting into the tech field. what next Getting into the tech field. what next
Getting into the tech field. what next
 
Google's Just Not That Into You: Understanding Core Updates & Search Intent
Google's Just Not That Into You: Understanding Core Updates & Search IntentGoogle's Just Not That Into You: Understanding Core Updates & Search Intent
Google's Just Not That Into You: Understanding Core Updates & Search Intent
 
How to have difficult conversations
How to have difficult conversations How to have difficult conversations
How to have difficult conversations
 
Introduction to Data Science
Introduction to Data ScienceIntroduction to Data Science
Introduction to Data Science
 
Time Management & Productivity - Best Practices
Time Management & Productivity -  Best PracticesTime Management & Productivity -  Best Practices
Time Management & Productivity - Best Practices
 
The six step guide to practical project management
The six step guide to practical project managementThe six step guide to practical project management
The six step guide to practical project management
 
Beginners Guide to TikTok for Search - Rachel Pearson - We are Tilt __ Bright...
Beginners Guide to TikTok for Search - Rachel Pearson - We are Tilt __ Bright...Beginners Guide to TikTok for Search - Rachel Pearson - We are Tilt __ Bright...
Beginners Guide to TikTok for Search - Rachel Pearson - We are Tilt __ Bright...
 
Unlocking the Power of ChatGPT and AI in Testing - A Real-World Look, present...
Unlocking the Power of ChatGPT and AI in Testing - A Real-World Look, present...Unlocking the Power of ChatGPT and AI in Testing - A Real-World Look, present...
Unlocking the Power of ChatGPT and AI in Testing - A Real-World Look, present...
 
12 Ways to Increase Your Influence at Work
12 Ways to Increase Your Influence at Work12 Ways to Increase Your Influence at Work
12 Ways to Increase Your Influence at Work
 
ChatGPT webinar slides
ChatGPT webinar slidesChatGPT webinar slides
ChatGPT webinar slides
 
More than Just Lines on a Map: Best Practices for U.S Bike Routes
More than Just Lines on a Map: Best Practices for U.S Bike RoutesMore than Just Lines on a Map: Best Practices for U.S Bike Routes
More than Just Lines on a Map: Best Practices for U.S Bike Routes
 
Ride the Storm: Navigating Through Unstable Periods / Katerina Rudko (Belka G...
Ride the Storm: Navigating Through Unstable Periods / Katerina Rudko (Belka G...Ride the Storm: Navigating Through Unstable Periods / Katerina Rudko (Belka G...
Ride the Storm: Navigating Through Unstable Periods / Katerina Rudko (Belka G...
 
Barbie - Brand Strategy Presentation
Barbie - Brand Strategy PresentationBarbie - Brand Strategy Presentation
Barbie - Brand Strategy Presentation
 
Good Stuff Happens in 1:1 Meetings: Why you need them and how to do them well
Good Stuff Happens in 1:1 Meetings: Why you need them and how to do them wellGood Stuff Happens in 1:1 Meetings: Why you need them and how to do them well
Good Stuff Happens in 1:1 Meetings: Why you need them and how to do them well
 
Introduction to C Programming Language
Introduction to C Programming LanguageIntroduction to C Programming Language
Introduction to C Programming Language
 
The Pixar Way: 37 Quotes on Developing and Maintaining a Creative Company (fr...
The Pixar Way: 37 Quotes on Developing and Maintaining a Creative Company (fr...The Pixar Way: 37 Quotes on Developing and Maintaining a Creative Company (fr...
The Pixar Way: 37 Quotes on Developing and Maintaining a Creative Company (fr...
 
9 Tips for a Work-free Vacation
9 Tips for a Work-free Vacation9 Tips for a Work-free Vacation
9 Tips for a Work-free Vacation
 
I Rock Therefore I Am. 20 Legendary Quotes from Prince
I Rock Therefore I Am. 20 Legendary Quotes from PrinceI Rock Therefore I Am. 20 Legendary Quotes from Prince
I Rock Therefore I Am. 20 Legendary Quotes from Prince
 

Horse vision2018

  • 1. National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 2. WHY HORSES SPOOK IT’S ABOUT PERCEPTION National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 3. THE REASONING BEHIND THE EQUINE FLIGHT INSTINCT Understanding the Fundamentals • Thought • Learning • Vision Process National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 4. Lesson One  States of mind regarding the learning process  Equine priorities are a near constant  Equine vision is dissimilar to human vision  The thought process is not like humans  Fight or flight, revisited National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 5. National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017 It is generally agreed upon there are only three states of mind (with minor variations) to a horse that affect not only his ability to learn but his behavior as well 1. Relaxed state 2. Alerted state 3. Survival state
  • 6. EQUINE PRIORITIES ARE A NEAR CONSTANT #1: Am I safe? #2: Do I need food? #3: Where is the herd? #4: Can I rest? National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 7. Horses have Monocular Vision Each eye sees independently of the other eye Each eye sees independently of the other eye Equine vision is very dissimilar to human vision National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 8. When a horse looks forward, each eye sees independently of the other, and although has approximately 90 degrees of “crossover” it does not give the horse binocular vision due to the OPTIC CHIASMA operating at only 5% of the human chiasma National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 9. Monocular vision seriously affects depth perception as we know it. Depth perception is the visual ability to perceive the world in three dimensions 1. Distances are perceived solely by a distance sensation 2. Depth of field (thickness) of an object is not perceived because of single line of sight National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 10. COLOR PERCEPTION HORSES HAVE FEWER CONES (COLOR RECEPTORS) THAN HUMANS. THIS TYPE OF VISION, CALLED DICHROMATIC, CAUSES THE HORSE TO PERCEIVE COLORS AS YELLOWISH GREENS AND BLUISH PURPLES National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 11. LIGHT PERCEPTION HORSES HAVE MORE RODS, LIGHT RECEPTORS, THAN HUMANS AND PERCEIVE LIGHT APPROXIMATELY 30% BRIGHTER THAN HUMANS National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 12. National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 13. Horses have trifocal vision, due to graduating gradients on the horses crystalline lens National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 14. 18 inches to 5 feet for near vision 5 feet to 25 feet 25 feet to ~ for distant vision The horse’s vision is divided into three progressive quadrants similar to a “trifocal” lens. Middle area of the eye Bottom area of the eye Upper area of the eye National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 15. These quadrants of vision are known as “Area of Focus” Middle area Bottom area Upper area National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 16. If the horse head is positioned at a constant angle, the perception object distance and size is a relative constant. National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 17. When the horse head is elevated or lowered, the ability to focus (visual perception) is altered. National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 18. Central vision is that portion of the horses field of vision where images tend to be more sharp and are recognizable by the brain National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 19. Peripheral vision is the area that extends approximately 120-140º off the side of the horse Peripheral vision reacts more to color, contrast, movement, or light Area of Peripheral Vision Area of Peripheral Vision Area of Focal Ability National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 20. As humans, we think of vision in terms of the ability focus. However, another difference in equine vision is that structure of the equine eye is structured to detect motion instead of focus. As a prey animal with its eye set, it can detect this motion and most of their surroundings with only head movement National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 21. National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 22. As the object in the horses’ sight moves behind their area of focal ability (forward) and into peripheral vision (off to the side), their ability to focus is diminished. Not only is focus diminished, this lack of focus makes the object appear larger due to diffusion of light National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 23. The “eye set” determines how far behind the horses vision functions. With the rider the “backward” field of vision angle is diminished Without the rider, rearward vision is increased Forward vision intersects in front of the horse in as little as 18 inches through “infinite distance”, depending on head position National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017 Decreased peripheral vision With the rider, rearward vision is decreased
  • 24. THE THOUGHT PROCESS OF YOUR HORSE IS UNLIKE, BUT NOT ENTIRELY DISSIMILAR TO HUMANS National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 25. Though the equine brain has two hemispheres (both left and right), the two sides of the brain are connected by a very underdeveloped Corpus Callosum. This basically means, not only is equine vision monocular, each side of the brain individually processes sensory information. In other words, each side “thinks” independently of the other. National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 26. If danger is perceived on either side, the two sides of the brain have different priorities. The side that perceives the danger will calculate where the danger is, while the other “brain” detects the best escape route. DANGER!!!! Escape Route is 180 degrees in the opposite direction National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 27. Escape Route is Behind and Right Escape Route is Forward and Right Escape Route is Behind and Left Escape Route is Forward and Left National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 28. WHAT THIS MEANS TO YOU 1. How to set your hands and position 2. How to position your horse 3. How to maintain control 4. How to show your horse that the obstacle is NOT the enemy 5. How to leave the obstacle behind without “running away” National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 29. Setting your Position  Obstacle; is it ahead or behind National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 30. National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017 If the object is high, the horses head will lower to avoid it (duck) If the object is low, the horses head will elevate to avoid it National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 31. Escape Route is Forward, Right and Low Escape Route is Forward, Right and High Escape Route is Backward, Right and Low Escape Route is Backward, Right and High National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 32. HOW TO POSITION THE HORSE Move your horse so he can see the obstacle with both eyes National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017 Obstacle Remember the horse will break away from what they perceive as the source of distress
  • 33. HOW TO MAINTAIN CONTROL  No matter which way the horse attempts to turn, always point him at the object. From that point, it doesn’t matter whether he backs away from the object or not, only that he face it.  BOTH EYES------ BOTH BRAINS National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 34. SHOW YOUR HORSE THAT THE OBSTACLE IS NOT THE ENEMY  By steadily applying appropriate pressure until the job is complete, you will show your horse that the enemy is his own unwillingness; not that of the obstacle. Once the obstacle is complete, repeat until the horse is relaxed over the obstacle. National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 35. HOW TO LEAVE THE OBSTACLE BEHIND WITHOUT “RUNNING AWAY” National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017 Once the horse has cleared the obstacle, sit up straight, bring your hands with you (maintaining appropriate pressure) and half halt as necessary.
  • 36. Fight, Flight and Instinctual Drive Demonstrated in the Round Pen Fight and flight… revisited National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 37. Middle of the eye is stop Movement is Back Movement is Forward National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 38. Stepping slightly ahead for the stop, then… Movement is toward you when backing away from horse Movement is away from you when you are moving toward horse National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017
  • 39. Stopped Speed is decreased Speed is increased National Mounted Police Services Copyright © 2017