Issues in the U.S.• Inequality between: – Men & Women • Wages, Voting – Rich & Poor (Johnny Rock & General Public -not Public Enemy) • Poor working conditions • Unequal distribution of wealth
Why should they care?• Progressives were not directly affected – weren’t poor workers like the Populists were• Most were middle to upper class who wanted reform in America• What kind of reform???
Government Reform – End corruption at all levels17th Amendment (1913) – Right to elect Senators given to people (taken from State legislatures)16th Amendment (1913) - Income Tax implemented Used to tax railroads at same level as other businesses (no more breaks) – This didn’t work out so good
Bidness (Yea boy) Reform• Break up monopolies & Trusts – Teddy the “Trust Buster”• Push for safer working conditions & better, safer products for consumers
Muckrakers• Members of the press that investigated corruption in order to expose problems to the American people.
Social Reform – “You Kiddies”• Child Labor Laws – Limit hours, poor conditions• Health – $$$ to attack curable diseases• Recreation – National Parks, Recreation Centers• Education Reform - Number of High Schools Double (1900-1920)
Social Reform – “Hey Ladies!!!”• Women’s Suffrage – Voting Rights – 19th Amendment (1920)• Working Conditions, hours – Muller vs. Oregon (1908) • Supreme Court upheld law limiting workday for women to protect their health ***Court makes decision based on what is “best for society” not on legal principle
“Last Call …for Alcohol”• Prohibition – 18th Amendment (1919) – Women’s Christian Temperance Union