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Trends in light rail in Europe by Keolis Metro & Light Rail Director

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Trends in light rail in Europe by Regis Hennion, Keolis Metro & Light Rail Director at Light Rail 2016 conference in Melbourne (Feb 24-25 2016).

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Trends in light rail in Europe by Keolis Metro & Light Rail Director

  1. 1. 1 Trends in Light Rail in Europe Regis Hennion Metro & Light Rail Director 25 Feb 2016
  2. 2.  Keolis  Europe: a look back  New systems: trams and tram-trains  Extensions everywhere  On the technical side 2 Trends in Light Rail in Europe
  3. 3. 3 Keolis: an international leader in passenger transport French Company 15 countries 60,000 employees 5.6 billion revenue 1.3 billion railway passengers 3 billion passengers Keolis operates and maintains public transport networks in total safety
  4. 4. 70% 30% Keolis’ shareholder structure 4 A long-term shareholding structure that supports Keolis’ growth ambitions 70% SNCF Participations o A long-term shareholder (15 years) o An industrial partner 30% CDPQ o A long-term shareholder (8 years) o Canadian pension fund focused on financial efficiency and stability
  5. 5. 5 Expert operating all transport modes 5,754 km lines 1,300 trains 12 networks 125M train km 627M psgrs/year 660 km lines 1,121 trams 16 networks 65 lines 660M psgrs/year 25,300 buses, coaches and BRTs 1,600 buses using alternative fuels 240 km lines 489 metros 5 networks 19 lines 925M psgrs/year 18 cities with bike sharing schemes 300 car parks and 138,000 spaces
  6. 6.  Keolis  Europe: a look back  New systems: trams and tram-trains  Extensions everywhere  On the technical side 6 Trends in Light Rail in Europe
  7. 7. 7 125 Germany 1910
  8. 8. 8 75 Germany 1960
  9. 9. 9 58 Germany 2010
  10. 10. 10 90 France 1910
  11. 11. 11 5 France 1960
  12. 12. 12 21 France 2010
  13. 13.  Keolis  Europe: a look back  New systems: trams and tram-trains  Extensions everywhere  On the technical side 13 Trends in Light Rail in Europe
  14. 14.  A strong demand for light rail  Some projects on hold because of economic turn down  BRT as an alternative?  But no strong appetite for PPPs  Many projects in Scandinavia 14 New systems tram and tram-train
  15. 15. 15 Case Study: Tours 1/3 Tram Key figures  Lenght : 15 km of which 1,8km of ground lever power supply  29 stations, 21 trams each measuring 43 meters (Citadis)  Headway of 6 to 7 minutes  62 000 trips per day Tram in dates  June 2009 : beginning of the studies  Summer 2010 : Beginning of civil work  December 2010 : DUP (Declaration of Public Utility)  March 2013 : Beginning of driver training  31 of August 2013 : Inauguration
  16. 16. 16 Case Study: Tours 2/3 Tram together with 3 main bus lines  Headway 10 to12 minutes during peak hours  Runs from 06h00 to 1h00  Simplicity  Timing  Same on sunday  Same at night
  17. 17. +41% passengers +16 % revenue Case Study: Tours 3/3 23 000 000 25 000 000 27 000 000 29 000 000 31 000 000 33 000 000 35 000 000 Passengers FREQUENTATION Objectif fréquentation validations Objectif recettes 17 000 000 € 17 500 000 € 18 000 000 € 18 500 000 € 19 000 000 € 19 500 000 € 20 000 000 € janv.-14 févr.-14 mars-14 avr.-14 mai-14 juin-14 juil.-14 août-14 sept.-14 oct.-14 nov.-14 déc.-14 Revenues
  18. 18. 18 Case Study: Denmark and Aarhus 1/2
  19. 19. 19 Case Study: Denmark and Aarhus 2/2
  20. 20.  Keolis  Europe: a look back  New systems: trams and tram-trains  Extensions everywhere  On the technical side 20 Trends in Light Rail in Europe
  21. 21. 21 Extensions everywhere  Extension are planned in most of the existing network in Europe, except eastern part where some sections of the old networks are closed  Extension is about capacity  Extension are about additional new lines  Extensions are genuine extension, sometime with single track operation to optimize VfM
  22. 22. 22 Case Study: Bergen 1/3  The line 1 will then be more than 20 km with 27 stations  Budget for the construction phase 3, is 3.5 billion NOK. (412 Million Euros) Third Extension on 6,81 km with 7 new stations
  23. 23. 23 Very positive growth for phase 1 & phase 1+2 Case Study: Bergen 2/3 2011 2014 Turnover 77 MNOK 120 MNOK Employees 52 101 Operating km/month 70 000 123 000 Passengers / day 20 000 35 000
  24. 24. 24 20 Variobahn extension to 42m with a total of 28 trams Case Study: Bergen 3/3 All 20 trams will be extended to 42m
  25. 25. 25 Case Study: Nottingham 1/3  6th Largest City in England, located in the Midlands  Population: 314,000 (city) with 682,000 (shire)  2 Universities: Trent & University of Nottingham: 57,000 students  12 million visitors annually  Major regional hospital: Queens Medical Centre  Top Industries in Nottingham (based on turnover): Boots, Pendragon, Sports Direct, Wilko, Gala Coral Group, Experian and Speedo  Municipal Council is Labour (socialist) who are the PTA
  26. 26. 26 Case Study: Nottingham 2/3 The journey so far …
  27. 27.  Provide sustainable alternative to the car  Increase public transport capacity to meet growth in the local economy  Improve accessibility & reduce social exclusion  Contribute to public transport integration  Support land use & regeneration  Extend use of environmentally friendly mode of transport 27 Case Study: Nottingham 3/3 Dec 14 to Dec 15 + 87.7 % passenger journey
  28. 28.  Keolis  Europe: a look back  New systems: trams and tram-trains  Extensions everywhere  On the technical side 28 Trends in Light Rail in Europe
  29. 29.  43 meter trams from day one; also short tram (20 metre) to reduce initial CAPEX  Driver cab on both ends  Driver cab standardization on its way (ergonomic, visibility)  Discussions about the dead man device  Catenary free via battery and super-cap 29 On the technical side Rolling stock  Standard gauge when heavy refurbishment  Single track to reduce CAPEX  Cable car as an alternative  Energy saving device in substations  New trams from the 80s now facing heavy infra refurbishment Infrastructure and system
  30. 30. Thank you for your attention Thank you for your attention Questions / Answers

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