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Page2
Agenda
.........Open Channel | Independent Danish DTT Gatekeeper 3
...........................................................................Introduction 5
................................................................DVB-T2 standard 15
 ...........................T2 Lite | New profile in DVB-T2 v1.3.1 18
 ...........................................................Network planning 20
 ................................Chip, device & power consumption 31
UHF band IV/V | First Deployments, First Experiences
 .Case Copenhagen, Poland, India, Colombia, Thailand 54
...........................................VHF band III | T2 Lite vs DAB+ 78
 .........................................Case Copenhagen, Thailand 92
.................................................................HEVC aka H.265 94
 Case France, Italy, Australia, Netherlands & Germany100
Page3
Danish World Premiere of DVB-T2 Lite
• As one of the first in Europe, Open Channel went On Air
with DVB-T2 in 2010.
• Open Channel again leads the way, airing the next generation
of digital radio & television standard for mobile device, based on
the new profile T2-Lite at *UHF 39 and *VHF 9D in 2012.
Page4
Page5
Introduction | Development of Broadcast Mobile TV
Page6
Introduction | DVB-T2 deployment
• DVB-T/ -T2 have been adopted or deployed in 150 countries.
Page7
Introduction | DVB-T/-T2 radio deployment
• 40 countries broadcast digital radio on their DTT network thereof 18-21 countries with DVB-T2 | T2 Lite
Asia
• IndiaT2 Lite
~4 radios AIR
• Myanmar DVB-T2
7 radios
• Vietnam DVB-T-> DVB-T2
2 radios VOV
• IndonesiaDVB-T2
1 radio Nex Media
Europe
• Albania DVB-T- > DVB-T2
6 radios rtsh
• Armenia DVB-T2
4 radios
• Austria DVB-T2
1 radio
• CopenhagenT2 Lite
~10 radios
• RussiaDVB-T2
3 radios
• Montenegro DVB-T2
2 radios RTCG
• Northern Ireland DVB-T2
1 radio RTE
Middle East & Africa
• Emirates DVB-T2
2 radios
• Kenya DVB-T2
7 radios KBC
• Madagascar DVB-T2
6 radios
• Namibia DVB-T2
10 radios NBC
• South Africa DVB-T2
19 radios
• Swaziland DVB-T2
1-2 radios SBIS
• Togo DVB-T2
x radios
South America & Caribbean Islands
• Colombia DVB-T2
5 radios
• Trinidad & TobagoDVB-T->T2
16 radios
• Grenada DVB-T2
on the road
Page8
Introduction | DVB-H
• DVB-H was never a success – No business case
• Very few DVB-H receivers in the market
• No demand for watching TV on a tiny cell phone screen (QVGA, 320 x 240) -
and certainly not if you had to pay for it
Page9
Introduction | Bigger mobile screens
• Mobile phone evolution
Page10
Introduction | Bigger mobile screens - new opportunities
• With the increasing popularity of iPads since 2010 and other tablets &
smartphone, the demand for linear TV viewing on “smaller” screens has
arrived.
• The challenge with tablets and smartphones are
that they have a screen size of 1080p or 2K.
• The bandwidth necessary for unicast mobile TV
can be a challenge for mobile operators -
especially during major sporting events.
• Here, DVB-T2 or T2 Lite in combination with
HEVC provides an efficient new platform for
broadcasting SD and HD to mobile device.
• Most mobile hardware from late 2014 onwards
supports dedicated HEVC playback.
Page11
Introduction | A shift from Fixed to mobile Devices
• Share of total TV time by age group, measured on respective device in 2015
Page12
Introduction Mobile phones have replaced radio sets|
• Back in the 1930s, radio was a spectacle. Listeners sat and watched the radio
set which held centre stage in the living room. Television taught us that radio
was not the best spectacle anymore and some predicted the death of radio.
• Radio's rebirth came with exclusive free music and free instant information,
live. The explosion of portable radio through transistor and car radios
underlined its unique position.
• But 24‐hour cable news channels removed radio’s distinction of immediacy; to
be challenged today by alerts on mobile phones. And the arrival of the
internet, and its infinite bounty of music to listen to, removed radio’s exclusivity
on free music.
• At the same time, mobile phones have replaced radio sets. Where can you
buy radios now?
• You won’t find a transistor radio under a teenager’s
pillow anymore; you’ll find a mobile phone.
Source: Pierre Bellanger, the Founder, CEO and Chairman of the Skyrock Group in France.
Page13
Introduction | Sound quality HE-AACv2
• DVB-T2 as well as DAB+ & DRM+ uses HE AACv2 audio codec
With original encoded program material:
• Acceptable quality stereo sound at 24 – 32 kbps.
• Good "FM-like" sound at 64 kbps or higher.
(64 kbps sets the lower limit of audio quality on the speech
by HE-AAC).
• Transparent high quality stereo sound at 128 kbps.
• The maximum bit rate of the encoded audio shall not
exceed 192 kbps for a stereo pair.
Page14
Introduction | Stat mux Gain
• Statistical multiplexing efficiency depending on the number of programmes.
Page15
DVB-T2 | Improved robustness
• The commercial focus on DVB-T2 was originally mainly on stationary
reception, but DVB-T2 is also designed to work well in mobile/handheld
conditions.
• DVB-T lacks time interleaving and so it is sensitive to impulsive interference
(e.g. from sparks) and the changes in the radio propagation experienced in
mobile reception (e.g. caused by path obstructions, 'shadows' ).
• DVB-T2 has support for deep time interleaving, which radically improves the
robustness against impulsive noise and interference.
Page16
DVB-T2 | Advantages with multiple PLPs
• Possibility to reach different kinds of receivers and reception conditions with a
single RF signal e.g.
› PLP0: UHD TV to roof-top directional antennas
› PLP1: TV for mobile device with robust signal
› PLP2: Digital radio with extra robust signal
• Possibility to prioritize robustness for selected ”high-priority” services ->
prioritized services (e.g. public service) will ”last longer” in poor reception
conditions.
• Statistical multiplexing over
several PLPs is possible
[Dynamic scheduling PLP]
Page17
DVB-T2 | New bandwidth 1.7 MHz (VHF band III)
• DVB-T2 standard has added support for 1.7 MHz bandwidth.
This is the same bandwidth that Digital Audio Broadcast (T-DAB) & Digital
Multimedia Broadcasting (T-DMB) standard uses in VHF band III and L-band.
• 1.7 MHz is Optional (item to include) in Nordig DVB-T2 IRD.
• 1.7 MHz is (Highly) Recommended for eg. the Irish Digital Terrestrial
Television DVB-T2 IRD (Saorview).
Page18
DVB-T2 | New profile in DVB-T2 v1.3.1
• T2-Lite is a new ”light” version of DVB-T2 to enhance mobile performance.
• T2-Lite is mainly a subset of DVB-T2,
except two new code rates for
robustness 1/3 and 2/5.
• Several other features, including low
bitrates (peaking at 4Mbps per PLP)
and short forward error correction
frames (16k), co-exist with these coding
rates to collectively offer a sharp
reduction in receiver power use.
• The benefit is less demand on CPU performance and power, making it highly
suitable for tablets and smartphones already on the market today.
Page19
DVB-T2 | T2-Base-Lite profile
• T2-Base-Lite is a perfect DVB-T2
profile for digital radio & mobile-TV
• L1 pre-signaling "T2_BASE_LITE"
A mode in which this bit is set to ‘1’ will
therefore be suitable for reception by
both T2-base-only and T2-lite-only
receivers.
• The significance of T2-Base-Lite for broadcasters and DTT operators is that it
removes the barriers to commercial mobile DTT broadcasting success with
without the cost of building a dedicated network for mobile only TV.
Page20
Network planning | Importance of frequency
Page21
Network planning | Choice of FFT - for portable receivers
• FFT for mobile reception: 1K, 2K, 4K or 8K
• FFT for portable reception: 8K, 16K
• FFT for rooftop reception: 32K
Required C/N for DVB-T and DVB-T2
as a function of the velocity of the
mobile receiver with FFT 8K (16QAM
& time interleaving depth 100 ms)
Page22
Network planning | FFT 32K -> Future Extension frames
• A mechanism that allows a future system to be sent as “Future Extension
frames” (FEF) in T2 time slots.
• FEF makes it possible to have two different FFT size in a single RF mux,
where T2 Base has 32K and T2 Lite in FEF have a different FFT size e.g. 8K
• T2-Lite is the first additional transmission profile type that makes use of the
FEF approach.
Page23
T2 Lite in FEF | HD roof-top + Mobile SD reception
Page24
T2 Lite in FEF | HD/SD roof-top + Digital Radio
Page25
Network planning | Polarization - for mobile device
• If the special aim is portable receivers served in major cities, then
vertical polarization (or circular polarization) should be chosen; area
coverage losses are to be accepted.
• Vertically polarized waves undergo a greater attenuation on long
transmission paths than horizontally polarized waves.
• Vertical polarization favor’s so-called multipath propagation through
numerous reflective vertical elements in nature, such as lampposts....
• Vertically polarized waves generate higher field strengths near the
ground.
• Antennas for portable receivers are often oriented vertically out of habit,
and therefore favour the reception of vertically polarized waves.
• Circularly polarized radiation on mobile receivers generates less
amplitude variation, i.e. it increases the likelihood of usable field
strength, and at the same time serves all forms of linearly polarized
receiving antennas.
Page26
Network planning | SFN MISO
• If two signals correlate (DVB-T2 SISO SFN) it
leads to severe degradations of the signal which
need to be compensated by higher field strength.
• Areas with similar signal levels show a statistical “SFN Gain”. But this gain is
insufficient to compensate for this increase in the required minimum field
strength. When removing this correlation using MISO the “SFN Gain”
contributes fully to the coverage.
• Another effect also improves the coverage range of
the transmitters. In areas with similar levels and a
short delay between the echoes, MISO lowers the
required minimum field strength relative to the non-
MISO case.
• The total effects are shown in the following simplistic
coverage planning example, based on a calculation
with a statistical propagation model.
Page27
Network planning | Reception Mode
Page28
Network planning | MRC diversity for In-car Entertainment
• MRC Diversity receivers use the Maximum Ratio Combining algorithm.
• This technology enables a smart combination of the digital radio & TV signals
received via several antennas.
• Diversity-2 increases sensitivity that could triple the coverage area and offers
better indoor reception (up to +70%). It also improves Doppler Effect handling
(reception at higher speed).
• It is especially useful where robust reception can be very difficult to achieve.
Page29
Network planning | New antenna design for mobile device
• Headphone Cable Antenna
› Ideal antenna pattern for mobile device
› Near isotropic directivity, polarization free
› Perfect for digital radio listening
Page30
Network planning | Antenna size for portable receivers
Page31
T2 Lite | New chip & device
Page32
Page33
Device | DVB-T2 Soundbar (Sony CXD2837)
• Output Power: 50 Watt or 70 Watt.
• H.265 UHD 4K 60fps HW decoding.
• Android with KODI, DLNA, AirPlay, Miracast.
• Built in 2.4G WiFi, WiFi Hotpoint, Bluetooth.
• HDMI 2.0, HDCP2.2.
• CPU: Amlogic S905 Quad-core 64-bit ARM A53.
• GPU: Penta-core ARM Mali-450.
2016
Page34
Chip ne-chip solution for mobile device| O
• Sony SMT-EW100 (Mass production Q2 2015) | Siano SMS4430
• With low power consumption ~ 180 mW. Especially designed to be incorporated in
the mobile devices
• Support DVB-T/-T2, T2 Lite & IDSB-T standards
Small silicon footprint ~ 7 x 7 mm
2015
Page35
Device | DVB-T2 smartphone ( )Sony SMT-EW100
• ASUS ZenFone Go TV (ZB551KL) | First Launch: May ‘16 in Taiwan & Thailand
• Support digital radio as well as TV with DVB-T/-T2, T2 Lite & ISDB-T
2016
Page36
2016
Page37
Device | DVB-T2 smartphone (Siano SMS4470 A1)
• 2nd
generation with new Headphone Cable Antenna for Thailand
2015
Page38
Device | DVB-T2 smartphone (Siano SMS4470 A1)
• 1st
generation with rod antenna for Thailand
2014
Page39
Device | DVB-T2 smartphone (Siano SMS4470 A2)
• 1st
generation with rod antenna for Colombia
2015
Page40
Device | Android DVB-T2 | T2 Lite dongle (Sony CXD2837)
2014
Page41
Device | WIFI DVB-T2 | T2 Lite dongle (Sony CXD2837)
2014
Page42
Device | WIFI DVB-T2 | T2 Lite iPLUG (Sony CXD2837)
2014
Page43
iversity chip for Automative |D Siano, Sony & Parrot
• Supports 2-way or up to 4-way MRC diversity include dynamic background
scan across various broadcasting standards.
Page44
chip | ParrotDiversity
2015
Page45
Device In-car Entertainment (Parrot Octopus 3)|
2015
Page46
chip | SianoDiversity
SMS4470 A2 key features are:
• Support DVB-T/-T2, T2 Lite & IDSB-T standards
• 4-way MRC diversity -> perfect for In-Car set-top box
• Background scan – at any time, each one of the
diversity paths can change functionality to operate as
background scan; when this occurs, the other n-1
paths continue to operate in (n-1)-way diversity mode
• No external memory is required for any chip
• Output of each n-way group of chips is the
demodulated data over SPI, or SDIO, or Serial TS
(configurable)
• Each chip integrates logic for controlling the antenna
amplifier and filter
2014
Page47
Case | BMW 7 Type (Siano SMS4470 A2)
• support DVB-T2 | T2 Lite as well as HEVC
2015
Page48
Device | In-car Entertainment STB ( )Sony SMT-EW300
• DVB-T/-T2 Diversity-2 In-car receiver
• Built-in steering wheel control
2016
Page49
SoC | New worldwide radio chip for car radio
NEW
Page50
Device | Car Radio (Parrot Octopus 3+)
• All automotive features embedded in one box, controlled by the user’s device
• Worldwide radio reception: AM, FM, DAB, DAB+, DRM, DRM+, DVB-T2 Lite
NEW
Page51
Accessories | Shark antenna (Parrot Octopus 3+)
• Reducing Head Unit complexity by moving RF design to Smart Antenna
• Worldwide radio reception: AM, FM, DAB, DAB+, DRM, DRM+, DVB-T2 Lite
NEW
Page52
Power consumption
Test conditions: 8 MHz, 256-QAM, 32K FFT, CR = 3/5, GI = 1/128, PP7, parallel TS, C/N at picture failure.
• Fixed reception | Settop Box & iDTV
oSilicon Labs Si2168-C55, Sony Semiconductor CXD2837ER,
Panasonic MN88473, MStar MSB1236 & Altobeam ATBM781XB
- Power consumption (incl silicon tuner): ~800 mW
• Mobile device | New One chip solution
oSony SMT-EW100 & Siano SMS4430
- Low power consumption: ~180 mW
Tablet | New Diversity-2 chip•
oSony SMT-EW300
- Low power consumption: ~360 mW
In-car Entertainment | New 4-way MRC diversity•
oParrot Octopus 3 & Siano SMS4470
- Power consumption: ~ 400 mW | Diversity 4 x 400 mW ~ 1.600 mW
Page53
Device | I-Mobile IQ Z Pro (Siano SMS4470 A1)
• Power consumption | TV Time (DVB-T2 | H.264 SD): 6 hours 17 min
Page54
Anywhere
Page55
Case Copenhagen | Digital Radio & TV (UHF)
• MUXCPH-2 | UHF channel 39 (618 MHz)
› Antenna site BOA | TDC radio tower in the center of Copenhagen
› Antenna Height: 104 meter, elevation 7 meter
› Polarization: Vertical | Transmit power: 2 kW ERP omni-directional
› Corresponding max. direct TX distance: 16,8 km
Page56
Case Copenhagen | T2 Lite (T2-Base-Lite)
• Doppler frequency max: 140 Hz
› PLP0 @ 618 MHz | QPSK | CR 1/2: Max speed limit 260 km/h
› PLP1 @ 618 MHz | 16QAM | CR 1/2: Max speed limit 260 km/h
Page57
Case Copenhagen | MUXCPH-2
Page58
Case Poland | → Digital Radio & Mobile TV
• The TV Mobilna multiplex
was allocated to Info-TV FM
for the provision of mobile
television services with
DVB-H.
• In 2012 the Poland’s leading
DTH platform Cyfrowy Polsat
acquired Info-TV FM and
launched its mobile Pay DTT
service with DVB-T instead of.
• TV Mobilna consists today of
12 digital radio and 12 TV.
Page59
Page60
Case India | Doordarshan DTT network
• UHF band IV | 8 MHz | Horizontal polarization
› Max. direct TX distance: 33,6 km
• DVB-T2 v1.3.1 | T2 Base “Mobile”
• FFT 8k ext | GI 1/8 | PP3
• PLP0 ~5,8 Mbps
› QPSK Rotated | CR 1/2 | LDPC 64800 (long)
› C/N P1 (Portable) = 4,1 dB
› Doppler frequency max: 140 Hz
› @ 578 MHz (New Delhi): Max speed limit 260 km/h
Page61
Page62
Case India | Portable indoor coverage: 60 million people
Tx Name Freq Fixed reception Mobile Reception
MHz Pop.
Served
Area
km2
Pop.
Served
Area
km2
1 Ahmadabad 562 8.095.272 12.303 1.607.309 944
2 Aurangabad 490 6.106.441 24.349 646.333 3.044
3 Bangalore 498 10.073.416 12.942 5.467.691 1.359
4 Bhopal 490 3.752.562 13.816 1.563.050 1.416
5 Chennai 538 9.205.954 15.278 5.062.902 2.179
6 Cuttack 538 7.637.267 11.594 867.039 942
7 Delhi 578 25.175.309 15.722 9.041.172 1.352
8 Guwahati 538 5.288.396 10.670 751.699 879
9 Indore 514 4.384.376 11.224 1.643.730 1.055
10 Jalandhar 570 6.585.896 13.446 1.334.560 1.278
11 Kolkata 482 29.457.734 14.682 7.214.887 1.287
12 Lucknow 562 9.960.751 13.527 2.145.285 1.118
13 Mumbai 474 17.214.292 18.964 10.203.527 3.505
14 Patna 498 16.693.813 13.425 3.258.137 1.207
15 Raipur 490 4.133.246 11.231 926.553 906
16 Ranchi 490 3.639.477 10.908 630.252 1.122
17 Hyderabad 498 8.679.308 11.865 4.404.536 955
18 Srinagar 498 4.210.883 7.189 1.873.401 1.502
19 Thiruvanathapuram 530 5.302.608 11.291 1.331.640 1.436
185.597.001 254.426 59.973.703 27.486
Page63
Case India | T2 Lite radio
Page64
Case Columbia | Portable indoor/urban
• DVB-T2 v 1.3.1 T2 Base | 6 MHz BW
› Max. direct TX distance: 89,5 km
Public broadcaster
• FFT 16K ext | GI 1/8 | PP3 | 19,33 Mbps
• 64QAM rotated | CR 2/3 | LDPC 64800
› C/N P1 (Portable) = 17,9 dB
› Doppler frequency max: x Hz
@ 485 MHz Max speed limit ~ y km/h
Private broadcaster
• FFT 16K ext | GI 1/8 | PP2 | 20,9 Mbps
• 64QAM rotated | CR 3/4 | LDPC 64800
› C/N P1 (Portable) = 20,5 dB
› Doppler frequency max: x Hz
@ 473 MHz Max speed limit ~y km/h
Page65
Case Columbia | Digital Radio & TV networks
Page66
Page67
Case Thailand
• DVB-T2 v1.2.1 | UHF 8 MHz BW
• Portable indoor/urban reception
• FFT 16K ext | GI 19/128 | SISO | PP2
• PLP0: 64QAM rotated | CR 3/5 | LDCP 64800
› Max direct TX distance 79,8 km
› C/N P1 (portable) = 16,9 dB
› Net capacity 21,834 Mbps
› Doppler frequency max: 69 Hz
› Max speed limit (theoretical)
~144 km/h at 514 MHz (26) NBT
~125 km/h at 594 MHz (36) TV5
~119 km/h at 626 MHz (40) MCOT
~113 km/h at 658 MHz (44) TPBS
~103 km/h at 722 MHz (52) TV5 Portable indoor coverage of the Bangkok
transmitter at channel 26 (NBT)
› Horizontal Polarization 50 kWatt ERP
Page68
Case Thailand | Long-term and Future Development
Page69
Thailand | Digital TV Coupon Scheme
• As of January 2016 - 8,540,317 digital TV coupons, out of 13,571,296
distributed to households in Thailand has been redeemed. The value of the
coupon is THB 690 (U$19).
Page70
Page71
Case Myanmar | Yangon trial
• UHF channel 22 | 8 MHz | Horizontal polarization
• Antenna height = 80 meter | ERP = 32.26kW
› Latitude: 16°48'59.61"N | Longitude: 96° 7'58.26"E
› Max. direct TX distance: 33,6 km
• DVB-T2 v1.3.1 | T2 Base
• FFT 32K ext | GI 1/32 | PP4 | Mode B - multi PLP
• PLP0 “Roof-top” | Pay TV | ~26 Mbps
› 64QAM Rotated | CR 4/5 | LDPC 64800 (long)
› C/N P1 (Portable) = 21,7 dB
› Doppler frequency max: 19 Hz | Max speed limit ~31 km/h
• PLP1 “Mobile” | FTA | ~2 Mbps
› QPSK Rotated | CR 3/5 | LDPC 16200 (short)
› C/N P1 (Portable) = 4,8 dB
› Doppler frequency max: 70 Hz | Max speed limit ~157 km/h
Page72
Page73
Page74
Case Indonesia | Mobile TV in L-Band
• M2V is a subscription Mobile TV service
in the L-band in Jakarta.
• L-Band 1456, 1464 & 1472 MHz | 8 MHz
• DVB-T | FFT 2K | GI 1/4 | SFN SISO
• 16QAM | CR 1/2
› Max direct TX distance 16,8 km
› C/N P1 (portable) = 11,8 dB
› Net capacity 10 Mbps
• With M2V you can watch 24 local and
international TV channels in cars,
homes, offices, and apartments.
Page75
Case Indonesia | Jakarta DVB-T2 Mobile
•
› DVB-T2 v1.?.1 | FFT 16K | GI 1/32 | MFN | PP4 | Max TX 16,8 km
› PLP0: 16QAM rotated | CR 3/4 | LDCP 64800
› C/N P1 (portable) = 14,6 dB | Net capacity ~20 Mbps
› 642 MHz (Ch 42) | TVRI 1, TVRI 2, TVRI 3, TVRI 4, TVRI HD
• (EMTEK)
› DVB-T2 v1.1.1 | FFT 4K | GI 1/32 | MFN | PP4 | Max TX 4,2 km
› PLP0: 16QAM rotated | CR 3/5 | LDCP 16200
› C/N P1 (portable) = 10,2 dB | Net capacity ~15,7 Mbps
› 658 MHz (Ch44) | 8 MHz | SCTV, INDOSIAR, O Channel
Page76
Case Indonesia | Future service - Mobile with T2 Lite?
• Re-farming plan for Digital Dividend
Page77
Case Malaysia | Future Mobile service with T2 Lite
Page78
Page79
DAB/DAB+ | Countries with regular services
• After 20 years only ~20 countries broadcast digital radio with DAB/DAB+
• DAB's time have passed before it even arrived, with other forms of digital
technology - allowing listeners to access radio on their laptops and phones.
• Belgium
• Czech Republic
• Denmark
• France
• Germany
• Gibraltar
• Ireland
• Italy
• Malta
• Netherlands
• Norway
• Poland
• Spain
• Sweden June 23rd 2015
• Switzerland
• United Kingdom
• Australia
• New Zeeland
• South Korea
• China + Hong Kong
Page80
DAB/DAB+ | Shutdown
• A number of countries have over the past several years shut down their DAB
digital radio transmission. Some countries have stopped completely such as
Canada (1996), Finland (2005), Taiwan (xxxx), Portugal (2011), Singapore
(2011) and other countries reduced it to the largest cities such as Spain
(2011).
Page81
Case Sweden | Parliament Confirms Rejection of DAB Radio
• The Constitutional Standing Committee (KU) in The Swedish Parliament has
processed the government missive regarding the 2015 National Audit review of
digital radio in which the proposal for a transition from FM to DAB+ in 2017-2022
was rejected.
After a short debate and without objection from any of the eight political parties
the Parliament February 3rd
2016 appended the missive to the protocol.
This marks the end of 24 years of efforts to replace FM with DAB in Sweden.
• Already in June 2015 the Government took the decision to reject the proposal for
a digital transition for terrestrial radio.
• Swedish Radio started testing DAB in Stockholm continuous since 1992 and
officially went on air 1995 the same year as BBC introduced DAB in the UK.
• In 2005 DAB was rejected for the first time by the socialdemocratic government.
Program have been broadcast in an inofficial mode via DAB and DAB+
transmitter in four major cities but few listeners are reported.
Page82
Device | Review First DAB+ smartphone
• LG Stylus DAB+. A large mid-range phone, but radio disappoints
• The inclusion of digital radio is a generally positive feature, but it’s not without
some significant limitations.
• Your headphones act as the effective antenna for the radio, which means you
can’t just use the smartphone as a wider broadcast radio to a room without
plugging in some form of wired speaker.
• What’s more apparent from a week’s
testing is that even in Sydney, digital
radio reception on the move can
vary widely. We used the Stylus
DAB+ for our weekly commute in
Sydney, and dealt with constant
dropouts.
Review by finder.com.au/lg-stylus-dab-review
2016
Page83
DAB/DAB+ | Parameter
• D-QPSK | GI 1/4 (246 μs) | CR ½
Corresponding max. direct TX distance (SFN): 73.8 km
Urban (TU12)
channel model
Netto
Mbit/s
C/N Rayleigh
(dB)
Audio
kbit/s
Audio codec Number of
radio
DAB+ Mode 1, PL 3A* 1,056 11,8 64 HE AACv2 ~ 16
DAB Mode 1, PL 3 1,152 13,5 ** 192 - 256 mpeg1 Layer II ~ 4-6
Results from simulations and laboratory measurements are given, together with values for the noise figure of DAB receivers.
* Source: EBU BPN 101, May 2012, Report on Frequency and Network Planning Parameters related to DAB+. Pages 6 a Gaussian
type channel was assumed for fixed reception, whereas for mobile and portable reception a Rayleigh channel (profile TU12 at 25
km/h and 178 MHz) was assumed
** Source: EBU Tech3317 July 2007 p13 & 33: Measurements of the required C/N for T-DAB have been made at the IRT (Institut für
Rundfunktechnik) for both mobile and portable reception using a Typical Urban (TU12) channel model. The required C/N for mobile
reception was measured to be 13.5 dB.
Page84
DAB+ | Case Copenhagen
• VHF channel 9D (208,064 MHz | 1.7 MHz BW)
• Antenna site BOA:
- TDC radio tower in the center of Copenhagen
- Antenna Height: 100 meter
- Polarization: Vertical
- Transmit power: 520 W ERP; Dipol antenna
• DAB+ Mode 1, PL 3A
- C/N Rayleigh 11,8 dB
- Netto bitrate 1,056 Mbit/s
- Space ~ 16 radioer à 64 kbit/s HE AACv2
Page85
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Page87
T2 Lite | Same propagation model as DAB+
• FFT size = 8K ext | GI 1/16 (277.5 µs) | 16QAM
With T2 Lite you get 3 times more capacity
~ 44 radios à 64+10 kbit/s HE AACv2/PES header
Corresponding receiver's speed limits w/ PP4: 286 km/h
Corresponding max. direct TX distance (SFN): 83.2 km
PP4 Netto bitrate (Mbit/s) C/N Gauss** (db) C/N Rayleigh** (dB)
LDCP 64K 16K 64K 16K 64K 16K
CR 1/3 1,690 NA 7,3
CR 2/5 2,044 NA 8,2
CR ½ 2,697 2,349 8,1 7,6 9,6 9,0
CR 3/5 3,241 3,201 9,7 10,0 11,4 11,7
CR 2/3 3,606 3,566 11,0 11,2 12,9 13,2
CR ¾ 4,057 3,931 12,1 12,4 14,5 14,9
CR 4/5 4,329 4,174 12,9 13,2 15,8 16,1
CR 5/6 4,513 4,417 13,5 13,8 16,7 17,2
Marked with pink = only T2 Lite profile | blue = T2-Base-Lite profile | ** EBU Tech 3348 v4.1
Page88
T2 Lite | Same capacity as DAB+
• FFT size = 8K ext | GI 1/16 (277.5 µs) | QPSK
With T2 Lite you get 6 times better broadcasting strength (11,8 - 4,1 ~ 7,7 dB)
with a significantly larger coverage.
Corresponding receiver's speed limits w/ PP4 at 200 MHz: 286 km/h
Corresponding max. direct TX distance (SFN): 83.2 km (DAB: 73.8 km)
PP4 Netto bitrate (Mbit/s) C/N Gauss** (db) C/N Rayleigh** (dB)
LDCP 64K 16K 64K 16K 64K 16K
CR 1/3 0,840 NA 2,2
CR 2/5 1,016 NA 3,1
CR ½ 1,336 1,167 3,1 2,8 4,1 4,1
CR 3/5 1,606 1,590 4,4 4,6 5,7 6,2
CR 2/3 1,787 1,772 5,2 5,5 7,0 7,4
CR ¾ 2,010 1,953 6,2 6,4 8,3 8,7
CR 4/5 2,145 2,074 6,8 7,0 9,2 9,5
CR 5/6 2,236 2,195 7,3 7,6 10,0 10,4
Marked with pink = only T2 Lite profile | blue = T2-Base-Lite profile | ** EBU Tech 3348 v4.1
Page89
Page90
Page91
Comparison | T2 Lite vs DAB+
• A | T2 Lite | Same propagation model as DAB+
You can get 3 times more capacity
~44 radios or better sound quality
• B | T2 Lite | Same capacity as
DAB+ ~ 16 radios
You can get 6 times better
broadcasting strength with a
significantly larger coverage
Page92
Case Copenhagen | Digital Radio (VHF)
• MUXCPH-3 | VHF 9D (208,064 MHz) | 1.7 MHz BW
• DVB-T2 v1.3.1 T2 Lite
• Mode A | 8K ext | GI 1/16 | PP4 | LDCP 16K (short)
› PLP0: QPSK rotated | Code rate 1/3 | LDPC 16K
› C/N P1 (portable) = 2,2 dB
› Net bitrate = 840 kbps
› Space ~ 11 radios à 64+ 8 kbps HE AACv2 / PES
• Antenna site BOA:
› TDC radio tower in the center of Copenhagen
› Transmit power: 520 W ERP; Dipol antenna
› Antenna Height: 100 meter
› Polarization: Verticals
Page93
Case Thailand | DAB+ or T2 Lite?
• The transition to digital radio would be in tandem with the
analogue TV switch-off process in 2018.
• Thailand is struggling with the huge amount of FM radio
stations with thousands of small local radio stations.
There are no precise counts of community radio stations.
• However, in 2009 more than 6,000 local community stations registered with
NTC (now NBTC) to notify their intent to be on the air.
Page94
HEVC | Progress towards High Efficiency Video Coding
Page95
HEVC | Average BD-rate savings of HEVC vs AVC
• HEVC makes it possible to broadcast HDTV (< 4 Mbit/s) with T2 Lite profile
Page96
HEVC | 1080i/1080p (schematic)
• Optimal resolution for HD is 1080p50 as there is no significant saving in bitrate
with 720p50/1080i25 vs. 1080p50 according to German Media Broadcast.
• Range of estimated total bit rate per programme for HD 1080p/50 format
according to EBU TR 036 technical report.
Page97
HDTV | 1080p/50 HEVC
• Overview of the portable and mobile implementation scenarios (EBU TR 036)
Page98
HEVC | Android 5.1 Lollipop (software)
• Ittiam’s H.265 Software Solution Enables HEVC Support in Android’s Lollipop
Release, October 29, 2014.
• eg Acer Liquid S2 with Android 5.1 Lollipop upgrade will allow video playback
on UHD 4K 10-bit with complete support for HEVC.
Page99
HEVC | SoC (hardware)
• Here’s a quick rundown of well-known hardware that includes dedicated
HEVC decoding blocks, which definitely support efficient HEVC playback:
› Qualcomm Snapdragon 805/615/410/208 SoCs or newer.
› Nvidia Tegra X1 SoCs or newer
› Samsung Exynos 5 Octa 5430 SoCs or newer
› Apple A8 SoCs or newer
› Some MediaTek SoCs from mid-2014 onwards
› Intel 6th-generation ‘Skylake’ Core processors or newer
› AMD 6th-generation ‘Carizzo’ APUs or newer
› AMD ‘Fiji’ GPUs (Radeon R9 Fury/Fury X/Nano) or newer
› Nvidia GM206 GPUs (GeForce GTX 960/950) or newer
› Other Nvidia GeForce GTX 900 series GPUs have partial HEVC hardware
decoding support
• As you can see, most desktop hardware released in 2015, and most mobile
hardware from late 2014 onwards, supports dedicated HEVC playback.
Page100
HEVC | Case France
• From April 5th
2016 all new multiplex and TV channels in Ultra HD will be with
DVB-T2 and HEVC video codec in France in accordance with France law
“Avis n° 2015-16” September 30th
2015.
Page101
HEVC | Case Italy
• DVB-T2 is mandatory from July 1st
2016 and
• HEVC from January 1st
2017 in accordance with Italian law (March 2015).
Page102
HEVC | Case Australia, Netherlands & Croatia
Australia
• In a response to the Consultation Paper: “Digital Television Regulation”
circulated by the Department of Communications early 2015, both commercial
and national broadcasters expressed an interest in moving to the DVB-T2
transmission standard in combination with the HEVC encoding compression
standard.
Netherlands
• Dutch public broadcaster NPO is looking to broadcast its free-to-air channels
NPO1, 2 and 3 in HD using the DVB-T2 & HEVC standard in the future
(maybe from 2017 onwards).
Croatian
• The Croatian Regulatory Authority for Network Industries (Hakom) is working
March 2016 on a new draft strategy for the transition to the DVB-T2 HEVC
DTT standard.
Page103
HEVC | Case Germany
• First DVB-T2 DTT platform with HEVC.
• First DVB-T2 broadcast with true FULL HD (1080p50).
Page104
HEVC | Case Germany
• The DVB-T2 platform will launch in urban areas in
May 31 2016 with the transition to be completed in
mid-2019. Trials are currently taking place in Berlin,
Munich and Cologne/Bonn.
• With DVB-T2, HD channels will become available
terrestrially in Germany for the first time, many of
them in Full HD mode (1080p50) and therefore in
better resolution than on cable and satellite.
• The lineup will contain 40 to 45 channels.
The public broadcasters’ channels will be FTA
while the two large commercial TV groups
RTL and ProSiebenSat.1 will be encrypt.
• Further channels and offerings will get to
viewers’ TV screens via HbbTV.
Page105
HEVC | Case Germany
• More channels with DVB-T2/HEVC
• DVB-T (16QAM | CR 2/3) vs DVB-T2 (64QAM | CR 2/3).
Page106
HEVC | Case Germany
• Extended Coverage
Page107
HEVC | Case Germany
• DVB-T2 vision 1.3.1 including L1 Post Scrambling
• Required T2-Parameters: similar robustness as today while maximizing
bandwidth and including basic mobile functionality.
• Optimised T2 parameters with -1,5dB as device testing confirmed that new
receivers have improved by +2dB.
• T2 parameters derive 27,6 Mbps per mux and can host up to 7 HD HEVC TV
channels.
• Public broadcasters go for a mobile optimized configuration while reducing the
number of TV channels (max. 5 - 6 HD).
Page108
Page109
About | Kenneth Wenzel
CEO and Founder, U-Media ApS, Denmark, since 1997.
Director of the U-Media subsidiary, Open Channel based in Copenhagen, since 2006 where he
and his team started DTT trials, followed by the DVB-T2 standard in 2010 as one of the first in
Europe.
In 2012, as the first in the world - Kenneth Wenzel and team, launched tests airing the next
generation of mobile TV on UHF and digital radio on a so-called T-DAB frequency, based on the
new standard DVB-T2 Lite profile.
Kenneth Wenzel holds a M. Sc. from The Technical University of Denmark (DTU).
He is a member of The Danish Business Authority Spectrum Forum, as well as editor/manager
of the DVB-T2 group at LinkedIn.
He is an innovator and entrepreneur in the digital TV & radio space, working with new
technologies, testing developing and at the forefront of DVB-T, DVB-T2, T2 Lite developments
and other new media technical platforms.
Page110
Page111
http://bit.ly/1yuAF1W
Page112
Page113
Page114
Anywhere
Page115
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DVB-T2 Lite | First Deployments, First Experiences.

  • 2. Page2 Agenda .........Open Channel | Independent Danish DTT Gatekeeper 3 ...........................................................................Introduction 5 ................................................................DVB-T2 standard 15  ...........................T2 Lite | New profile in DVB-T2 v1.3.1 18  ...........................................................Network planning 20  ................................Chip, device & power consumption 31 UHF band IV/V | First Deployments, First Experiences  .Case Copenhagen, Poland, India, Colombia, Thailand 54 ...........................................VHF band III | T2 Lite vs DAB+ 78  .........................................Case Copenhagen, Thailand 92 .................................................................HEVC aka H.265 94  Case France, Italy, Australia, Netherlands & Germany100
  • 3. Page3 Danish World Premiere of DVB-T2 Lite • As one of the first in Europe, Open Channel went On Air with DVB-T2 in 2010. • Open Channel again leads the way, airing the next generation of digital radio & television standard for mobile device, based on the new profile T2-Lite at *UHF 39 and *VHF 9D in 2012.
  • 5. Page5 Introduction | Development of Broadcast Mobile TV
  • 6. Page6 Introduction | DVB-T2 deployment • DVB-T/ -T2 have been adopted or deployed in 150 countries.
  • 7. Page7 Introduction | DVB-T/-T2 radio deployment • 40 countries broadcast digital radio on their DTT network thereof 18-21 countries with DVB-T2 | T2 Lite Asia • IndiaT2 Lite ~4 radios AIR • Myanmar DVB-T2 7 radios • Vietnam DVB-T-> DVB-T2 2 radios VOV • IndonesiaDVB-T2 1 radio Nex Media Europe • Albania DVB-T- > DVB-T2 6 radios rtsh • Armenia DVB-T2 4 radios • Austria DVB-T2 1 radio • CopenhagenT2 Lite ~10 radios • RussiaDVB-T2 3 radios • Montenegro DVB-T2 2 radios RTCG • Northern Ireland DVB-T2 1 radio RTE Middle East & Africa • Emirates DVB-T2 2 radios • Kenya DVB-T2 7 radios KBC • Madagascar DVB-T2 6 radios • Namibia DVB-T2 10 radios NBC • South Africa DVB-T2 19 radios • Swaziland DVB-T2 1-2 radios SBIS • Togo DVB-T2 x radios South America & Caribbean Islands • Colombia DVB-T2 5 radios • Trinidad & TobagoDVB-T->T2 16 radios • Grenada DVB-T2 on the road
  • 8. Page8 Introduction | DVB-H • DVB-H was never a success – No business case • Very few DVB-H receivers in the market • No demand for watching TV on a tiny cell phone screen (QVGA, 320 x 240) - and certainly not if you had to pay for it
  • 9. Page9 Introduction | Bigger mobile screens • Mobile phone evolution
  • 10. Page10 Introduction | Bigger mobile screens - new opportunities • With the increasing popularity of iPads since 2010 and other tablets & smartphone, the demand for linear TV viewing on “smaller” screens has arrived. • The challenge with tablets and smartphones are that they have a screen size of 1080p or 2K. • The bandwidth necessary for unicast mobile TV can be a challenge for mobile operators - especially during major sporting events. • Here, DVB-T2 or T2 Lite in combination with HEVC provides an efficient new platform for broadcasting SD and HD to mobile device. • Most mobile hardware from late 2014 onwards supports dedicated HEVC playback.
  • 11. Page11 Introduction | A shift from Fixed to mobile Devices • Share of total TV time by age group, measured on respective device in 2015
  • 12. Page12 Introduction Mobile phones have replaced radio sets| • Back in the 1930s, radio was a spectacle. Listeners sat and watched the radio set which held centre stage in the living room. Television taught us that radio was not the best spectacle anymore and some predicted the death of radio. • Radio's rebirth came with exclusive free music and free instant information, live. The explosion of portable radio through transistor and car radios underlined its unique position. • But 24‐hour cable news channels removed radio’s distinction of immediacy; to be challenged today by alerts on mobile phones. And the arrival of the internet, and its infinite bounty of music to listen to, removed radio’s exclusivity on free music. • At the same time, mobile phones have replaced radio sets. Where can you buy radios now? • You won’t find a transistor radio under a teenager’s pillow anymore; you’ll find a mobile phone. Source: Pierre Bellanger, the Founder, CEO and Chairman of the Skyrock Group in France.
  • 13. Page13 Introduction | Sound quality HE-AACv2 • DVB-T2 as well as DAB+ & DRM+ uses HE AACv2 audio codec With original encoded program material: • Acceptable quality stereo sound at 24 – 32 kbps. • Good "FM-like" sound at 64 kbps or higher. (64 kbps sets the lower limit of audio quality on the speech by HE-AAC). • Transparent high quality stereo sound at 128 kbps. • The maximum bit rate of the encoded audio shall not exceed 192 kbps for a stereo pair.
  • 14. Page14 Introduction | Stat mux Gain • Statistical multiplexing efficiency depending on the number of programmes.
  • 15. Page15 DVB-T2 | Improved robustness • The commercial focus on DVB-T2 was originally mainly on stationary reception, but DVB-T2 is also designed to work well in mobile/handheld conditions. • DVB-T lacks time interleaving and so it is sensitive to impulsive interference (e.g. from sparks) and the changes in the radio propagation experienced in mobile reception (e.g. caused by path obstructions, 'shadows' ). • DVB-T2 has support for deep time interleaving, which radically improves the robustness against impulsive noise and interference.
  • 16. Page16 DVB-T2 | Advantages with multiple PLPs • Possibility to reach different kinds of receivers and reception conditions with a single RF signal e.g. › PLP0: UHD TV to roof-top directional antennas › PLP1: TV for mobile device with robust signal › PLP2: Digital radio with extra robust signal • Possibility to prioritize robustness for selected ”high-priority” services -> prioritized services (e.g. public service) will ”last longer” in poor reception conditions. • Statistical multiplexing over several PLPs is possible [Dynamic scheduling PLP]
  • 17. Page17 DVB-T2 | New bandwidth 1.7 MHz (VHF band III) • DVB-T2 standard has added support for 1.7 MHz bandwidth. This is the same bandwidth that Digital Audio Broadcast (T-DAB) & Digital Multimedia Broadcasting (T-DMB) standard uses in VHF band III and L-band. • 1.7 MHz is Optional (item to include) in Nordig DVB-T2 IRD. • 1.7 MHz is (Highly) Recommended for eg. the Irish Digital Terrestrial Television DVB-T2 IRD (Saorview).
  • 18. Page18 DVB-T2 | New profile in DVB-T2 v1.3.1 • T2-Lite is a new ”light” version of DVB-T2 to enhance mobile performance. • T2-Lite is mainly a subset of DVB-T2, except two new code rates for robustness 1/3 and 2/5. • Several other features, including low bitrates (peaking at 4Mbps per PLP) and short forward error correction frames (16k), co-exist with these coding rates to collectively offer a sharp reduction in receiver power use. • The benefit is less demand on CPU performance and power, making it highly suitable for tablets and smartphones already on the market today.
  • 19. Page19 DVB-T2 | T2-Base-Lite profile • T2-Base-Lite is a perfect DVB-T2 profile for digital radio & mobile-TV • L1 pre-signaling "T2_BASE_LITE" A mode in which this bit is set to ‘1’ will therefore be suitable for reception by both T2-base-only and T2-lite-only receivers. • The significance of T2-Base-Lite for broadcasters and DTT operators is that it removes the barriers to commercial mobile DTT broadcasting success with without the cost of building a dedicated network for mobile only TV.
  • 20. Page20 Network planning | Importance of frequency
  • 21. Page21 Network planning | Choice of FFT - for portable receivers • FFT for mobile reception: 1K, 2K, 4K or 8K • FFT for portable reception: 8K, 16K • FFT for rooftop reception: 32K Required C/N for DVB-T and DVB-T2 as a function of the velocity of the mobile receiver with FFT 8K (16QAM & time interleaving depth 100 ms)
  • 22. Page22 Network planning | FFT 32K -> Future Extension frames • A mechanism that allows a future system to be sent as “Future Extension frames” (FEF) in T2 time slots. • FEF makes it possible to have two different FFT size in a single RF mux, where T2 Base has 32K and T2 Lite in FEF have a different FFT size e.g. 8K • T2-Lite is the first additional transmission profile type that makes use of the FEF approach.
  • 23. Page23 T2 Lite in FEF | HD roof-top + Mobile SD reception
  • 24. Page24 T2 Lite in FEF | HD/SD roof-top + Digital Radio
  • 25. Page25 Network planning | Polarization - for mobile device • If the special aim is portable receivers served in major cities, then vertical polarization (or circular polarization) should be chosen; area coverage losses are to be accepted. • Vertically polarized waves undergo a greater attenuation on long transmission paths than horizontally polarized waves. • Vertical polarization favor’s so-called multipath propagation through numerous reflective vertical elements in nature, such as lampposts.... • Vertically polarized waves generate higher field strengths near the ground. • Antennas for portable receivers are often oriented vertically out of habit, and therefore favour the reception of vertically polarized waves. • Circularly polarized radiation on mobile receivers generates less amplitude variation, i.e. it increases the likelihood of usable field strength, and at the same time serves all forms of linearly polarized receiving antennas.
  • 26. Page26 Network planning | SFN MISO • If two signals correlate (DVB-T2 SISO SFN) it leads to severe degradations of the signal which need to be compensated by higher field strength. • Areas with similar signal levels show a statistical “SFN Gain”. But this gain is insufficient to compensate for this increase in the required minimum field strength. When removing this correlation using MISO the “SFN Gain” contributes fully to the coverage. • Another effect also improves the coverage range of the transmitters. In areas with similar levels and a short delay between the echoes, MISO lowers the required minimum field strength relative to the non- MISO case. • The total effects are shown in the following simplistic coverage planning example, based on a calculation with a statistical propagation model.
  • 27. Page27 Network planning | Reception Mode
  • 28. Page28 Network planning | MRC diversity for In-car Entertainment • MRC Diversity receivers use the Maximum Ratio Combining algorithm. • This technology enables a smart combination of the digital radio & TV signals received via several antennas. • Diversity-2 increases sensitivity that could triple the coverage area and offers better indoor reception (up to +70%). It also improves Doppler Effect handling (reception at higher speed). • It is especially useful where robust reception can be very difficult to achieve.
  • 29. Page29 Network planning | New antenna design for mobile device • Headphone Cable Antenna › Ideal antenna pattern for mobile device › Near isotropic directivity, polarization free › Perfect for digital radio listening
  • 30. Page30 Network planning | Antenna size for portable receivers
  • 31. Page31 T2 Lite | New chip & device
  • 33. Page33 Device | DVB-T2 Soundbar (Sony CXD2837) • Output Power: 50 Watt or 70 Watt. • H.265 UHD 4K 60fps HW decoding. • Android with KODI, DLNA, AirPlay, Miracast. • Built in 2.4G WiFi, WiFi Hotpoint, Bluetooth. • HDMI 2.0, HDCP2.2. • CPU: Amlogic S905 Quad-core 64-bit ARM A53. • GPU: Penta-core ARM Mali-450. 2016
  • 34. Page34 Chip ne-chip solution for mobile device| O • Sony SMT-EW100 (Mass production Q2 2015) | Siano SMS4430 • With low power consumption ~ 180 mW. Especially designed to be incorporated in the mobile devices • Support DVB-T/-T2, T2 Lite & IDSB-T standards Small silicon footprint ~ 7 x 7 mm 2015
  • 35. Page35 Device | DVB-T2 smartphone ( )Sony SMT-EW100 • ASUS ZenFone Go TV (ZB551KL) | First Launch: May ‘16 in Taiwan & Thailand • Support digital radio as well as TV with DVB-T/-T2, T2 Lite & ISDB-T 2016
  • 37. Page37 Device | DVB-T2 smartphone (Siano SMS4470 A1) • 2nd generation with new Headphone Cable Antenna for Thailand 2015
  • 38. Page38 Device | DVB-T2 smartphone (Siano SMS4470 A1) • 1st generation with rod antenna for Thailand 2014
  • 39. Page39 Device | DVB-T2 smartphone (Siano SMS4470 A2) • 1st generation with rod antenna for Colombia 2015
  • 40. Page40 Device | Android DVB-T2 | T2 Lite dongle (Sony CXD2837) 2014
  • 41. Page41 Device | WIFI DVB-T2 | T2 Lite dongle (Sony CXD2837) 2014
  • 42. Page42 Device | WIFI DVB-T2 | T2 Lite iPLUG (Sony CXD2837) 2014
  • 43. Page43 iversity chip for Automative |D Siano, Sony & Parrot • Supports 2-way or up to 4-way MRC diversity include dynamic background scan across various broadcasting standards.
  • 45. Page45 Device In-car Entertainment (Parrot Octopus 3)| 2015
  • 46. Page46 chip | SianoDiversity SMS4470 A2 key features are: • Support DVB-T/-T2, T2 Lite & IDSB-T standards • 4-way MRC diversity -> perfect for In-Car set-top box • Background scan – at any time, each one of the diversity paths can change functionality to operate as background scan; when this occurs, the other n-1 paths continue to operate in (n-1)-way diversity mode • No external memory is required for any chip • Output of each n-way group of chips is the demodulated data over SPI, or SDIO, or Serial TS (configurable) • Each chip integrates logic for controlling the antenna amplifier and filter 2014
  • 47. Page47 Case | BMW 7 Type (Siano SMS4470 A2) • support DVB-T2 | T2 Lite as well as HEVC 2015
  • 48. Page48 Device | In-car Entertainment STB ( )Sony SMT-EW300 • DVB-T/-T2 Diversity-2 In-car receiver • Built-in steering wheel control 2016
  • 49. Page49 SoC | New worldwide radio chip for car radio NEW
  • 50. Page50 Device | Car Radio (Parrot Octopus 3+) • All automotive features embedded in one box, controlled by the user’s device • Worldwide radio reception: AM, FM, DAB, DAB+, DRM, DRM+, DVB-T2 Lite NEW
  • 51. Page51 Accessories | Shark antenna (Parrot Octopus 3+) • Reducing Head Unit complexity by moving RF design to Smart Antenna • Worldwide radio reception: AM, FM, DAB, DAB+, DRM, DRM+, DVB-T2 Lite NEW
  • 52. Page52 Power consumption Test conditions: 8 MHz, 256-QAM, 32K FFT, CR = 3/5, GI = 1/128, PP7, parallel TS, C/N at picture failure. • Fixed reception | Settop Box & iDTV oSilicon Labs Si2168-C55, Sony Semiconductor CXD2837ER, Panasonic MN88473, MStar MSB1236 & Altobeam ATBM781XB - Power consumption (incl silicon tuner): ~800 mW • Mobile device | New One chip solution oSony SMT-EW100 & Siano SMS4430 - Low power consumption: ~180 mW Tablet | New Diversity-2 chip• oSony SMT-EW300 - Low power consumption: ~360 mW In-car Entertainment | New 4-way MRC diversity• oParrot Octopus 3 & Siano SMS4470 - Power consumption: ~ 400 mW | Diversity 4 x 400 mW ~ 1.600 mW
  • 53. Page53 Device | I-Mobile IQ Z Pro (Siano SMS4470 A1) • Power consumption | TV Time (DVB-T2 | H.264 SD): 6 hours 17 min
  • 55. Page55 Case Copenhagen | Digital Radio & TV (UHF) • MUXCPH-2 | UHF channel 39 (618 MHz) › Antenna site BOA | TDC radio tower in the center of Copenhagen › Antenna Height: 104 meter, elevation 7 meter › Polarization: Vertical | Transmit power: 2 kW ERP omni-directional › Corresponding max. direct TX distance: 16,8 km
  • 56. Page56 Case Copenhagen | T2 Lite (T2-Base-Lite) • Doppler frequency max: 140 Hz › PLP0 @ 618 MHz | QPSK | CR 1/2: Max speed limit 260 km/h › PLP1 @ 618 MHz | 16QAM | CR 1/2: Max speed limit 260 km/h
  • 58. Page58 Case Poland | → Digital Radio & Mobile TV • The TV Mobilna multiplex was allocated to Info-TV FM for the provision of mobile television services with DVB-H. • In 2012 the Poland’s leading DTH platform Cyfrowy Polsat acquired Info-TV FM and launched its mobile Pay DTT service with DVB-T instead of. • TV Mobilna consists today of 12 digital radio and 12 TV.
  • 60. Page60 Case India | Doordarshan DTT network • UHF band IV | 8 MHz | Horizontal polarization › Max. direct TX distance: 33,6 km • DVB-T2 v1.3.1 | T2 Base “Mobile” • FFT 8k ext | GI 1/8 | PP3 • PLP0 ~5,8 Mbps › QPSK Rotated | CR 1/2 | LDPC 64800 (long) › C/N P1 (Portable) = 4,1 dB › Doppler frequency max: 140 Hz › @ 578 MHz (New Delhi): Max speed limit 260 km/h
  • 62. Page62 Case India | Portable indoor coverage: 60 million people Tx Name Freq Fixed reception Mobile Reception MHz Pop. Served Area km2 Pop. Served Area km2 1 Ahmadabad 562 8.095.272 12.303 1.607.309 944 2 Aurangabad 490 6.106.441 24.349 646.333 3.044 3 Bangalore 498 10.073.416 12.942 5.467.691 1.359 4 Bhopal 490 3.752.562 13.816 1.563.050 1.416 5 Chennai 538 9.205.954 15.278 5.062.902 2.179 6 Cuttack 538 7.637.267 11.594 867.039 942 7 Delhi 578 25.175.309 15.722 9.041.172 1.352 8 Guwahati 538 5.288.396 10.670 751.699 879 9 Indore 514 4.384.376 11.224 1.643.730 1.055 10 Jalandhar 570 6.585.896 13.446 1.334.560 1.278 11 Kolkata 482 29.457.734 14.682 7.214.887 1.287 12 Lucknow 562 9.960.751 13.527 2.145.285 1.118 13 Mumbai 474 17.214.292 18.964 10.203.527 3.505 14 Patna 498 16.693.813 13.425 3.258.137 1.207 15 Raipur 490 4.133.246 11.231 926.553 906 16 Ranchi 490 3.639.477 10.908 630.252 1.122 17 Hyderabad 498 8.679.308 11.865 4.404.536 955 18 Srinagar 498 4.210.883 7.189 1.873.401 1.502 19 Thiruvanathapuram 530 5.302.608 11.291 1.331.640 1.436 185.597.001 254.426 59.973.703 27.486
  • 63. Page63 Case India | T2 Lite radio
  • 64. Page64 Case Columbia | Portable indoor/urban • DVB-T2 v 1.3.1 T2 Base | 6 MHz BW › Max. direct TX distance: 89,5 km Public broadcaster • FFT 16K ext | GI 1/8 | PP3 | 19,33 Mbps • 64QAM rotated | CR 2/3 | LDPC 64800 › C/N P1 (Portable) = 17,9 dB › Doppler frequency max: x Hz @ 485 MHz Max speed limit ~ y km/h Private broadcaster • FFT 16K ext | GI 1/8 | PP2 | 20,9 Mbps • 64QAM rotated | CR 3/4 | LDPC 64800 › C/N P1 (Portable) = 20,5 dB › Doppler frequency max: x Hz @ 473 MHz Max speed limit ~y km/h
  • 65. Page65 Case Columbia | Digital Radio & TV networks
  • 67. Page67 Case Thailand • DVB-T2 v1.2.1 | UHF 8 MHz BW • Portable indoor/urban reception • FFT 16K ext | GI 19/128 | SISO | PP2 • PLP0: 64QAM rotated | CR 3/5 | LDCP 64800 › Max direct TX distance 79,8 km › C/N P1 (portable) = 16,9 dB › Net capacity 21,834 Mbps › Doppler frequency max: 69 Hz › Max speed limit (theoretical) ~144 km/h at 514 MHz (26) NBT ~125 km/h at 594 MHz (36) TV5 ~119 km/h at 626 MHz (40) MCOT ~113 km/h at 658 MHz (44) TPBS ~103 km/h at 722 MHz (52) TV5 Portable indoor coverage of the Bangkok transmitter at channel 26 (NBT) › Horizontal Polarization 50 kWatt ERP
  • 68. Page68 Case Thailand | Long-term and Future Development
  • 69. Page69 Thailand | Digital TV Coupon Scheme • As of January 2016 - 8,540,317 digital TV coupons, out of 13,571,296 distributed to households in Thailand has been redeemed. The value of the coupon is THB 690 (U$19).
  • 71. Page71 Case Myanmar | Yangon trial • UHF channel 22 | 8 MHz | Horizontal polarization • Antenna height = 80 meter | ERP = 32.26kW › Latitude: 16°48'59.61"N | Longitude: 96° 7'58.26"E › Max. direct TX distance: 33,6 km • DVB-T2 v1.3.1 | T2 Base • FFT 32K ext | GI 1/32 | PP4 | Mode B - multi PLP • PLP0 “Roof-top” | Pay TV | ~26 Mbps › 64QAM Rotated | CR 4/5 | LDPC 64800 (long) › C/N P1 (Portable) = 21,7 dB › Doppler frequency max: 19 Hz | Max speed limit ~31 km/h • PLP1 “Mobile” | FTA | ~2 Mbps › QPSK Rotated | CR 3/5 | LDPC 16200 (short) › C/N P1 (Portable) = 4,8 dB › Doppler frequency max: 70 Hz | Max speed limit ~157 km/h
  • 74. Page74 Case Indonesia | Mobile TV in L-Band • M2V is a subscription Mobile TV service in the L-band in Jakarta. • L-Band 1456, 1464 & 1472 MHz | 8 MHz • DVB-T | FFT 2K | GI 1/4 | SFN SISO • 16QAM | CR 1/2 › Max direct TX distance 16,8 km › C/N P1 (portable) = 11,8 dB › Net capacity 10 Mbps • With M2V you can watch 24 local and international TV channels in cars, homes, offices, and apartments.
  • 75. Page75 Case Indonesia | Jakarta DVB-T2 Mobile • › DVB-T2 v1.?.1 | FFT 16K | GI 1/32 | MFN | PP4 | Max TX 16,8 km › PLP0: 16QAM rotated | CR 3/4 | LDCP 64800 › C/N P1 (portable) = 14,6 dB | Net capacity ~20 Mbps › 642 MHz (Ch 42) | TVRI 1, TVRI 2, TVRI 3, TVRI 4, TVRI HD • (EMTEK) › DVB-T2 v1.1.1 | FFT 4K | GI 1/32 | MFN | PP4 | Max TX 4,2 km › PLP0: 16QAM rotated | CR 3/5 | LDCP 16200 › C/N P1 (portable) = 10,2 dB | Net capacity ~15,7 Mbps › 658 MHz (Ch44) | 8 MHz | SCTV, INDOSIAR, O Channel
  • 76. Page76 Case Indonesia | Future service - Mobile with T2 Lite? • Re-farming plan for Digital Dividend
  • 77. Page77 Case Malaysia | Future Mobile service with T2 Lite
  • 79. Page79 DAB/DAB+ | Countries with regular services • After 20 years only ~20 countries broadcast digital radio with DAB/DAB+ • DAB's time have passed before it even arrived, with other forms of digital technology - allowing listeners to access radio on their laptops and phones. • Belgium • Czech Republic • Denmark • France • Germany • Gibraltar • Ireland • Italy • Malta • Netherlands • Norway • Poland • Spain • Sweden June 23rd 2015 • Switzerland • United Kingdom • Australia • New Zeeland • South Korea • China + Hong Kong
  • 80. Page80 DAB/DAB+ | Shutdown • A number of countries have over the past several years shut down their DAB digital radio transmission. Some countries have stopped completely such as Canada (1996), Finland (2005), Taiwan (xxxx), Portugal (2011), Singapore (2011) and other countries reduced it to the largest cities such as Spain (2011).
  • 81. Page81 Case Sweden | Parliament Confirms Rejection of DAB Radio • The Constitutional Standing Committee (KU) in The Swedish Parliament has processed the government missive regarding the 2015 National Audit review of digital radio in which the proposal for a transition from FM to DAB+ in 2017-2022 was rejected. After a short debate and without objection from any of the eight political parties the Parliament February 3rd 2016 appended the missive to the protocol. This marks the end of 24 years of efforts to replace FM with DAB in Sweden. • Already in June 2015 the Government took the decision to reject the proposal for a digital transition for terrestrial radio. • Swedish Radio started testing DAB in Stockholm continuous since 1992 and officially went on air 1995 the same year as BBC introduced DAB in the UK. • In 2005 DAB was rejected for the first time by the socialdemocratic government. Program have been broadcast in an inofficial mode via DAB and DAB+ transmitter in four major cities but few listeners are reported.
  • 82. Page82 Device | Review First DAB+ smartphone • LG Stylus DAB+. A large mid-range phone, but radio disappoints • The inclusion of digital radio is a generally positive feature, but it’s not without some significant limitations. • Your headphones act as the effective antenna for the radio, which means you can’t just use the smartphone as a wider broadcast radio to a room without plugging in some form of wired speaker. • What’s more apparent from a week’s testing is that even in Sydney, digital radio reception on the move can vary widely. We used the Stylus DAB+ for our weekly commute in Sydney, and dealt with constant dropouts. Review by finder.com.au/lg-stylus-dab-review 2016
  • 83. Page83 DAB/DAB+ | Parameter • D-QPSK | GI 1/4 (246 μs) | CR ½ Corresponding max. direct TX distance (SFN): 73.8 km Urban (TU12) channel model Netto Mbit/s C/N Rayleigh (dB) Audio kbit/s Audio codec Number of radio DAB+ Mode 1, PL 3A* 1,056 11,8 64 HE AACv2 ~ 16 DAB Mode 1, PL 3 1,152 13,5 ** 192 - 256 mpeg1 Layer II ~ 4-6 Results from simulations and laboratory measurements are given, together with values for the noise figure of DAB receivers. * Source: EBU BPN 101, May 2012, Report on Frequency and Network Planning Parameters related to DAB+. Pages 6 a Gaussian type channel was assumed for fixed reception, whereas for mobile and portable reception a Rayleigh channel (profile TU12 at 25 km/h and 178 MHz) was assumed ** Source: EBU Tech3317 July 2007 p13 & 33: Measurements of the required C/N for T-DAB have been made at the IRT (Institut für Rundfunktechnik) for both mobile and portable reception using a Typical Urban (TU12) channel model. The required C/N for mobile reception was measured to be 13.5 dB.
  • 84. Page84 DAB+ | Case Copenhagen • VHF channel 9D (208,064 MHz | 1.7 MHz BW) • Antenna site BOA: - TDC radio tower in the center of Copenhagen - Antenna Height: 100 meter - Polarization: Vertical - Transmit power: 520 W ERP; Dipol antenna • DAB+ Mode 1, PL 3A - C/N Rayleigh 11,8 dB - Netto bitrate 1,056 Mbit/s - Space ~ 16 radioer à 64 kbit/s HE AACv2
  • 87. Page87 T2 Lite | Same propagation model as DAB+ • FFT size = 8K ext | GI 1/16 (277.5 µs) | 16QAM With T2 Lite you get 3 times more capacity ~ 44 radios à 64+10 kbit/s HE AACv2/PES header Corresponding receiver's speed limits w/ PP4: 286 km/h Corresponding max. direct TX distance (SFN): 83.2 km PP4 Netto bitrate (Mbit/s) C/N Gauss** (db) C/N Rayleigh** (dB) LDCP 64K 16K 64K 16K 64K 16K CR 1/3 1,690 NA 7,3 CR 2/5 2,044 NA 8,2 CR ½ 2,697 2,349 8,1 7,6 9,6 9,0 CR 3/5 3,241 3,201 9,7 10,0 11,4 11,7 CR 2/3 3,606 3,566 11,0 11,2 12,9 13,2 CR ¾ 4,057 3,931 12,1 12,4 14,5 14,9 CR 4/5 4,329 4,174 12,9 13,2 15,8 16,1 CR 5/6 4,513 4,417 13,5 13,8 16,7 17,2 Marked with pink = only T2 Lite profile | blue = T2-Base-Lite profile | ** EBU Tech 3348 v4.1
  • 88. Page88 T2 Lite | Same capacity as DAB+ • FFT size = 8K ext | GI 1/16 (277.5 µs) | QPSK With T2 Lite you get 6 times better broadcasting strength (11,8 - 4,1 ~ 7,7 dB) with a significantly larger coverage. Corresponding receiver's speed limits w/ PP4 at 200 MHz: 286 km/h Corresponding max. direct TX distance (SFN): 83.2 km (DAB: 73.8 km) PP4 Netto bitrate (Mbit/s) C/N Gauss** (db) C/N Rayleigh** (dB) LDCP 64K 16K 64K 16K 64K 16K CR 1/3 0,840 NA 2,2 CR 2/5 1,016 NA 3,1 CR ½ 1,336 1,167 3,1 2,8 4,1 4,1 CR 3/5 1,606 1,590 4,4 4,6 5,7 6,2 CR 2/3 1,787 1,772 5,2 5,5 7,0 7,4 CR ¾ 2,010 1,953 6,2 6,4 8,3 8,7 CR 4/5 2,145 2,074 6,8 7,0 9,2 9,5 CR 5/6 2,236 2,195 7,3 7,6 10,0 10,4 Marked with pink = only T2 Lite profile | blue = T2-Base-Lite profile | ** EBU Tech 3348 v4.1
  • 91. Page91 Comparison | T2 Lite vs DAB+ • A | T2 Lite | Same propagation model as DAB+ You can get 3 times more capacity ~44 radios or better sound quality • B | T2 Lite | Same capacity as DAB+ ~ 16 radios You can get 6 times better broadcasting strength with a significantly larger coverage
  • 92. Page92 Case Copenhagen | Digital Radio (VHF) • MUXCPH-3 | VHF 9D (208,064 MHz) | 1.7 MHz BW • DVB-T2 v1.3.1 T2 Lite • Mode A | 8K ext | GI 1/16 | PP4 | LDCP 16K (short) › PLP0: QPSK rotated | Code rate 1/3 | LDPC 16K › C/N P1 (portable) = 2,2 dB › Net bitrate = 840 kbps › Space ~ 11 radios à 64+ 8 kbps HE AACv2 / PES • Antenna site BOA: › TDC radio tower in the center of Copenhagen › Transmit power: 520 W ERP; Dipol antenna › Antenna Height: 100 meter › Polarization: Verticals
  • 93. Page93 Case Thailand | DAB+ or T2 Lite? • The transition to digital radio would be in tandem with the analogue TV switch-off process in 2018. • Thailand is struggling with the huge amount of FM radio stations with thousands of small local radio stations. There are no precise counts of community radio stations. • However, in 2009 more than 6,000 local community stations registered with NTC (now NBTC) to notify their intent to be on the air.
  • 94. Page94 HEVC | Progress towards High Efficiency Video Coding
  • 95. Page95 HEVC | Average BD-rate savings of HEVC vs AVC • HEVC makes it possible to broadcast HDTV (< 4 Mbit/s) with T2 Lite profile
  • 96. Page96 HEVC | 1080i/1080p (schematic) • Optimal resolution for HD is 1080p50 as there is no significant saving in bitrate with 720p50/1080i25 vs. 1080p50 according to German Media Broadcast. • Range of estimated total bit rate per programme for HD 1080p/50 format according to EBU TR 036 technical report.
  • 97. Page97 HDTV | 1080p/50 HEVC • Overview of the portable and mobile implementation scenarios (EBU TR 036)
  • 98. Page98 HEVC | Android 5.1 Lollipop (software) • Ittiam’s H.265 Software Solution Enables HEVC Support in Android’s Lollipop Release, October 29, 2014. • eg Acer Liquid S2 with Android 5.1 Lollipop upgrade will allow video playback on UHD 4K 10-bit with complete support for HEVC.
  • 99. Page99 HEVC | SoC (hardware) • Here’s a quick rundown of well-known hardware that includes dedicated HEVC decoding blocks, which definitely support efficient HEVC playback: › Qualcomm Snapdragon 805/615/410/208 SoCs or newer. › Nvidia Tegra X1 SoCs or newer › Samsung Exynos 5 Octa 5430 SoCs or newer › Apple A8 SoCs or newer › Some MediaTek SoCs from mid-2014 onwards › Intel 6th-generation ‘Skylake’ Core processors or newer › AMD 6th-generation ‘Carizzo’ APUs or newer › AMD ‘Fiji’ GPUs (Radeon R9 Fury/Fury X/Nano) or newer › Nvidia GM206 GPUs (GeForce GTX 960/950) or newer › Other Nvidia GeForce GTX 900 series GPUs have partial HEVC hardware decoding support • As you can see, most desktop hardware released in 2015, and most mobile hardware from late 2014 onwards, supports dedicated HEVC playback.
  • 100. Page100 HEVC | Case France • From April 5th 2016 all new multiplex and TV channels in Ultra HD will be with DVB-T2 and HEVC video codec in France in accordance with France law “Avis n° 2015-16” September 30th 2015.
  • 101. Page101 HEVC | Case Italy • DVB-T2 is mandatory from July 1st 2016 and • HEVC from January 1st 2017 in accordance with Italian law (March 2015).
  • 102. Page102 HEVC | Case Australia, Netherlands & Croatia Australia • In a response to the Consultation Paper: “Digital Television Regulation” circulated by the Department of Communications early 2015, both commercial and national broadcasters expressed an interest in moving to the DVB-T2 transmission standard in combination with the HEVC encoding compression standard. Netherlands • Dutch public broadcaster NPO is looking to broadcast its free-to-air channels NPO1, 2 and 3 in HD using the DVB-T2 & HEVC standard in the future (maybe from 2017 onwards). Croatian • The Croatian Regulatory Authority for Network Industries (Hakom) is working March 2016 on a new draft strategy for the transition to the DVB-T2 HEVC DTT standard.
  • 103. Page103 HEVC | Case Germany • First DVB-T2 DTT platform with HEVC. • First DVB-T2 broadcast with true FULL HD (1080p50).
  • 104. Page104 HEVC | Case Germany • The DVB-T2 platform will launch in urban areas in May 31 2016 with the transition to be completed in mid-2019. Trials are currently taking place in Berlin, Munich and Cologne/Bonn. • With DVB-T2, HD channels will become available terrestrially in Germany for the first time, many of them in Full HD mode (1080p50) and therefore in better resolution than on cable and satellite. • The lineup will contain 40 to 45 channels. The public broadcasters’ channels will be FTA while the two large commercial TV groups RTL and ProSiebenSat.1 will be encrypt. • Further channels and offerings will get to viewers’ TV screens via HbbTV.
  • 105. Page105 HEVC | Case Germany • More channels with DVB-T2/HEVC • DVB-T (16QAM | CR 2/3) vs DVB-T2 (64QAM | CR 2/3).
  • 106. Page106 HEVC | Case Germany • Extended Coverage
  • 107. Page107 HEVC | Case Germany • DVB-T2 vision 1.3.1 including L1 Post Scrambling • Required T2-Parameters: similar robustness as today while maximizing bandwidth and including basic mobile functionality. • Optimised T2 parameters with -1,5dB as device testing confirmed that new receivers have improved by +2dB. • T2 parameters derive 27,6 Mbps per mux and can host up to 7 HD HEVC TV channels. • Public broadcasters go for a mobile optimized configuration while reducing the number of TV channels (max. 5 - 6 HD).
  • 109. Page109 About | Kenneth Wenzel CEO and Founder, U-Media ApS, Denmark, since 1997. Director of the U-Media subsidiary, Open Channel based in Copenhagen, since 2006 where he and his team started DTT trials, followed by the DVB-T2 standard in 2010 as one of the first in Europe. In 2012, as the first in the world - Kenneth Wenzel and team, launched tests airing the next generation of mobile TV on UHF and digital radio on a so-called T-DAB frequency, based on the new standard DVB-T2 Lite profile. Kenneth Wenzel holds a M. Sc. from The Technical University of Denmark (DTU). He is a member of The Danish Business Authority Spectrum Forum, as well as editor/manager of the DVB-T2 group at LinkedIn. He is an innovator and entrepreneur in the digital TV & radio space, working with new technologies, testing developing and at the forefront of DVB-T, DVB-T2, T2 Lite developments and other new media technical platforms.
  • 115. Page115 Upload den 19. Juni og 20. juni