Hammurabi’s Code Code- organized list of laws Hammurabi- ruled Babylonia from 1792 B.C. to 1750 B.C. Written law helps people know what is expected of them and what punishment they will receive if they break the law. Hammurabi’s Code was created to help people settle disputes in all areas of life. 282 laws total in the code.
“If a man has destroyed the eye of a man of the class of gentlemen, theyshall destroy his eye. If he has broken a gentlemen’s bone, they shall breakhis bone. If he has destroyed the eye of a commoner or broken a bone of acommoner, he shall pay one silver. If he has destroyed the eye of agentleman’s slave, or broken a bone of a gentlemen’s slave, he shall payhalf of the slave’s price. If a gentlemen’s slave strikes the cheek of agentlemen, they shall cut the slave’s ear off.” -from Hammurabi’s Code
Eye for an Eye Hammurabi’s code based on “eye for an eye”. (Punishment should fit the crime committed.) Code was not equal to all people, based on Social Class. Higher the class of the victim, greater the punishment was. Even if the law was broken by accident, punishment was still the same.
“Sorry Doc!”“If a surgeon performed a majoroperation on a citizen with abronze knife and the citizen dies,his hand shall be cut off!” – fromHammurabi’s Code
More Laws… If anyone steal the minor son of another, he shall be put to death. If anyone is committing a robbery and is caught, he shall be put to death. If a son strikes his father, his hands shall be cut off. If you disrespect Mr. Epifano, you shall be thrown in the Westridge Dungeon (Oops how did this get here!)
Why are written lawsimportant? ( answer in yourCornell notes)
Art of Writing Writing first developed in Mesopotamia around 3100 B.C. Writing met the need to keep records, hence why we know so much about Mesopotamia. Scribes kept records of farm animals, government workers, military supplies, and important events.
How was Writing Invented? At first, written words were symbols that represent certain objects. Symbols changed over time into cuneiform, which are symbols that make groups of wedges and lines. ( Like our alphabet) Cuneiform served a variety of people.
QUIZ What was Hammurabi’s code, and what was its purpose in ancient Babylonia? What does the expression “eye for an eye” mean? How was Hammurabi’s code fair and how was it unfair? Why was the development of writing of writing an important step in human History?