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Jefferson presidency

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Jefferson presidency

  1. 1. President Adams (1796-1800) <ul><li>Member of the Federalist Party </li></ul><ul><li>Favored Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to limit the power of the opposition Democratic-Republican Party </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alien Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Made it harder to become a citizen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sedition Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Made it easy to arrest a person criticizing the government </li></ul></ul></ul>
  2. 2. The Democratic-Republicans React <ul><li>Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Written secretly by Jefferson & Madison </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Argued that Alien and Sedition Laws were unconstitutional and that states did not have to follow them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Called nullification </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Election of 1800 Thomas Jefferson vs. John Adams Democratic Federalist Republican “ Revolution of 1800” Peaceful transfer of power from one political party to another
  4. 5. ELECTION OF 1800 ELECTORAL COLLEGE Votes 73 73 65 64 1 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 JEFFERSON BURR ADAMS PINKNEY JAY ELECTORAL VOTES
  5. 6. <ul><li>Aaron Burr </li></ul><ul><li>Meant to be Jefferson Vice-President </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges Jefferson for the Presidency </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton helps sway vote for presidency to Jefferson </li></ul><ul><li>Election decided by the House of Reps. </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson becomes President </li></ul><ul><li>Burr becomes Vice-President </li></ul><ul><li>Result </li></ul><ul><li>12 th Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>Electoral College has TWO votes </li></ul><ul><li>One vote for President </li></ul><ul><li>One vote for Vice President </li></ul>
  6. 7. Louisiana Purchase Haiti
  7. 8. Haitian Revolution
  8. 10. US purchases Louisiana Purchase from France for $15 Million
  9. 11. <ul><li>Jefferson believed in strict construction of the Constitution (the President only had the powers listed in the Constitution) </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson has no Constitutional power to purchase land </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson turned to loose construction </li></ul>Jefferson’s Dilemma
  10. 15. Marbury v. Madison (1803) <ul><li>Supreme Court Case </li></ul><ul><li>Chief Justice John Marshall (Federalist) </li></ul><ul><li>Established Judicial Review </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Power of the Supreme Court to declare laws unconstitutional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JUDICIAL REVIEW COMES FROM THIS COURT CASE. IT IS NOT FOUND IN THE CONSTITUTION </li></ul></ul>

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