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Creativity is an odd subject and I learned it hard. But, then I enjoyed learning and sharing the same with the audience. This PPT is a basic content on the topic of creativity and helps in initiating the audience into the subject. Later, the trainer needs to devise the module and methodology or andragogy depending on the target audience.

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  1. 1. Basics • All are equal • Ask questions • If you already know, then facilitate • Respect others’ views • Warning – “Attending mobile during training is injurious to learning” • Participate
  2. 2. Event Objectives • Creativity & Innovation • Initiative • Growth orientation
  3. 3. Creativity & Innovation • Understanding creativity • Use of creativity / relation with problem solving • Creativity / innovation / lateral thinking and strategic perspective • Benefits • Application
  4. 4. Story • Tenaliram
  5. 5. The Water Problem • You are at the water spring and you have two jugs, one of 5 liters and another of 3 liters capacity • You have to give me exact four liters of water in one go. • You can fill or empty the jugs as many times as you want….but beware, you have to have minimum wastage. • Go….start filling the jugs and get me what I want……..
  6. 6. The Water Solution… 5 Liter jug 3 Liter jug 5 0 2 3 2 0 0 2 5 2 4 3
  7. 7. Creativity What it is?
  8. 8. • An art of discovering new ideas and new styles of doing things….do u remember the old and famous crow story??? • It has a fairly good relationship with our problem solving capacity…..heard of Dronacharya? • One of the key is our ability to think laterally Creativity
  9. 9. Lateral Thinking
  13. 13. How does it help in activities? • It gives continuous stimulation to brain. • It provides energy for further actions.
  14. 14. Let’s see this • There are two separate rooms having no connections with each other. • In one room there are three different coloured bulbs fitted on wall at 5 feet height from the floor. • In other room there are three switches fitted on three different walls connected to the respective bulbs of the other room. • You are allowed to enter into the rooms only once without any instrument.
  15. 15. Cont….. • You cannot see the bulbs in any way when you switch on the bulbs and similarly you cannot see the switches when you are in the room where bulbs are there. • Question : how can you identify the switches with correct bulb?
  16. 16. The Matchstick Problem • How would you arrange six matches to form four equilateral triangles, without any overlap?
  17. 17. The Candle-Mounting Problem • Using these materials, how would you mount the candle on a bulletin board?
  18. 18. The Matchstick Problem • Solution to the matchstick problem
  19. 19. The Candle-Mounting Problem • Solving this problem requires recognizing that a box need not always serve as a container
  21. 21. A man lives on the twelfth floor of an apartment building. Every morning he takes the elevator down to the lobby and leaves the building. In the evening, he gets into the elevator, and, if there is someone else in the elevator -- or if it was raining that day -- he goes back to his floor directly. Otherwise, he goes to the tenth floor and walks up two flights of stairs to his apartment.
  22. 22. ANSWER The man is a dwarf. He can't reach the upper elevator buttons, but he can ask people to push them for him. He can also push them with his umbrella.
  23. 23. A man drives down the highway at 55 miles per hour. He passes three cars going 60 miles per hour, then gets pulled over by a police officer and is given a ticket.
  24. 24. ANSWER The man was driving the wrong way on a one way street.
  25. 25. A man dies of thirst in his own home.
  26. 26. ANSWER His home is a houseboat, and he has run out of water while on an extended cruise.
  27. 27. There's a flash of light, and a man dies.
  28. 28. ANSWER The man is struck by lightning.
  29. 29. A married couple goes to a movie. During the movie the husband strangles the wife. He is able to get her body home without attracting attention
  30. 30. ANSWER The movie is at a drive-in theater.
  31. 31. A woman throws something out a window and dies.
  32. 32. ANSWER The object she throws is a boomerang. It flies out, loops around, comes back, and hits her in the head.
  33. 33. Two men enter a bar. They are served identical drinks. One lives; the other dies.
  34. 34. ANSWER The drinks contain poisoned ice cubes; one man drinks slowly, giving them time to melt, while the other drinks quickly and thus doesn't get much of the poison.
  35. 35. An avid birdwatcher sees an unexpected bird. Soon, they're both dead
  36. 36. ANSWER He is a passenger in an airplane and sees the bird get sucked into an engine at 20,000 feet. The engine stalls, and the plane crashes.
  37. 37. An old man lived alone. He wanted to spade his potato garden, but it was very hard work. His only son, who would have helped him, was in prison. The old man wrote a letter to his son and mentioned his predicament. The Potato Story
  38. 38. Dear Son: I am feeling pretty bad, because it looks like I won't be able to plant my potato garden this year. I hate to miss doing the garden because your mother always loved planting time. I'm just getting too old to be digging up a garden plot. If you were here, all my troubles would be over. I know you would dig the plot for me, if you weren't in prison. Love, Dad
  39. 39. Shortly, the old man received this telegram "For HEAVEN'S SAKE, Dad, don't dig up the garden! That's where I buried the GUNS!"
  40. 40. At 4 A.M. the next morning, a dozen FBI agents and local police officers showed up and started digging up the entire garden without finding any guns. Confused, the old man wrote another note to his son telling him what happened and asking him what to do next.
  41. 41. His son's reply was "Go ahead and plant your potatoes, Dad, It's the best I could do for you from here."
  42. 42. What happens at brain level???
  43. 43. Strategic Thinking Tools Holistic Intuitive Integrating Synthesizing Interpersonal Feeling Based Kinaesthetic Emotional Logical Analytical Fact based Quantitative Organized Sequential Planned Detailed A D B C LeftBrain RightBrain
  44. 44. Thinking Styles We all have preferred thinking styles Visualization Dreaming Sketching Visual thinking Creative dramatics Interactions Team Task Sensory Processing Intuition Feeling Passion Problem definition Pure logic Value Analysis Transaction Analysis Factual Analysis Rational thinking Operation Analysis Idea Evaluation Implementation Zero defect A D B C LeftBrain RightBrain
  45. 45. Thinking Preferences Infers Imagines Speculates Takes Risks Is Impetuous Breaks Rules Likes surprises Is Curious / Plays Is sensitive to others Likes to Teach Touches a lot Is supportive Is Expressivea Is Emotional Talks a lot Feels Analyses Quantifies Is Logical Is Critical Is Realistic Likes Numbers Knows about money Knows how things work Takes Preventive Action Establishes Procedures Gets things done Is Reliable Organises Is Neat Timely Plans A D B C LeftBrain RightBrain We have preferred thinking styles
  46. 46. Strategy / Action Plan Effective Ineffective Execution Excellent Poor Long Term Success Maybe successful For a while Success Unlikely Failure A combination of effective strategies and excellent execution A Framework for Strategic Thinking
  47. 47. Questions • There are eight nuns, one in each cell, as shown in the next figure. Making a total of three nuns along each side of the courtyard. How can they be rearranged so that there are four nuns along each side?
  48. 48. Let us check our problem solving capacity……. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
  49. 49. Solution 1+1 1+1 1+1 1+1
  50. 50. The Problem • Fifteen matches being laid on the table so as to form five equal squares, required, to remove three matches so as to leave three such squares only.
  51. 51. Solution
  52. 52. “You can analyse the past, But you must design the future” - Edward de Bono
  53. 53. Welcome to Mars
  54. 54. Creativity exercise • Imagine you are the first person to step on Mars • You walk around a corner and there in front of you is a Martian • Close your eyes and picture the Martian in every detail • In fact draw your Martian
  55. 55. Your Martian • Was your Martian symmetrical? • Did it have arms, legs? • Eyes? Ears? A mouth?.
  56. 56. Your Martian • You probably answered yes to most of these (not too creative really!) • We often follow patterns our brain has made before….and not bothered to challenge • “If you always think what you always thought, you’ll always get what you always got!”, Anonymous
  57. 57. Another exercise • On the following slide are a bunch of words • Please have a look at them and try to find the link between them • Be as creative as possible
  58. 58. Thinklaterally,outofthebox,creatively Soap Tax CamelPicture Farm Cloud Saw Church
  59. 59. Random words • Of course in this case there is NO defined link • Your own ideas demonstrate how creative you can be • So it is possible to break down the patterns in your brain
  60. 60. Innovation & Creativity “Creativity is thinking up new things … Innovation is doing new things” - 3M
  61. 61. Creative Thinking “Creative thinking is not a talent, it is a skill that can be learnt. It empowers people by adding strength to their natural abilities which improves teamwork, productivity and where appropriate profits.” - Edward de Bono
  62. 62. Another view of Innovation Idea Timeliness “Value”
  63. 63. “Innovation is the driver of every modern economy – it is the key to competitiveness, employment, growth and social well-being” - Dr Robin Batterham, Australia’s Chief Scientist August, 2008
  64. 64. "Trying is the first step towards failure." - Homer Simpson … alternatively it’s the first step towards success! - Steve Brodie
  65. 65. Robinhood needs your help.. • Robinhood and his team has robbed a rich and cruel landlord and started running. • The helpers of landlord started chasing Robinhood, but found that their speed is too slow in comparison to Robinhood’s. • There is a 20 KM dry grass land to be crossed to reach the jungle and Robin’s team has crossed 5 kms by now.
  66. 66. Cont…. • Seeing the direction of air, helpers of Landlord decided to set fire to the grass . • The speed of fire approaching to Robinhood is 3 kms in 10 minutes. • Roninhood’s speed is 2 kms in 10 minutes. • Question: If you are with Robinhood in this race, can you help Robinhood from being burnt?
  67. 67. Is It justIfIed ….??? • A person was walking on railway tracks. Suddenly he heard a whistle of a train chasing towards him. • Train was just 3 kms away and was about to reach to that person in 3 minutes. • The man started running towards the train on the railway track and covered 60 meters in one minute and then suddenly jumped off from the tracks . • Question: Why the hell he did so?
  68. 68. A professor went for spending some days, in a relaxed mood in a small town. He decided to have his hair cut. The town had only two barbers, each with his own shop. The professor glanced into one shop and saw it was extremely dirty. The barber needed a shave, his clothes were not clean, his hair was badly cut. The other shop was extremely neat & clean. The barber was freshly shaved and spotlessly dressed, his hair neatly trimmed. The professor returned to the first shop for his hair cut. Why ???????? A thinking Professor ?????
  69. 69. How do you apply these steps to your situation? “It may be hard for an egg To turn into a bird: it would be a jolly sight harder for it to learn to fly, while remaining as an egg. We are like eggs at present. and you cannot go on indefinitely Being just an ordinary decent egg. We must be hatched or get rotten.” --C. S. Lewis