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Naturalism: Explained


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I describe naturalism in literature, art and the whole movement of naturalism. I also compare naturalism to other movements, and I hope you find my information helpful to you! I will also be talking about Emile Zola, and Benjamin Franklin Norris Jr: they are two of the leading naturalist authors.

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Naturalism: Explained

  1. 1. Naturalism
  2. 2.  Definition: Humans are animals.  Naturalist writers criticized due to being “blunt.”  Influenced by Charles Darwin.  “One’s environment and Hereditary makes up who the person is.”  Opposite of Romanticism and Surrealism.  Naturalism compares to Pessimism.
  3. 3.  1880s to the 1940s.  Advanced form of realism.  Naturalist writers used denotation not connotation.  Wanted to relate feelings to scientific method.  Authors = tired of fantasies.Wanted real life feelings.  Authors noticed humans act only for themselves.
  4. 4. Naturalism Contrasted to Romanticism, and Surrealism • Naturalism does not have Symbolic meanings. • Naturalism is darker and less fantasy like. • Naturalism sees darker sides to human nature. Compared to Realism • Naturalism is the advanced form of Realism. • Both look to actual meanings of words. • Both would look at the scientific human nature. A.K.A. (Animal like)
  5. 5.  Look for…  Any dark parts (Ex:Violence, Tragedy.)  Characters who say the same phrase that is pessimistic.  Determinism is key for Naturalism.  Determinism = Opposite of the notion free will. m/cartoons/2000-06-15.gif&imgrefurl= results/key/pessimistic&usg=__vZsq2WZui4NKSf7E3YIT- I8Rwds=&h=320&w=240&sz=16&hl=en&start=0&sig2=- CuGFfa9uCDlew91T3DDjA&zoom=1&tbnid=Jq4t5- dlng5zIM:&tbnh=158&tbnw=119&ei=vz2vTO- TEpPWtQPe3KD7Cw&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dpessimistic%26um%3D1%2 6hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26sa%3DN%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en- US:official%26biw%3D1280%26bih%3D790%26tbs%3Disch:1&um=1&itbs =1&iact=hc&vpx=357&vpy=58&dur=195&hovh=256&hovw=192&tx=103&ty =120&oei=vz2vTO- TEpPWtQPe3KD7Cw&esq=1&page=1&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0
  6. 6.  Émile Zola  Lived from April 2, 1840 – September 29, 1902.  Very Influential French writer.  Shares a crypt withVictor Hugo and Alexandre Dumas.  Wrote the storyThérèse Raquin. text04thrqn10.jpg
  7. 7.  Benjamin Franklin Norris Jr.  Lived from March 5, 1870 – October 25, 1902.  McTeague was a notable story. 8/&usg=__GpBbMlEOYBrBdNLGeV1LjhgEwgA=&h=498&w=290 &sz=99&hl=en&start=0&sig2=UyN2kY1DRAaiTYQ1- IPanQ&zoom=1&tbnid=jrYFR74m04bnUM:&tbnh=156&tbnw=91 &ei=uDyvTLOXCYGgsQP4t_mEDA&prev=/images%3Fq%3DMc teague%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox- a%26sa%3DN%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en- US:official%26biw%3D1280%26bih%3D790%26tbs%3Disch:1& um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=422&vpy=50&dur=185&hovh=156& hovw=91&tx=79&ty=116&oei=uDyvTLOXCYGgsQP4t_mEDA&e sq=1&page=1&ndsp=27&ved=1t:429,r:2,s:0
  8. 8. 3Fcid%3DC44%26rec%3D4&usg=__8nu2sf9UmCS9WEIK oI92FFdbfbQ=&h=380&w=283&sz=24&hl=en&start=0&si g2=tZ3QFeqaklnki4uDxtxPzg&zoom=1&tbnid=QgkXylst dHV7mM:&tbnh=167&tbnw=131&ei=Kz- vTJCEEoz4swOvvfnyAw&prev=/images%3Fq%3DNatural ism%2Bart%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfiref ox-a%26sa%3DN%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en- US:official%26biw%3D1280%26bih%3D790%26tbs%3Di sch:1&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=1045&vpy=65&dur=1 919&hovh=260&hovw=194&tx=145&ty=162&oei=Kz- vTJCEEoz4swOvvfnyAw&esq=1&page=1&ndsp=23&ved= 1t:429,r:5,s:0 1869_by_Degas.jpg